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 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Haiti: Legislative Responses to the Food Crisis and Related Development Challenges

Haiti: Legislative Responses to the Food Crisis and Related Development Challenges

Date: May 22, 2008
Creator: Seelke, Clare Ribando & Hornbeck, J. F.
Description: Haiti faces several interrelated challenges, the most immediate being a deepening food crisis that in April 2008 led to deadly protests and the ouster of Haiti's prime minister. Haiti also suffers from a legacy of poverty, unemployment, and underdevelopment that is compounding security problems for its new and fragile democracy. This report follows the current situation in Haiti and key legislative initiatives designed to help address Haiti's many challenges.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Dodd-Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act: Executive Compensation

The Dodd-Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act: Executive Compensation

Date: July 21, 2010
Creator: Seitzinger, Michael V.
Description: This report discusses the Dodd-Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act (H.R. 4173), which was implemented as part of financial regulatory reform initiatives undertaken by Congress in light of the recent global economic crisis. The legislation focuses on executive compensation.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Dodd-Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act: Executive Compensation

The Dodd-Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act: Executive Compensation

Date: November 9, 2010
Creator: Seitzinger, Michael V.
Description: This report discusses the Dodd-Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act (H.R. 4173), which was implemented as part of financial regulatory reform initiatives undertaken by Congress in light of the recent global economic crisis. The legislation focuses on executive compensation.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Compensated Work Sharing Arrangements (Short-Time Compensation) as an Alternative to Layoffs

Compensated Work Sharing Arrangements (Short-Time Compensation) as an Alternative to Layoffs

Date: February 15, 2011
Creator: Shelton, Alison M.
Description: This report describes short-term compensation (STC) as a beneficial alternative to layoffs. It also describes the status of STC (or work sharing) in the U.S., particularly as it varies from state to state.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Collective Bargaining and Homeland Security

Collective Bargaining and Homeland Security

Date: September 5, 2002
Creator: Shimabukuro, Jon O
Description: This report discusses the personnel provisions of H.R. 5710, the Homeland Security Act of 2002, and the President’s existing authority under 5 U.S.C. § 7103(b)(1) to exclude the employees of certain agencies from the ability to bargain collectively. H.R. 5710, described as a revised version of the original White House proposal to create a new Department of Homeland Security, was passed by the House on November 13, 2002. H.R. 5710 includes language related to the President’s authority under 5 U.S.C. § 7103(b)(1). In addition, the report reviews the concept of successorship, whereby a union may retain its status as the exclusive representative of employees acquired by a new employer.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Collective Bargaining and Homeland Security

Collective Bargaining and Homeland Security

Date: November 18, 2002
Creator: Shimabukuro, Jon O
Description: This report discusses the personnel provisions of H.R. 5710, the Homeland Security Act of 2002, and the President’s existing authority under 5 U.S.C. § 7103(b)(1) to exclude the employees of certain agencies from the ability to bargain collectively. H.R. 5710, described as a revised version of the original White House proposal to create a new Department of Homeland Security, was passed by the House on November 13, 2002. H.R. 5710 includes language related to the President’s authority under 5 U.S.C. § 7103(b)(1). In addition, the report reviews the concept of successorship, whereby a union may retain its status as the exclusive representative of employees acquired by a new employer.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Enforceability of Mandatory Arbitration Agreements:

Enforceability of Mandatory Arbitration Agreements:

Date: January 12, 2001
Creator: Shimabukuro, Jon O
Description: In Wright v. Universal Maritime Service Corp., the U.S. Supreme Court found that a mandatory arbitration clause in a collective bargaining agreement was not enforceable because it failed to specify arbitration as the covered employees' sole method of obtaining relief for their statutory claims. Without such explicit language in the agreement, the union could not have made a "clear and unmistakable waiver" of the employees' rights to a judicial forum. Although the Court identified a "clear and unmistakable waiver" standard for determining whether a mandatory arbitration agreement could be enforced, it refrained from deciding whether a union could actually bargain for such a waiver
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Labor and Mandatory Arbitration Agreements: Background and Discussion

Labor and Mandatory Arbitration Agreements: Background and Discussion

Date: June 17, 2002
Creator: Shimabukuro, Jon O
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Collective Bargaining and Employees in the Public Sector

Collective Bargaining and Employees in the Public Sector

Date: March 30, 2011
Creator: Shimabukuro, Jon O.
Description: This report examines the collective bargaining rights of federal, state, and local workers. The report also discusses the constitutional concerns that may be raised by state legislation that attempts to invalidate existing collective bargaining agreements.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Labor-Management Relations and the Federal Aviation Administration: Background and Current Legislative Issues

Labor-Management Relations and the Federal Aviation Administration: Background and Current Legislative Issues

Date: January 8, 2008
Creator: Shimabukuro, Jon O.
Description: This report discusses labor-management relations at the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) and the 2006 implementation of a new labor contract on air traffic controllers. The FAA's ability to implement the new contract with its controllers was arguably supported by a mediation procedure prescribed by federal law. This report provides background information on the mediation procedure, discusses litigation involving the FAA and two labor organizations, and examines legislative attempts to amend the existing system.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department