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 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Terrorism: Near Eastern Groups and State Sponsors, 2001

Terrorism: Near Eastern Groups and State Sponsors, 2001

Date: September 10, 2001
Creator: Katzman, Kenneth
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
In Re Terrorist Attacks on September 11, 2001: Claims Against Saudi Defendants Under the Foreign Sovereign Immunities Act (FSIA)

In Re Terrorist Attacks on September 11, 2001: Claims Against Saudi Defendants Under the Foreign Sovereign Immunities Act (FSIA)

Date: December 27, 2013
Creator: Elsea, Jennifer K.
Description: This report summarizes the Foreign Sovereign Immunities Act (FSIA) and jurisdiction in cases against foreign defendants and analyzes the court of appeals decision. It also discusses legislative efforts to address these issues(S. 1535 and H.R. 3143).
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Why Certain Trade Agreements Are Approved as Congressional-Executive Agreements Rather Than Treaties

Why Certain Trade Agreements Are Approved as Congressional-Executive Agreements Rather Than Treaties

Date: April 15, 2013
Creator: Smith, Jane M.; Shedd, Daniel T. & Murrill, Brandon J.
Description: This report briefly discusses the process used to enact U.S. trade agreements such as the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA), World Trade Organization agreements, and bilateral free trade agreements (FTAs). In each case these agreements have been approved by majority vote of each house rather than by two-thirds vote of the Senate - that is, they have been treated as congressional-executive agreements rather than as treaties.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
U.S. International Broadcasting: Background and Issues for Reform

U.S. International Broadcasting: Background and Issues for Reform

Date: May 2, 2014
Creator: Weed, Matthew C.
Description: This report discusses the United States International Broadcasting Act of 1994 (USIB Act) and the U.S. international broadcasting services were consolidated under the BBG within the United States Information Agency (USIA).
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Terrorism Risk Insurance: Issue Analysis and Overview of Current Program

Terrorism Risk Insurance: Issue Analysis and Overview of Current Program

Date: June 4, 2014
Creator: Webel, Baird
Description: This report looks at the background and current Congressional status of the Terrorism Risk Insurance Act of 2002.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Agriculture in the WTO Bali Ministerial Agreement

Agriculture in the WTO Bali Ministerial Agreement

Date: October 6, 2014
Creator: Schnepf, Randy
Description: At the World Trade Organization's (WTO's) Ninth Ministerial Conference in Bali, Indonesia, December 3-7, 2013, ministers adopted the so-called Bali Package — a series of decisions aimed at streamlining trade (referred to as trade facilitation), allowing developing countries more options for providing food security, boosting least-developed-country trade, and helping development more generally. This report focuses on aspects of the Bali Package that deal with and are specific to agriculture.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
State, Foreign Operations, and Related Programs: FY2011 Budget and Appropriations

State, Foreign Operations, and Related Programs: FY2011 Budget and Appropriations

Date: December 7, 2010
Creator: Lawson, Marian L.; Epstein, Susan B. & Resler, Tamara J.
Description: The annual State, Foreign Operations, and Related Agencies appropriations bill has been the primary legislative vehicle through which Congress reviews the U.S. international affairs budget and influences executive branch foreign policy making in recent years, as Congress has not regularly considered these issues through a complete authorization process for State Department diplomatic activities since 2003 and for foreign aid programs since 1985. This report analyzes the FY2011 request, recent-year funding trends, and congressional action related to FY2011 State-Foreign Operations legislation.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Trade Promotion Authority and the Korea Free Trade Agreement

Trade Promotion Authority and the Korea Free Trade Agreement

Date: December 22, 2010
Creator: Barbour, Emily C.
Description: This report looks at the effects of the Korean Free Trade Agreement (KORUS FTA) on side agreements via the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA).
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
State, Foreign Operations, and Related Programs: FY2011 Budget and Appropriations

State, Foreign Operations, and Related Programs: FY2011 Budget and Appropriations

Date: December 29, 2010
Creator: Lawson, Marian Leonardo
Description: This report analyzes the FY2011 request, recent-year funding trends, and congressional action related to FY2011 State-Foreign Operations legislation.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Piracy: A Legal Definition

Piracy: A Legal Definition

Date: December 13, 2010
Creator: Mason, R. Chuck
Description: This report first examines the historical development of the offense of piracy, as defined by Congress and codified in the United States Code. The focus then turns to how contemporary international agreements define piracy. Finally, the report highlights developments in two trials involving charges of piracy in the federal district court in Norfolk, VA, United States v. Said and United States v. Hasan, specifically focusing on how the courts interpreted the definition of piracy under 18 U.S.C. § 1651.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Pending U.S. and EU Free Trade Agreements with South Korea: Possible Implications for Automobile and Other Manufacturing Industries

Pending U.S. and EU Free Trade Agreements with South Korea: Possible Implications for Automobile and Other Manufacturing Industries

Date: September 1, 2010
Creator: Platzer, Michaela D.
Description: This report provides U.S. lawmakers with a comparison of the manufacturing components in the South Korea free trade agreement (KORUS) and the European Union and South Korea free trade agreement (KOREU FTA). Also included is a brief overview of the possible implications of the two pending FTAs on other selected industrial sectors affected by the FTAs: home appliances, consumer electronics, textiles and apparel, and pharmaceuticals and medical devices.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
State, Foreign Operations, and Related Programs: FY2011 Budget and Appropriations

State, Foreign Operations, and Related Programs: FY2011 Budget and Appropriations

Date: August 19, 2010
Creator: Lawson, Marian Leonardo; Epstein, Susan B. & Nakamura, Kennon H.
Description: This report analyzes the FY2011 request, recent-year funding trends, and congressional action related to FY2011 State-Foreign Operations legislation.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Islamic State in Syria and Iraq: A Possible Threat to Jordan?

The Islamic State in Syria and Iraq: A Possible Threat to Jordan?

Date: August 28, 2014
Creator: Sharp, Jeremy M.
Description: This report briefly examines the extent to which the Islamic State (IS, formerly referred to as ISIS or ISIL) may pose a threat to Jordan, an "important U.S. partner." The report discusses Jordanian actions to address threats, and U.S. policy implications.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
State, Foreign Operations, and Related Programs: FY2009 Appropriations

State, Foreign Operations, and Related Programs: FY2009 Appropriations

Date: November 20, 2008
Creator: Epstein, Susan B. & Nakamura, Kennon H.
Description: This report analyzes the FY2009 request and recent-year funding trends; it will track major foreign policy issues Congress may consider and will highlight congressional action throughout the appropriations process including the congressional report.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Department of State and Foreign Operations Appropriations: A Fact Sheet on Legislation, FY1995-FY2015

Department of State and Foreign Operations Appropriations: A Fact Sheet on Legislation, FY1995-FY2015

Date: October 6, 2014
Creator: Epstein, Susan B.
Description: This report discusses the foreign affairs appropriations.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Pacific Alliance: A Trade Integration Initiative in Latin America

The Pacific Alliance: A Trade Integration Initiative in Latin America

Date: October 9, 2014
Creator: Villarreal, M. Angeles
Description: The Pacific Alliance is a regional integration initiative formed by Chile, Colombia, Mexico, and Peru on April 28, 2011. Its main purpose is for members to form a regional trading bloc and forge stronger economic ties with the Asia-Pacific region. This report provides an overview of the structure of the Pacific Alliance, events leading up to its creation, and the economic significance of the Member countries.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
In Re Terrorist Attacks on September 11, 2001: Claims Against Saudi Defendants Under the Foreign Sovereign Immunities Act (FSIA)

In Re Terrorist Attacks on September 11, 2001: Claims Against Saudi Defendants Under the Foreign Sovereign Immunities Act (FSIA)

Date: January 22, 2015
Creator: Elsea, Jennifer K.
Description: This report summarizes the Foreign Sovereign Immunities Act (FSIA) and jurisdiction in cases against foreign defendants and analyzes the court of appeals decision. It also discusses legislative efforts to address these issues(S. 1535 and H.R. 3143).
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Intellectual Property Rights and International Trade

Intellectual Property Rights and International Trade

Date: April 4, 2014
Creator: Ilias, Shayerah & Fergusson, Ian F.
Description: This report provides background on intellectual property rights (IPR) and discusses the role of U.S. international trade policy in enhancing IPR protection and enforcement abroad.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
State, Foreign Operations, and Related Programs: FY2010 Budget and Appropriations

State, Foreign Operations, and Related Programs: FY2010 Budget and Appropriations

Date: February 2, 2010
Creator: Epstein, Susan B.; Nakamura, Kennon H. & Lawson, Marian Leonardo
Description: This report analyzes the FY2010 request, recent-year funding trends, and congressional action for FY2010, which includes the July 9 House approval of H.R. 3081, the State-Foreign Operations Appropriations bill for FY2010, July 9 Senate Appropriations Committee passage of its bill (S. 1434), and passage of H.R. 3288, the Consolidated Appropriations Act, 2010, signed into law Dec. 16, 2009 (P.L. 111-117).
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA)

The North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA)

Date: April 16, 2015
Creator: Villarreal, M. Angeles & Fergusson, Ian F.
Description: This report provides an overview of North American trade liberalization before NAFTA, an overview of NAFTA provisions, the economic effects of NAFTA, and policy considerations.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Department of State and Foreign Operations Appropriations: A Fact Sheet on Legislation, FY1995-FY2015

Department of State and Foreign Operations Appropriations: A Fact Sheet on Legislation, FY1995-FY2015

Date: March 24, 2015
Creator: Epstein, Susan B.
Description: This report discusses the foreign affairs appropriations passed within the last 21 years; nearly all of them were passed within omnibus, consolidated, or full-year continuing resolutions, and usually after the start of the new fiscal year. Many foreign policy experts contend that stand-alone appropriation legislation would allow for a more rigorous debate on specific foreign policy activities. They also believe that the practice of delayed appropriations has constrained ongoing program operating levels and the ability to introduce or fund new programs that did not exist in the previous year's budget.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Foreign Heads of State Addressing Congress

Foreign Heads of State Addressing Congress

Date: February 27, 2015
Creator: Straus, Jacob R.
Description: This report discusses the historical precedent for an addresses Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu made before a joint meeting of Congress on March 3, 2015.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
War Bonds in the Second World War: A Model for a New Iraq/Afghanistan War Bond?

War Bonds in the Second World War: A Model for a New Iraq/Afghanistan War Bond?

Date: March 1, 2010
Creator: Bickley, James M.
Description: This report discusses the high costs of fighting the wars in Iraq and Afghanistan that have rekindled congressional interest in the concept of the sale of a Treasury security to help finance these war costs.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Barriers Along the U.S. Borders: Key Authorities and Requirements

Barriers Along the U.S. Borders: Key Authorities and Requirements

Date: April 8, 2015
Creator: Garcia, Michael J.
Description: This report discusses key statutory authorities and requirements governing the Department of Homeland Security's (DHS) construction of barriers along the U.S. borders. It also includes appendixes listing federal laws that have been waived by DHS in furtherance of border construction projects.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department