You limited your search to:

 Resource Type: Report
 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Bankruptcy Reform in the 108th Congress
On March 19, 2003, the House of Representatives passed H.R. 975, the Bankruptcy Abuse Prevention and Consumer Protection Act of 2003. H.R. 975, as introduced, was substantially similar to the legislation (H.R. 333) approved by both the House and the Senate during the 107th Congress, but omitted the Schumer Amendment which would have prevented the discharge of liability for willful violation of protective orders and violent protests against providers of “lawful services,” including reproductive health services. As passed by the House, H.R. 975 was amended to add sections to, among other things, increase the cap on wage and employee benefit claims. The Senate did not consider H.R. 975 during the first session of the 108th Congress. This report provides an overview of selected major provisions of the legislation. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs4658/
Bankruptcy Reform in the 108th Congress
On March 19, 2003, the House of Representatives passed H.R. 975, the Bankruptcy Abuse Prevention and Consumer Protection Act of 2003. H.R. 975, as introduced, was substantially similar to the legislation (H.R. 333) approved by both the House and the Senate during the 107th Congress, but omitted the Schumer Amendment which would have prevented the discharge of liability for willful violation of protective orders and violent protests against providers of “lawful services,” including reproductive health services. As passed by the House, H.R. 975 was amended to add sections to, among other things, increase the cap on wage and employee benefit claims. The Senate did not consider H.R. 975 during the first session of the 108th Congress. This report provides an overview of selected major provisions of the legislation. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs4659/
Electronic Banking: The Check Truncation Issue
If all checks were replaced by electronic transactions, the exact cost savings would still be unknown, because estimates of the cost of using a check and the number of checks written each year remain in dispute. Consequently, estimates of cost savings range from $1.4 billion annually for truncation alone to $68 billion for replacing checks with electronic payments. A significant part of the savings comes from eliminating the handling, sorting, and physically transporting of checks to the paying bank. To clear checks electronically, banks must negotiate processing agreements thatmake it unnecessary to physically present the paper check. Since the benefits are not uniformly dispersed among the participants, banks have found it difficult to obtain these agreements, thus constraining the widespread adoption of electronic check clearing. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs4656/
Electronic Banking: The Check Truncation Issue
If all checks were replaced by electronic transactions, the exact cost savings would still be unknown, because estimates of the cost of using a check and the number of checks written each year remain in dispute. Consequently, estimates of cost savings range from $1.4 billion annually for truncation alone to $68 billion for replacing checks with electronic payments. A significant part of the savings comes from eliminating the handling, sorting, and physically transporting of checks to the paying bank. To clear checks electronically, banks must negotiate processing agreements thatmake it unnecessary to physically present the paper check. Since the benefits are not uniformly dispersed among the participants, banks have found it difficult to obtain these agreements, thus constraining the widespread adoption of electronic check clearing. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs4653/
Fact Sheet on Congressional Tax Proposals
After passing a major multi-year tax cut in Mid-2001 (which was sunsetted after ten years) and a stimulus bill in 2002, Congress is considering energy tax subsidies, tax incentives for charitable giving deductions, pension diversification in the wake of the ENRON problems, and tax shelters. The House has passed several bills that would make the multiyear tax cut permanent as well as a bill to speed up certain provisions. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs3448/
Fact Sheet on Congressional Tax Proposals
After passing a major multi-year tax cut in Mid-2001 (which was sunsetted after ten years) and a stimulus bill in 2002, Congress is considering energy tax subsidies, tax incentives for charitable giving deductions, pension diversification in the wake of the ENRON problems, and tax shelters. The House has passed several bills that would make the multiyear tax cut permanent as well as a bill to speed up certain provisions. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs3449/
Minimum Wage, Overtime Pay, and Child Labor: Amending the Fair Labor Standards Act
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs3232/
Minimum Wage, Overtime Pay, and Child Labor: Amending the Fair Labor Standards Act
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs3233/
Immigration: Terrorist Grounds for Exclusion and Removal of Aliens
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs9663/
Products Liability: A Legal Overview
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs4065/
Products Liability: A Legal Overview
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs4062/
Products Liability: A Legal Overview
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs4061/
Products Liability: A Legal Overview
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs4067/
Products Liability: A Legal Overview
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs4060/
Products Liability: A Legal Overview
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs4068/
Products Liability: A Legal Overview
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs4064/
Products Liability: A Legal Overview
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs4066/
Products Liability: A Legal Overview
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs4063/
Products Liability: A Legal Overview
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs4059/
Immigration: Adjustment to Permanent Residence Status under Section 245(i)
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs719/
Abortion: Legal Control
The U.S. Supreme Court decisions in Roe v. Wade, 410 U.S. 112 (1973), and Doe v. Bolton, 410 U.S. 179, which held generally that a State could no longer prohibit abortions in the first 6 months of pregnancy, caused several House and Senate members to move for an abortion prohibition effectuated by congressional action. To this end, proposed bills and constitutional amendments have been introduced in both Houses. Rather than having settled the abortion question conclusively, the Supreme Court decisions have kindled a national protest movement. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs7702/
Supreme Court Opinions: October 2004 Term
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs7301/
Cash Balance Pension Plans: Selected Legal Issues
Over the past few years, cash balance pension plans have received significant attention. In particular, three issues have been controversial: the negative effect of a plan conversion on older employees due to wear-away, the whipsaw effect that may occur when computing a lump-sum payment of benefits prior to normal retirement age, and the claim that these plans violate federal laws prohibiting age discrimination. This report discusses the wear-away and whipsaw issues, a proposal by the Treasury Department that addresses them, and relevant legislation introduced in the 109th Congress (H.R. 2830 and S. 1304). digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs7355/
Previewing a 2007 Farm Bill
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs7731/
Agriculture: Previewing a Farm Bill
Most provisions of the current “farm bill,” the Farm Security and Rural Investment Act (FSRIA) of 2002 (P.L. 107-171), do not expire until 2007. Nonetheless, various policy developments have brought farm bill programs into play during the 109th Congress. For example, the FY2006 budget resolution (H.Con.Res. 95) directs the House and Senate Agriculture Committees to find five-year savings of $3 billion from programs under their jurisdiction. Hearings on a 2007 farm bill itself could begin later in 2005. This report will be updated if events warrant; for a more extensive discussion of the issues, see CRS Report RL33037, Previewing a 2007 Farm Bill. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs7730/
Monitoring Inmate-Attorney Communications: Sixth Amendment Implications
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs7000/
Immigration Legislation and Status Adjustment Legislation
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs3162/
Immigration Legislation and Status Adjustment Legislation
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs3163/
Status of Trade Legislation in the 107th Congress
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs3575/
Status of Trade Legislation in the 107th Congress
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs3572/
Status of Trade Legislation in the 107th Congress
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs3574/
Status of Trade Legislation in the 107th Congress
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs3573/
Selected Tax Law Changes Effective January 1, 2002
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs7036/
Immigration: S Visas for Criminal and Terrorist Informants
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs7207/
Trade Legislation in the 107th Congress: An Overview
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs3543/
Child Care Issues in the 108th Congress
This report includes recent developments in federal child care programs and tax provisions. The report discusses several federal programs that support child care or related services, primarily for low-income working families. In addition, the tax code includes provisions specifically targeted to assist families with child care expenses. The report presents the legislative activity in the 108th Congress in regard to child care legislature and provisions. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs3910/
Legislative Initiatives to Temporarily Relocate Federal Courts Interrupted by Natural or Man-Made Disasters, 109th Congress
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs7670/
Authority to Enforce the Immigration and Nationality Act (INA) in the Wake of the Homeland Security Act: Legal Issues
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs7713/
Child Care Issues in the 108th Congress
This report includes recent developments in federal child care programs and tax provisions. The report discusses several federal programs that support child care or related services, primarily for low-income working families. In addition, the tax code includes provisions specifically targeted to assist families with child care expenses. The report presents the legislative activity in the 108th Congress in regard to child care legislature and provisions. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs3908/
Child Care Issues in the 108th Congress
This report includes recent developments in federal child care programs and tax provisions. The report discusses several federal programs that support child care or related services, primarily for low-income working families. In addition, the tax code includes provisions specifically targeted to assist families with child care expenses. The report presents the legislative activity in the 108th Congress in regard to child care legislature and provisions. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs3909/
Child Care Issues in the 107th Congress
This report includes recent developments in federal child care programs and tax provisions. The report discusses several federal programs that support child care or related services, primarily for low-income working families. In addition, the tax code includes provisions specifically targeted to assist families with child care expenses. The report presents the legislative activity in the 107th Congress in regard to child care legislature and provisions. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs3893/
Congressional Lawmaking: A Perspective On Secrecy and Transparency
The objectives of this report are four-fold: first, to outline briefly the historical and inherent tension between secrecy and transparency in the congressional process; second, to review several common and recurring secrecy/transparency issues that emerged again with the 2011 formation of the Joint Select Deficit Reduction Committee; third, to identify various lawmaking stages typically imbued with closed door activities; and fourth, to close with several summary observations. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc84007/
Selected Theories of Constitutional Interpretation
This report examines theories of constitutional interpretation, the role of the judiciary in this interpretation, and constitutional protections for fundamental rights. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc103125/
Advertising by the Federal Government: An Overview
This report looks at what government agencies are spending on advertising, including the difficulties of estimating advertising expenditures and the restrictions on government advertising. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc103147/
Perjury Under Federal Law: A Brief Overview
This report discusses the three general federal perjury laws. It is an abbreviated version of CRS Report 98-808, Perjury Under Federal Law: A Brief Overview, by Charles Doyle, stripped of most footnotes, quotations, citations, and bibliography. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc287926/
Perjury Under Federal Law: A Sketch of the Elements
This report discusses the three general federal perjury laws. It is an abbreviated version of CRS Report 98-808, Perjury Under Federal Law: A Brief Overview, by Charles Doyle, stripped of most footnotes, quotations, citations, and bibliography. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc287900/
The Defense Production Act of 1950: History, Authorities, and Reauthorization
This report examines some of the history of the Defense Production Act of 1950 (DPA), focusing primarily on its creation and most recent legislative reauthorization. It also discusses the foremost active authorities of the DPA. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc282318/
Advertising by the Federal Government: An Overview
A look at government agencies spending on advertising. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc83955/
Federal Tort Reform Legislation: Constitutionality and Summaries of Selected Statutes
This report considers the constitutionality of federal tort reform legislation, such as the products liability and medical malpractice reform proposals that have been introduced for the last several Congresses. Tort law at present is almost exclusively state law rather than federal law, although, as noted in the appendix to this report, Congress has enacted a number of tort reform statutes. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc26106/
Issues Regarding a National Land Parcel Database
This report provides a summary of some of the issues regarding the creation of a national land parcel database, or cadastre. The report identifies some of the perceived needs for a national cadastre, legislative and administrative options that could lead to a national land parcel database, and some of the challenges and concerns. The report also summarizes and briefly discusses recommendations in a 2007 National Research Council (NRC) report that concluded "...a national approach is necessary to provide a rational and accountable system of property records." digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc26194/