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 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Trafficking in Persons: International Dimensions and Foreign Policy Issues for Congress

Trafficking in Persons: International Dimensions and Foreign Policy Issues for Congress

Date: September 24, 2012
Creator: Wyler, Liana Sun
Description: This report explores current foreign policy issues confronting U.S. efforts to combat human trafficking, the interrelationship among existing polices, and the historical and current role of Congress in such efforts. The 112th Congress has introduced and taken action on several bills related to human trafficking. Given recent challenges in balancing budget priorities, the 112th Congress may choose to consider certain aspects of this issue further, including the effectiveness of international anti-trafficking projects, interagency coordination mechanisms, and the monitoring and enforcement of anti-trafficking regulations, particularly as they relate to the activities of U.S. government contractors and subcontractors operating overseas.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Whistleblower Protections Under Federal Law: An Overview

Whistleblower Protections Under Federal Law: An Overview

Date: September 13, 2012
Creator: Shimabukuro, Jon O. & Whitaker, L. Paige
Description: This report provides an overview of key aspects of the 18 selected federal statutes applicable to individuals in certain private-sector industries. It focuses on the protections provided to employees who believe they have been subject to retaliation, rather than on how or where alleged misconduct should be disclosed. In addition, the report also includes an overview of the Whistleblower Protection Act. While state law may also provide whistleblower protections for employees, this report focuses only on the aforementioned federal statutory provisions.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Unemployment Insurance: Programs and Benefits

Unemployment Insurance: Programs and Benefits

Date: September 19, 2012
Creator: Whittaker, Julie M. & Isaacs, Katelin P.
Description: This report describes three kinds of unemployment benefit programs: regular Unemployment Compensation (UC), Extended Benefits (EB), and Emergency Unemployment Compensation (EUC08) . The report explains their basic eligibility requirements, benefits, and financing structure.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Unemployment: Issues in the 112th Congress

Unemployment: Issues in the 112th Congress

Date: October 5, 2012
Creator: Gravelle, Jane G.; Hungerford, Thomas L. & Levine, Linda
Description: This report briefly reviews the situation in the 2012 labor market, expands on the policy steps taken to date, and analyzes policy issues that typically arise during consideration of stimulus legislation. Three policy issues are examined: whether to take additional measures to increase jobs, what measures might be most effective, and how job creation proposals should be financed.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Unemployment Trust Fund (UTF): State Insolvency and Federal Loans to States

The Unemployment Trust Fund (UTF): State Insolvency and Federal Loans to States

Date: September 20, 2012
Creator: Whittaker, Julie M.
Description: This report summarizes how insolvent states may borrow funds from the federal account within the Unemployment Trust Fund (UTF) to meet their unemployment compensation (UC) benefit obligations.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Federal Employees' Compensation Act (FECA): Workers' Compensation for Federal Employees

The Federal Employees' Compensation Act (FECA): Workers' Compensation for Federal Employees

Date: November 7, 2012
Creator: Szymendera, Scott
Description: Report concerning the Federal Employees' Compensation Act (FECA), its legislative history, a program overview, and issues regarding FECA's generous benefits.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Inflation and the Real Minimum Wage: A Fact Sheet

Inflation and the Real Minimum Wage: A Fact Sheet

Date: June 21, 2013
Creator: Elwell, Craig K.
Description: Report that discusses the federal minimum wage which is not indexed to the price level.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Immigration of Foreign Nationals with Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics (STEM) Degrees

Immigration of Foreign Nationals with Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics (STEM) Degrees

Date: November 26, 2012
Creator: Wasem, Ruth Ellen
Description: Report regarding renewed Congressional interest in facilitating the immigration of foreign professional workers in science, technology, engineering, or mathematics (STEM) fields.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Immigration-Related Worksite Enforcement: Performance Measures

Immigration-Related Worksite Enforcement: Performance Measures

Date: August 7, 2013
Creator: Bruno, Andorra
Description: This report discusses the Department of Homeland Security's (DHS) U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE) responsibilities in regard to immigration-related worksite enforcement, or enforcement of the prohibitions on unauthorized employment in Section 274A of the Immigration and Nationality Act (INA). The INA ยง274A provisions, sometimes referred to as employer sanctions, make it unlawful for an employer to knowingly hire, recruit or refer for a fee, or continue to employ an alien who is not authorized to be so employed. This report looks at enforcement measures of this act.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Military Base Closures: Socioeconomic Impacts

Military Base Closures: Socioeconomic Impacts

Date: January 11, 2011
Creator: Cowan, Tadlock & Gonzales, Oscar R.
Description: This report explores the potential economic impact of military closures on communities, especially rural communities, which are more heavily affected by such closures and suffer from slower economic recovery times in such instances.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Delay in Implementation of Potential Employer Penalties Under ACA

Delay in Implementation of Potential Employer Penalties Under ACA

Date: July 22, 2013
Creator: Mulvey, Janemarie; Fernandez, Bernadette & Mach, Annie L.
Description: The report provides background information regarding the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act. It discusses the implications for Premium Credit Eligibility and Individual Mandate.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Disaster Unemployment Assistance (DUA)

Disaster Unemployment Assistance (DUA)

Date: September 5, 2012
Creator: Whittaker, Julie M.
Description: Report that contains information on how to ascertain if an individual is eligible for Disaster Unemployment Assistance (DUA) benefits.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Agricultural Guest Workers: Legislative Activity in the 113th Congress

Agricultural Guest Workers: Legislative Activity in the 113th Congress

Date: July 23, 2013
Creator: Bruno, Andorra
Description: This report discusses the foreign temporary workers, also known as guest workers, that have long performed legal agricultural labor in the United States through different temporary worker programs.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Trafficking in Persons in Latin America and the Caribbean

Trafficking in Persons in Latin America and the Caribbean

Date: January 4, 2011
Creator: Ribando Seelke, Clare
Description: Report that looks at instances of trafficking in persons (TIP) in Latin America. It looks at current legislation in the U.S. to combat this problem.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Trafficking in Persons: International Dimensions and Foreign Policy Issues for Congress

Trafficking in Persons: International Dimensions and Foreign Policy Issues for Congress

Date: July 24, 2013
Creator: Wyler, Liana Sun
Description: Report that explores current foreign policy issues regarding U.S. efforts to combat human trafficking, the interrelationship among existing polices, and the historical and current role of Congress in such efforts.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Trafficking in Persons in Latin America and the Caribbean

Trafficking in Persons in Latin America and the Caribbean

Date: July 15, 2013
Creator: Ribando Seelke, Clare
Description: Report that describes the nature and scope of the problem of trafficking in persons in Latin America and the Caribbean.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Sex Trafficking of Children in the United States: Overview and Issues for Congress

Sex Trafficking of Children in the United States: Overview and Issues for Congress

Date: August 15, 2012
Creator: Finklea, Kristin M.; Fernandes-Alcantara, Adrienne L. & Siskin, Alison
Description: Report concerning Congressional attention on the domestic sex trafficking of children.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Worker Adjustment and Retraining Notification (WARN) Act

Worker Adjustment and Retraining Notification (WARN) Act

Date: September 4, 2012
Creator: Collins, Benjamin
Description: Report that discusses the Worker Adjustment and Retraining Notification (WARN) Act in brief, especially as related to Congress's renewed interest in the Act due to the current financial crises and recession.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Unemployment Compensation (UC): Eligibility for Students Under State and Federal Laws

Unemployment Compensation (UC): Eligibility for Students Under State and Federal Laws

Date: September 7, 2012
Creator: Whittaker, Julie M. & Eder, Alan
Description: Report that describes the state variations student disqualification from Unemployment Compensation benefits while they attend school.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Unemployment Insurance: Programs and Benefits

Unemployment Insurance: Programs and Benefits

Date: September 17, 2013
Creator: Whittaker, Julie M. & Isaacs, Katelin P.
Description: This report describes three kinds of unemployment benefit programs: regular Unemployment Compensation (UC), Extended Benefits (EB), and Emergency Unemployment Compensation (EUC08) . The report explains their basic eligibility requirements, benefits, and financing structure.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The National Labor Relations Act: Background and Selected Topics

The National Labor Relations Act: Background and Selected Topics

Date: September 7, 2012
Creator: Shimabukuro, Jon O.
Description: Report that discusses the National Labor Relations Act, the coverage it provides, unfair labor practices that the act prohibits, pre-election communications with employees, and several legal cases regarding the Act.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Social Security: Cost-of-Living Adjustments

Social Security: Cost-of-Living Adjustments

Date: November 6, 2013
Creator: Sidor, Gary
Description: This report discusses the issues surrounding Social Security recipients that usually receive an annual cost-of-living adjustment (COLA).
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Cost-of-Living Adjustments for Federal Civil Service Annuities

Cost-of-Living Adjustments for Federal Civil Service Annuities

Date: November 1, 2013
Creator: Isaacs, Katelin P.
Description: This report discusses the Cost-of-living adjustments (COLAs) for the Civil Service Retirement System (CSRS) and the Federal Employees Retirement System (FERS) are based on the rate of inflation as measured by the Consumer Price Index for Urban Wage Earners and Clerical Workers (CPI-W). All CSRS retirees and survivors receive COLAs. Under FERS, however, non-disabled retirees under age 62 do not receive COLAs. This report discusses cost-of-living adjustments for government retirees, as well as related legislation.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Small Business Administration HUBZone Program

Small Business Administration HUBZone Program

Date: December 17, 2013
Creator: Dilger, Robert Jay
Description: This report examines arguments both for and against targeting assistance to geographic areas with specified characteristics, such as low income, high poverty, or high unemployment, as opposed to providing assistance to people or businesses with specified characteristics. It then assesses the arguments both for and against the continuation of the HUBZone program
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department