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 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
State Minimum Wages: An Overview

State Minimum Wages: An Overview

Date: November 18, 2014
Creator: Bradley, David H.
Description: This report begins with a brief discussion of Fair Labor Standards Act (FLSA) minimum wage coverage. It then provides a summary of state minimum wage laws, followed by an examination of rates and mechanisms of adjustments in states with minimum wage levels above the FLSA rate. The report also discusses the interaction of federal and state minimum wages over time.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Contracting with Inverted Domestic Corporations: Answers to Frequently Asked Questions

Contracting with Inverted Domestic Corporations: Answers to Frequently Asked Questions

Date: November 7, 2014
Creator: Manuel, Kate M. & Lunder, Erika K.
Description: Recent reports that certain entities continued to receive federal government contracts after reincorporating overseas have prompted questions about current and proposed restrictions on contracting with “inverted domestic corporations.” These questions are shaped, in part, by the broader debate over whether such corporations are to be seen as “deserters,” who change their corporate citizenship to avoid paying U.S. taxes, or as evidencing systemic problems in the U.S. tax code. This report provides the answers to 14 frequently asked questions regarding the current restrictions on contracting with inverted domestic corporations, proposed amendments thereto, and the relationship between prohibitions upon contracting with inverted domestic corporations and other provisions of law that restrict dealings with “foreign” contractors.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Social Security: Cost-of-Living Adjustments

Social Security: Cost-of-Living Adjustments

Date: October 29, 2014
Creator: Sidor, Gary
Description: To compensate for the effects of inflation, Social Security recipients usually receive an annual cost-of-living adjustment (COLA). Benefits will be increased by 1.7% in 2015, following an increase of 1.5% in 2014. This report discusses how the COLA is determined.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
U.S. Postal Service Workforce Size and Employment Categories, FY1994-FY2013

U.S. Postal Service Workforce Size and Employment Categories, FY1994-FY2013

Date: October 7, 2014
Creator: Francis, Kathryn A.
Description: This report provides data from the past 20 years on the size of the U.S. Postal Service's (USPS's) workforce. Further, this report examines trends in its workforce composition, particularly focusing on shifts in the ratio between career and non-career employment.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Extending Unemployment Compensation Benefits During Recessions

Extending Unemployment Compensation Benefits During Recessions

Date: October 1, 2014
Creator: Whittaker, Julie M. & Isaacs, Katelin P.
Description: This report describes the history of temporary federal extensions to unemployment benefits from 1980 to the present. Among these extensions is the Emergency Unemployment Compensation (EUC08) program created by P.L. 110-252.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Temporary Professional, Managerial, and Skilled Foreign Workers: Legislation in the 113th Congress

Temporary Professional, Managerial, and Skilled Foreign Workers: Legislation in the 113th Congress

Date: September 30, 2014
Creator: Wasem, Ruth Ellen
Description: This report provides legislative analyses of the Border Security, Economic Opportunity, and Immigration Modernization Act (S. 744), as passed by the Senate, and the Supplying Knowledgebased Immigrants and Lifting Levels of STEM Visas Act (SKILLS Visa Act, H.R. 2131), as ordered reported by the House Committee on the Judiciary.
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Unauthorized Aliens' Access to Federal Benefits: Policy and Issues

Unauthorized Aliens' Access to Federal Benefits: Policy and Issues

Date: September 22, 2014
Creator: Wasem, Ruth Ellen
Description: This report focuses on the policy and legislative debate surrounding unauthorized aliens' access to federal benefits. The number of foreign-born people residing in the United States (40.7 million) is at the highest level in our history and, as a portion of the U.S. population, has reached a percentage (13%) not seen since the early 20th century.1 Of the foreign-born residents in the United States, approximately one-third are speculated to be unauthorized residents (often characterized as illegal aliens).
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Federal Labor Relations Statutes: An Overview

Federal Labor Relations Statutes: An Overview

Date: September 5, 2014
Creator: Mayer, Gerald; Shimabukuro, Jon O. & Collins, Benjamin
Description: This report provides a brief history, including major amendments, of each of the three statutes. The discussion of each law begins with an overview of the statute and then discusses in more detail the key statutory provisions of the law and how the law is administered and enforced.
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Emergency Unemployment Compensation (EUC08): Status of Benefits Prior to Expiration

Emergency Unemployment Compensation (EUC08): Status of Benefits Prior to Expiration

Date: August 11, 2014
Creator: Isaacs, Katelin P. & Whittaker, Julie M.
Description: This report summarizes the structure of Emergency Unemployment Compensation (EUC08) benefits available prior to program expiration at the end of calendar year 2013 and provides the legislative history of the EUC08 program.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Compensated Work Sharing Arrangements (Short-Time Compensation) as an Alternative to Layoffs

Compensated Work Sharing Arrangements (Short-Time Compensation) as an Alternative to Layoffs

Date: August 8, 2014
Creator: Whittaker, Julie M.
Description: This report describes short-term compensation (STC) as a beneficial alternative to layoffs. It also describes the status of STC (or work sharing) in the U.S., particularly as it varies from state to state.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Federal Holidays: Evolution and Current Practices

Federal Holidays: Evolution and Current Practices

Date: May 9, 2014
Creator: Straus, Jacob R.
Description: This report discusses the creation of federal holidays, how holidays affect employee pay, and recent holiday legislation.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Unauthorized Aliens in the United States: Policy Discussion

Unauthorized Aliens in the United States: Policy Discussion

Date: May 8, 2014
Creator: Bruno, Andorra
Description: This report discusses the unauthorized immigrant (illegal alien) population in the United States, which is a key and controversial immigration issue.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Unauthorized Aliens in the United States: Policy Discussion

Unauthorized Aliens in the United States: Policy Discussion

Date: May 8, 2014
Creator: Bruno, Andorra
Description: This report discusses the unauthorized immigrant (illegal alien) population in the United States, which is a key and controversial immigration issue.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Returning to Full Employment: What Do the Indicators Tell Us?

Returning to Full Employment: What Do the Indicators Tell Us?

Date: April 15, 2014
Creator: Labonte, Marc
Description: This report analyzes recent trends in labor market indicators during the current economic recovery, with a particular focus on the contrast between the unemployment rate and other labor market indicators. It reviews studies seeking to determine how much of the decline in the labor force participation rate is caused by the recession and how much is caused by structural factors (such as the aging of the labor force). It then considers whether the economy might reach full employment at a higher rate of unemployment compared to recent expansions.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Sex Trafficking of Children in the United States: Overview and Issues for Congress

Sex Trafficking of Children in the United States: Overview and Issues for Congress

Date: April 4, 2014
Creator: Finklea, Kristin M; Fernandes-Alcantara, Adrienne L. & Siskin, Alison
Description: This report discusses human trafficking that involves the exploitation of individuals for forced labor or commercial sex.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Tip Credit Provisions of the Fair Labor Standards Act (FLSA): In Brief

The Tip Credit Provisions of the Fair Labor Standards Act (FLSA): In Brief

Date: March 27, 2014
Creator: Bradley, David H.
Description: This report discusses the Fair Labor Standards Act (FLSA), enacted in 1938 (P.L. 75-718), which is the federal legislation that establishes the general minimum wage that must be paid to all covered workers.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Trend in Long-Term Unemployment and Characteristics of Workers Unemployed for Two Years or More

The Trend in Long-Term Unemployment and Characteristics of Workers Unemployed for Two Years or More

Date: March 24, 2014
Creator: Mayer, Gerald
Description: This report discusses trends in long term unemployment and characteristics such as gender, age, education, marital status of the very long-term for the unemployed.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Selected Characteristics of Private and Public Sector Workers

Selected Characteristics of Private and Public Sector Workers

Date: March 21, 2014
Creator: Mayer, Gerald
Description: This report begins with an analysis of the trends in employment in the private and public sectors. The public sector is separated into employees of the federal government, state governments, and local governments. Next, the report analyzes selected characteristics of private and public sector workers.
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Taxation of Unemployment Benefits

Taxation of Unemployment Benefits

Date: March 6, 2014
Creator: Whittaker, Julie M.
Description: Unemployment compensation (UC) benefits have been fully subject to the federal income tax since the passage of the Tax Reform Act of 1986 (P.L. 99-514). Individuals who receive UC benefits during a year may elect to have the federal (and in some cases state) income tax withheld from their benefits. This report provides an overview of the taxation of UC benefits and legislation related to taxing UC benefits.
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Trade Adjustment Assistance for Workers

Trade Adjustment Assistance for Workers

Date: March 5, 2014
Creator: Collins, Benjamin
Description: This report provides background on the Trade Adjustment Assistance for Workers (TAA) program, which provides federal assistance to workers who have been adversely affected by foreign trade. The report discusses TAA eligibility and benefits as set by the Trade Adjustment Assistance Extension Act of 2011; describes how the program is funded and administered; and presents data on recent application activity and benefit usage.
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Vulnerable Youth: Federal Mentoring Programs and Issues

Vulnerable Youth: Federal Mentoring Programs and Issues

Date: February 28, 2014
Creator: Fernandes-Alcantara, Adrienne L.
Description: This report begins with an overview of the purpose of mentoring, including a brief discussion on research of structured mentoring programs. It then describes the evolution of federal policies on mentoring since the early 1990s and provides an overview of the components and funding for each of two recent (discontinued) federal mentoring programs, as well as a discussion of other federal mentoring initiatives that are currently funded.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Buy American Act in Brief: Preferences for "Domestic" Supplies and Construction Materials in Federal Procurements

The Buy American Act in Brief: Preferences for "Domestic" Supplies and Construction Materials in Federal Procurements

Date: February 26, 2014
Creator: Manuel, Kate M.
Description: This report discusses the Buy American Act of 1933, which is the earliest and arguably the best known of various statutes regarding federal procurement of domestic products.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The National Directory of New Hires

The National Directory of New Hires

Date: February 24, 2014
Creator: Solomon-Fears, Carmen
Description: This report details the National Directory of New Hires - including its background, how data is managed in the directory, and concerns regarding the directory.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
U.S. Manufacturing in International Perspective

U.S. Manufacturing in International Perspective

Date: February 20, 2014
Creator: Levinson, Marc
Description: This report contains a series of charts and tables that depict the position of manufacturing in the United States relative to other countries according to various metrics.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department