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 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Pay Compatibility for Federal White-Collar Workers

Pay Compatibility for Federal White-Collar Workers

Date: August 7, 1985
Creator: Schwemle, Barbara L
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Parental Leave: Legislation in the 100th Congress

Parental Leave: Legislation in the 100th Congress

Date: October 1, 1987
Creator: Gladstone, Leslie W
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Minority Contracting and Affirmative Action for Disadvantaged Small Businesses: Legal Issues

Minority Contracting and Affirmative Action for Disadvantaged Small Businesses: Legal Issues

Date: February 24, 2006
Creator: Dale, Charles V
Description: This report discusses the minority participation “goals” that have been an integral part of federal policies to promote racial and gender equality in contracting on federally financed construction projects and in connection with other large federal contracts.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Immigration: The Labor Market Effects of a Guest Worker Program for U.S. Farmers

Immigration: The Labor Market Effects of a Guest Worker Program for U.S. Farmers

Date: February 20, 2004
Creator: Levine, Linda
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Immigration Enforcement within the United States

Immigration Enforcement within the United States

Date: April 6, 2006
Creator: Siskin, Alison; Bruno, Andorra; Nuñez-Neto, Blas; Seghetti, Lisa M & Wasem, Ruth Ellen
Description: This report provides an analysis of immigration enforcement within the United States. The report opens with a definition of immigration enforcement, a discussion of the statutory authority to conduct immigration enforcement, and an overview of immigration enforcement related legislation since 1986. It follows with an exposition on the dichotomy of interior and border enforcement. The report then details different aspects of immigration enforcement in the United States including detention and removal, alien smuggling and trafficking, document and benefit fraud, worksite enforcement, inspections at ports of entry, and patrolling the border between ports of entry. The report continues with a discussion of the role of state and local law enforcement in the enforcement of immigration laws. The report then presents a comparative analysis of the resources devoted to divergent immigration enforcement activities. It concludes with a discussion of crosscutting immigration enforcement issues related to the structure of the Department of Homeland Security.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Gramm-Rudman-Hollings: Potential Economic Effects of Meeting Deficit Targets

Gramm-Rudman-Hollings: Potential Economic Effects of Meeting Deficit Targets

Date: September 16, 1987
Creator: Cashell, Brian W
Description: This report discusses the reduction of federal budget deficit and the effect on the rise of interest rates.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Fruits, Vegetables, and Other Specialty Crops: A Primer on Government Programs

Fruits, Vegetables, and Other Specialty Crops: A Primer on Government Programs

Date: January 26, 2005
Creator: Rawson, Jean M.
Description: U.S. farmers grow more than 250 types of fruit, vegetable, tree nut, flower, ornamental nursery, and turfgrass crops in addition to the major bulk commodity crops. Although specialty crops are ineligible for the federal commodity price and income support programs, they are eligible for other types of U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) support, such as crop insurance, disaster assistance, and, under certain conditions, ad hoc market loss assistance payments. This report describes the federal programs of importance to the specialty crop sector, and provides the most recent funding information available for them.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Farm Labor: The Adverse Effect Wage Rate (AEWR)

Farm Labor: The Adverse Effect Wage Rate (AEWR)

Date: April 14, 2005
Creator: Whittaker, William G
Description: American agricultural employers have long utilized foreign workers on a temporary basis, regarding them as an important labor resource. At the same time, the relatively low wages and adverse working conditions of such workers have caused them to be viewed as a threat to domestic American workers. Some have argued that foreign guest workers compete unfairly with U.S. workers — both in terms of compensation that they are willing to accept and by making it somewhat more difficult for domestic workers to organize and to bargain with management. To mitigate any “adverse effect”for the domestic workforce, a system of wage floors was developed that applies, variously, both to alien and citizen workers: i.e., the adverse effect wage rate (AEWR). This report deals with one element of immigration (i.e., namely the H-2A workers). It introduces the adverse effect wage rate, it examines the concerns out of which it grew, and it explains at least some of the problems that have been encountered in giving it effect.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Executive Compensation in Bankruptcy: The Fairness and Accountability in Reorganizations Act

Executive Compensation in Bankruptcy: The Fairness and Accountability in Reorganizations Act

Date: April 20, 2006
Creator: Jeweler, Robin
Description: S. 2556 and its companion bill, H.R. 5113, 109th Congress, 2nd Sess. (2006), introduced by Senator Bayh and Representative Conyers, respectively, are entitled the Fairness and Accountability in Reorganizations Act of 2006. The legislation, according to its sponsors, is intended to “ensure that workers are treated more fairly during [bankruptcy] reorganizations by limiting executive compensation deals and requiring corporations to provide a more accurate picture of their holdings before attempting to modify collective bargaining agreements or promised health benefits.” This report surveys the bill’s provisions.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Eliminating International Child Labor: U.S. and International Initiatives

Eliminating International Child Labor: U.S. and International Initiatives

Date: February 28, 2003
Creator: Salaam, Tiaji
Description: In November 1999, during the World Trade Organization (WTO) conference in Seattle, hundreds of protestors took to the street to protest a number of issues, including the international use of child labor, which has become increasingly important in discussions on international trade, human rights and international assistance. While awareness of the issue has increased, the ability to address the complex problem has been complicated by a number of related factors including rising poverty, surging HIV/AIDS infection rates, and a lack of relevant education. This report will outline the scope of the international child labor problem, explain the difficulties in eliminating it, describe U.S. and international child labor programs, and present some issues Congress may consider.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Conrail Sale: Labor Aspects

Conrail Sale: Labor Aspects

Date: June 27, 1985
Creator: Ahmuty, Alice L
Description: This report presents the issues discussed by Congress in regard to Conrail’s sale. In examining the issues in Conrail's sale, Congress most likely will consider the welfare of Conrail employees as affected by the terms and conditions of the sale. Should negotiations on labor conditions with the final bidder fail, Congress might be asked to include labor conditions as part of any legislation related to the sale of Conrail.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Child Labor in West African Cocoa Production: Issues and U.S. Policy

Child Labor in West African Cocoa Production: Issues and U.S. Policy

Date: July 13, 2005
Creator: Salaam-Blyther, Tiaji; Hanrahan, Charles E & Cook, Nicolas
Description: This report outlines how and where cocoa is produced, discusses the use of abusive child labor in the industry, efforts by Congress to counter abusive child labor — including the Harkin-Engel Protocol, and initiatives by affected governments and international organizations to address the problem. This report also provides possible policy options that might undertaken to stop the use of child labor in cocoa production.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Social Security: The Cost-of-Living Adjustment (COLA) in January 1988

Social Security: The Cost-of-Living Adjustment (COLA) in January 1988

Date: October 23, 1987
Creator: Koitz, David
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Unemployment Insurance: Available Unemployment Benefits and Legislative Activity

Unemployment Insurance: Available Unemployment Benefits and Legislative Activity

Date: April 14, 2006
Creator: Whittaker, Julie M
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Unemployment Compensation (Insurance) and Military Service

Unemployment Compensation (Insurance) and Military Service

Date: May 10, 2006
Creator: Whittaker, Julie M
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Unemployment Compensation (Insurance) and Military Service

Unemployment Compensation (Insurance) and Military Service

Date: May 4, 2006
Creator: Whittaker, Julie M
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Pay Equity Legislation in the 109th Congress

Pay Equity Legislation in the 109th Congress

Date: May 11, 2005
Creator: Dale, Charles V & Levine, Linda
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Polygraph Testing: Employee and Employer Rights

Polygraph Testing: Employee and Employer Rights

Date: August 28, 1987
Creator: McCallion, Gail
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Polygraph Testing of Employees In Private Industry

Polygraph Testing of Employees In Private Industry

Date: August 7, 1985
Creator: Liddicoat, Britt D
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Job Training Programs: Reauthorization and Funding Issues

Job Training Programs: Reauthorization and Funding Issues

Date: January 3, 1983
Creator: Spar, Karen
Description: This paper is divided into the following sections: (1) History of Federal Employment and Training Programs; (2) Reauthorization Issues; (3) Administration Legislative and Budget Proposals; and (4) Congressional Action.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Worker Relocation Assistance: Moving People to Jobs

Worker Relocation Assistance: Moving People to Jobs

Date: May 26, 1983
Creator: LeGrande, Linda
Description: One characteristic of the dislocated worker problem is that a mismatch exists between the number and kinds of jobs offered by employers and the number and kinds of skills possessed by workers in the same geographic area. At the same time, other geographic areas have unfilled job openings and relatively low unemployment rates. Government-assisted worker relocation is one tool of employment policy that might be used to reduce these regional imbalances in labor supply and demand. This report describes the U.S. experience with both unassisted and Government-assisted worker relocation. It examines the applicability of this experience to the current dislocated worker problem, as well. In addition, the report evaluates the feasibility of establishing a nationwide worker relocation program.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Independent Truckers: The Effects of Recent Legislation on Earnings (Effects of the Surface Transportation Assistance Act of 1982 and the Department of Transportation and Related Agencies Appropriations Act, 1983, as they affect highway-related taxes, two trailers, length and width of vehicles, and weights and loads)

Independent Truckers: The Effects of Recent Legislation on Earnings (Effects of the Surface Transportation Assistance Act of 1982 and the Department of Transportation and Related Agencies Appropriations Act, 1983, as they affect highway-related taxes, two trailers, length and width of vehicles, and weights and loads)

Date: March 1, 1983
Creator: Thompson, Stephen J
Description: Congress passed legislation late in 1982 that is expected to have a significant effect on the annual net earnings of independent truckers. About 90 percent of fresh produce, most used household goods, and from one-third to one-half of all fabricated steel and other commodities transported by truck are hauled by independent truckers. The legislation raised the Federal fuel tax by 5 cents per gallon and significantly raised a highway use tax that is based on the weight of the vehicle. The legislation also allowed truckers to use two trailers, longer and wider vehicles, and carry heavier loads. This CRS report discusses these 1982 changes in Federal legislation. It also contains an estimate of the upper and lower bound of the impact that these changes could have on the annual net earnings of independent truckers.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Salaries and Allowances: The Executive Branch

Salaries and Allowances: The Executive Branch

Date: October 20, 1982
Creator: Gressle, Sharon S
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Immigration: Policy Considerations Related to Guest Worker Programs

Immigration: Policy Considerations Related to Guest Worker Programs

Date: April 6, 2006
Creator: Bruno, Andorra
Description: This report discusses of guest worker programs that takes place against a backdrop of historically high levels of unauthorized migration to the United States.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department