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 Country: United States
 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
State, Foreign Operations, and Related Programs: FY2011 Budget and Appropriations

State, Foreign Operations, and Related Programs: FY2011 Budget and Appropriations

Date: October 5, 2010
Creator: Lawson, Marian Leonardo; Epstein, Susan B. & Nakamura, Kennon H.
Description: This report analyzes the FY2011 request, recent-year funding trends, and congressional action related to FY2011 State-Foreign Operations legislation.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Why Certain Trade Agreements Are Approved as Congressional-Executive Agreements Rather Than as Treaties

Why Certain Trade Agreements Are Approved as Congressional-Executive Agreements Rather Than as Treaties

Date: September 8, 2010
Creator: Grimmett, Jeanne J.
Description: U.S. trade agreements such as the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA), World Trade Organization agreements, and bilateral free trade agreements (FTAs) have been approved by majority vote of each house rather than by two-thirds vote of the Senate - that is, they have been treated as congressional-executive agreements rather than as treaties. The congressional-executive agreement has been the vehicle for implementing Congress's long-standing policy of seeking trade benefits for the United States through reciprocal trade negotiations. This report discusses this topic in brief.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Why Certain Trade Agreements Are Approved as Congressional-Executive Agreements Rather Than as Treaties

Why Certain Trade Agreements Are Approved as Congressional-Executive Agreements Rather Than as Treaties

Date: January 19, 2011
Creator: Grimmett, Jeanne J.
Description: U.S. trade agreements such as the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA), World Trade Organization agreements, and bilateral free trade agreements (FTAs) have been approved by majority vote of each house rather than by two-thirds vote of the Senate - that is, they have been treated as congressional-executive agreements rather than as treaties. The congressional-executive agreement has been the vehicle for implementing Congress's long-standing policy of seeking trade benefits for the United States through reciprocal trade negotiations. This report discusses this topic in brief.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
U.S. Accession to ASEAN's Treaty of Amity and Cooperation (TAC)

U.S. Accession to ASEAN's Treaty of Amity and Cooperation (TAC)

Date: May 5, 2009
Creator: Manyin, Mark E.; Garcia, Michael J. & Morrison, Wayne M.
Description: This report analyze the legal and diplomatic issues involved with the possible accession of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations' (ASEAN) Treaty of Amity and Cooperation (TAC) by the United States. It is expected that this process could be concluded within the year.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Second FY2008 Supplemental Appropriations for Military Operations, International Affairs, and Other Purposes

Second FY2008 Supplemental Appropriations for Military Operations, International Affairs, and Other Purposes

Date: June 25, 2008
Creator: Daggett, Stephen; Epstein, Susan B.; Margesson, Rhoda & Loane, Shannon S.
Description: This report discusses supplemental appropriations for fiscal years 2008 and 2009. During its first session, the 110th Congress approved fiscal year 2008 emergency supplemental appropriations of $86.8 billion for the Department of Defense and $2.4 billion for international affairs.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Terrorist Capabilities for Cyberattack: Overview and Policy Issues

Terrorist Capabilities for Cyberattack: Overview and Policy Issues

Date: January 22, 2007
Creator: Rollins, John & Wilson, Clay
Description: This report examines possible terrorists' objectives and computer vulnerabilities that might lead to an attempted cyberattack against the critical infrastructure of the U.S. homeland, and also discusses the emerging computer and other technical skills of terrorists and extremists. Policy issues include exploring ways to improve technology for cybersecurity, or whether U.S. counterterrorism efforts should be linked more closely to international efforts to prevent cybercrime.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
International Terrorism: Threat, Policy, and Response

International Terrorism: Threat, Policy, and Response

Date: August 16, 2006
Creator: Perl, Raphael F
Description: This report examines international terrorist actions, threats, U.S. policies and responses. It reviews the nation’s use of tools at its disposal to combat terrorism, from diplomacy, international cooperation, and constructive engagement to physical security enhancement, economic sanctions, covert action, and military force.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
International Terrorism: Threat, Policy, and Response

International Terrorism: Threat, Policy, and Response

Date: August 9, 2006
Creator: Perl, Raphael F
Description: This report examines international terrorist actions, threats, U.S. policies and responses. It reviews the nation’s use of tools at its disposal to combat terrorism, from diplomacy, international cooperation, and constructive engagement to physical security enhancement, economic sanctions, covert action, and military force.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
U.S. Foreign Assistance to the Middle East: Historical Background, Recent Trends, and the FY2016 Request

U.S. Foreign Assistance to the Middle East: Historical Background, Recent Trends, and the FY2016 Request

Date: October 19, 2015
Creator: Sharp, Jeremy M. & Humud, Carla E.
Description: This report is an overview of U.S. foreign assistance to the Middle East, including a brief historical review of foreign aid levels, a description of specific country programs, and an analysis of current foreign aid issues. The Middle East is perennially a major focus of interest as Congress exercises these powers.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Trade in Services Agreement (TiSA) Negotiations: Overview and Issues for Congress

Trade in Services Agreement (TiSA) Negotiations: Overview and Issues for Congress

Date: January 28, 2016
Creator: Fefer, Rachel F.
Description: The purpose of the ongoing Trade in Services (TiSA) negotiations is to build on those rules by further increasing liberalization among the 23 negotiating parties, including the United States and European Union (EU), to open markets to foreign service providers and enhance rules governing services trade. This report provides a brief overview of U.S. trade in services, background on services in U.S. trade agreements, and an in-depth discussion of the ongoing TiSA negotiations.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Border Security Metrics Between Ports of Entry

Border Security Metrics Between Ports of Entry

Date: February 16, 2016
Creator: Argueta, Carla N.
Description: This report provides background and information about performance and operational metrics related to U.S. border security as well as issues for Congressional consideration.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Islamic State's Acolytes and the Challenges They Pose to U.S. Law Enforcement

The Islamic State's Acolytes and the Challenges They Pose to U.S. Law Enforcement

Date: April 19, 2016
Creator: Bjelopera, Jerome P.
Description: This report discusses an analysis of publicly available information on homegrown violent jihadist activity in the United States since September 11, 2001, which suggests that the Islamic State (IS) and its acolytes may pose broad challenges to domestic law enforcement and homeland security efforts.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
U.S.- Thailand Free Trade Agreement Negotiations

U.S.- Thailand Free Trade Agreement Negotiations

Date: September 1, 2004
Creator: Ahearn, Raymond J. & Morrison, Wayne M.
Description: This report examines Thailand’s economy and trade orientation, the scope and significance of the U.S.-Thai commercial relationship, and the likely top issues in the negotiations. The report concludes with a short summary of the Congressional role and interest in the FTA.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Stafford Act Assistance and Acts of Terrorism

Stafford Act Assistance and Acts of Terrorism

Date: June 21, 2016
Creator: Lindsay, Bruce R. & McCarthy, Francis X.
Description: This report provides a brief overview of Stafford Act declarations under the Robert T. Stafford Disaster Relief and Emergency Assistance Act and the types of assistance they could authorize in response to terrorist incidents. This report also provides examples of Stafford Act declarations that have been issued for previous terrorist attacks.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Islamic State's Acolytes and the Challenges They Pose to U.S. Law Enforcement

The Islamic State's Acolytes and the Challenges They Pose to U.S. Law Enforcement

Date: June 13, 2016
Creator: Bjelopera, Jerome P.
Description: This report provides an analysis of publicly available information on homegrown violent jihadist activity in the United States since September 11, 2001, which suggests that the Islamic State (IS) and its acolytes may pose broad challenges to domestic law enforcement and homeland security efforts.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Climate Change Paris Agreement Opens for Signature

Climate Change Paris Agreement Opens for Signature

Date: April 25, 2016
Creator: Leggett, Jane A.
Description: This report discusses the new international Paris Agreement, signed by 175 out of 196 Parties to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change on April 22, 2016 to address greenhouse-gas-induced climate change.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
U.S. Textile Manufacturing and the Trans-Pacific Partnership Negotiations

U.S. Textile Manufacturing and the Trans-Pacific Partnership Negotiations

Date: November 20, 2013
Creator: Platzer, Michaela D.
Description: This report examines the potential implications of a prospective Trans-Pacific Partnership Agreement (TPP) on the U.S. textile manufacturing industry. The TPP is a proposed regional free trade agreement (FTA) currently under negotiation among 11 Pacific Rim countries.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Terrorism Risk Insurance: Issue Analysis and Overview of Current Program

Terrorism Risk Insurance: Issue Analysis and Overview of Current Program

Date: April 23, 2014
Creator: Webel, Baird
Description: This report looks at the background and current Congressional status of the Terrorism Risk Insurance Act of 2002.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Terrorism Risk Insurance: Issue Analysis and Overview of Current Program

Terrorism Risk Insurance: Issue Analysis and Overview of Current Program

Date: March 28, 2014
Creator: Webel, Baird
Description: This report looks at the background and current Congressional status of the Terrorism Risk Insurance Act of 2002.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Terrorism Risk Insurance: Issue Analysis and Overview of Current Program

Terrorism Risk Insurance: Issue Analysis and Overview of Current Program

Date: March 4, 2014
Creator: Webel, Baird
Description: This report looks at the background and current Congressional status of the Terrorism Risk Insurance Act of 2002.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Terrorism Risk Insurance: Issue Analysis and Overview of Current Program

Terrorism Risk Insurance: Issue Analysis and Overview of Current Program

Date: June 4, 2014
Creator: Webel, Baird
Description: This report looks at the background and current Congressional status of the Terrorism Risk Insurance Act of 2002.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
International Food Aid Programs: Background and Issues

International Food Aid Programs: Background and Issues

Date: May 28, 2014
Creator: Schnepf, Randy
Description: This report describes the major U.S. international food aid programs along with the related issues--including the Administration's reform proposals--currently before Congress.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Membership in the United Nations and Its Specialized Agencies

Membership in the United Nations and Its Specialized Agencies

Date: June 19, 2014
Creator: Blanchfield, Luisa & Browne, Marjorie Ann
Description: This report highlights key steps in the process for attaining membership in the United Nations and its specialized agencies. It discusses the capacities associated with U.N. membership and observer status, as well as criteria for and implications of membership. It also examines related U.S. legislation and recent congressional and Obama Administration actions
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Unaccompanied Children from Central America: Foreign Policy Considerations

Unaccompanied Children from Central America: Foreign Policy Considerations

Date: August 28, 2014
Creator: Meyer, Peter J.; Seelke, Claire Ribando; Taft-Morales, Maureen & Margesson, Rhoda
Description: This report examines policy considerations for Congress in response to the recent influx of unaccompanied alien children (UAC) from Central American countries being apprehended at the U.S. border. The report also discusses current policy framework and the Obama Administration's diplomatic response.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department