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 Country: United States
 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Electronic Employment Eligibility Verification

Electronic Employment Eligibility Verification

Date: March 13, 2009
Creator: Bruno, Andorra
Description: This report discusses E-Verify, a program in which participating employers submit information about their new hires (name, date of birth, Social Security number, immigration/citizenship status, and alien number, if applicable) from the I-9 form. This information is automatically compared with information in Social Security Administration and, if necessary, DHS databases to verify identity and employment eligibility.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Effects on U.S. Farm Workers of an Agricultural Guest Worker Program

The Effects on U.S. Farm Workers of an Agricultural Guest Worker Program

Date: March 9, 2006
Creator: Levine, Linda
Description: This report discusses the debate concerning an agricultural guest worker program and the impact an agricultural guest worker program might have on U.S. workers. Guest worker programs are meant to assure employers (e.g., fruit, vegetable, and horticultural specialty growers) of an adequate supply of labor when and where it is needed while not adding permanent residents to the U.S. population. They include mechanisms, such as the H-2A program's labor certification process, intended to avoid adversely affecting the wages and working conditions of similarly employed U.S. workers.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The International Labor Organization (ILO): Background in Brief

The International Labor Organization (ILO): Background in Brief

Date: August 27, 2015
Creator: Bolle, Mary Jane
Description: This report discusses the International Labor Organization (ILO), and describes the ILO's mission, structure, and functions; presents case studies on how the ILO offers assistance to countries in promoting worker rights; and identifies issues for Congress.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Immigration of Agricultural Guest Workers: Policy, Trends, and Legislative Issues

Immigration of Agricultural Guest Workers: Policy, Trends, and Legislative Issues

Date: August 23, 2001
Creator: Wasem, Ruth Ellen & Collver, Geoffrey K
Description: This report discusses the revision of U.S. immigration policy on agricultural guest workers that are coming from various perspectives, and several major bills have already been introduced in the 107th Congress
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Immigration of Agricultural Guest Workers: Policy, Trends, and Legislative Issues

Immigration of Agricultural Guest Workers: Policy, Trends, and Legislative Issues

Date: February 15, 2001
Creator: Wasem, Ruth Ellen & Collver, Geoffrey K
Description: This report discusses the revision of U.S. immigration policy on agricultural guest workers that are coming from various perspectives, and several major bills have already been introduced in the 107th Congress
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Immigration of Agricultural Guest Workers: Policy, Trends, and Legislative Issues

Immigration of Agricultural Guest Workers: Policy, Trends, and Legislative Issues

Date: January 24, 2003
Creator: Wasem, Ruth Ellen & Collver, Geoffrey K
Description: This report discusses the revision of U.S. immigration policy on agricultural guest workers that are coming from various perspectives, and several major bills have already been introduced in the 107th Congress.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Effects on U.S. Farm Workers of an Agricultural Guest Worker Program

The Effects on U.S. Farm Workers of an Agricultural Guest Worker Program

Date: December 12, 2006
Creator: Levine, Linda
Description: This report discusses the debate concerning an agricultural guest worker program and the impact such a program might have on U.S. workers. Guest worker programs are meant to assure employers (e.g., fruit, vegetable, and horticultural specialty growers) of an adequate supply of labor when and where it is needed, while not adding permanent residents to the U.S. population. They include mechanisms -- such as the H-2A program's labor certification process -- intended to avoid adversely affecting the wages and working conditions of similarly-employed U.S. workers.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Buy American Act in Brief: Preferences for "Domestic" Supplies and Construction Materials in Federal Procurements

The Buy American Act in Brief: Preferences for "Domestic" Supplies and Construction Materials in Federal Procurements

Date: February 26, 2014
Creator: Manuel, Kate M.
Description: This report discusses the Buy American Act of 1933, which is the earliest and arguably the best known of various statutes regarding federal procurement of domestic products.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Executive Schedule IV Pay Cap on General Schedule Compensation

The Executive Schedule IV Pay Cap on General Schedule Compensation

Date: February 15, 2008
Creator: Copeland, Curtis W.
Description: This report provides information on the effect of the Executive Schedule (EX-IV) pay cap on pay for General Schedule (GS) employees; and discusses the potential implications of the pay cap on salaries, pensions, and the ability of agencies to recruit and retain staff. The report also provides some background information on the GS and Executive Schedule pay systems and the annual pay adjustment processes in those systems.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Proposed Funding for Workforce Development in the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act (ARRA) of 2009

Proposed Funding for Workforce Development in the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act (ARRA) of 2009

Date: February 2, 2009
Creator: Bradley, David H. & Lordeman, Ann
Description: This report provides a brief overview of the key provisions related to workforce development programs administered by the U.S. Department of Labor (DOL) that were included in the House and Senate versions of the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009 (ARRA). It also provides estimates of state grants for programs for which these estimates are relevant and for which data needed to produce the estimates are available. The estimates are shown in appendix tables that present state-by-state allocations for adult, youth, and dislocated worker programs.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Immigration: Policy Considerations Related to Guest Worker Programs

Immigration: Policy Considerations Related to Guest Worker Programs

Date: March 16, 2010
Creator: Bruno, Andorra
Description: This report discusses guest worker programs. The United States has two main programs for temporarily importing low-skilled workers, or guest workers. Agricultural guest workers enter through the H-2A visa program, and other guest workers enter through the H-2B visa program.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Immigration: Policy Considerations Related to Guest Worker Programs

Immigration: Policy Considerations Related to Guest Worker Programs

Date: July 28, 2009
Creator: Bruno, Andorra
Description: This report discusses guest worker programs. The United States has two main programs for temporarily importing low-skilled workers, or guest workers. Agricultural guest workers enter through the H-2A visa program, and other guest workers enter through the H-2B visa program.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Immigration: The Effects on Low-Skilled and High-Skilled Native-Born Workers

Immigration: The Effects on Low-Skilled and High-Skilled Native-Born Workers

Date: April 13, 2010
Creator: Levine, Linda
Description: The report opens with a discussion of how to analyze the impact of immigrants on the pay and job opportunities of native-born workers. It then uses this framework to examine and interpret the empirical literature on the subject. The report concludes with a discussion of policy implications.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Immigration: The Effects on Low-Skilled and High-Skilled Native-Born Workers

Immigration: The Effects on Low-Skilled and High-Skilled Native-Born Workers

Date: November 5, 2009
Creator: Levine, Linda
Description: The report opens with a discussion of how to analyze the impact of immigrants on the pay and job opportunities of native-born workers. It then uses this framework to examine and interpret the empirical literature on the subject. The report concludes with a discussion of policy implications.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Immigration: The Effects on Low-Skilled and High-Skilled Native-Born Workers

Immigration: The Effects on Low-Skilled and High-Skilled Native-Born Workers

Date: January 29, 2009
Creator: Levine, Linda
Description: The report opens with a discussion of how to analyze the impact of immigrants on the pay and job opportunities of native-born workers. It then uses this framework to examine and interpret the empirical literature on the subject. The report concludes with a discussion of policy implications.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Immigration: Policy Considerations Related to Guest Worker Programs

Immigration: Policy Considerations Related to Guest Worker Programs

Date: May 28, 2008
Creator: Bruno, Andorra
Description: This report discusses guest worker programs. The United States has two main programs for temporarily importing low-skilled workers, or guest workers. Agricultural guest workers enter through the H-2A visa program, and other guest workers enter through the H-2B visa program.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Funding for Workforce Development in the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act (ARRA) of 2009

Funding for Workforce Development in the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act (ARRA) of 2009

Date: February 19, 2009
Creator: Bradley, David H. & Lordeman, Ann
Description: This report provides a brief overview of the key provisions related to workforce development programs administered by the U.S. Department of Labor (DOL) that were included in the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009 (ARRA) under Division A, Title VIII, Department of Labor. It also provides estimates of state grants for programs for which these estimates are relevant and for which data needed to produce the estimates are available.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Apprenticeship in the United States: Frequently Asked Questions

Apprenticeship in the United States: Frequently Asked Questions

Date: August 25, 2015
Creator: Collins, Benjamin
Description: This Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ) report focuses on the Registered Apprenticeship system, through which the U.S. Department of Labor (or a recognized state apprenticeship agency) certifies a program as meeting certain federal requirements related to duration, intensity, and benefit to the apprentice. The report also discusses federal programs for which supporting apprenticeship activities is an allowable, but not required, use of funds.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Temporary Farm Labor: The H-2A Program and the U.S. Department of Labor's Proposed Changes in the Adverse Effect Wage Rate (AEWR)

Temporary Farm Labor: The H-2A Program and the U.S. Department of Labor's Proposed Changes in the Adverse Effect Wage Rate (AEWR)

Date: November 6, 2008
Creator: Mayer, Gerald
Description: This report begins with a description of the H-2A program. Next, the report explains how the AEWR is currently determined and how it would be calculated under the proposed regulations. Finally, the report examines some potential effects of the proposed change in the AEWR on the wages and employment of foreign and U.S. workers on U.S. farms.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Immigration: Policy Considerations Related to Guest Worker Programs

Immigration: Policy Considerations Related to Guest Worker Programs

Date: April 6, 2006
Creator: Bruno, Andorra
Description: This report discusses of guest worker programs that takes place against a backdrop of historically high levels of unauthorized migration to the United States.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Apprenticeship in the United States: Frequently Asked Questions

Apprenticeship in the United States: Frequently Asked Questions

Date: January 29, 2016
Creator: Collins, Benjamin
Description: This report answers frequently asked questions about apprenticeship and the federal activities that support this training approach. Apprenticeship is a job training strategy that combines on-the-job training with related instruction, typically provided in a classroom setting.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Federal Labor Relations Statutes: An Overview

Federal Labor Relations Statutes: An Overview

Date: September 5, 2014
Creator: Mayer, Gerald; Shimabukuro, Jon O. & Collins, Benjamin
Description: This report provides a brief history, including major amendments, of each of the three statutes. The discussion of each law begins with an overview of the statute and then discusses in more detail the key statutory provisions of the law and how the law is administered and enforced.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Minimum Wage, Overtime Pay, and Child Labor: Inventory of Proposals in the 109th Congress to Amend the Fair Labor Standards Act

Minimum Wage, Overtime Pay, and Child Labor: Inventory of Proposals in the 109th Congress to Amend the Fair Labor Standards Act

Date: May 4, 2005
Creator: Whittaker, William G.
Description: This report discusses potential changes to the Fair Labor Standards Act that may occur during the 109th Congress.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Job Loss: Causes and Policy Implications

Job Loss: Causes and Policy Implications

Date: August 1, 2008
Creator: Labonte, Marc
Description: Job loss is one of the most important macroeconomic problems facing policymakers, both in terms of its economic and social cost. This report discusses factors that cause job loss and the policy implications.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department