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 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Debt Reduction: Initiatives for the Most Heavily Indebted Poor Countries

Debt Reduction: Initiatives for the Most Heavily Indebted Poor Countries

Date: February 1, 2000
Creator: Nowels, Larry
Description: This report offers a broad overview of the debate concerning debt reduction for poor developing countries. It profiles the scope and structure of debt and reviews previous debt relief strategies and the current HIPC Initiative. It analyzes and compares competing alternatives endorsed by the Administration, congressional activists, NGOs, and other G-7 governments. Several key issues, such as costs, impact, and conditionality, of pending proposals are also assessed.
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IMF Reform and the International Financial Institutions Advisory Commission

IMF Reform and the International Financial Institutions Advisory Commission

Date: January 5, 2001
Creator: Hornbeck, J. F.
Description: None
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Asia Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC) and the 2000 Summit in Brunei

Asia Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC) and the 2000 Summit in Brunei

Date: January 23, 2001
Creator: Nanto, Dick K
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
African Development Bank and Fund

African Development Bank and Fund

Date: May 12, 2000
Creator: Copson, Raymond W.
Description: The African Development Bank Group, including the Bank itself (AfDB) and its "soft-loan" affiliate, the African Development Fund (AfDF), is a development finance institution based in Abidjan, Côte d'Ivoire. The Bank has 53 African members, as well as 24 non-regional members, including the United States. In the mid-1990s, the Bank faced management problems and difficulties arising from non-performing loans, but reforms launched in 1995 by a new Bank president, Omar Kabbaj, brought new pledges of support from the non-regionals. U.S. contributions to the Bank resumed in FY2000. This report will be updated as events warrant.
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Russia's Paris Club Debt: U.S. Interests

Russia's Paris Club Debt: U.S. Interests

Date: July 18, 2000
Creator: Hardt, John P
Description: None
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African Development Bank and Fund

African Development Bank and Fund

Date: April 18, 2001
Creator: Copson, Raymond W.
Description: The African Development Bank Group, including the Bank itself (AfDB) and its “soft-loan” affiliate, the African Development Fund (AfDF), is a development finance institution based in Abidjan, Côte d’Ivoire. The Bank has 53 African members, as well as 24 non-regional members, including the United States. In the mid-1990s, the Bank faced management problems and difficulties arising from non-performing loans, but reforms launched in 1995 by a new Bank president, Omar Kabbaj, brought new pledges of support from the non-regionals. U.S. contributions to the Fund resumed in FY1998 and to the Bank in FY2000. This report will be updated as events warrant.
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Japanese Trade Balance and Exchange Rate: Seeing Through the Numbers

Japanese Trade Balance and Exchange Rate: Seeing Through the Numbers

Date: August 3, 1995
Creator: Elwell, Craig K
Description: None
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Africa: Trade and Development Initiatives by the Clinton Administration and Congress

Africa: Trade and Development Initiatives by the Clinton Administration and Congress

Date: March 2, 1998
Creator: Dagne, Theodore S.
Description: In February 1997, the Clinton Administration submitted the second of five annual reports on the Administration's Comprehensive Trade and Development Policy for Africa as required by section 134 of the Uruguay Round Agreements Act (House Document 103-3415, Vol. 1.). On April 24, 1997, members of the African Trade and Investment Caucus introduced a bill, H.R. 1432, on U.S.-Africa trade and investment issues. In his State of the Union address in January 1998, President Clinton called on Congress to pass the trade legislation.
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Foreign Direct Investment in the United States: An Economic Analysis

Foreign Direct Investment in the United States: An Economic Analysis

Date: March 23, 2005
Creator: Jackson, James K
Description: None
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U.S. Direct Investment Abroad:  Trends and Current Issues

U.S. Direct Investment Abroad: Trends and Current Issues

Date: April 29, 2005
Creator: Jackson, James K
Description: None
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China's Exchange Rate Peg:  Economic Issues and Options for U.S. Trade Policy

China's Exchange Rate Peg: Economic Issues and Options for U.S. Trade Policy

Date: May 10, 2005
Creator: Morrison, Wayne M & Labonte, Marc
Description: The continued rise in the U.S.-China trade imbalance and complaints from U.S. manufacturing firms and workers over the competitive challenges posed by cheap Chinese imports have led several Members to call for a more aggressive U.S. stance against certain Chinese trade policies they deem to be unfair, such as China’s policy of pegging its currency (the yuan) to the U.S. dollar. Some Members assert this policy constitutes a form of “currency manipulation” intended to give China an unfair trade advantage and is contributing to the loss of U.S. manufacturing jobs.
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U.S. Taxation of Overseas Investment and Income: Background and Issues in 2005

U.S. Taxation of Overseas Investment and Income: Background and Issues in 2005

Date: January 31, 2005
Creator: Brumbaugh, David L
Description: None
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China’s Currency: U.S. Options

China’s Currency: U.S. Options

Date: July 29, 2005
Creator: Sanford, Jonathan E
Description: In recent years, the United States and China have disagreed whether China’s national currency, the yuan or renminbi, is properly valued compared to the U.S. dollar and whether China is manipulating its currency.1 The United States has pushed China to raise the value of its currency. Chinese officials say they want to make their exchange rate system more flexible, but China also needs long-term stability in its currency value in order to avoid dislocations. Chinese officials also say they will not bow to foreign pressure. China announced a new exchange rate procedure on July 21, 2005. This report summarizes this controversy, it describes actions and positions taken by the United States, China and other countries, and it discusses various approaches the United States might use to address this concern.
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Multilateral Development Banks: Procedures for U.S. Participation

Multilateral Development Banks: Procedures for U.S. Participation

Date: January 22, 2005
Creator: Sanford, Jonathan E
Description: None
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Multilateral Development Banks: U.S. Contributions FY1990-2002

Multilateral Development Banks: U.S. Contributions FY1990-2002

Date: February 14, 2002
Creator: Sanford, Jonathan E
Description: None
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Multilateral Development Banks: Basic Background

Multilateral Development Banks: Basic Background

Date: January 22, 2001
Creator: Sanford, Jonathan E
Description: None
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New IMF Conditionality Guidelines

New IMF Conditionality Guidelines

Date: November 19, 2002
Creator: Weiss, Martin A
Description: None
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Outsourcing and Insourcing Jobs in the U.S. Economy: An Overview of Evidence Based on Foreign Investment Data

Outsourcing and Insourcing Jobs in the U.S. Economy: An Overview of Evidence Based on Foreign Investment Data

Date: May 6, 2005
Creator: Jackson, James K
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Multilateral Development Banks: Current Authorization Requests

Multilateral Development Banks: Current Authorization Requests

Date: May 3, 2005
Creator: Sanford, Jonathan E
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
International Financial Institutions:  Funding U.S. Participation

International Financial Institutions: Funding U.S. Participation

Date: May 3, 2005
Creator: Sanford, Jonathan E
Description: None
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Taxes, Exports and Investment: ETI/FSC and Domestic Investment Proposals in the 108th Congress

Taxes, Exports and Investment: ETI/FSC and Domestic Investment Proposals in the 108th Congress

Date: November 5, 2004
Creator: Brumbaugh, David L
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Exon-Florio National Security Test for Foreign Investment

The Exon-Florio National Security Test for Foreign Investment

Date: July 15, 2005
Creator: Jackson, James K
Description: The proposed acquisition of major operations in six major U.S. ports by Dubai Ports World and of Unocal by the China National Offshore Oil Corporation sparked intense concerns among some Members of Congress and the public and has reignited the debate over what role foreign acquisitions play in U.S. national security. The United States actively promotes internationally the national treatment of foreign firms. Several Members of Congress have introduced various measures during the 2nd Session of the 109th Congress that can be grouped into four major areas: those that deal specifically with the proposed Dubai Ports World acquisition; those that focus more generally on foreign ownership of U.S. ports; those that would amend the CFIUS process; and those that would amend the Exon-Florio process.
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Iraq: Paris Club Debt Relief

Iraq: Paris Club Debt Relief

Date: November 22, 2004
Creator: Weiss, Martin A.
Description: Iraq’s public debt was estimated to be US$120.2 billion in nominal value as of the end of 2004. The debt owed to Paris Club creditors as of December 31, 2004, was estimated to be US$38.9 billion. The U.S. share of this amount is around $4 billion. Non-Paris Club countries, mostly Persian Gulf countries, are owed around $60 - $65 billion. The remaining debts are to private commercial creditors. Iraqi debt relief is a high priority for both the President and Congress (H.R. 2482). This report will discuss efforts to implement Iraqi debt relief and highlight some policy concerns.
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China and the CNOOC Bid for Unocal: Issues for Congress

China and the CNOOC Bid for Unocal: Issues for Congress

Date: September 15, 2005
Creator: Nanto, Dick K & Kumins, Lawrence C
Description: The bid by the China National Offshore Oil Corporation (CNOOC) to acquire the U.S. energy company Unocal for $18.5 billion raised many issues with U.S. policymakers. This report provides an overview and analysis of the CNOOC bid, U.S. interests, implications for U.S. energy security, U.S. investment in the PRC’s (People’s Republic of China’s) oil industry, the process for reviewing the security and other implications of foreign investment in the United States, Congressional activity, and a listing of unresolved issues.
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