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 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
International Drug Control Policy: Background and U.S. Responses

International Drug Control Policy: Background and U.S. Responses

Date: August 13, 2013
Creator: Wyler, Liana Sun
Description: The report provides background information on drug cultivation, drug trafficking and the consequences of drug trade. This report discusses challenges created by the global illegal drug trade, including: undermining political and regional stability, bolstering the role and capabilities of transnational criminal organizations in the drug trade, and the burden caused by drug use an addition on local communities and economic development. In addition, this report discusses U.S. policy efforts to thwart illegal drug trade.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Permanent Normal Trade Relations (PNTR) Status for Russia and U.S.-Russian Economic Ties

Permanent Normal Trade Relations (PNTR) Status for Russia and U.S.-Russian Economic Ties

Date: June 15, 2012
Creator: Cooper, William H.
Description: Report that discusses the issues surrounding whether or not the U.S. should grant Russia permanent normal trade relations (PNTR) following its accession into the World Trade Organization (WTO).
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Presidential Review of Independent Regulatory Commission Rulemaking: Legal Issues

Presidential Review of Independent Regulatory Commission Rulemaking: Legal Issues

Date: September 10, 2012
Creator: Chu, Vivian S. & Shedd, Daniel T.
Description: Report that discusses the constitutionality and the legal effects of extending centralized review of rulemaking to independent regulatory commissions (IRC).
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
An Overview of Judicial Review of Immigration Matters

An Overview of Judicial Review of Immigration Matters

Date: September 11, 2013
Creator: Mikyung Lee, Margaret
Description: This report will summarize judicial review for immigration matters, including visa denials and revocations; removal orders and detention; naturalization delays, denials, and revocations; expatriation; and legalization denials. Administrative adjudications such as removal proceedings or determination of immigration benefits such as naturalization are beyond the scope of this report.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The U.S. Postal Service's Financial Condition: A Primer

The U.S. Postal Service's Financial Condition: A Primer

Date: July 24, 2013
Creator: Kosar, Kevin R.
Description: Report that discusses the USPS financial challenges, agency's revenues, and recent financial difficulties.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Worker Adjustment and Retraining Notification (WARN) Act

Worker Adjustment and Retraining Notification (WARN) Act

Date: September 4, 2012
Creator: Collins, Benjamin
Description: Report that discusses the Worker Adjustment and Retraining Notification (WARN) Act in brief, especially as related to Congress's renewed interest in the Act due to the current financial crises and recession.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Workforce Investment Act and the One-Stop Delivery System

The Workforce Investment Act and the One-Stop Delivery System

Date: June 14, 2013
Creator: Bradley, David H.
Description: Report that provides details of WIA Title I state formula program structure, services, allocation formulas, and performance accountability. In addition, it provides a program overview for national grant programs.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
U.S. Family-Based Immigration Policy

U.S. Family-Based Immigration Policy

Date: July 11, 2013
Creator: Kandel, William A.
Description: Report that provides background information and discussion related to immigration issues.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Iran Sanctions

Iran Sanctions

Date: October 11, 2013
Creator: Katzman, Kenneth
Description: This report analyzes U.S. and international sanctions against Iran and provides examples of companies and countries that conduct business with Iran, based on a wide range of open-source reporting.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
U.S. Sanctions on Burma: Issues for the 113th Congress

U.S. Sanctions on Burma: Issues for the 113th Congress

Date: September 13, 2013
Creator: Martin, Michael F.
Description: This report provides a brief history of U.S. policy towards Burma and the development of U.S. sanctions, a topical summary of those sanctions, and an overview of actions taken to waive or ease those sanctions by the Obama Administration. The report concludes with a discussion of actions taken by the 112th Congress and options for the 113th Congress.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Oil and Natural Gas Industry Tax Issues in the FY2014 Budget Proposal

Oil and Natural Gas Industry Tax Issues in the FY2014 Budget Proposal

Date: October 30, 2013
Creator: Pirog, Robert
Description: This report discusses the FY2014 budget proposal that outlines a set of proposals, framed as the termination of tax preferences, that would potentially increase the taxes paid by the oil and natural gas industries, especially those of the independent producers.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Federal Communications Commission: Current Structure and Its Role in the Changing Telecommunications Landscape

The Federal Communications Commission: Current Structure and Its Role in the Changing Telecommunications Landscape

Date: November 18, 2013
Creator: Figliola, Patricia Moloney
Description: The report discusses the Federal Communications Commission (FCC)-Related Congressional Actions in the 112th Congress.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Federal Mandatory Minimum Sentences: The Safety Valve and Substantial Assistance Exceptions

Federal Mandatory Minimum Sentences: The Safety Valve and Substantial Assistance Exceptions

Date: October 21, 2013
Creator: Doyle, Charles
Description: This report discusses the federal law that requires a sentencing judge to impose a minimum sentence of imprisonment following conviction for any of a number of federal offenses.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Iran: U.S. Concerns and Policy Responses

Iran: U.S. Concerns and Policy Responses

Date: November 4, 2013
Creator: Katzman, Kenneth
Description: This report discusses the reasons that Iran is considered a threat to U.S. security, including Iran's nuclear program, involvement with terrorist organizations, and involvement with neighboring countries' local governments. The report also discusses ways which the U.S. hopes to modify Iran's behavior with sanctions, and the effectiveness of these sanctions.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Energy and Water Development: FY2014 Appropriations

Energy and Water Development: FY2014 Appropriations

Date: November 1, 2013
Creator: Behrens, Carl E.
Description: This report discusses the Energy and Water Development appropriations bill that provides funding for civil works projects of the Army Corps of Engineers (Corps), for the Department of the Interior's Bureau of Reclamation (Reclamation), the Department of Energy (DOE), and several independent agencies.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Mandatory Minimum Sentencing: Federal Aggravated Identity Theft

Mandatory Minimum Sentencing: Federal Aggravated Identity Theft

Date: October 22, 2013
Creator: Doyle, Charles
Description: This report discusses the aggravated identity theft, which is punishable by a mandatory minimum sentence of imprisonment for two years or by imprisonment for five years if it relates to a terrorism offense.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Public Safety Officers' Benefits (PSOB) Program

Public Safety Officers' Benefits (PSOB) Program

Date: November 19, 2013
Creator: James, Nathan
Description: This report discusses the public safety officers' benefits (PSOB) program that provides three different types of benefits to public safety officers and their survivors: a death, a disability, and an education benefit.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act (FERPA): A Legal Overview

The Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act (FERPA): A Legal Overview

Date: November 19, 2013
Creator: Feder, Jody
Description: This report discusses the Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act (FERPA) of 1974 that guarantees parental access to student education records, while limiting the disclosure of those records to third parties.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
National Security Letters in Foreign Intelligence Investigations: A Glimpse at the Legal Background

National Security Letters in Foreign Intelligence Investigations: A Glimpse at the Legal Background

Date: January 3, 2014
Creator: Doyle, Charles
Description: This report discusses the USA PATRIOT Act (107-56) and its expanded authority to issue national security letters (NSLs). A report by the Department of Justice's Inspector General (IG) found that in its pre-amendment use of expanded USA PATRIOT Act authority the FBI had "used NSLs in violation of applicable NSL statutes, Attorney General Guidelines, and internal FBI policies," but that no criminal laws had been broken.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Federal Pollution Control Laws: How Are They Enforced?

Federal Pollution Control Laws: How Are They Enforced?

Date: December 16, 2013
Creator: Esworthy, Robert
Description: This report provides an overview of the statutory framework, key players, infrastructure, resources, tools, and operations associated with enforcement and compliance of the major pollution control laws and regulations administered by EPA. It also outlines the roles of federal (including regional offices) and state regulators, as well as the regulated community.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Iran Sanctions

Iran Sanctions

Date: December 4, 2013
Creator: Katzman, Kenneth
Description: This report discusses the reasons that Iran is considered a threat to U.S. security, including Iran's nuclear program, involvement with terrorist organizations, and involvement with neighboring countries' local governments. The report also discusses ways which the U.S. hopes to modify Iran's behavior with sanctions, and the effectiveness of these sanctions.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Federal Employees' Retirement System: Benefits and Financing

Federal Employees' Retirement System: Benefits and Financing

Date: December 20, 2013
Creator: Isaacs, Katelin P.
Description: This report discusses the retirement systems in place for federal employees. Most civilian federal employees who were hired before 1984 are covered by the Civil Service Retirement System, and contribute 7.0% of their pay to a retirement fund. Federal employees hired in 1984 or later are covered by the Federal Employees' Retirement System and contribute 0.8% of their pay to a retirement fund. Both require participants to contribute toward the cost of their pensions through a payroll tax. This report also summarizes relevant legislation in the 113th Congress that would make significant changes to federal benefits and financing, including H.J.Res. 59, S. 18, S. 1678, and H.R. 3639.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Pay Equity: Legislative and Legal Developments

Pay Equity: Legislative and Legal Developments

Date: November 22, 2013
Creator: Collins, Benjamin & Feder, Jody
Description: This report discusses pay equity litigation, including Wal-Mart Stores v. Dukes, a case in which the Supreme Court rejected class action status for current and former female Wal-Mart employees who allege that the company has engaged in pay discrimination.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Federal Research and Development Funding: FY2014

Federal Research and Development Funding: FY2014

Date: September 5, 2013
Creator: Sargent, John F., Jr.
Description: This report provides government-wide, multi-agency, and individual agency analyses of the President's FY2014 request as it relates to R&D and related activities.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department