You limited your search to:

 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Vulnerable Youth: Federal Mentoring Programs and Issues

Vulnerable Youth: Federal Mentoring Programs and Issues

Date: February 28, 2014
Creator: Fernandes-Alcantara, Adrienne L.
Description: This report begins with an overview of the purpose of mentoring, including a brief discussion on research of structured mentoring programs. It then describes the evolution of federal policies on mentoring since the early 1990s and provides an overview of the components and funding for each of two recent (discontinued) federal mentoring programs, as well as a discussion of other federal mentoring initiatives that are currently funded.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Buy American Act in Brief: Preferences for "Domestic" Supplies and Construction Materials in Federal Procurements

The Buy American Act in Brief: Preferences for "Domestic" Supplies and Construction Materials in Federal Procurements

Date: February 26, 2014
Creator: Manuel, Kate M.
Description: This report discusses the Buy American Act of 1933, which is the earliest and arguably the best known of various statutes regarding federal procurement of domestic products.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The National Directory of New Hires

The National Directory of New Hires

Date: February 24, 2014
Creator: Solomon-Fears, Carmen
Description: This report details the National Directory of New Hires - including its background, how data is managed in the directory, and concerns regarding the directory.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
U.S. Manufacturing in International Perspective

U.S. Manufacturing in International Perspective

Date: February 20, 2014
Creator: Levinson, Marc
Description: This report contains a series of charts and tables that depict the position of manufacturing in the United States relative to other countries according to various metrics.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Federal Labor Relations Statutes: An Overview

Federal Labor Relations Statutes: An Overview

Date: February 14, 2014
Creator: Hegji, Alexandra
Description: This report provides a brief history and overview of the aims of these statutes: the Railway Labor Act (RLA) enacted in 1926, the National Labor Relations Act (NLRA), and the Federal Service Labor-Management Relations Statute (FSLMRS). It also discusses key provisions for each statute.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Unemployment Insurance: Programs and Benefits

Unemployment Insurance: Programs and Benefits

Date: February 12, 2014
Creator: Whittaker, Julie M. & Isaacs, Katelin P.
Description: This report describes three kinds of unemployment benefit programs: regular Unemployment Compensation (UC), Extended Benefits (EB), and Emergency Unemployment Compensation (EUC08). The report explains their basic eligibility requirements, benefits, and financing structure.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Constitutional Analysis of Suspicionless Drug Testing Requirements for the Receipt of Governmental Benefits

Constitutional Analysis of Suspicionless Drug Testing Requirements for the Receipt of Governmental Benefits

Date: January 29, 2014
Creator: Carpenter, David H.
Description: This report gives an overview of the issues related to federal or state laws that condition the initial or ongoing receipt of governmental benefits on passing drug tests. These regulations are vulnerable to constitutional challenge, most often due to issues of personal privacy and Fourth Amendment protections against "unreasonable searches."
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Overview of Labor Enforcement Issues in Free Trade Agreements

Overview of Labor Enforcement Issues in Free Trade Agreements

Date: January 29, 2014
Creator: Bolle, Mary Jane
Description: This report identifies two types of labor enforcement issues related to Free Trade Agreements approved by Congress: (1) those that relate to the FTA provisions themselves, including their definitions and their enforceability, and (2) those that relate to executive branch responsibilities, such as resource availability and determining dispute settlement case priorities. This report does not address other labor issues in the various free trade agreements, including cooperative consultation provisions.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Trafficking in Persons in Latin America and the Caribbean

Trafficking in Persons in Latin America and the Caribbean

Date: January 28, 2014
Creator: Ribando Seelke, Clare
Description: This report describes the nature and scope of the problem of trafficking in persons in Latin America and the Caribbean. It then describes U.S. efforts to deal with trafficking in persons in the region, as well as discusses the successes and failures of some recent country and regional antitrafficking efforts. The report concludes by raising issues that may be helpful for the 113th Congress to consider as it continues to address human trafficking as part of its authorization, appropriations, and oversight activities.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Unauthorized Aliens Residing in the United States: Estimates Since 1986

Unauthorized Aliens Residing in the United States: Estimates Since 1986

Date: January 23, 2014
Creator: Wasem, Ruth Ellen
Description: This report presents data estimating since 1986 the number of unauthorized aliens who have been living in the United States. There have been a variety of estimates of the unauthorized resident alien population over this period, sometimes with substantially different results. This report is limited to analyses of the Current Population Survey (CPS) conducted by the U.S. Census Bureau and the Bureau of Labor Statistics and of the American Community Survey (ACS) conducted by the U.S. Census Bureau so that there are basic standards of comparison over time.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Federal Minimum Wage: In Brief

The Federal Minimum Wage: In Brief

Date: January 17, 2014
Creator: Bradley, David H.
Description: This report discusses the minimum wage provisions of the Fair Labor Standards Act (FLSA)that have been amended numerous times since 1938, typically for the purpose of expanding coverage or raising the wage rate.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Vulnerable Youth: Employment and Job Training Programs

Vulnerable Youth: Employment and Job Training Programs

Date: January 13, 2014
Creator: Fernandes-Alcantara, Adrienne L.
Description: This report provides an overview of federal employment programs for vulnerable young people. It begins with a discussion of the current challenges in preparing all youth today for the workforce. The report then provides a chronology of job training and employment programs for at-risk youth that began in the 1930s and were expanded or modified from the 1960s through the 1990s. It goes on to discuss the five youth programs authorized under the Workforce Investment Act of 1998 (WIA), and draws comparisons between these programs.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Vulnerable Youth: Employment and Job Training Programs

Vulnerable Youth: Employment and Job Training Programs

Date: January 13, 2014
Creator: Fernandes-Alcantara, Adrienne L.
Description: This report provides an overview of federal employment programs for vulnerable young people. It begins with a discussion of the current challenges in preparing all youth today for the workforce. The report then provides a chronology of job training and employment programs for at-risk youth that began in the 1930s and were expanded or modified from the 1960s through the 1990s. It goes on to discuss the five youth programs authorized under the Workforce Investment Act (WIA), and draws comparisons between these programs. Following this section is a detailed discussion of each of the programs.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Bangladesh Apparel Factory Collapse: Background in Brief

Bangladesh Apparel Factory Collapse: Background in Brief

Date: January 10, 2014
Creator: Bolle, Mary Jane
Description: This report provides an overview of the recent tragedy in Bangladesh and the Bangladesh economic environment and culture. It also notes the responses to the tragedy, to date, from Congress, the Administration, the ILO, the Bangladesh government, and the private sector.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Electronic Employment Eligibility Verification

Electronic Employment Eligibility Verification

Date: January 9, 2014
Creator: Bruno, Andorra
Description: This report discusses the employment verification program that started out as a pilot program in November 1997 and it is currently authorized until September 30, 2015, in accordance with P.L. 112-176.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Tax Rates and Economic Growth

Tax Rates and Economic Growth

Date: January 2, 2014
Creator: Gravelle, Jane G. & Marples, Donald J.
Description: This report summarizes the evidence on the relationship between tax rates and economic growth, referring in a number of cases to more-detailed CRS reports.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Unemployment: Issues in the 113th Congress

Unemployment: Issues in the 113th Congress

Date: December 31, 2013
Creator: Gravelle, Jane G.
Description: This report addresses three policy issues: whether to take additional measures to increase jobs (or avoid contractionary policies), what measures might be most effective, and how job creation proposals should be financed.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Small Business Administration HUBZone Program

Small Business Administration HUBZone Program

Date: December 17, 2013
Creator: Dilger, Robert Jay
Description: This report examines arguments both for and against targeting assistance to geographic areas with specified characteristics, such as low income, high poverty, or high unemployment, as opposed to providing assistance to people or businesses with specified characteristics. It then assesses the arguments both for and against the continuation of the HUBZone program
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The National Labor Relations Act (NLRA): Union Representation Procedures and Dispute Resolution

The National Labor Relations Act (NLRA): Union Representation Procedures and Dispute Resolution

Date: December 11, 2013
Creator: Mayer, Gerald
Description: This report begins with a brief overview of the National Labor Relations Board (NLRB) and describes the basic procedures that employees and employers must follow during a unionizing campaign. The report explains different types of mediation and arbitration that can be used to resolve bargaining disputes. The report describes the jurisdictional standards that an employer must meet before the NLRB will exert jurisdiction over a question of union representation (e.g., for a small business).
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Pay Equity: Legislative and Legal Developments

Pay Equity: Legislative and Legal Developments

Date: November 22, 2013
Creator: Collins, Benjamin & Feder, Jody
Description: This report discusses pay equity litigation, including Wal-Mart Stores v. Dukes, a case in which the Supreme Court rejected class action status for current and former female Wal-Mart employees who allege that the company has engaged in pay discrimination.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Unemployment Insurance: Programs and Benefits

Unemployment Insurance: Programs and Benefits

Date: November 20, 2013
Creator: Whittaker, Julie M. & Isaacs, Katelin P.
Description: This report describes three kinds of unemployment benefit programs: regular Unemployment Compensation (UC), Extended Benefits (EB), and Emergency Unemployment Compensation (EUC08) . The report explains their basic eligibility requirements, benefits, and financing structure.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Child Labor in America: History, Policy, and Legislative Issues

Child Labor in America: History, Policy, and Legislative Issues

Date: November 18, 2013
Creator: Mayer, Gerald
Description: This report examines the historical issue of child labor in America and summarizes legislation that has been introduced from the 108th Congress to the 113th Congress.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Social Security: Cost-of-Living Adjustments

Social Security: Cost-of-Living Adjustments

Date: November 6, 2013
Creator: Sidor, Gary
Description: This report discusses the issues surrounding Social Security recipients that usually receive an annual cost-of-living adjustment (COLA).
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Cost-of-Living Adjustments for Federal Civil Service Annuities

Cost-of-Living Adjustments for Federal Civil Service Annuities

Date: November 1, 2013
Creator: Isaacs, Katelin P.
Description: This report discusses the Cost-of-living adjustments (COLAs) for the Civil Service Retirement System (CSRS) and the Federal Employees Retirement System (FERS) are based on the rate of inflation as measured by the Consumer Price Index for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W). All CSRS retirees and survivors receive COLAs. Under FERS, however, non-disabled retirees under age 62 do not receive COLAs. This report discusses cost-of-living adjustments for government retirees, as well as related legislation.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department