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 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
The United Kingdom and the European Union: Stay or Go?

The United Kingdom and the European Union: Stay or Go?

Date: June 20, 2016
Creator: Mix, Derek E.
Description: This report briefly discusses the British referendum regarding whether or not to remain in the European Union. The outcome of the referendum remains difficult to predict. Polling results have varied from week to week and continue to suggest a close race with a significant number of undecided voters. Some polls in mid-June have shown a late shift in favor of the Leave campaign.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Economic Effects of Trade: Overview and Policy Challenges

The Economic Effects of Trade: Overview and Policy Challenges

Date: July 5, 2016
Creator: Jackson, James K.
Description: This report focuses on some of the major issues associated with trade and trade agreements and the impact of trade on the U.S. economy. Discussions of trade and trade agreements often focus on a number of issues, including the role that trade plays in the U.S. economy, the impact of trade agreements on employment gains and losses, and the size of the U.S. trade deficit.
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The Open Skies Treaty: Issues in the Current Debate

The Open Skies Treaty: Issues in the Current Debate

Date: June 10, 2016
Creator: Woolf, Amy F.
Description: This report discusses the current debate surrounding the Treaty on Open Skies, which the United States, Canada, and 22 European nations signed on March 24, 1992. The treaty entered into force on January 1, 2002, and now has 34 member states. Each participant must permit unarmed observation aircraft to fly over its entire territory to observe military forces and activities.
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Iran's Foreign Policy

Iran's Foreign Policy

Date: June 27, 2016
Creator: Katzman, Kenneth
Description: This report provides an overview of Iran's foreign policy, which has been a subject of numerous congressional hearings and of sanctions and other legislation for many years. The report analyzes Iranian foreign policy as a whole and by region.
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Climate Change Paris Agreement Opens for Signature

Climate Change Paris Agreement Opens for Signature

Date: April 25, 2016
Creator: Leggett, Jane A.
Description: This report briefly provides background on the new international Paris Agreement to address greenhouse-gas-induced climate change. No international agreement has attracted as many signatures on a single day.
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Counting Casualties in Syria and Iraq: Process and Challenges

Counting Casualties in Syria and Iraq: Process and Challenges

Date: April 12, 2016
Creator: Humud, Carla E.; Margesson, Rhoda & Chesser, Susan G.
Description: This report discusses the difficulties of collecting war-related casualty data in Iraq and Syria and provides an overview of some of the current estimated figures available through selected organizations.
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Libya: Transition and U.S. Policy

Libya: Transition and U.S. Policy

Date: March 4, 2016
Creator: Blanchard, Christopher M.
Description: This report discusses current political and security dynamics in Libya following the fall of Muammar al Qadhafi in 2011. As of early 2016, a United Nations-facilitated agreement to form a Government of National Accord (GNA) remains under consideration by Libyan factions.
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Cuba: Issues for the 114th Congress

Cuba: Issues for the 114th Congress

Date: March 15, 2016
Creator: Sullivan, Mark P.
Description: This report is divided into three major sections analyzing Cuba's political and economic environment, U.S. policy, and selected issues in U.S.-Cuban relations. While legislative initiatives are noted throughout the report, a final section of the report provides a listing of bills and resolutions introduced in the 114th Congress.
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U.S. Foreign Aid to the Palestinians

U.S. Foreign Aid to the Palestinians

Date: March 18, 2016
Creator: Zanotti, Jim
Description: This report discusses a number of issues relating to U.S. aid to the Palestinians that have relevance for Congress. Since the establishment of limited Palestinian self-rule in the West Bank and Gaza Strip in the mid-1990s, the U.S. government has committed more than $5 billion in bilateral economic and non-lethal security assistance to the Palestinians.
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A Shift in the International Security Environment: Potential Implications for Defense--Issues for Congress

A Shift in the International Security Environment: Potential Implications for Defense--Issues for Congress

Date: March 30, 2016
Creator: O'Rourke, Ronald
Description: This report briefly describes the shift in the international security environment that some observers believe has occurred, and identifies some defense related issues for Congress that could arise from it. Congress's decisions on these issues could have significant implications for U.S. defense capabilities and funding requirements.
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United Nations Commission on Human Rights (UNCHR): U.S. Membership

United Nations Commission on Human Rights (UNCHR): U.S. Membership

Date: June 4, 2001
Creator: Bite, Vita
Description: This short report provides an overview of the U.N. Commission on Human Rights (UNCHR and Administration and Congressional responses to recent developments.
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European Security and Islamist Terrorism

European Security and Islamist Terrorism

Date: March 29, 2016
Creator: Archick, Kristin & Belkin, Paul
Description: This report discusses challenges the European Union faces in light of the continuing threat of Terrorism at the hands of the Islamic State and the implications for U.S. policy.
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Libya: Transition and U.S. Policy

Libya: Transition and U.S. Policy

Date: April 20, 2016
Creator: Blanchard, Christopher M.
Description: This report discusses the current political climate in Libya. Libya's political transition has been disrupted by armed non-state groups and threatened by the indecision and infighting of interim leaders.
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Coast Guard Cutter Procurement: Background and Issues for Congress

Coast Guard Cutter Procurement: Background and Issues for Congress

Date: March 22, 2016
Creator: O'Rourke, Ronald
Description: This report provides background information and potential oversight issues for Congress on the Coast Guard's programs for procuring 8 National Security Cutters (NSCs), 25 Offshore Patrol Cutters (OPCs), and 58 Fast Response Cutters (FRCs). The Coast Guard's proposed FY2017 budget requests a total of $467 million in acquisition funding for the three programs.
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European Security and Islamist Terrorism

European Security and Islamist Terrorism

Date: April 18, 2016
Creator: Archick, Kristin & Belkin, Paul
Description: This report discusses the current security climate in Europe following recent incidences of terrorism. The report also addresses potential policy responses and challenges.
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What's the Difference?--Comparing U.S. and Chinese Trade Data

What's the Difference?--Comparing U.S. and Chinese Trade Data

Date: March 24, 2016
Creator: Martin, Michael F.
Description: This report discusses the size of the U.S. bilateral trade deficit with China, which continues to be an important issue in bilateral trade relations.
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The Advanced Technology Program

The Advanced Technology Program

Date: February 16, 2007
Creator: Schacht, Wendy H.
Description: This report presents perspectives on African economic trends and provides an overview of U.S. trade and investment flows with sub-Saharan Africa (SSA). It discusses the provisions of the African Growth and Opportunity Act (AGOA) and the changes that have occurred since its enactment. It concludes with a brief discussion of issues of congressional interest.
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The Pacific Alliance: A Trade Integration Initiative in Latin America

The Pacific Alliance: A Trade Integration Initiative in Latin America

Date: March 29, 2016
Creator: Villarreal, M. Angeles
Description: This report provides an overview of the structure of the Pacific Alliance, events leading up to its creation, and the economic significance of the Member countries.
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Iran Nuclear Agreement

Iran Nuclear Agreement

Date: March 7, 2016
Creator: Kenneth, Katzman & Kerr, Paul K.
Description: This report provides background on the agreement negotiated by Iran and six other countries (the United States, the United Kingdom, France, Russia, China, and Germany--collectively known as the P5+1) regarding Iran's nuclear program, and discusses the implications for U.S.-Iran relations.
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The Islamic State's Acolytes and the Challenges They Pose to U.S. Law Enforcement

The Islamic State's Acolytes and the Challenges They Pose to U.S. Law Enforcement

Date: April 19, 2016
Creator: Bjelopera, Jerome P.
Description: This report discusses an analysis of publicly available information on homegrown violent jihadist activity in the United States since September 11, 2001, which suggests that the Islamic State (IS) and its acolytes may pose broad challenges to domestic law enforcement and homeland security efforts.
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The United Kingdom and the European Union: Stay or Go?

The United Kingdom and the European Union: Stay or Go?

Date: February 24, 2016
Creator: Mix, Derek E.
Description: This report briefly discusses the vote on whether or not the UK should exit the EU, which is set to take place on June 23, 2016.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Islamic State Woos Jihadists in Africa but Faces Competition

The Islamic State Woos Jihadists in Africa but Faces Competition

Date: April 14, 2016
Creator: Ploch Blanchard, Lauren
Description: This report briefly discusses the Islamic State's attempts to expand its influence in Africa.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Coast Guard Cutter Procurement: Background and Issues for Congress

Coast Guard Cutter Procurement: Background and Issues for Congress

Date: April 4, 2016
Creator: O'Rourke, Ronald
Description: This report provides background information and potential oversight issues for Congress on the Coast Guard's programs for procuring 8 National Security Cutters (NSCs), 25 Offshore Patrol Cutters (OPCs), and 58 Fast Response Cutters (FRCs). Congress's decisions on these three programs could substantially affect Coast Guard capabilities and funding requirements, and the U.S. shipbuilding industrial base.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Iran: U.S. Economic Sanctions and the Authority to Lift Restrictions

Iran: U.S. Economic Sanctions and the Authority to Lift Restrictions

Date: January 22, 2016
Creator: Rennack, Dianne E.
Description: This report identifies the legislative bases for sanctions imposed on Iran, and the nature of the authority to waive or lift those restrictions. It comprises two tables that present legislation and executive orders that are specific to Iran and its objectionable activities in the areas of terrorism, human rights, and weapons proliferation.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department