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 Decade: 2010-2019
 Year: 2010
 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Federalism Issues in Surface Transportation Policy: Past and Present

Federalism Issues in Surface Transportation Policy: Past and Present

Date: January 5, 2010
Creator: Dilger, Robert J.
Description: This report provides a historical perspective on contemporary federalism issues in surface transportation policy that are likely to be addressed by Congress during the 111th Congress, including possible devolution of programmatic responsibility to states and proposals to change state maintenance-of-effort requirements and state cost matching requirements.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
A U.S.-centric Chronology of the International Climate Change Negotiations

A U.S.-centric Chronology of the International Climate Change Negotiations

Date: January 7, 2010
Creator: Leggett, Jane A.
Description: The Copenhagen conference in December 2009 achieved only mandates to continue negotiating toward the next Conference of the Parties (COP) to be held in Mexico City in December 2010. As a background to these proceedings, this document provides a U.S.-centric chronology of the international policy deliberations to address climate change from 1979-2009. Negotiations underway since 2007 have run on two tracks, the Kyoto Protocol the Convention under the Bali Action Plan. Many in the U.S. Congress are concerned with the goals and obligations that a treaty or other form of agreement might embody. For U.S. legislators, additional issues include the compatibility of any international agreement with U.S. domestic policies and laws; the adequacy of appropriations, fiscal measures, and programs to achieve any commitments under the agreement; and the desirable form of the agreement and related requirements, with a view toward potential Senate ratification of the agreement and federal legislation to assure that U.S. commitments are met.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The U.S. Postal Service's Financial Condition: Overview and Issues for Congress

The U.S. Postal Service's Financial Condition: Overview and Issues for Congress

Date: January 19, 2010
Creator: Kosar, Kevin R.
Description: This report provides an overview of the U.S. Postal Service's (USPS's) financial condition, recent legislation to alleviate the USPS's financial challenges, and possible issues for the 111th Congress.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Cuba: U.S. Restrictions on Travel and Remittances

Cuba: U.S. Restrictions on Travel and Remittances

Date: January 25, 2010
Creator: Sullivan, Mark P.
Description: The first half of this report looks at the background of U.S. travel restrictions to Cuba over the last 40 years. The second half of this report looks at several initiatives from the 111th Congress that would ease U.S. travel restrictions to Cuba.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Federal Domestic Illegal Drug Enforcement Efforts: Are They Working?

Federal Domestic Illegal Drug Enforcement Efforts: Are They Working?

Date: January 27, 2010
Creator: Franco, Celinda
Description: This report examines the federal drug enforcement data reported annually by key agencies charged with enforcing federal drug control laws. This report provides background and an overview of current federal drug control efforts and outcomes.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Pandemic Flu and Medical Biodefense Countermeasure Liability Limitation

Pandemic Flu and Medical Biodefense Countermeasure Liability Limitation

Date: February 12, 2010
Creator: Liu, Edward C.
Description: This report analyzes Division C of the Department of Defense Emergency Supplemental Appropriations, P.L. 109-148, which was signed into law on December 30, 2005, and which limits liability with respect to pandemic flu and other public health countermeasures.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Pipeline Safety and Security: Federal Programs

Pipeline Safety and Security: Federal Programs

Date: February 18, 2010
Creator: Parfomak, Paul W.
Description: This report discusses congressional interest in securing the nation's pipelines. Nearly half a million miles of oil and natural gas transmission pipeline crisscross the United States. While an efficient and fundamentally safe means of transport, many pipelines carry hazardous materials with the potential to cause public injury and environmental damage.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Supreme Court Appointment Process: Roles of the President, Judiciary Committee, and Senate

Supreme Court Appointment Process: Roles of the President, Judiciary Committee, and Senate

Date: February 19, 2010
Creator: Rutkus, Denis S.
Description: This report discusses the appointment of Supreme Court Justices, including the President's selection of a nominee and process to reach confirmation in the Senate.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Technology Innovation Program

The Technology Innovation Program

Date: February 22, 2010
Creator: Schacht, Wendy H.
Description: This report discusses the Technology Innovation Program (TIP) at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST), which is designed "to support, promote, and accelerate innovation in the United States through high-risk, high-reward research in areas of critical national need," according to the authorizing legislation. Grants are provided to small and medium-sized firms for individual projects or joint ventures with other research organizations.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Iran Sanctions

Iran Sanctions

Date: March 12, 2010
Creator: Katzman, Kenneth
Description: This report focuses on the United States' relationship with Iran and how the Obama Administration is handling prior administration's economic sanctions against Iran. The Obama Administration's policy approach toward Iran has contrasted with the Bush Administration's by attempting to couple the imposition of sanctions to an active and direct U.S. effort to negotiate with Iran on the nuclear issue.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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