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 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
State and Local Restrictions on Employing, Renting Property to, or Providing Services for Unauthorized Aliens: Legal Issues and Recent Judicial Developments

State and Local Restrictions on Employing, Renting Property to, or Providing Services for Unauthorized Aliens: Legal Issues and Recent Judicial Developments

Date: January 28, 2008
Creator: Garcia, Michael John; Feder, Jody & Smith, Alison M.
Description: This report discusses the constitutional issues raised in relation to state and local laws intended to deter the presence of unauthorized aliens, along with the implications that federal civil rights statutes might have on the implementation and enforcement of measures restricting such persons' ability to obtain employment, housing, or other state and local benefits or services.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Older Displaced Workers in the Context of an Aging and Slowly Growing Population

Older Displaced Workers in the Context of an Aging and Slowly Growing Population

Date: January 15, 2010
Creator: Levine, Linda
Description: This report analyzes the labor market experiences of those older workers who have involuntarily lost long-held jobs for reasons unrelated to their own performance (e.g., veteran factory workers at plants closed because of import competition, experienced information technology workers whose jobs have been outsourced to workers in other countries, and mid-level managers in positions eliminated through corporate restructuring). It examines current policies targeted at the reemployment of older displaced workers which, if successful, might lengthen their stay in the workforce.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Unauthorized Aliens in the United States: Policy Discussion

Unauthorized Aliens in the United States: Policy Discussion

Date: May 8, 2014
Creator: Bruno, Andorra
Description: This report discusses the unauthorized immigrant (illegal alien) population in the United States, which is a key and controversial immigration issue.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Trafficking in Persons in Latin America and the Caribbean

Trafficking in Persons in Latin America and the Caribbean

Date: July 1, 2008
Creator: Seelke, Clare Ribando
Description: This report describes the nature and scope of the problem of trafficking in persons in Latin America and the Caribbean. It then describes U.S. efforts to deal with trafficking in persons in Latin America and the Caribbean, as well as discusses the successes and failures of some recent country and regional anti-trafficking efforts. The report concludes by raising issues that may be helpful for the 110th Congress to consider during its second session as it continues to address human trafficking as part of its authorization, appropriations, and oversight activities.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Child Labor in West African Cocoa Production: Issues and U.S. Policy

Child Labor in West African Cocoa Production: Issues and U.S. Policy

Date: July 13, 2005
Creator: Salaam-Blyther, Tiaji; Hanrahan, Charles E & Cook, Nicolas
Description: This report outlines how and where cocoa is produced, discusses the use of abusive child labor in the industry, efforts by Congress to counter abusive child labor — including the Harkin-Engel Protocol, and initiatives by affected governments and international organizations to address the problem. This report also provides possible policy options that might undertaken to stop the use of child labor in cocoa production.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Executive Compensation in Bankruptcy: The Fairness and Accountability in Reorganizations Act

Executive Compensation in Bankruptcy: The Fairness and Accountability in Reorganizations Act

Date: April 20, 2006
Creator: Jeweler, Robin
Description: S. 2556 and its companion bill, H.R. 5113, 109th Congress, 2nd Sess. (2006), introduced by Senator Bayh and Representative Conyers, respectively, are entitled the Fairness and Accountability in Reorganizations Act of 2006. The legislation, according to its sponsors, is intended to “ensure that workers are treated more fairly during [bankruptcy] reorganizations by limiting executive compensation deals and requiring corporations to provide a more accurate picture of their holdings before attempting to modify collective bargaining agreements or promised health benefits.” This report surveys the bill’s provisions.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Disability Retirement for Federal Employees

Disability Retirement for Federal Employees

Date: September 30, 2010
Creator: Isaacs, Katelin P.
Description: This report briefly discusses sick leave policies for federal civilian employees, as well as disability benefits available under the Federal Employees' Compensation Act (FECA).
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Business and Labor Spending in U.S. Elections

Business and Labor Spending in U.S. Elections

Date: October 28, 1997
Creator: Cantor, Joseph E
Description: Federal election law has long prohibited corporate and union spending in federal elections, but distinctions in statutes and judicial rulings have opened avenues by which these groups have been able to spend money in the electoral process. Business groups make particular use of political action committee (PAC) donations to candidates and soft money donations to parties. Unions made prominent use of issue advocacy in 1996, but labor’s political strength lies in exempt activity communications with members. This report explains these tools and their use in today’s elections.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Davis-Bacon Act: Institutional Evolution and Public Policy

The Davis-Bacon Act: Institutional Evolution and Public Policy

Date: November 30, 2007
Creator: Whittaker, William G.
Description: This report examines policy issues the Davis-Bacon Act has sparked through the years and which remain a part of the Davis-Bacon debate of the 1990s. These include such questions as: wage rate determination procedures, reporting requirements under the Copeland Act, an appropriate threshold for activation of the statute, interagency relationships with respect to Davis-Bacon enforcement and compliance activity, administrative or judicial appeals procedures, the use of "helpers" and other low-skilled workers on covered projects, and the right of a President to suspend the statute as well as the conditions under which such a suspension may occur. That the fundamental premise of the Act remains in contention after 60 years may be, itself, part of the public policy debate.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Homeland Security: Data on Employees and Unions Potentially Affected

Homeland Security: Data on Employees and Unions Potentially Affected

Date: July 29, 2002
Creator: McCallion, Gail
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department