You limited your search to:

 Decade: 2010-2019
 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Authority of State and Local Police to Enforce Federal Immigration Law

Authority of State and Local Police to Enforce Federal Immigration Law

Date: September 17, 2010
Creator: Garcia, Michael John & Manuel, Kate M.
Description: This report discusses the authority of state and local law enforcement to assist in the enforcement of federal immigration law through the investigation and arrest of persons believed to have violated such laws. It describes current provisions in federal law that permit state and local police to enforce immigration law directly, analyzes major cases concerning the ability of states and localities to assist in immigration enforcement, and briefly examines opinions on the issue by the Office of Legal Counsel (OLC) within the Department of Justice.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Military Justice: Courts-Martial, an Overview

Military Justice: Courts-Martial, an Overview

Date: August 12, 2013
Creator: Mason, Chuck R.
Description: This report gives a detailed overview of the military court-martial system, including a discussion of the three types of court-martials: summary, special, and general. It includes a chart showing procedural safeguards in federal and military courts.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Military Justice: Courts-Martial, An Overview

Military Justice: Courts-Martial, An Overview

Date: March 31, 2011
Creator: Mason, Chuck R.
Description: This report gives a detailed overview of the military court-martial system, including a discussion of the three types of court-martials: summary, special, and general. It includes a chart showing procedural safeguards in federal and military courts.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Military Justice: Courts-Martial, An Overview

Military Justice: Courts-Martial, An Overview

Date: March 14, 2012
Creator: Mason, Chuck R.
Description: Recent high profile military-related cases involving U.S. armed forces in Afghanistan, including the deadly attack on Afghan civilians allegedly by a service member, the accidental burning of the Quran, and service members allegedly urinating on Afghan corpses, have resulted in increased public and congressional interest in military discipline and the military justice system. The Uniform Code of Military Justice (UCMJ) authorizes three types of courts-martial: (1) summary court-martial; (2) special court martial; and (3) general court-martial. Depending on the severity of the alleged offense, the accused's commanding officer enjoys great discretion with respect to the type of court-martial to convene. This report discusses the court martial procedure in further detail.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Racial Profiling: Legal and Constitutional Issues

Racial Profiling: Legal and Constitutional Issues

Date: April 16, 2012
Creator: Feder, Jody
Description: Racial profiling is the practice of targeting individuals for police or security detention based on their race or ethnicity in the belief that certain minority groups are more likely to engage in unlawful behavior. Examples of racial profiling by law enforcement agencies suggest that minorities are disproportionately the subject of security-related practices. The issue has periodically attracted congressional interest and several courts have considered the constitutional ramifications of the practice as an "unreasonable search and seizure" under the Fourth Amendment and, more recently, as a denial of the Fourteenth Amendment's equal protection guarantee. A variety of federal and state statutes provide potential relief to individuals who claim that their rights are violated by race-based law enforcement practices and policies.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Leahy-Smith America Invents Act: Innovation Issues

The Leahy-Smith America Invents Act: Innovation Issues

Date: January 15, 2014
Creator: Thomas, John R.
Description: This report provides an overview of the the Leahy-Smith America Invents Act (AIA). It begins by offering a brief overview of the patent system, then identifies and reviews the specific components of this legislation in greater detail. The report closes with further considerations.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Sugar Program: The Basics

Sugar Program: The Basics

Date: April 1, 2014
Creator: Jurenas, Remy
Description: This report discusses the sugar program that provides a price guarantee to the processors of sugarcane and sugar beets, and in turn, to the producers of both crops.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Obstruction of Justice: An Overview of Some of the Federal Statutes That Prohibit Interference with Judicial, Executive, or Legislative Activities

Obstruction of Justice: An Overview of Some of the Federal Statutes That Prohibit Interference with Judicial, Executive, or Legislative Activities

Date: April 17, 2014
Creator: Doyle, Charles
Description: This report discusses obstruction of justice, which is is a federal crime. It describes specific kinds of obstruction, organized by type, and references various relevant laws that have provisions against obstruction.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Multilateral Development Banks: How the United States Makes and Implements Policy

Multilateral Development Banks: How the United States Makes and Implements Policy

Date: April 29, 2014
Creator: Nelson, Rebecca M. & Weiss, Martin A.
Description: This report analyzes how the United States makes policy towards the multilateral development banks (MDBs) and identifies ways by which Congress can shape U.S. policy and influence the activities of the banks themselves.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
"Sense of" Resolutions and Provisions

"Sense of" Resolutions and Provisions

Date: March 11, 2013
Creator: Davis, Christopher M.
Description: This report discusses the "Sense of" resolutions, which are considered under the normal legislative processes of each chamber applicable to any other legislative vehicle.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership (TTIP) Negotiations

Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership (TTIP) Negotiations

Date: February 4, 2014
Creator: Akhtar, Shayerah Ilias & Jones, Vivian C.
Description: This report provides: (1) context for the Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership (TTIP) negotiations; (2) analysis of possible trade and investment issues in the negotiations; and (3) discussion of issues for Congress. The U.S.-EU negotiations on TTIP are not public, however, the information and analysis in this report on issues in the negotiations are based on publicly-available information.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Body Armor for Law Enforcement Officers: In Brief

Body Armor for Law Enforcement Officers: In Brief

Date: May 13, 2014
Creator: James, Nathan
Description: This report contains an overview of the Matching Grant Program for Law Enforcement Armor Vests (BPV program). It also provides a discussion of data on law enforcement agencies that require their officers to wear armor vests while on duty, research on why officers may choose to wear armor vests, research on the life cycle for armor vests, data on the use of body armor by law enforcement officers who were killed with a firearm, and research on the effectiveness of armor vests.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Congress's Contempt Power and the Enforcement of Congressional Subpoenas: A Sketch

Congress's Contempt Power and the Enforcement of Congressional Subpoenas: A Sketch

Date: April 10, 2014
Creator: Garvey, Todd & Dolan, Alissa M.
Description: This report examines the source of Congress's contempt power; analyzes the procedures associated with inherent contempt, criminal contempt, and the civil enforcement of subpoenas; and discusses the obstacles that face Congress in enforcing a contempt action against an executive branch official.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
U.S. International Broadcasting: Background and Issues for Reform

U.S. International Broadcasting: Background and Issues for Reform

Date: May 2, 2014
Creator: Weed, Matthew C.
Description: This report discusses the United States International Broadcasting Act of 1994 (USIB Act) and the U.S. international broadcasting services were consolidated under the BBG within the United States Information Agency (USIA).
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Advertising by the Federal Government: An Overview

Advertising by the Federal Government: An Overview

Date: June 23, 2014
Creator: Kosar, Kevin R.
Description: This report discusses government advertising that can be controversial if it conflicts with citizens' views about the proper role of government.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Financial Market Supervision: Canada's Perspective

Financial Market Supervision: Canada's Perspective

Date: April 4, 2013
Creator: Jackson, James K.
Description: This report presents an overview of Canada's financial system and its supervisory framework and draws some distinctions between that system and the current U.S. framework.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Immigration Legislation and Issues in the 113th Congress

Immigration Legislation and Issues in the 113th Congress

Date: November 4, 2014
Creator: Bruno, Andorra; Bjelopera, Jerome P.; Garcia, Michael John; Kandel, William A.; Lee, Margaret Mikyung; Siskin, Alison et al.
Description: Immigration reform was an active legislative issue in the first session of the 113th Congress. The Senate passed the Border Security, Economic Opportunity, and Immigration Modernization Act (S. 744), a comprehensive immigration reform bill that includes provisions on border security, interior enforcement, employment eligibility verification and worksite enforcement, legalization of unauthorized aliens, immigrant visas, nonimmigrant visas, and humanitarian admissions. For its part, the House took a different approach to immigration reform. Rather than considering a single comprehensive bill, the House acted on a set of immigration bills that address border security, interior enforcement, employment eligibility verification and worksite enforcement, and nonimmigrant and immigrant visas. House committees reported or ordered to be reported the following immigration bills: Border Security Results Act of 2013 (H.R. 1417); Strengthen and Fortify Enforcement (SAFE) Act (H.R. 2278); Legal Workforce Act (H.R. 1772); Agricultural Guestworker (AG) Act (H.R. 1773); and Supplying Knowledge-based Immigrants and Lifting Levels of STEM Visas (SKILLS Visa) Act (H.R. 2131). This report discusses these and other immigration-related issues that received legislative action or have been of significant congressional interest in the 113th Congress.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Piracy: A Legal Definition

Piracy: A Legal Definition

Date: December 13, 2010
Creator: Mason, R. Chuck
Description: This report first examines the historical development of the offense of piracy, as defined by Congress and codified in the United States Code. The focus then turns to how contemporary international agreements define piracy. Finally, the report highlights developments in two trials involving charges of piracy in the federal district court in Norfolk, VA, United States v. Said and United States v. Hasan, specifically focusing on how the courts interpreted the definition of piracy under 18 U.S.C. ยง 1651.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
U.S. Family-Based Immigration Policy

U.S. Family-Based Immigration Policy

Date: November 19, 2014
Creator: Kandel, William A.
Description: This report provides an examination of family-based immigration policy. In doing so, it outlines a brief history of U.S. family-based immigration policies, discusses current law governing admissions, and summarizes recommendations made by previous congressionally mandated committees charged with evaluating immigration policy. It then presents descriptive figures on legal immigrants entering the United States during the past decade and discusses the sizable queue of approved immigrant petitioners waiting for an immigrant visa. It closes by discussing selected policy issues.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Federal Agency Actions Following the Supreme Court's Climate Change Decision: A Chronology

Federal Agency Actions Following the Supreme Court's Climate Change Decision: A Chronology

Date: December 3, 2010
Creator: Meltz, Robert
Description: This report presents a chronology of major federal agency actions taken in the wake of Massachusetts v. EPA. In Massachusetts v. EPA, the Court held that greenhouse gases (GHGs), widely viewed as contributing to climate change, constitute "air pollutants" as that phrase is used in the Clean Air Act (CAA). As a result, said the Court, the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) had improperly denied a petition seeking CAA regulation of GHGs from new motor vehicles by saying the agency lacked authority over such emissions.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Executive Discretion as to Immigration: Legal Overview

Executive Discretion as to Immigration: Legal Overview

Date: November 10, 2014
Creator: Manuel, Kate M. & Garcia, Michael John
Description: This report provides an overview of the three broad types of discretion that the Executive can be seen to have as to immigration: (1) express delegations of discretionary authority; (2) discretion in enforcement (commonly known as prosecutorial or enforcement discretion); and (3) discretion in interpreting and applying statutes.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Brief History of Comprehensive Immigration Reform Efforts in the 109th and 110th Congresses to Inform Policy Discussions in the 113th Congress

Brief History of Comprehensive Immigration Reform Efforts in the 109th and 110th Congresses to Inform Policy Discussions in the 113th Congress

Date: February 27, 2013
Creator: Wasem, Ruth Ellen
Description: This report opens with brief legislative histories of "comprehensive immigration reform" (CIR) in the 109th and 110th Congresses. A comparative overview of key CIR provisions in the three bills that received floor action in the 109th and 110th Congresses follows. In addition to a narrative discussion of how the bills addressed the main provisions of CIR, the report provides a table that presents a comparative summary of the key features of the bills. The report concludes with observations contrasting the 2006-2007 period with the context of today's CIR debate. The report also provides an appendix that summarizes the three major CIR bills.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Drones in Domestic Surveillance Operations: Fourth Amendment Implications and Legislative Responses

Drones in Domestic Surveillance Operations: Fourth Amendment Implications and Legislative Responses

Date: April 3, 2013
Creator: Thompson, Richard M., II
Description: This report first explores the potential uses of drones in the domestic sphere by federal, state, and local governments. It then surveys current Fourth Amendment jurisprudence, including cases surrounding privacy in the home, privacy in public spaces, location tracking, manned aerial surveillance, and those involving the national border. Next, it considers how existing jurisprudence may inform current and proposed drone uses. It then describes the various legislative measures introduced in the 113th Congress to address the legal and policy issues surrounding drones. Finally, it briefly identifies several alternative approaches that may constrain the potential scope of drone surveillance.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Drones in Domestic Surveillance Operations: Fourth Amendment Implications and Legislative Responses

Drones in Domestic Surveillance Operations: Fourth Amendment Implications and Legislative Responses

Date: September 6, 2012
Creator: Thompson, Richard M., II
Description: This report first explores the potential uses of drones in the domestic sphere by federal, state, and local governments. It then surveys current Fourth Amendment jurisprudence, including cases surrounding privacy in the home, privacy in public spaces, location tracking, manned aerial surveillance, and those involving the national border. Next, it considers how existing jurisprudence may inform current and proposed drone uses. It then describes the various legislative measures introduced in the 113th Congress to address the legal and policy issues surrounding drones. Finally, it briefly identifies several alternative approaches that may constrain the potential scope of drone surveillance.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department