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 Country: United States
 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Temporary Professional, Managerial, and Skilled Foreign Workers: Legislation in the 113th Congress

Temporary Professional, Managerial, and Skilled Foreign Workers: Legislation in the 113th Congress

Date: September 30, 2014
Creator: Wasem, Ruth Ellen
Description: This report provides legislative analyses of the Border Security, Economic Opportunity, and Immigration Modernization Act (S. 744), as passed by the Senate, and the Supplying Knowledgebased Immigrants and Lifting Levels of STEM Visas Act (SKILLS Visa Act, H.R. 2131), as ordered reported by the House Committee on the Judiciary.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Immigration of Foreign Workers: Labor Market Tests and Protections

Immigration of Foreign Workers: Labor Market Tests and Protections

Date: December 20, 2010
Creator: Wasem, Ruth Ellen
Description: This report examines the current state of employment-based immigration, and discusses its perceived effects on the labor market.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Trend in Long-Term Unemployment and Characteristics of Workers Unemployed for Two Years or More

The Trend in Long-Term Unemployment and Characteristics of Workers Unemployed for Two Years or More

Date: March 24, 2014
Creator: Mayer, Gerald
Description: This report discusses trends in long term unemployment and characteristics such as gender, age, education, marital status of the very long-term for the unemployed.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Immigration of Foreign Workers: Labor Market Tests and Protections

Immigration of Foreign Workers: Labor Market Tests and Protections

Date: March 30, 2010
Creator: Wasem, Ruth Ellen
Description: This report examines the current state of employment-based immigration, and discusses its perceived effects on the labor market.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Immigration of Temporary Lower-Skilled Workers: Current Policy and Related Issues

Immigration of Temporary Lower-Skilled Workers: Current Policy and Related Issues

Date: March 20, 2012
Creator: Bruno, Andorra
Description: U.S. employers in various industries argue that they need to hire foreign workers to perform lower-skilled jobs, while others maintain that many of these positions could be filled by U.S. workers. While the discussion of current guest worker programs in this report focuses on the H-2A and H- 2B visas, it also covers the Summer Work Travel (SWT) program, the largest of several programs under the J-1 visa for participants in work- and study-based exchange visitor programs. The SWT program is particularly relevant because participants work largely in unskilled jobs, including H-2B-like seasonal jobs at resorts and amusement parks.
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The Definition of “Supervisor” Under the National Labor Relations Act

The Definition of “Supervisor” Under the National Labor Relations Act

Date: July 5, 2012
Creator: Mayer, Gerald & Shimabukuro, Jon O.
Description: This report discusses the National Labor Relations Board (NLRB) and their attempts to define the term "supervisor" in the National Labor Relations Act (NLRA) so that such employees can join or form a labor union as regular employees.
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Congressional Responses to Selected Work Stoppages in Professional Sports

Congressional Responses to Selected Work Stoppages in Professional Sports

Date: March 24, 2011
Creator: Halchin, L. Elaine; Murray, Justin; Shimabukuro, Jon O. & Ruane, Kathleen Ann
Description: This report examines congressional responses to the two most recent work stoppages in the National Football League (NFL), which occurred in 1982 and 1987. Congress is interested in the NFL's collective bargaining agreement (CBA), set to expire in 2012, because of the status of labor-management relations in professional football. The report also examines the 1994 Major League Baseball strike to examine how Congress has responded in the past to work stoppages in professional sports.
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Immigration of Foreign Workers: Labor Market Tests and Protections

Immigration of Foreign Workers: Labor Market Tests and Protections

Date: March 20, 2009
Creator: Wasem, Ruth Ellen
Description: This report discusses §1611, the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009, which requires companies receiving Troubled Asset Relief Program (TARP) funding to comply with the more rigorous labor market rules of H-1B dependent companies if they hire foreign workers on H-1B visas.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Causes of Unemployment: A Cross-Country Analysis

Causes of Unemployment: A Cross-Country Analysis

Date: December 12, 2000
Creator: Labonte, Marc
Description: This report examines data from the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) to explore what differences in microeconomic structures and policies explain the causes of unemployment across various countries.
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Unauthorized Employment in the United States: Issues, Options, and Legislation

Unauthorized Employment in the United States: Issues, Options, and Legislation

Date: March 2, 2009
Creator: Bruno, Andorra
Description: As immigration reform and the illegal alien population have gained congressional and public attention in the past several years, the issue of unauthorized employment has come to the fore. It is widely accepted that most unauthorized aliens enter and remain in the United States in order to work. This report discusses options for addressing the issue of unauthorized employment in the United States.
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Unauthorized Employment in the United States: Issues and Options

Unauthorized Employment in the United States: Issues and Options

Date: April 20, 2007
Creator: Bruno, Andorra
Description: As Congress considers immigration reform and ways to address the unauthorized alien population, the issue of unauthorized employment is the focus of much discussion. This report discusses options for addressing unauthorized employment in the United States.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Issues Related to the Provision of Housing and Utilities to Employees

Issues Related to the Provision of Housing and Utilities to Employees

Date: April 7, 1997
Creator: Alwin, Lawrence F.
Description: Over 3,200 state employees receive free, state-subsidized housing and utilities; live in state-owned properties for a nominal monthly rate; or receive monthly cash payments in lieu of in-kind housing benefits. Over 1,300 state employees receive some form of educational assistance from their employing agencies
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Immigration of Foreign Workers: Labor Market Tests and Protections

Immigration of Foreign Workers: Labor Market Tests and Protections

Date: August 27, 2010
Creator: Wasem, Ruth Ellen
Description: This report discusses §1611, the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009, which requires companies receiving Troubled Asset Relief Program (TARP) funding to comply with the more rigorous labor market rules of H-1B dependent companies if they hire foreign workers on H-1B visas.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The National Directory of New Hires

The National Directory of New Hires

Date: February 24, 2014
Creator: Solomon-Fears, Carmen
Description: This report details the National Directory of New Hires - including its background, how data is managed in the directory, and concerns regarding the directory.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The National Directory of New Hires

The National Directory of New Hires

Date: December 20, 2010
Creator: Solomon-Fears, Carmen
Description: This report details the National Directory of New Hires - including its background, how data is managed in the directory, and concerns regarding the directory.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The National Directory of New Hires

The National Directory of New Hires

Date: April 1, 2011
Creator: Solomon-Fears, Carmen
Description: This report details the National Directory of New Hires - including its background, how data is managed in the directory, and concerns regarding the directory.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Federal Labor Relations Statutes: An Overview

Federal Labor Relations Statutes: An Overview

Date: February 14, 2014
Creator: Hegji, Alexandra
Description: This report provides a brief history and overview of the aims of these statutes: the Railway Labor Act (RLA) enacted in 1926, the National Labor Relations Act (NLRA), and the Federal Service Labor-Management Relations Statute (FSLMRS). It also discusses key provisions for each statute.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Federal Labor Relations Statutes: An Overview

Federal Labor Relations Statutes: An Overview

Date: May 11, 2012
Creator: Hegji, Alexandra
Description: This report provides a brief history and overview of the aims of these statutes: the Railway Labor Act (RLA) enacted in 1926, the National Labor Relations Act (NLRA), and the Federal Service Labor-Management Relations Statute (FSLMRS). It also discusses key statutory provisions for each statute.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Federal Labor Relations Statutes: An Overview

Federal Labor Relations Statutes: An Overview

Date: July 16, 2012
Creator: Hegji, Alexandra
Description: This report provides a brief history and overview of the aims of these statutes: the Railway Labor Act (RLA) enacted in 1926, the National Labor Relations Act (NLRA), and the Federal Service Labor-Management Relations Statute (FSLMRS). It also discusses key statutory provisions for each statute.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Temporary Professional, Managerial, and Skilled Foreign Workers: Policy and Trends

Temporary Professional, Managerial, and Skilled Foreign Workers: Policy and Trends

Date: January 13, 2016
Creator: Wasem, Ruth Ellen
Description: This report opens with an overview of the policy issues that pertain to foreign workers. It follows with a summary of each of the various visa categories available for temporary professional, managerial, and skilled foreign workers, as well as an analysis of the trends seen with the use of these various visas over the past two decades. This workforce is seen by many as a catalyst of U.S. global economic competitiveness. The challenge central to the policy debate is facilitating the migration of foreign workers without adversely affecting U.S. workers and U.S. students entering the labor market.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Right to Work Laws: Legislative Background and Empirical Research

Right to Work Laws: Legislative Background and Empirical Research

Date: December 6, 2012
Creator: Collins, Benjamin
Description: This report is divided into two parts. The first part discusses right to work (RTW) laws themselves. It provides a brief legislative history on the federal role in the regulation of unions, a summary of the origin and development of RTW laws, a discussion of recent events at the state level, and federal legislation related to RTW. The second part of the report reviews the varied empirical research on the effects of RTW laws. Specifically, it will discuss the mixed evidence indicating relationships between RTW laws and other economic outcomes.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Agricultural Guest Workers: Legislative Activity in the 113th Congress

Agricultural Guest Workers: Legislative Activity in the 113th Congress

Date: July 23, 2013
Creator: Bruno, Andorra
Description: This report discusses the foreign temporary workers, also known as guest workers, that have long performed legal agricultural labor in the United States through different temporary worker programs.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The National Labor Relations Act: Background and Selected Topics

The National Labor Relations Act: Background and Selected Topics

Date: September 7, 2012
Creator: Shimabukuro, Jon O.
Description: Report that discusses the National Labor Relations Act, the coverage it provides, unfair labor practices that the act prohibits, pre-election communications with employees, and several legal cases regarding the Act.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Workforce Investment Act (WIA): Program-by-Program Overview and FY2007 Funding of Title I Training Programs

The Workforce Investment Act (WIA): Program-by-Program Overview and FY2007 Funding of Title I Training Programs

Date: October 31, 2006
Creator: Naughton, Blake Alan & Lordeman, Ann
Description: This report tracks current appropriations and related legislation for Title I of the Workforce Investment Act of 1998 (WIA) (P.L. 105-220). Following a brief summary of each WIA program, the report presents the status of legislative proposals contained in the Administration’s FY2007 budget request and compares WIA funding in the FY2006 appropriation, the FY2007 budget request, and the FY2007 House and Senate Appropriations Committee reports.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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