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 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
The Unemployment Trust Fund (UTF): State Insolvency and Federal Loans to States

The Unemployment Trust Fund (UTF): State Insolvency and Federal Loans to States

Date: July 8, 2011
Creator: Whittaker, Julie M.
Description: This report summarizes how insolvent states may borrow funds from the federal account within the Unemployment Trust Fund (UTF) to meet their unemployment compensation (UC) benefits obligations.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Unemployment Compensation (Insurance) and Military Service

Unemployment Compensation (Insurance) and Military Service

Date: May 10, 2006
Creator: Whittaker, Julie M
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Unemployment Compensation (Insurance) and Military Service

Unemployment Compensation (Insurance) and Military Service

Date: May 4, 2006
Creator: Whittaker, Julie M
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Pay Equity Legislation

Pay Equity Legislation

Date: June 1, 2012
Creator: Collins, Benjamin & Feder, Jody
Description: This report gives an overview of "pay equity," a term referring to the fact that women as a group are paid less than men. It includes the history of pay equity, legal and legislative background, and recent legislation.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Pay Equity Legislation

Pay Equity Legislation

Date: September 20, 2010
Creator: Feder, Jody & Levine, Linda
Description: This report begins by showing the trend in the male-female wage gap and by examining the explanations that have been offered for its enduring presence. It next discusses the major laws directed at eliminating sex-based wage discrimination as well as relevant federal court cases. The report closes with a description of pay equity legislation that has been considered by Congress in recent years, including bills introduced in the 111th Congress.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Independent Truckers: The Effects of Recent Legislation on Earnings (Effects of the Surface Transportation Assistance Act of 1982 and the Department of Transportation and Related Agencies Appropriations Act, 1983, as they affect highway-related taxes, two trailers, length and width of vehicles, and weights and loads)

Independent Truckers: The Effects of Recent Legislation on Earnings (Effects of the Surface Transportation Assistance Act of 1982 and the Department of Transportation and Related Agencies Appropriations Act, 1983, as they affect highway-related taxes, two trailers, length and width of vehicles, and weights and loads)

Date: March 1, 1983
Creator: Thompson, Stephen J
Description: Congress passed legislation late in 1982 that is expected to have a significant effect on the annual net earnings of independent truckers. About 90 percent of fresh produce, most used household goods, and from one-third to one-half of all fabricated steel and other commodities transported by truck are hauled by independent truckers. The legislation raised the Federal fuel tax by 5 cents per gallon and significantly raised a highway use tax that is based on the weight of the vehicle. The legislation also allowed truckers to use two trailers, longer and wider vehicles, and carry heavier loads. This CRS report discusses these 1982 changes in Federal legislation. It also contains an estimate of the upper and lower bound of the impact that these changes could have on the annual net earnings of independent truckers.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Homeland Security and Labor-Management Relations: NTEU v. Chertoff

Homeland Security and Labor-Management Relations: NTEU v. Chertoff

Date: August 14, 2006
Creator: Nicola, Thomas J. & Shimabukuro, Jon O.
Description: This report examines the opinions of the district court and court of appeals in National Treasury Employees Union (“NTEU”) v. Chertof.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
H.R. 6500, The Thrift Savings Plan Enhancement Act of 2008

H.R. 6500, The Thrift Savings Plan Enhancement Act of 2008

Date: July 29, 2008
Creator: Purcell, Patrick
Description: This report describes the various aspects of the Thrift Savings Plan Enhancement Act of 2008.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Unemployment Compensation (Insurance) and Military Service

Unemployment Compensation (Insurance) and Military Service

Date: August 5, 2008
Creator: Whittaker, Julie M.
Description: The Unemployment Compensation (UC) program contains several provisions relevant to current and former military service personnel and their families. The UC program does not provide benefits for military servicemembers on active duty. However, former active duty military personnel (and certain reservists) separated from active duty may be eligible for Unemployment Compensation for Ex-Servicemembers (UCX). Spouses of military service personnel who voluntarily quit a job to accompany their spouses on account of a military transfer may be eligible for UC benefits, based on the laws of the state where the civilian spouse was employed. States may choose to create provisions that remove or limit these tax increases in certain situations.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Federal Affirmative Action Law: A Brief History

Federal Affirmative Action Law: A Brief History

Date: October 19, 2015
Creator: Feder, Jody
Description: This report provides a brief history of federal affirmative action law, including legal and political developments at the federal, state, and local levels. It describes the origins, affirmative action in public education, minority contracting, and recent developments as of 2015.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Federal Employees' Compensation Act (FECA): Workers' Compensation for Federal Employees

The Federal Employees' Compensation Act (FECA): Workers' Compensation for Federal Employees

Date: September 16, 2015
Creator: Szymendera, Scott D.
Description: This report focuses on several key policy issues facing the Federal Employees' Compensation Act (FECA) program, including the disproportionate share of claims and program costs attributed to postal workers, the payment of FECA benefits after retirement age, the overall level of FECA disability benefits as compared with those offered by the states, and the administration of the FECA program.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Federal Reserve: Dividends Paid to Commercial Banks

Federal Reserve: Dividends Paid to Commercial Banks

Date: October 28, 2015
Creator: Labonte, Marc & Murphy, M. M.
Description: This report briefly provides background on dividends paid to banks by the Federal Reserve (Fed), which would be reduced in the Senate-passed highway trust fund bill (H.R. 22) as a budgetary offset.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Pay-for-Performance: Linking Employee Pay to Performance Appraisal

Pay-for-Performance: Linking Employee Pay to Performance Appraisal

Date: October 20, 2008
Creator: Ginsberg, Wendy
Description: This report discusses issues related to measuring performance across the federal government and analyzes a variety of methods utilized by the government to measure employee performance and its linkage to pay.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Haitian Economy and the HOPE Act

The Haitian Economy and the HOPE Act

Date: October 1, 2008
Creator: Hornbeck, J. F.
Description: This report discusses the HOPE Act as it relates to the Haitian economy and U.S. trade policy. In providing preferential access to Haitian apparel imports, the HOPE Act, as amended, gives Haitian firms a competitive (price) advantage over other foreign producers who must pay U.S. duties on apparel exports made from yarns and fabrics supplied by non-regional (e.g., Asian) producers.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Small Business: Access to Capital and Job Creation

Small Business: Access to Capital and Job Creation

Date: November 25, 2015
Creator: Dilger, Robert J.
Description: This report discusses the role of small business in job creation and retention, then provides an assessment of the supply and demand for small business loans and recently enacted laws designed to enhance small business access to capital. It also examines recent actions concerning the SBA's budget and concludes with a brief overview of legislative options available to address small business access to capital issues during the 114th Congress.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Workforce Innovation and Opportunity Act and the One-Stop Delivery System

The Workforce Innovation and Opportunity Act and the One-Stop Delivery System

Date: October 27, 2015
Creator: Bradley, David H.
Description: This report provides details of WIOA Title I state formula program structure, services, allotment formulas, and performance accountability, a program overview for national grant programs, and a brief overview of the Employment Service (ES), which is authorized by separate legislation but is an integral part of the One-Stop system created by WIOA.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Cost-of-Living Adjustments for Federal Civil Service Annuities

Cost-of-Living Adjustments for Federal Civil Service Annuities

Date: October 15, 2015
Creator: Isaacs, Katelin P.
Description: This report discusses the Cost-of-living adjustments (COLAs) for the Civil Service Retirement System (CSRS) and the Federal Employees Retirement System (FERS) and government retirees, as well as related legislation.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
U.S. Postal Service Workforce Size and Employment Categories, FY1995-FY2014

U.S. Postal Service Workforce Size and Employment Categories, FY1995-FY2014

Date: October 21, 2015
Creator: Francis, Kathryn A.
Description: This report provides data from the past 20 years on the size and composition of the U.S. Postal Service's (USPS's) workforce. Reforms to the size and composition of the workforce have been an integral part of USPS's strategy to reduce costs and regain financial solvency, particularly between FY2007 and FY2014.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Haitian Economy and the HOPE Act

The Haitian Economy and the HOPE Act

Date: January 16, 2009
Creator: Hornbeck, J. F.
Description: This report discusses the HOPE Act as it relates to the Haitian economy and U.S. trade policy. In providing preferential access to Haitian apparel imports, the HOPE Act, as amended, gives Haitian firms a competitive (price) advantage over other foreign producers who must pay U.S. duties on apparel exports made from yarns and fabrics supplied by non-regional (e.g., Asian) producers.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Multilateral Development Banks: Overview and Issues for Congress

Multilateral Development Banks: Overview and Issues for Congress

Date: December 2, 2015
Creator: Nelson, Rebecca M.
Description: This report provides an overview of Multilateral Development Banks (MDBs) and highlights major issues for Congress. The first section discusses how the MDBs operate, and the second section discusses the role of Congress in the MDBs.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Federal Workforce: Characteristics and Trends

The Federal Workforce: Characteristics and Trends

Date: September 30, 2008
Creator: Copeland, Curtis W.
Description: This report discusses the federal workforce, which is also expected by some to reflect the gender, racial, and ethnic diversity of the country as a whole. In addition, understanding recent changes in the overall size and composition of the federal workforce can indicate what changes may lie in the future.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Legislative, Executive, and Judicial Officials: Process for Adjusting Pay and Current Salaries

Legislative, Executive, and Judicial Officials: Process for Adjusting Pay and Current Salaries

Date: January 23, 2006
Creator: Schwemle, Barbara L
Description: This report includes four tables which provide the January 2004, January 2005, and January 2006 salaries for federal officials and members of the SES, and for employees in SL, ST, and GS-15 positions in the Washington, DC, and the “Rest of the United States” locality pay areas.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Numerical Limits on Employment-Based Immigration: Analysis of the Per-Country Ceilings

Numerical Limits on Employment-Based Immigration: Analysis of the Per-Country Ceilings

Date: October 11, 2011
Creator: Wasem, Ruth Ellen
Description: The report opens with brief explanations of the employment-based preference categories and the per-country ceilings governing annual admissions of LPRs. The focus is on the major employment-based preference categories. The report continues with a statistical analysis of the pending caseload of approved employment-based LPR petitions.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Gender Wage Gap and Pay Equity: Is Comparable Worth the Next Step?

The Gender Wage Gap and Pay Equity: Is Comparable Worth the Next Step?

Date: December 20, 2004
Creator: Levine, Linda
Description: This report examines the trend in the male-female wage gap and the explanations offered for its existence. Remedies proposed for the gender wage gap's amelioration are addressed, with an in-depth focus on the comparable worth approach to achieving "pay equity" or "fair pay" between women and men.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department