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 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
A Shortage of Registered Nurses: Is It on the Horizon or Already Here?

A Shortage of Registered Nurses: Is It on the Horizon or Already Here?

Date: May 18, 2001
Creator: Levine, Linda
Description: The largest, traditionally female-dominated health care occupation is registered nurses (RNs). It has been asserted that there are too few RNs available today to meet employers’ needs, that is, there is a shortage of nurses at the present time. It also has been estimated that there could well be a shortage of RNs in the not-too-distant future. This report will analyze the labor market conditions facing RNs and their employers.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Pay Equity Legislation in the 107th Congress

Pay Equity Legislation in the 107th Congress

Date: May 30, 2001
Creator: Dale, Charles V & Levine, Linda
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Gender Wage Gap and Pay Equity: Is Comparable Worth the Next Step?

The Gender Wage Gap and Pay Equity: Is Comparable Worth the Next Step?

Date: June 5, 2001
Creator: Levine, Linda
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Immigration: Legislative Issues on Nonimmigrant Professional Specialty (H-1B) Workers

Immigration: Legislative Issues on Nonimmigrant Professional Specialty (H-1B) Workers

Date: June 12, 2001
Creator: Wasem, Ruth Ellen
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
An Information Technology Labor Shortage? Legislation in the 106th Congress

An Information Technology Labor Shortage? Legislation in the 106th Congress

Date: June 14, 2001
Creator: Levine, Linda
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Trafficking in Women and Children: The U.S. and International Response

Trafficking in Women and Children: The U.S. and International Response

Date: August 1, 2001
Creator: Miko, Francis T & Park, Grace (Jea-Hyun)
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Employer Liability Provisions in Selected Patient Protection Bills

Employer Liability Provisions in Selected Patient Protection Bills

Date: August 21, 2001
Creator: Welborn, Angie A
Description: In the various patient protection bills introduced in the 106th (H.R. 5628, S.Amdt. 3694, H.R. 2990) and to date in the 107th (H.R. 526, H.R. 2315, H.R. 2563, S. 889, S. 1052), Congress has attempted to address the issue of employer liability by limiting liability to certain persons or circumstances. This report provides an overview of the employer liability provisions of selected bills from the 106th and 107th Congress.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Immigration of Agricultural Guest Workers: Policy, Trends, and Legislative Issues

Immigration of Agricultural Guest Workers: Policy, Trends, and Legislative Issues

Date: August 23, 2001
Creator: Wasem, Ruth Ellen & Collver, Geoffrey K
Description: This report discusses the revision of U.S. immigration policy on agricultural guest workers that are coming from various perspectives, and several major bills have already been introduced in the 107th Congress
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Farm Labor Shortages and Immigration Policy

Farm Labor Shortages and Immigration Policy

Date: September 6, 2001
Creator: Levine, Linda
Description: This report first explains why the nexus between farm labor shortages and immigration policy has again arisen. It next examines the composition of the seasonal agricultural labor force and presents the arguments of grower and farmworker advocates concerning its adequacy relative to employer demand. The report closes with an analysis of the trends in (un)employment, time worked and wages of legal and illegal farmworkers to determine if they are consistent with the existence of a nationwide shortage of domestically available farmworkers.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Computer Services Personnel: Overtime Pay Under the Fair Labor Standards Act

Computer Services Personnel: Overtime Pay Under the Fair Labor Standards Act

Date: September 18, 2001
Creator: Whittaker, William G
Description: The Fair Labor Standards Act of 1938 (FLSA), as amended, is the primary federal statute in the area of minimum wages and overtime pay. Through administrative rulemaking, the Secretary of Labor has established two tests through which to define eligibility under the Section 13(a)(1) exemption: a duties test and an earnings test. In the 106th Congress, legislation was introduced by Representatives Andrews and Lazio that would have increased the scope of the exemption: first, by expanding the range of exempt job titles, and then, through a relative reduction in the value of the earnings threshold or test. For example, were the minimum wage increased to $6.15 per hour, as pending proposals would do, the value of the computer services exemption threshold would be 4.5 times the federal minimum wage. Ultimately, neither bill was enacted, but the issue has re-emerged as H.R. 1545 (Andrews) and H.R. 546 (Quinn).
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
NAFTA Labor Side Agreement: Lessons for the Workers Rights and Fast-Track Debate

NAFTA Labor Side Agreement: Lessons for the Workers Rights and Fast-Track Debate

Date: October 9, 2001
Creator: Bolle, Mary Jane
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Federal Hiring Flexibilities for Emergency Situations: Fact Sheet

Federal Hiring Flexibilities for Emergency Situations: Fact Sheet

Date: October 11, 2001
Creator: Schwemle, Barbara L
Description: n the aftermath of the September 11, 2001 attacks on the World Trade Center and the Pentagon, the Office of Personnel Management (OPM), in a September 13, 2001 memorandum to executive branch agencies, identified various hiring flexibilities that can be used to meet staffing needs in emergency situations. This report provides information on each of the flexibilities.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Unemployment Related to Terrorist Attacks: Proposals to Assist Affected Workers in the Airlines and Related Industries

Unemployment Related to Terrorist Attacks: Proposals to Assist Affected Workers in the Airlines and Related Industries

Date: October 12, 2001
Creator: Graney, Paul J
Description: This report discusses the proposal to assist affected workers in the airlines and related industries in the aftermath of the attacks on the World Trade Center and the Pentagon that shut down the nation’s air transport system temporarily.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Social Security: The Cost-of-Living Adjustment in January 2002

Social Security: The Cost-of-Living Adjustment in January 2002

Date: October 25, 2001
Creator: Koitz, David Stuart; Kollmann, Geoffrey & Sidor, Gary
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Older Workers: Employment and Retirement Trends

Older Workers: Employment and Retirement Trends

Date: October 26, 2001
Creator: Purcell, Patrick J
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
NAFTA Labor Side Agreement: Lessons for the Workers Rights and Fast-Track Debate

NAFTA Labor Side Agreement: Lessons for the Workers Rights and Fast-Track Debate

Date: December 7, 2001
Creator: Bolle, Mary Jane
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Jordan-U.S. Free Trade Agreement: Labor Issues

Jordan-U.S. Free Trade Agreement: Labor Issues

Date: December 13, 2001
Creator: Bolle, Mary Jane
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
COLAs for Military Retirees: Summary of Congressional and Executive Branch Action, 1982-2001 (FY1983-FY2002)

COLAs for Military Retirees: Summary of Congressional and Executive Branch Action, 1982-2001 (FY1983-FY2002)

Date: January 2, 2002
Creator: Goldich, Robert L
Description: The Omnibus Reconciliation Act of 1982 (which applied to FY1983 budget issues) suspended previously existing permanent law pertaining to cost-of-living adjustments(COLAs) for federal civilian and military retirees, and changed the COLA calculation formulas to postpone and/or reduce future COLAs for military retirees during 1983-1985 (FY1984-FY1986).This report examines executive and congressional COLA-related initiatives associated with each of the fiscal year budgeting processes from calendar year 1982 (FY1983) through calendar year 2000 (FY2001).
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Social Security: Coverage of Household Workers - A Fact Sheet

Social Security: Coverage of Household Workers - A Fact Sheet

Date: January 3, 2002
Creator: Kollmann, Geoffrey
Description: On October 22, 1994, President Clinton signed legislation (P.L. 103-387) that changes social security coverage of household workers. The new law changed the threshold to a yearly amount and raised it (to $1,000 in 1994, indexed thereafter to average wage growth-it became $1,100 in 1998, 1,200 in 2000, and 1,300 in 2001). It remains at $1,300 in 2002. In addition, the new law exempted most domestic workers under age 18, and provided that Social Security and unemployment taxes will be reported on the employer's annual federal tax return.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Computer Services Personnel: Overtime Pay Under the Fair Labor Standards Act

Computer Services Personnel: Overtime Pay Under the Fair Labor Standards Act

Date: January 6, 2002
Creator: Whittaker, William G
Description: The Fair Labor Standards Act of 1938 (FLSA), as amended, is the primary federal statute in the area of minimum wages and overtime pay. Through administrative rulemaking, the Secretary of Labor has established two tests through which to define eligibility under the Section 13(a)(1) exemption: a duties test and an earnings test. In the 106th Congress, legislation was introduced by Representatives Andrews and Lazio that would have increased the scope of the exemption: first, by expanding the range of exempt job titles, and then, through a relative reduction in the value of the earnings threshold or test. For example, were the minimum wage increased to $6.15 per hour, as pending proposals would do, the value of the computer services exemption threshold would be 4.5 times the federal minimum wage. Ultimately, neither bill was enacted, but the issue has re-emerged as H.R. 1545 (Andrews) and H.R. 546 (Quinn).
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Salaries of Federal Officials: A Fact Sheet

Salaries of Federal Officials: A Fact Sheet

Date: January 7, 2002
Creator: Gressle, Sharon S
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
NAFTA Labor Side Agreement: Lessons for the Workers Rights and Fast-Track Debate

NAFTA Labor Side Agreement: Lessons for the Workers Rights and Fast-Track Debate

Date: January 11, 2002
Creator: Bolle, Mary Jane
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Americans with Disabilities Act: Toyota Motor Manufacturing v. Williams

The Americans with Disabilities Act: Toyota Motor Manufacturing v. Williams

Date: January 15, 2002
Creator: Jones, Nancy L.
Description: The Supreme Court, in Toyota Motor Manufacturing v. Williams, held that to be an individual with a disability under the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) an individual must have substantial limitations on abilities that are central to daily life,rather than only to those abilities used in the workplace. In an unanimous opinion written by Justice O’Connor, the Court interpreted the definition of individual with disability narrowly to exclude individuals who are limited only in the performance of manual tasks associated with their job. This report will briefly discuss Williams and its implications for the ADA.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Appropriations for FY2002: Labor, Health and Human Services, and Education

Appropriations for FY2002: Labor, Health and Human Services, and Education

Date: January 18, 2002
Creator: Irwin, Paul M
Description: Appropriations are one part of a complex federal budget process that includes budget resolutions, appropriations (regular, supplemental, and continuing) bills, rescissions, and budget reconciliation bills. This report is a guide to one of the 13 regular appropriations bills that Congress passes each year. It is designed to supplement the information provided by the House and Senate Labor, Health and Human Services, and Education Appropriations Subcommittees.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department