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 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
The Workforce Investment Act (WIA): Program-by-Program Overview and FY2007 Funding of Title I Training Programs

The Workforce Investment Act (WIA): Program-by-Program Overview and FY2007 Funding of Title I Training Programs

Date: March 2, 2006
Creator: Lordeman, Ann
Description: Title I of the Workforce Investment Act of 1998 (WIA) (P.L. 105-220) authorizes several job training programs, including Youth, Adult, and Dislocated Worker Activities, Job Corps, the Native American Program, the Migrant and Seasonal Farmworker Program, and the Veterans’ Workforce Investment Program. This report briefly summarizes each WIA program, the FY2007 budget request, and for comparison, the FY2006 appropriation (P.L. 109-149).
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Minority Contracting and Affirmative Action for Disadvantaged Small Businesses: Legal Issues

Minority Contracting and Affirmative Action for Disadvantaged Small Businesses: Legal Issues

Date: February 24, 2006
Creator: Dale, Charles V
Description: This report discusses the minority participation “goals” that have been an integral part of federal policies to promote racial and gender equality in contracting on federally financed construction projects and in connection with other large federal contracts.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Tax Treatment of the Use of Employer-Provided Aircraft for Entertainment: Current Law and Issues for Congress

Tax Treatment of the Use of Employer-Provided Aircraft for Entertainment: Current Law and Issues for Congress

Date: February 17, 2006
Creator: Guenther, Gary
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Federal Employees: Pay and Pension Increases Since 1969

Federal Employees: Pay and Pension Increases Since 1969

Date: February 9, 2006
Creator: Purcell, Patrick J
Description: Pay increases for current federal employees and cost-of-living adjustments (COLAs) for retired federal employees often differ because they are based on changes in different economic variables. Increases in pay for civilian federal workers are indexed to wage and salary increases in the private-sector, as measured by the Employment Cost Index (ECI), while federal retirement and disability benefits are indexed to price increases as measured by the Consumer Price Index (CPI). This report discusses the procedures for determining such increases.
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Farm Labor Shortages and Immigration Policy

Farm Labor Shortages and Immigration Policy

Date: January 25, 2006
Creator: Levine, Linda
Description: This report first explains the connection made over the past several years between farm labor and immigration policies. It next examines the composition of the seasonal agricultural labor force and presents the arguments of grower and farmworker advocates concerning its adequacy relative to employer demand. The report closes with an analysis of the trends in employment, unemployment, time worked and wages of authorized and unauthorized farmworkers to determine whether they are consistent with the existence of a nationwide shortage of domestically available farmworkers.
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Legislative, Executive, and Judicial Officials: Process for Adjusting Pay and Current Salaries

Legislative, Executive, and Judicial Officials: Process for Adjusting Pay and Current Salaries

Date: January 23, 2006
Creator: Schwemle, Barbara L
Description: This report includes four tables which provide the January 2004, January 2005, and January 2006 salaries for federal officials and members of the SES, and for employees in SL, ST, and GS-15 positions in the Washington, DC, and the “Rest of the United States” locality pay areas.
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Foreign Science and Engineering Presence in U.S. Institutions and the Labor Force

Foreign Science and Engineering Presence in U.S. Institutions and the Labor Force

Date: January 3, 2006
Creator: Matthews, Christine M.
Description: The increased presence of foreign students in graduate science and engineering programs and in the scientific workforce has been and continues to be of concern to some in the scientific community. Enrollment of U.S. citizens in graduate science and engineering programs has not kept pace with that of foreign students in those programs. In addition to the number of foreign students in graduate science and engineering programs, a significant number of university faculty in the scientific disciplines are foreign, and foreign doctorates are employed in large numbers by industry. This report examines these issues and discusses their policy implications.
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National Security Whistleblowers

National Security Whistleblowers

Date: December 30, 2005
Creator: Fisher, Louis
Description: None
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Trafficking in Persons in Latin America and the Caribbean

Trafficking in Persons in Latin America and the Caribbean

Date: December 15, 2005
Creator: Ribando, Clare
Description: This report describes the nature and scope of the problem of trafficking in persons in Latin America and the Caribbean. The report then describes U.S. efforts to deal with trafficking in persons in the region, as well as discusses the successes and failures of some recent country and regional anti-trafficking efforts. The report concludes by raising several issues for policy consideration that may be helpful as the 109th Congress continues to address human trafficking as part of its authorization, appropriations, and oversight activities.
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Labor, Health and Human Services, and Education: FY2006 Appropriations

Labor, Health and Human Services, and Education: FY2006 Appropriations

Date: December 1, 2005
Creator: Irwin, Paul M
Description: This report is a guide to one of the regular appropriations bills that Congress considers each year. It is designed to supplement the information provided by the House and Senate Appropriations Subcommittees on Labor, Health and Human Services, and Education, and Related Agencies. It summarizes the status of the bill, its scope, major issues, funding levels, and related congressional activity, and is updated as events warrant.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Employment-Related Issues in Bankruptcy

Employment-Related Issues in Bankruptcy

Date: November 1, 2005
Creator: Jeweler, Robin
Description: This report provides an overview of the status of employee wages and benefits, including retiree benefits, when an employer files in bankruptcy, and the amendments made to the U.S. Bankruptcy Code by the Bankruptcy Abuse Prevention and Consumer Protection Act. This report examines those provisions in the U.S. Bankruptcy Code which govern the priority of employee wage and benefit claims, including severance payments; procedures for a chapter 1 1 debtor to modify benefits under a collective bargaining agreement; and procedures for a chapter 11 debtor to modify retiree life and health insurance benefits. It examines the role of employees on creditor committees and procedures in bankruptcy that facilitate lawsuits that may be directed at an employer/debtor. Finally, it considers the treatment accorded some aspects of managerial compensation, such as retention bonuses.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Cost-of-Living Adjustments for Federal Civil Service Annuities

Cost-of-Living Adjustments for Federal Civil Service Annuities

Date: October 18, 2005
Creator: Purcell, Patrick J
Description: Cost-of-living adjustments (COLAs) for the Civil Service Retirement System (CSRS) and the Federal Employees Retirement System (FERS) are based on the rate of inflation as measured by the Consumer Price Index for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W). COLAs for both CSRS and FERS are determined by the average monthly CPI-W during the third quarter (July to September) of the current calendar year and the third quarter of the previous year.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Social Security: The Cost-of-Living Adjustment in January 2006

Social Security: The Cost-of-Living Adjustment in January 2006

Date: October 18, 2005
Creator: Sidor, Gary
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Davis-Bacon Suspension and Its Legislative Aftermath

Davis-Bacon Suspension and Its Legislative Aftermath

Date: October 3, 2005
Creator: Whittaker, William G
Description: During the last week of August 2005, Hurricane Katrina gathered strength in the Atlantic and moved against the gulf states. On September 8, 2005, amid the devastation left in Katrina’s wake, President George W. Bush suspended the Davis-Bacon Act as it applies to certain jurisdictions in Florida, Alabama, Mississippi, and Louisiana. Although the President has the authority, under Section 6 of the Act, to render such suspensions during a national emergency, that authority has rarely been utilized.1 This report analyzes the legislative aftermath of the suspension.
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Katrina Relief: U.S. Labor Department Exemption of Contractors from Written Affirmative Action Requirements

Katrina Relief: U.S. Labor Department Exemption of Contractors from Written Affirmative Action Requirements

Date: September 27, 2005
Creator: Doyle, Charles
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Davis-Bacon Act: Suspension

The Davis-Bacon Act: Suspension

Date: September 26, 2005
Creator: Whittaker, William G
Description: The Davis-Bacon Act is one of several statutes that deals with federal government procurement. Enacted in 1931, Davis-Bacon requires, inter alia, that not less than the locally prevailing wage be paid to workers engaged in federal contract construction. This report reviews the several cases during which the Davis-Bacon Act was suspended and will likely be updated as developments make necessary.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Unemployment and Employment Programs Available to Workers from Alabama, Louisiana, and Mississippi Affected by Hurricane Katrina

Unemployment and Employment Programs Available to Workers from Alabama, Louisiana, and Mississippi Affected by Hurricane Katrina

Date: September 19, 2005
Creator: Whittaker, Julie M & Lordeman, Ann
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Prevailing Wage Requirements and the Emergency Suspension of the Davis-Bacon Act

Prevailing Wage Requirements and the Emergency Suspension of the Davis-Bacon Act

Date: September 16, 2005
Creator: Luckey, John R & Shimabukuro, Jon O
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Unemployment and Employment Programs Available to Workers from Alabama, Louisiana, and Mississippi Affected by Hurricane Katrina

Unemployment and Employment Programs Available to Workers from Alabama, Louisiana, and Mississippi Affected by Hurricane Katrina

Date: September 15, 2005
Creator: Whittaker, Julie M & Lordeman, Ann
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Disaster Unemployment Assistance (DUA)

Disaster Unemployment Assistance (DUA)

Date: September 14, 2005
Creator: Whittaker, Julie M
Description: The Disaster Unemployment Assistance (DUA) program provides monetary assistance to individuals unemployed as a direct result of a major disaster and who are not eligible for regular Unemployment Compensation (UC) benefits. DUA is funded through the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA). DUA is administered by the Department of Labor (DOL) through each state’s UC agency. In the 109th Congress, P.L. 109-176 was signed into law on March 6, 2006, extending the duration of DUA benefits from 26 to 39 weeks for victims of the Hurricane Katrina and Rita disasters.
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Older Workers: Employment and Retirement Trends

Older Workers: Employment and Retirement Trends

Date: September 14, 2005
Creator: Purcell, Patrick J
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Federal Affirmative Action Law: A Brief History

Federal Affirmative Action Law: A Brief History

Date: September 13, 2005
Creator: Dale, Charles V
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Minimum Wage, Overtime Pay, and Child Labor: Inventory of Proposals in the 109th Congress to Amend the Fair Labor Standards Act

Minimum Wage, Overtime Pay, and Child Labor: Inventory of Proposals in the 109th Congress to Amend the Fair Labor Standards Act

Date: September 2, 2005
Creator: Whittaker, William G.
Description: This report discusses potential changes to the Fair Labor Standards Act that may occur during the 109th Congress.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Labor, Health and Human Services, and Education: FY2006 Appropriations

Labor, Health and Human Services, and Education: FY2006 Appropriations

Date: August 8, 2005
Creator: Irwin, Paul M
Description: This report is a guide to one of the regular appropriations bills that Congress considers each year. It is designed to supplement the information provided by the House and Senate Appropriations Subcommittees on Labor, Health and Human Services, and Education, and Related Agencies. It summarizes the status of the bill, its scope, major issues, funding levels, and related congressional activity, and is updated as events warrant.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department