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 Resource Type: Report
 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
The "Khorasan Group" in Syria

The "Khorasan Group" in Syria

Date: September 24, 2014
Creator: Blanchard, Christopher M.
Description: This report briefly discusses the Syria-based terrorists referred to as the "Khorasan Group" and the U.S. airstrikes conducted against them in late September 2014.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Scotland's Independence Referendum

Scotland's Independence Referendum

Date: September 15, 2014
Creator: Mix, Derek E.
Description: This report examines varying opinion in regards to Scotland's Independence Referendum. The report also discusses U.S. views on the topic.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Al Qaeda-Affiliated Groups: Middle East and Africa

Al Qaeda-Affiliated Groups: Middle East and Africa

Date: October 10, 2014
Creator: Humud, Carla E.; Arieff, Alexis; Blanchard, Lauren Ploch; Blanchard, Christopher M.; Sharp, Jeremy M. & Katzman, Kenneth
Description: This report focuses on Al Qaeda affiliates, or groups that have publicly sworn allegiance to Al Qaeda leadership and been formally accepted as affiliates. This includes Al Qaeda in the Islamic Maghreb (AQIM), Al Qaeda in the Arabian Peninsula (AQAP), the Nusrah Front, and Al Shabaab. This report also profiles a selection of other groups that are not Al Qaeda affiliates but may have organizational links or ideological similarities with Al Qaeda or its affiliates and pose a credible threat to the United States or to U.S. interests.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Terrorism Risk Insurance Legislation in the 114th Congress: Issue Summary and Side-by-Side Analysis

Terrorism Risk Insurance Legislation in the 114th Congress: Issue Summary and Side-by-Side Analysis

Date: January 20, 2015
Creator: Webel, Baird
Description: This report briefly outlines the issues involved with terrorism insurance, summarizes extension legislation, and includes a side-by-side comparison of Terrorism Risk Insurance Act of 2002 (TRIA; P.L. 107-297) law and the bills introduced in the 114th and 113th Congresses.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
U.S.-EU Cooperation Against Terrorism

U.S.-EU Cooperation Against Terrorism

Date: May 13, 2010
Creator: Archick, Kristin
Description: This report examines the evolution of counterterrorism cooperation between the United States and the European Union (EU), particularly since the September 11, 2001 terrorist attacks. It includes a discussion of U.S.-EU cooperation progress and ongoing challenges, as well as perspectives and issues for Congress.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
U.S. Citizens Kidnapped by the Islamic State

U.S. Citizens Kidnapped by the Islamic State

Date: February 13, 2015
Creator: Rollins, John W. & Rosen, Liana
Description: This report briefly examines the kidnapping and killing of U.S. citizens by the terrorist group known as the Islamic State (IS).
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Extradition To and From the United States: Overview of the Law and Recent Treaties

Extradition To and From the United States: Overview of the Law and Recent Treaties

Date: March 17, 2010
Creator: Garcia, Michael John & Doyle, Charles
Description: "Extradition" is the formal surrender of a person by a State to another State for prosecution or punishment. Extradition to or from the United States is a creature of treaty. The United States has extradition treaties with over a hundred of the nations of the world. International terrorism and drug trafficking have made extradition an increasingly important law enforcement tool. This is a brief overview of federal law in the area and of the adjustments in recent treaties to make them more responsive to American law enforcement interests.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The European Union in 2006 and Beyond

The European Union in 2006 and Beyond

Date: April 6, 2006
Creator: Archick, Kristin
Description: The European Union (EU) experienced significant changes in 2004 as it enlarged from 15 to 25 members and continued work on a new constitutional treaty to institute internal reforms and further EU political integration. In 2005, the EU is expected to build on these efforts and seek to implement several recent foreign policy and defense initiatives. This report describes the current status of the EU’s “constitution,” EU enlargement, the EU’s evolving foreign and defense policies, and possible implications for U.S.-EU relations.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Extradition To and From the United States: Overview of the Law and Recent Treaties

Extradition To and From the United States: Overview of the Law and Recent Treaties

Date: September 10, 2003
Creator: Doyle, Charles
Description: “Extradition” is the formal surrender of a person by a State to another State for prosecution or punishment. Extradition to or from the United States is a creature of treaty. The United States has extradition treaties with over a hundred of the nations of the world. International terrorism and drug trafficking have made extradition an increasingly important law enforcement tool. This is a brief overview of federal law in the area and of the adjustments in recent treaties to make them more responsive to American law enforcement interests.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Director of National Intelligence Statutory Authorities: Status and Proposals

Director of National Intelligence Statutory Authorities: Status and Proposals

Date: December 16, 2011
Creator: Best, Richard A., Jr.
Description: This report discusses the Director of National Intelligence (DNI) position created by the Intelligence Reform and Terrorism Prevention Act of 2004 (P.L. 108-458). It includes an overview of the authorities granted to the DNI by legislation in 2004 and later as well as the varying opinions of Congress regarding new DNI authorities, as well as related legislation from FY2010 through FY2012.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Northern Ireland: The Peace Process

Northern Ireland: The Peace Process

Date: May 19, 2005
Creator: Archick, Kristin
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The European Union in 2005 and Beyond

The European Union in 2005 and Beyond

Date: May 2, 2005
Creator: Archick, Kristin
Description: The European Union (EU) experienced significant changes in 2004 as it enlarged from 15 to 25 members and continued work on a new constitutional treaty to institute internal reforms and further EU political integration. In 2005, the EU is expected to build on these efforts and seek to implement several recent foreign policy and defense initiatives. This report describes the current status of the EU’s “constitution,” EU enlargement, the EU’s evolving foreign and defense policies, and possible implications for U.S.-EU relations.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The European Union in 2005 and Beyond

The European Union in 2005 and Beyond

Date: July 11, 2005
Creator: Archick, Kristin
Description: The European Union (EU) experienced significant changes in 2004 as it enlarged from 15 to 25 members and continued work on a new constitutional treaty to institute internal reforms and further EU political integration. In 2005, the EU is expected to build on these efforts and seek to implement several recent foreign policy and defense initiatives. This report describes the current status of the EU’s “constitution,” EU enlargement, the EU’s evolving foreign and defense policies, and possible implications for U.S.-EU relations.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The European Union in 2005 and Beyond

The European Union in 2005 and Beyond

Date: June 10, 2005
Creator: Archick, Kristin
Description: The European Union (EU) experienced significant changes in 2004 as it enlarged from 15 to 25 members and continued work on a new constitutional treaty to institute internal reforms and further EU political integration. In 2005, the EU is expected to build on these efforts and seek to implement several recent foreign policy and defense initiatives. This report describes the current status of the EU’s “constitution,” EU enlargement, the EU’s evolving foreign and defense policies, and possible implications for U.S.-EU relations.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The World Trade Organization: Background and Issues

The World Trade Organization: Background and Issues

Date: January 12, 2001
Creator: Sek, Lenore
Description: The World Trade Organization (WTO) was established on January 1, 1995, under an agreement reached during the Uruguay Round of multilateral trade negotiations. The Uruguay Round was the last of a series of periodic trade negotiations held under the auspices of the WTO’s predecessor, the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT). Among the questions asked during debate on U.S. trade policy and the WTO are: To what extent should the United States meet its trade goals in theWTO versus other options? Can the United States maintain its sovereignty as a member of the WTO? Are U.S. interests served through the WTO dispute process? Should the WTO continue to cover traditional trade issues only, or should it be broadened to include nontraditional issues such as labor and the environment? What is the role of Congress in U.S. participation in the WTO?
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The World Trade Organization: Background and Issues

The World Trade Organization: Background and Issues

Date: June 4, 2001
Creator: Sek, Lenore
Description: The World Trade Organization (WTO), which was established on January 1, 1995, is the principal organization for rules governing international trade. This report provides general background on the WTO: its establishment, principles, administrative bodies, and membership. It also includes a brief discussion of policy issues pertaining to the WTO agenda, U.S. sovereignty and membership in the WTO, the congressional role in U.S. participation in the WTO, and pursuit of U.S. trade goals in the WTO compared to other options.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The World Trade Organization: Background and Issues

The World Trade Organization: Background and Issues

Date: March 5, 2003
Creator: Sek, Lenore
Description: The World Trade Organization (WTO) was established on January 1, 1995, under an agreement reached during the Uruguay Round of multilateral trade negotiations. The Uruguay Round was the last of a series of periodic trade negotiations held under the auspices of the WTO’s predecessor, the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT). Among the questions asked during debate on U.S. trade policy and the WTO are: To what extent should the United States meet its trade goals in theWTO versus other options? Can the United States maintain its sovereignty as a member of the WTO? Are U.S. interests served through the WTO dispute process? Should the WTO continue to cover traditional trade issues only, or should it be broadened to include nontraditional issues such as labor and the environment? What is the role of Congress in U.S. participation in the WTO?
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Foreign Terrorist Organizations

Foreign Terrorist Organizations

Date: February 6, 2004
Creator: Cronin, Audrey Kurth; Aden, Huda; Frost, Adam & Jones, Benjamin
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The European Union in 2005 and Beyond

The European Union in 2005 and Beyond

Date: March 7, 2005
Creator: Archick, Kristin
Description: The European Union (EU) experienced significant changes in 2004 as it enlarged from 15 to 25 members and continued work on a new constitutional treaty to institute internal reforms and further EU political integration. In 2005, the EU is expected to build on these efforts and seek to implement several recent foreign policy and defense initiatives. This report describes the current status of the EU’s “constitution,” EU enlargement, the EU’s evolving foreign and defense policies, and possible implications for U.S.-EU relations.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Northern Ireland: The Peace Process

Northern Ireland: The Peace Process

Date: March 6, 2006
Creator: Archick, Kristin
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Northern Ireland: The Peace Process

Northern Ireland: The Peace Process

Date: September 27, 2006
Creator: Archick, Kristin & Morelli, Vince L.
Description: For years, the British and Irish governments have sought to facilitate a peaceful settlement to the conflict in Northern Ireland. After many ups and downs, the two government and the parties participating in the peace talks announced an agreement on April 10, 1998. The implementation of the resulting Good Friday Agreement continues to be difficult. A political stalemate in Northern Ireland since 2002 has halted the peace process and forced London to suspend the devolved government and to resume governance of the province. British and Irish leaders have set a November 24, 2006, deadline to revive talks on governance in Northern Ireland.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
U.S.-EU Cooperation Against Terrorism

U.S.-EU Cooperation Against Terrorism

Date: January 24, 2006
Creator: Archick, Kristin
Description: This report examines the evolution of counterterrorism cooperation between the United States and the European Union (EU), particularly since the September 11, 2001 terrorist attacks. It includes a discussion of U.S.-EU cooperation progress and ongoing challenges, as well as perspectives and issues for Congress.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Anti-Terrorism Authority Under the Laws of the United Kingdom and the United States

Anti-Terrorism Authority Under the Laws of the United Kingdom and the United States

Date: September 7, 2006
Creator: Feikert, Clare & Doyle, Charles
Description: This report is a comparison of the laws of the United Kingdom and of the United States that govern criminal and intelligence investigations of terrorist activities. Both systems rely upon a series of statutory authorizations: in the case of the United States primarily the Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act and the Electronic Communications Privacy Act; in the case of the United Kingdom, the Regulation of Investigatory Powers Act, the Police Act, the Intelligence Services Act. Among other differences, the U.S. procedures rely more heavily upon judicial involvement and supervision, while those of the UK employ other safeguards. The UK procedures afford greater latitude to arrest, detain and supervise suspected terrorists than those available in the United States.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Al Shabaab

Al Shabaab

Date: April 3, 2015
Creator: Ploch Blanchard, Lauren
Description: This report briefly examines Al Shabaab (aka Harakat Shabaab al Mujahidin, or Mujahidin Youth Movement) which is an insurgent and terrorist group that evolved out of a militant wing of Somalia’s Council of Islamic Courts in the mid-2000s.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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