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 Decade: 2010-2019
 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
U.S. Sanctions on Burma

U.S. Sanctions on Burma

Date: February 7, 2012
Creator: Martin, Michael F.
Description: This report provides a brief history of U.S. policy towards Burma and the development of U.S. sanctions, a topical summary of those sanctions, and an examination of additional sanctions that have been considered, but not enacted, by Congress, or that could be imposed under existing law or executive orders. The report concludes with a discussion of options for Congress.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
U.S. Postal Service: Background and Analysis of H.R. 2309 and S. 1789 in the 112th Congress

U.S. Postal Service: Background and Analysis of H.R. 2309 and S. 1789 in the 112th Congress

Date: July 9, 2012
Creator: Kosar, Kevin R.
Description: This report looks at how the U.S. Postal Service (USPS) has taken steps to save money. It also covers how bills H.R. 2309 and S. 1789 include major reforms, such as reductions in service, expansion of the USPS's authority to provide products and services, and alterations to the postal employees pension and healthcare plans.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Tort Suits Against Federal Contractors: An Overview of the Legal Issues

Tort Suits Against Federal Contractors: An Overview of the Legal Issues

Date: April 7, 2011
Creator: Chu, Vivian S.
Description: This report provides an overview of key legal issues that have been raised to date in recent tort suits against government contractors. Most of these issues pertain to jurisdiction, or the court’s power over the parties or subject matter of the case. A number of cases are pending that could affect courts’ treatment of the issues discussed here.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Organized Crime: An Evolving Challenge for U.S. Law Enforcement

Organized Crime: An Evolving Challenge for U.S. Law Enforcement

Date: January 6, 2012
Creator: Bjelopera, Jerome P.
Description: In the last two decades, organized crime has grown more complex, posing evolving challenges for U.S. federal law enforcement. These criminals have transformed their operations in ways that broaden their reach and make it harder for law enforcement to combat them. They have adopted more-networked structural models, internationalized their operations, and grown more tech savvy. They are a significant challenge to U.S. law enforcement. There still is no single agency charged with investigating organized crime in the way the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) has been designated the lead investigative agency for terrorism. Further, resources to tackle this issue are divided among many federal agencies. As such, Congress may exert its oversight authority regarding the federal coordination of organized crime investigations via the 2011 strategy. Policymakers may also debate the efficacy of current resources appropriated to combat organized crime.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Pay Equity Legislation

Pay Equity Legislation

Date: June 1, 2012
Creator: Collins, Benjamin
Description: This report gives an overview of "pay equity," a term referring to the fact that women as a group are paid less than men. It includes the history of pay equity, legal and legislative background, and recent legislation.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Immigration Legislation and Issues in the 112th Congress

Immigration Legislation and Issues in the 112th Congress

Date: January 12, 2012
Creator: Bruno, Andorra
Description: This report discusses immigration-related issues that have received legislative action or are of significant congressional interest in the 112th Congress.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
An Overview of the "Patent Trolls" Debate

An Overview of the "Patent Trolls" Debate

Date: August 20, 2012
Creator: Yeh, Brian T.
Description: This report reviews the current debate and controversy surrounding "patent assertion entities" (PAEs) and their effect on innovation, examines the reasons for the rise in PAE litigation, and explores the legislative options available to Congress if it decides that these are issues that should be addressed.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Oil and Natural Gas Industry Tax Issues in the FY2014 Budget Proposal

Oil and Natural Gas Industry Tax Issues in the FY2014 Budget Proposal

Date: October 30, 2013
Creator: Pirog, Robert
Description: This report discusses the FY2014 budget proposal that outlines a set of proposals, framed as the termination of tax preferences, that would potentially increase the taxes paid by the oil and natural gas industries, especially those of the independent producers.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Federal Mandatory Minimum Sentences: The Safety Valve and Substantial Assistance Exceptions

Federal Mandatory Minimum Sentences: The Safety Valve and Substantial Assistance Exceptions

Date: October 21, 2013
Creator: Doyle, Charles
Description: This report discusses the federal law that requires a sentencing judge to impose a minimum sentence of imprisonment following conviction for any of a number of federal offenses.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Mandatory Minimum Sentencing: Federal Aggravated Identity Theft

Mandatory Minimum Sentencing: Federal Aggravated Identity Theft

Date: October 22, 2013
Creator: Doyle, Charles
Description: This report discusses the aggravated identity theft, which is punishable by a mandatory minimum sentence of imprisonment for two years or by imprisonment for five years if it relates to a terrorism offense.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department