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 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
The National Labor Relations Act: Background and Selected Topics

The National Labor Relations Act: Background and Selected Topics

Date: September 7, 2012
Creator: Shimabukuro, Jon O.
Description: Report that discusses the National Labor Relations Act, the coverage it provides, unfair labor practices that the act prohibits, pre-election communications with employees, and several legal cases regarding the Act.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Social Security: Cost-of-Living Adjustments

Social Security: Cost-of-Living Adjustments

Date: November 6, 2013
Creator: Sidor, Gary
Description: This report discusses the issues surrounding Social Security recipients that usually receive an annual cost-of-living adjustment (COLA).
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Cost-of-Living Adjustments for Federal Civil Service Annuities

Cost-of-Living Adjustments for Federal Civil Service Annuities

Date: November 1, 2013
Creator: Isaacs, Katelin P.
Description: This report discusses the Cost-of-living adjustments (COLAs) for the Civil Service Retirement System (CSRS) and the Federal Employees Retirement System (FERS) are based on the rate of inflation as measured by the Consumer Price Index for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W). All CSRS retirees and survivors receive COLAs. Under FERS, however, non-disabled retirees under age 62 do not receive COLAs. This report discusses cost-of-living adjustments for government retirees, as well as related legislation.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Small Business Administration HUBZone Program

Small Business Administration HUBZone Program

Date: December 17, 2013
Creator: Dilger, Robert Jay
Description: This report examines arguments both for and against targeting assistance to geographic areas with specified characteristics, such as low income, high poverty, or high unemployment, as opposed to providing assistance to people or businesses with specified characteristics. It then assesses the arguments both for and against the continuation of the HUBZone program
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Pay Equity: Legislative and Legal Developments

Pay Equity: Legislative and Legal Developments

Date: November 22, 2013
Creator: Collins, Benjamin & Feder, Jody
Description: This report discusses pay equity litigation, including Wal-Mart Stores v. Dukes, a case in which the Supreme Court rejected class action status for current and former female Wal-Mart employees who allege that the company has engaged in pay discrimination.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Child Labor in America: History, Policy, and Legislative Issues

Child Labor in America: History, Policy, and Legislative Issues

Date: November 18, 2013
Creator: Mayer, Gerald
Description: This report examines the historical issue of child labor in America and summarizes legislation that has been introduced from the 108th Congress to the 113th Congress.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The National Labor Relations Act (NLRA): Union Representation Procedures and Dispute Resolution

The National Labor Relations Act (NLRA): Union Representation Procedures and Dispute Resolution

Date: December 11, 2013
Creator: Mayer, Gerald
Description: This report begins with a brief overview of the National Labor Relations Board (NLRB) and describes the basic procedures that employees and employers must follow during a unionizing campaign. The report explains different types of mediation and arbitration that can be used to resolve bargaining disputes. The report describes the jurisdictional standards that an employer must meet before the NLRB will exert jurisdiction over a question of union representation (e.g., for a small business).
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Unemployment Insurance: Programs and Benefits

Unemployment Insurance: Programs and Benefits

Date: November 20, 2013
Creator: Whittaker, Julie M. & Isaacs, Katelin P.
Description: This report describes three kinds of unemployment benefit programs: regular Unemployment Compensation (UC), Extended Benefits (EB), and Emergency Unemployment Compensation (EUC08) . The report explains their basic eligibility requirements, benefits, and financing structure.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Constitutional Analysis of Suspicionless Drug Testing Requirements for the Receipt of Governmental Benefits

Constitutional Analysis of Suspicionless Drug Testing Requirements for the Receipt of Governmental Benefits

Date: January 29, 2014
Creator: Carpenter, David H.
Description: This report gives an overview of the issues related to federal or state laws that condition the initial or ongoing receipt of governmental benefits on passing drug tests. These regulations are vulnerable to constitutional challenge, most often due to issues of personal privacy and Fourth Amendment protections against "unreasonable searches."
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Federal Minimum Wage: In Brief

The Federal Minimum Wage: In Brief

Date: January 17, 2014
Creator: Bradley, David H.
Description: This report discusses the minimum wage provisions of the Fair Labor Standards Act (FLSA)that have been amended numerous times since 1938, typically for the purpose of expanding coverage or raising the wage rate.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Unemployment Insurance: Programs and Benefits

Unemployment Insurance: Programs and Benefits

Date: February 12, 2014
Creator: Whittaker, Julie M. & Isaacs, Katelin P.
Description: This report describes three kinds of unemployment benefit programs: regular Unemployment Compensation (UC), Extended Benefits (EB), and Emergency Unemployment Compensation (EUC08). The report explains their basic eligibility requirements, benefits, and financing structure.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
U.S. Manufacturing in International Perspective

U.S. Manufacturing in International Perspective

Date: February 20, 2014
Creator: Levinson, Marc
Description: This report contains a series of charts and tables that depict the position of manufacturing in the United States relative to other countries according to various metrics.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Vulnerable Youth: Federal Mentoring Programs and Issues

Vulnerable Youth: Federal Mentoring Programs and Issues

Date: February 28, 2014
Creator: Fernandes-Alcantara, Adrienne L.
Description: This report begins with an overview of the purpose of mentoring, including a brief discussion on research of structured mentoring programs. It then describes the evolution of federal policies on mentoring since the early 1990s and provides an overview of the components and funding for each of two recent (discontinued) federal mentoring programs, as well as a discussion of other federal mentoring initiatives that are currently funded.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Federal Labor Relations Statutes: An Overview

Federal Labor Relations Statutes: An Overview

Date: February 14, 2014
Creator: Hegji, Alexandra
Description: This report provides a brief history and overview of the aims of these statutes: the Railway Labor Act (RLA) enacted in 1926, the National Labor Relations Act (NLRA), and the Federal Service Labor-Management Relations Statute (FSLMRS). It also discusses key provisions for each statute.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Buy American Act in Brief: Preferences for "Domestic" Supplies and Construction Materials in Federal Procurements

The Buy American Act in Brief: Preferences for "Domestic" Supplies and Construction Materials in Federal Procurements

Date: February 26, 2014
Creator: Manuel, Kate M.
Description: This report discusses the Buy American Act of 1933, which is the earliest and arguably the best known of various statutes regarding federal procurement of domestic products.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Tip Credit Provisions of the Fair Labor Standards Act (FLSA): In Brief

The Tip Credit Provisions of the Fair Labor Standards Act (FLSA): In Brief

Date: March 27, 2014
Creator: Bradley, David H.
Description: This report discusses the Fair Labor Standards Act (FLSA), enacted in 1938 (P.L. 75-718), which is the federal legislation that establishes the general minimum wage that must be paid to all covered workers.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The National Directory of New Hires

The National Directory of New Hires

Date: February 24, 2014
Creator: Solomon-Fears, Carmen
Description: This report details the National Directory of New Hires - including its background, how data is managed in the directory, and concerns regarding the directory.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Sex Trafficking of Children in the United States: Overview and Issues for Congress

Sex Trafficking of Children in the United States: Overview and Issues for Congress

Date: April 4, 2014
Creator: Finklea, Kristin M; Fernandes-Alcantara, Adrienne L. & Siskin, Alison
Description: This report discusses human trafficking that involves the exploitation of individuals for forced labor or commercial sex.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Returning to Full Employment: What Do the Indicators Tell Us?

Returning to Full Employment: What Do the Indicators Tell Us?

Date: April 15, 2014
Creator: Labonte, Marc
Description: This report analyzes recent trends in labor market indicators during the current economic recovery, with a particular focus on the contrast between the unemployment rate and other labor market indicators. It reviews studies seeking to determine how much of the decline in the labor force participation rate is caused by the recession and how much is caused by structural factors (such as the aging of the labor force). It then considers whether the economy might reach full employment at a higher rate of unemployment compared to recent expansions.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Unauthorized Aliens in the United States: Policy Discussion

Unauthorized Aliens in the United States: Policy Discussion

Date: May 8, 2014
Creator: Bruno, Andorra
Description: This report discusses the unauthorized immigrant (illegal alien) population in the United States, which is a key and controversial immigration issue.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Unauthorized Aliens in the United States: Policy Discussion

Unauthorized Aliens in the United States: Policy Discussion

Date: May 8, 2014
Creator: Bruno, Andorra
Description: This report discusses the unauthorized immigrant (illegal alien) population in the United States, which is a key and controversial immigration issue.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Federal Holidays: Evolution and Current Practices

Federal Holidays: Evolution and Current Practices

Date: May 9, 2014
Creator: Straus, Jacob R.
Description: This report discusses the creation of federal holidays, how holidays affect employee pay, and recent holiday legislation.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Trade Adjustment Assistance for Workers

Trade Adjustment Assistance for Workers

Date: March 5, 2014
Creator: Collins, Benjamin
Description: This report provides background on the Trade Adjustment Assistance for Workers (TAA) program, which provides federal assistance to workers who have been adversely affected by foreign trade. The report discusses TAA eligibility and benefits as set by the Trade Adjustment Assistance Extension Act of 2011; describes how the program is funded and administered; and presents data on recent application activity and benefit usage.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Sexual Orientation and Gender Identity Discrimination in Employment: A Legal Analysis of the Employment Non-Discrimination Act (ENDA)

Sexual Orientation and Gender Identity Discrimination in Employment: A Legal Analysis of the Employment Non-Discrimination Act (ENDA)

Date: May 3, 2013
Creator: Jody Feder & Brougher, Cynthia
Description: This report discusses issues surrounding the proposed Employment Non-Discrimination Act, which would prohibit discrimination based on an individual's actual or perceived sexual orientation or gender identity by public and private employers in hiring, discharge, compensation, and other terms and conditions of employment.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department