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 Decade: 1990-1999
 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
The World Food Summit

The World Food Summit

Date: November 6, 1996
Creator: Hanrahan, Charles E
Description: Governments participating in the 1996 World Food Summit will examine how to deal with world hunger and malnutrition and achieve the goal of food security for all. There is broad agreement on the desirability of the Summit's goal, but controversy has developed over such issues as the relationship of trade liberalization and food security, the advisability of declaring a legal right to food, the link between population stabilization and reproductive health and food security, and responsibility within the UN system for Summit follow-up.
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China: Current U.S. Sanctions

China: Current U.S. Sanctions

Date: February 8, 1994
Creator: Dumbaugh, Kerry
Description: None
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Current U.S. Sanctions Against China

Current U.S. Sanctions Against China

Date: August 15, 1994
Creator: Dumbaugh, Kerry
Description: In the months following China's 1989 Tiananmen Square crackdown, both the President and the Congress took a number of initiatives protesting Beijing's actions. These initiatives centered around U.S. concerns related to trade, human rights, and non-proliferation. In intervening years, the United States has periodically imposed, lifted, or waived other sanctions and concluded several trade-related agreements with China relating to these concerns. Those measures that remain in place in 1994 are detailed in the accompanying tables.
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The China-U.S. Trade Agreement on Intellectual Property Rights: Implications for China-U.S. Trade Relations

The China-U.S. Trade Agreement on Intellectual Property Rights: Implications for China-U.S. Trade Relations

Date: April 5, 1995
Creator: Morrison, Wayne M
Description: None
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China: U.S. Economic Sanctions

China: U.S. Economic Sanctions

Date: October 1, 1997
Creator: Rennack, Dianne E
Description: This report presents a history of U.S. economic sanctions imposed against the People's Republic of China for foreign policy reasons since 1949. It highlights sanctions that are currently active and details occasions on which those restrictions have been modified, waived or permanently lifted. The report provides citations for Presidential authority in current law and the Administration's issuance of regulations and administrative orders.
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China, Congress, and Sanctions - Findings of a Workshop-Seminar

China, Congress, and Sanctions - Findings of a Workshop-Seminar

Date: April 17, 1996
Creator: Sutter, Robert G & Rennack, Dianne E
Description: None
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Immigration: Visa Entry/Exit Control System

Immigration: Visa Entry/Exit Control System

Date: August 26, 1998
Creator: Krouse, William J & Wasem, Ruth Ellen
Description: None
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Japan's World War II Reparations: A Fact Sheet

Japan's World War II Reparations: A Fact Sheet

Date: March 7, 1991
Creator: Niksch, Larry A
Description: None
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China/Asia Broadcasting: Proposals for New U.S. Surrogate Services

China/Asia Broadcasting: Proposals for New U.S. Surrogate Services

Date: October 1, 1992
Creator: Hennes, David A
Description: None
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Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC) and the Indonesia "Summit" in 1994

Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC) and the Indonesia "Summit" in 1994

Date: March 16, 1994
Creator: Nanto, Dick K
Description: This report discusses the Ministerial and Leaders' Meetings of the Asia Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC) forum, set to be held in Indonesia. APEC is a consultative body with membership of seventeen Pacific Basin economies that includes both China and Taiwan. The body is working toward trade liberalization (but not a free-trade area) in the most dynamic economic region of the world.
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World Trade Organization: Institutional Issues and Dispute Settlement

World Trade Organization: Institutional Issues and Dispute Settlement

Date: August 3, 1994
Creator: Grimmett, Jeanne J
Description: Among the results of the Uruguay Round (UR) of Multilateral Trade Negotiations conducted under the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT) are institutions to administer the trade obligations contained in the UR agreements and to provide venues for further negotiation and discussion of these and possibly future trade agreements. The two primary institutional instruments are the World Trade Organization (WTO) and the dispute settlement procedures set forth in the Dispute Settlement Understanding (DSU).
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Dispute Settlement Under the WTO and Trade Problems with Japan

Dispute Settlement Under the WTO and Trade Problems with Japan

Date: October 5, 1994
Creator: Nanto, Dick K
Description: Under the World Trade Organization (WTO), the United States may use the dispute settlement mechanism to resolve certain trade problems with Japan. As compared with the mechanism under the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT), the WTO offers expanded coverage and nearly automatic approval for panel requests and reports.
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Regional Security Consultative Organizations in East Asia and Their Implications for the United States

Regional Security Consultative Organizations in East Asia and Their Implications for the United States

Date: January 14, 1994
Creator: Niksch, Larry A
Description: None
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World Health Organization: A Fact Sheet

World Health Organization: A Fact Sheet

Date: July 1, 1996
Creator: McHugh, Lois B
Description: The World Health Organization (WHO), established in 1948, is the U.N. System's authority on international public health issues. It assists governments in improving national health services and in establishing worldwide standards for foods, chemicals, and biological and pharmaceutical products. WHO concentrates on preventive rather than curative programs, including efforts to eradicate endemic and other widespread diseases, stabilize population growth, improve nutrition, sanitation, and maternal and child care. WHO works through contracts with other agencies and private voluntary organizations.
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United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea: Living Resources Provisions

United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea: Living Resources Provisions

Date: December 19, 1994
Creator: Buck, Eugene H
Description: None
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Dispute Settlement Under the WTO and Trade Problems with Japan

Dispute Settlement Under the WTO and Trade Problems with Japan

Date: December 23, 1994
Creator: Nanto, Dick K
Description: Under the World Trade Organization (WTO), the United States may use the dispute settlement mechanism to resolve certain trade problems with Japan. As compared with the mechanism under the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT), the WTO offers expanded coverage and nearly automatic approval for panel requests and reports.
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The GATT and the WTO: An Overview

The GATT and the WTO: An Overview

Date: March 27, 1995
Creator: Wilson, Arlene
Description: None
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Law of the Sea: the International Seabed Authority - Its Status and U.S. Participation Therein

Law of the Sea: the International Seabed Authority - Its Status and U.S. Participation Therein

Date: September 16, 1996
Creator: Browne, Marjorie Ann
Description: None
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Radio Free Asia

Radio Free Asia

Date: October 24, 1997
Creator: Epstein, Susan B
Description: None
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U.N Funding, Payment of Arrears and Linkage to Reform: Legislation in the 105th Congress

U.N Funding, Payment of Arrears and Linkage to Reform: Legislation in the 105th Congress

Date: April 24, 1998
Creator: Bite, Vita; Browne, Marjorie Ann & McHugh, Lois B
Description: None
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Economic Sanctions to Achieve U.S. Foreign Policy Goals: Discussion and Guide to Current Law

Economic Sanctions to Achieve U.S. Foreign Policy Goals: Discussion and Guide to Current Law

Date: October 20, 1997
Creator: Rennack, Dianne E & Shuey, Robert
Description: This report provides background on the range of actions that might be termed foreign policy sanctions and the events that might necessitate their use. Criteria are offered that legislators might consider to judge when sanctions might be appropriate, approaches that might be effective, aspects of the use of sanctions that are sometimes overlooked or not considered fully. The report provides an uncomplicated "map" of where sanctions policies and options currently lay in U. S. law.
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Economic Sanctions to Achieve U.S. Foreign Policy Goals: Discussion and Guide to Current Law

Economic Sanctions to Achieve U.S. Foreign Policy Goals: Discussion and Guide to Current Law

Date: June 5, 1998
Creator: Rennack, Dianne E & Shuey, Robert
Description: This report provides background on foreign policy sanctions and the events that might necessitate their use, criteria to consider when determining if sanctions are appropriate, approaches that might be effective, and aspects of the use of sanctions that are sometimes overlooked or not considered fully. The report also provides an uncomplicated map of where sanctions policies and options currently may be found in U.S. law.
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Nuclear Sanctions: Section 102(b) of the Arms Export Control Act and Its Application to India and Pakistan

Nuclear Sanctions: Section 102(b) of the Arms Export Control Act and Its Application to India and Pakistan

Date: December 9, 1999
Creator: Grimmett, Jeanne J
Description: None
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Foreign Corrupt Practices Act

Foreign Corrupt Practices Act

Date: March 3, 1999
Creator: Seitzinger, Michael V.
Description: This report gives an overview of the Foreign Corrupt Practices Act of 1977, which was intended to prohibit bribery of foreign officials by American corporations. It includes information about the original legislation, amendments in 1988, and amendments in 1998 that brought the legislation into conformance with the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development's agreement on bribery.
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