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 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Eliminating International Child Labor: U.S. and International Initiatives

Eliminating International Child Labor: U.S. and International Initiatives

Date: February 28, 2003
Creator: Salaam, Tiaji
Description: In November 1999, during the World Trade Organization (WTO) conference in Seattle, hundreds of protestors took to the street to protest a number of issues, including the international use of child labor, which has become increasingly important in discussions on international trade, human rights and international assistance. While awareness of the issue has increased, the ability to address the complex problem has been complicated by a number of related factors including rising poverty, surging HIV/AIDS infection rates, and a lack of relevant education. This report will outline the scope of the international child labor problem, explain the difficulties in eliminating it, describe U.S. and international child labor programs, and present some issues Congress may consider.
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Homeland Security and Labor-Management Relations:

Homeland Security and Labor-Management Relations:

Date: August 14, 2006
Creator: Nicola, Thomas J & Shimabukuro, Jon O
Description: None
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Worker Relocation Assistance: Moving People to Jobs

Worker Relocation Assistance: Moving People to Jobs

Date: May 26, 1983
Creator: LeGrande, Linda
Description: One characteristic of the dislocated worker problem is that a mismatch exists between the number and kinds of jobs offered by employers and the number and kinds of skills possessed by workers in the same geographic area. At the same time, other geographic areas have unfilled job openings and relatively low unemployment rates. Government-assisted worker relocation is one tool of employment policy that might be used to reduce these regional imbalances in labor supply and demand. This report describes the U.S. experience with both unassisted and Government-assisted worker relocation. It examines the applicability of this experience to the current dislocated worker problem, as well. In addition, the report evaluates the feasibility of establishing a nationwide worker relocation program.
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Unemployment Insurance: Available Unemployment Benefits and Legislative Activity

Unemployment Insurance: Available Unemployment Benefits and Legislative Activity

Date: April 14, 2006
Creator: Whittaker, Julie M
Description: None
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Job Training Programs: Reauthorization and Funding Issues

Job Training Programs: Reauthorization and Funding Issues

Date: January 3, 1983
Creator: Spar, Karen
Description: None
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Navy Ship Deployments: New Approaches - Background and Issues for Congress

Navy Ship Deployments: New Approaches - Background and Issues for Congress

Date: July 14, 2006
Creator: O'Rourke, Ronald
Description: None
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Farm Labor Shortages and Immigration Policy

Farm Labor Shortages and Immigration Policy

Date: January 25, 2006
Creator: Levine, Linda
Description: None
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Farm Labor Shortages and Immigration Policy

Farm Labor Shortages and Immigration Policy

Date: March 29, 2006
Creator: Levine, Linda
Description: None
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Pension Benefit Guaranty Corporation: A Fact Sheet

Pension Benefit Guaranty Corporation: A Fact Sheet

Date: January 29, 2008
Creator: Topoleski, John J.
Description: The Pension Benefit Guaranty Corporation (PBGC) is a federal government agency established in 1974 by the Employee Retirement Income Security Act (ERISA) (P.L. 93- 406). It was created to protect the pensions of participants and beneficiaries covered by private sector, defined benefit (DB) plans. These pension plans provide a specified monthly benefit at retirement, usually either a percent of salary or a flat dollar amount multiplied by years of service. Defined contribution plans, such as §401(k) plans, are not insured. The PBGC is chaired by the Secretary of Labor, with the Secretaries of Treasury and Commerce serving as board members.
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Disaster Unemployment Assistance (DUA)

Disaster Unemployment Assistance (DUA)

Date: January 10, 2005
Creator: Whittaker, Julie M
Description: The Disaster Unemployment Assistance (DUA) program provides monetary assistance to individuals unemployed as a direct result of a major disaster and who are not eligible for regular Unemployment Compensation (UC) benefits. DUA is funded through the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA). DUA is administered by the Department of Labor (DOL) through each state’s UC agency. In the 109th Congress, P.L. 109-176 was signed into law on March 6, 2006, extending the duration of DUA benefits from 26 to 39 weeks for victims of the Hurricane Katrina and Rita disasters.
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