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 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Immigration: The “H-2A” Temporary Agricultural Worker Program

Immigration: The “H-2A” Temporary Agricultural Worker Program

Date: April 9, 1998
Creator: Vialet, Joyce
Description: In recent years, there have been various legislative efforts to modify or supplement the existing H-2A temporary agricultural program authorized by the Immigration and Nationality Act (INA). Concern has centered on making the program easier for growers to use while still maintaining protections for domestic labor. Growers have made limited use of the program in the past and a few years ago program usage was in decline. Current trends, however, show an increase due in part to increased demand from tobacco growers. This report provides information on the H-2A program, illustrates current trends, discusses issues raised by the proposed changes, and tracks pending legislation.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Federal Regulation of Working Hours: The Ballenger and Ashcroft Proposals (H.R. 1 and S.4)

Federal Regulation of Working Hours: The Ballenger and Ashcroft Proposals (H.R. 1 and S.4)

Date: April 16, 1998
Creator: Whittaker, William G
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Federal Regulation of Working Hours: The Ballenger and Ashcroft Proposals (H.R. 1 and S. 4)

Federal Regulation of Working Hours: The Ballenger and Ashcroft Proposals (H.R. 1 and S. 4)

Date: April 16, 1998
Creator: Whittaker, William G.
Description: During the 104 Congress, legislation was considered that would have altered the 40-hour workweek and overtime pay requirements for private sector workers. In somewhat altered form, such legislation [H.R. 1 (Ballenger) and S. 4 (Ashcroft)] has been reintroduced in the 105 Congress. This report, very briefly, summarizes the issues presented by H.R. 1 and S. 4.
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Affirmative Action: Recent Congressional and Presidential Activity

Affirmative Action: Recent Congressional and Presidential Activity

Date: May 27, 1998
Creator: Bruno, Andorra
Description: In recent years, the U.S. Congress and the President have been reevaluating, and proposing changes to, existing affirmative action policies. Multiple bills to restrict affirmative action were introduced in the 104th Congress, but only one limited measure was enacted. Some anti-preference legislation is currently before the 105th Congress. The Clinton Administration has generally opposed efforts to terminate affirmative action programs and, instead, has proposed various reforms.
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Unemployment Benefits: Legislative Issues in the 105th Congress

Unemployment Benefits: Legislative Issues in the 105th Congress

Date: June 8, 1998
Creator: Storey, James R
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Use of Union Dues for Political Purposes: A Discussion of Agency Fee Objectors and Public Policy

The Use of Union Dues for Political Purposes: A Discussion of Agency Fee Objectors and Public Policy

Date: June 19, 1998
Creator: McCallion, Gail
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Federal Pay: FY 1999 Salary Adjustments

Federal Pay: FY 1999 Salary Adjustments

Date: July 8, 1998
Creator: Schwemle, Barbara L
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Personnel Management Flexibility for the Internal Revenue Service: P.L. 105-206

Personnel Management Flexibility for the Internal Revenue Service: P.L. 105-206

Date: July 24, 1998
Creator: Schwemle, Barbara L
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Immigration: Nonimmigrant H-1B Specialty Worker Issues and Legislation

Immigration: Nonimmigrant H-1B Specialty Worker Issues and Legislation

Date: August 4, 1998
Creator: Wasem, Ruth Ellen
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Appropriations for FY1999: Labor, Health and Human Services, and Education

Appropriations for FY1999: Labor, Health and Human Services, and Education

Date: November 19, 1998
Creator: Irwin, Paul M
Description: Appropriations are one part of a complex federal budget process that includes budget resolutions, appropriations (regular, supplemental, and continuing) bills, rescissions, and budget reconciliation bills. This report is a guide to one of the 13 regular appropriations bills that Congress passes each year. It is designed to supplement the information provided by the House and Senate Appropriations Subcommittees on Labor, Health and Human Services, and Education.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Inflation and the Real Minimum Wage: Fact Sheet

Inflation and the Real Minimum Wage: Fact Sheet

Date: January 27, 1999
Creator: Cashell, Brian W
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Appropriations for FY2000: Labor, Health and Human Services, and Education

Appropriations for FY2000: Labor, Health and Human Services, and Education

Date: December 17, 1999
Creator: Irwin, Paul M
Description: Appropriations are one part of a complex federal budget process that includes budget resolutions, appropriations (regular, supplemental, and continuing) bills, rescissions, and budget reconciliation bills. This report is a guide to one of the 13 regular appropriations bills that Congress passes each year. It is designed to supplement the information provided by the House and Senate Appropriations Subcommittees on Labor, Health and Human Services, and Education.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Military Technicians: The Issue of Mandatory Retirement for Non-Dual-Status Technicians

Military Technicians: The Issue of Mandatory Retirement for Non-Dual-Status Technicians

Date: March 28, 2000
Creator: Kapp, Lawrence
Description: This report describes the mandatory retirement provisions for certain “non-dual-status” military technicians contained in the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2000 (P.L. 106-65), discusses the stated rationale behind the policy, and quantifies the impact it will likely have on individual technicians.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Civil Service Retirement Bills in the 106th Congress

Civil Service Retirement Bills in the 106th Congress

Date: June 28, 2000
Creator: Purcell, Patrick J
Description: Among the civil service retirement issues addressed in bills introduced thus far in the 106th Congress are the correction of retirement coverage errors for federal employees assigned to the wrong retirement system; immediate eligibility for federal employees to participate in the Thrift Savings Plan (TSP); improved portability of pension benefits; and repeal of the temporary increase in employee retirement contributions that was mandated by the Balanced Budget Act of 1997. Other bills would expand TSP eligibility to include members of the armed services; improve pension coverage for temporary and part-time federal employees; and designate several categories of federal employees as law enforcement officers for purposes of determining their retirement benefits.
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The Minimum Wage: An Overview of Issues Before the 106th Congress

The Minimum Wage: An Overview of Issues Before the 106th Congress

Date: July 19, 2000
Creator: Whittaker, William G
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Retirement Benefits for Members of Congress

Retirement Benefits for Members of Congress

Date: July 31, 2000
Creator: Purcell, Patrick J
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Use of Labor Union Dues for Political Purposes: A Legal Analysis

The Use of Labor Union Dues for Political Purposes: A Legal Analysis

Date: August 2, 2000
Creator: Whitaker, L. Paige
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Appropriations for FY2001: Labor, Health and Human Services, and Education

Appropriations for FY2001: Labor, Health and Human Services, and Education

Date: August 17, 2000
Creator: Irwin, Paul M
Description: Appropriations are one part of a complex federal budget process that includes budget resolutions, appropriations (regular, supplemental, and continuing) bills, rescissions, and budget reconciliation bills. This report is a guide to one of the 13 regular appropriations bills that Congress passes each year. It is designed to supplement the information provided by the House and Senate Appropriations Subcommittees on Labor, Health and Human Services, and Education.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Causes of Unemployment: A Cross-Country Analysis

Causes of Unemployment: A Cross-Country Analysis

Date: December 12, 2000
Creator: Labonte, Marc
Description: This report examines data from the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) to explore what differences in microeconomic structures and policies explain the causes of unemployment across various countries.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Male-Female Wage Gap: A Fact Sheet

The Male-Female Wage Gap: A Fact Sheet

Date: December 12, 2000
Creator: Levine, Linda
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Immigration: Legislative Issues on Nonimmigrant Professional Specialty (H-1B) Workers

Immigration: Legislative Issues on Nonimmigrant Professional Specialty (H-1B) Workers

Date: January 11, 2001
Creator: Wasem, Ruth Ellen
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Enforceability of Mandatory Arbitration Agreements:

Enforceability of Mandatory Arbitration Agreements:

Date: January 12, 2001
Creator: Shimabukuro, Jon O
Description: In Wright v. Universal Maritime Service Corp., the U.S. Supreme Court found that a mandatory arbitration clause in a collective bargaining agreement was not enforceable because it failed to specify arbitration as the covered employees' sole method of obtaining relief for their statutory claims. Without such explicit language in the agreement, the union could not have made a "clear and unmistakable waiver" of the employees' rights to a judicial forum. Although the Court identified a "clear and unmistakable waiver" standard for determining whether a mandatory arbitration agreement could be enforced, it refrained from deciding whether a union could actually bargain for such a waiver
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Is Globalization the Force Behind Recent Poor U.S. Wage Performance?: An Analysis

Is Globalization the Force Behind Recent Poor U.S. Wage Performance?: An Analysis

Date: January 12, 2001
Creator: Elwell, Craig K
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
OSHA Reform: "Partnership" with Employers

OSHA Reform: "Partnership" with Employers

Date: January 12, 2001
Creator: Rappaport, Edward B
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department