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 Decade: 1990-1999
 Year: 1997
 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
The Budget Enforcement Act of 1997

The Budget Enforcement Act of 1997

Date: October 8, 1997
Creator: Keith, Robert
Description: President Clinton signed two reconciliation acts into law in August 1997 as part of a plan to balance the budget by FY2002. To ensure compliance with this goal, enforcement procedures were included in one of the acts in a title referred to separately as the Budget Enforcement Act (BEA) of 1997. The BEA of 1997 extends procedures under the Budget Enforcement Act (BEA) of 1990 through FY2002
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Central American Asylum Seekers: Impact of 1996 Immigration Law

Central American Asylum Seekers: Impact of 1996 Immigration Law

Date: November 21, 1997
Creator: Wasem, Ruth Ellen
Description: This report discuses issues related to the significant portion of the Central Americans affected by the IIRIRA revisions still have asylum cases pending and may obtain legal permanent residence by that avenue if they demonstrate a well-founded fear of persecution. The Attorney General also has the discretionary authority to grant blanket relief from deportation, but the discretionary forms of relief do not entail legal permanent residence. There is considerable interest in this issue in the 105th Congress, and the Senate passed by a vote of 99 to 1 an amendment to provide relief for certain Central Americans to the D.C. appropriations bill (S.1156).
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Abortion Procedures

Abortion Procedures

Date: November 17, 1997
Creator: Stith-Coleman, Irene
Description: The Partial-Birth Abortion Ban Act of 1997, H.R. 1122 was vetoed by President Clinton on October 10, 1997. This legislation would have made it a federal crime, punishable by fine and/or incarceration, for a physician to perform a partial birth abortion unless it was necessary to save the life of a mother whose life is endangered by a physical disorder, illness, or injury. The partial-birth abortion legislation has stimulated a great deal of controversy. This report provides a brief overview of the abortion methods currently in use for which data have been published and some positions on the partial birth abortion legislation.
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The Taxpayer Relief Act of 1997: An Overview

The Taxpayer Relief Act of 1997: An Overview

Date: October 17, 1997
Creator: Brumbaugh, David L
Description: None
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Campaign Financing: Highlights and Chronology of Current Federal Law

Campaign Financing: Highlights and Chronology of Current Federal Law

Date: December 8, 1997
Creator: Cantor, Joseph E
Description: Current law governing financial activity of campaigns for federal office is based on two principal statutes: the Federal Election Campaign Act (FECA) of 1971, as amended in 1974, 1976, and 1979, and the Revenue Act of 1971. These laws were enacted to remedy widely perceived shortcomings of existing law, the Corrupt Practices Act of 1925, and in response to reports of campaign finance abuses over the years, culminating in the 1972-1974 Watergate scandal. This report provides a summary of major provisions of federal law and a chronology of key legislative and judicial actions.
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Generalized System of Preferences

Generalized System of Preferences

Date: August 20, 1997
Creator: Holliday, George D
Description: None
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ISTEA Reauthorization: Highway Related Legislative Proposals in the 105th Congress

ISTEA Reauthorization: Highway Related Legislative Proposals in the 105th Congress

Date: October 23, 1997
Creator: Fischer, John W
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Adoption Promotion Legislation in the 105th Congress

Adoption Promotion Legislation in the 105th Congress

Date: November 24, 1997
Creator: Spar, Karen
Description: President Clinton signed the Adoption and Safe Families Act into law on November 19, 1997, after the House and Senate approved final versions of the legislation on November 13. The new law (P.L. 105-89) is intended to promote adoption or other permanent arrangements for foster children who are unable to return home, and to make general improvements in the nation’s child welfare system. The House initially passed legislation (H.R. 867) on April 30 by a vote of 416-5, and the Senate passed an amended version on November 8. A compromise version was passed on November 13, by a vote of 406-7 in the House and by unanimous consent in the Senate. This report discusses the final version of the legislation, as enacted into law.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Environment in Fast Track Trade Authority: Summary of the Clinton Administration Proposal

Environment in Fast Track Trade Authority: Summary of the Clinton Administration Proposal

Date: October 1, 1997
Creator: Fletcher, Susan R
Description: President Clinton has asked Congress for "fast track" authority for implementing future trade agreements; this authority would limit congressional debate and prevent amendments to implementing legislation. Delays in completing this proposal were attributed to difficulties in reconciling conflicting pressures over environment and labor concerns. The President's proposal contains references to environmental concerns, but various interests are likely to seek clarification on these points.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Environmental Protection Legislation in the 105th Congress

Environmental Protection Legislation in the 105th Congress

Date: September 18, 1997
Creator: Lee, Martin R
Description: The 105th Congress enacted tax provisions relating to Superfund brownfields sites, transportation- and defense-related environmental provisions, a border smog bill, EPA funding as well as reinstating the tax that supports the Leaking Underground Storage Trust Fund. There were various actions on regulatory reform, the budget resolution, appropriations, highway- and defense-related environmental provisions, Superfund reform bills and underground storage tanks. It is too early to tell if these will be issues for the 106th Congress.
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Transportation Fuel Taxes Early in the 105th Congress

Transportation Fuel Taxes Early in the 105th Congress

Date: March 17, 1997
Creator: Gelb, Bernard A
Description: None
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NATO: Congress Addresses Expansion of the Alliance

NATO: Congress Addresses Expansion of the Alliance

Date: July 24, 1997
Creator: Gallis, Paul E
Description: None
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Older Americans Act: 105th Congress Issues

Older Americans Act: 105th Congress Issues

Date: October 28, 1997
Creator: O'Shaughnessy, Carol
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Environmental Protection: How Much it Costs and Who Pays

Environmental Protection: How Much it Costs and Who Pays

Date: April 16, 1997
Creator: Blodgett, John E.
Description: This report discusses a recurring issue in environmental policy: the cost of pollution control imposed on individuals, businesses, and governments.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Runaway and Homeless Youth: Legislative Issues

Runaway and Homeless Youth: Legislative Issues

Date: December 17, 1997
Creator: Wasem, Ruth Ellen & Butler, Alice D
Description: None
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Privatizing the United States Enrichment Corporation

Privatizing the United States Enrichment Corporation

Date: January 21, 1997
Creator: Humphries, Marc
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Drug Control: International Policy and Options

Drug Control: International Policy and Options

Date: January 7, 1997
Creator: Perl, Raphael F
Description: Over the past decade, worldwide production of illicit drugs has risen dramatically: opium and marijuana production has roughly doubled and coca production tripled. Street prices of cocaine and heroin have fallen significantly in the past 20 years, reflecting increased availability. Despite apparent national political resolve to deal with the drug problem, inherent contradictions regularly appear between U.S. anti-drug policy and other national policy goals and concerns. The mix of competing domestic and international pressures and priorities has produced an ongoing series of disputes within and between the legislative and executive branches concerning U.S. international drug policy. One contentious issue has been the Congressionally-mandated certification process, an instrument designed to induce specified drug-exporting countries to prioritize or pay more attention to the fight against narcotics businesses.
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Tax Benefits for Education in the Taxpayer Relief Act of 1997

Tax Benefits for Education in the Taxpayer Relief Act of 1997

Date: September 30, 1997
Creator: Lyke, Bob
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Social Security Financing Reform: Lessons from the 1983 Amendments

Social Security Financing Reform: Lessons from the 1983 Amendments

Date: July 24, 1997
Creator: Koitz, David Stuart
Description: None
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Managed Health Care: Federal and State Regulation

Managed Health Care: Federal and State Regulation

Date: October 8, 1997
Creator: Fuchs, Beth C
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Fast-Track Trade Authority Proposals: Which Environmental Issues are Included in the Principal Negotiating Objectives?

Fast-Track Trade Authority Proposals: Which Environmental Issues are Included in the Principal Negotiating Objectives?

Date: October 17, 1997
Creator: Wilson, Arlene
Description: This report discusses fast-track negotiating authority, which provides that Congress will consider trade agreements within mandatory deadlines, with limited debate, and without amendment. Environmental provisions are eligible for the fast-track procedure only if they meet at least one of the principal trade negotiating objectives.
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Fast-Track Trade Authority: Which Environmental Issues are "Directly Related to Trade"?

Fast-Track Trade Authority: Which Environmental Issues are "Directly Related to Trade"?

Date: October 2, 1997
Creator: Wilson, Arlene
Description: This report discusses fast-track negotiating authority, which provides that Congress will consider trade agreements within mandatory deadlines, with limited debate, and without amendment. Trade negotiating objectives have generally been included in fast-track legislation to establish priorities for trade negotiators.
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Attorneys' Fees in the State Tobacco Litigation Cases

Attorneys' Fees in the State Tobacco Litigation Cases

Date: September 23, 1997
Creator: Contrubis, John
Description: In the past few years, many states have filed complaints against the tobacco industry in state court to recover Medicaid costs paid by the states to treat their citizens for tobacco related illnesses. The states are also attempting to recover other damages, such as punitive damages, against the tobacco industry. For various reasons, the states have hired private attorneys to assist the state Attorneys General in prosecuting these cases. In most cases, the retention of private counsel has included a fee agreement specifying the amount of compensation that these attorneys will receive for their services. These agreements are not uniform among the states, but most tend to provide some form of contingency fee arrangement. Some of these states have developed a sliding scale contingency fee schedule which varies with the amount of time spent on the litigation and whether a trial has begun. This report briefly summarizes the different fee agreements that the states have with private counsel.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
English as the Official Language of the United States: An Overview

English as the Official Language of the United States: An Overview

Date: April 1, 1997
Creator: Aleman, Steven R; Bruno, Andorra & Dale, Charles V
Description: This report provides background on contemporary efforts to declare English the official language, a review of selected issues raised by official English proposals in Congress, and a summary of arguments that have been advanced in favor of and in opposition to such proposals.
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