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 Decade: 1990-1999
 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Regional Free Trade Partners and U.S. Interests: What's Next?

Regional Free Trade Partners and U.S. Interests: What's Next?

Date: March 13, 1995
Creator: Ahearn, Raymond J
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Immigration: Visa Entry/Exit Control System

Immigration: Visa Entry/Exit Control System

Date: August 26, 1998
Creator: Krouse, William J & Wasem, Ruth Ellen
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Kosovo: International Reactions to NATO Air Strikes

Kosovo: International Reactions to NATO Air Strikes

Date: April 21, 1999
Creator: Donfried, Karen
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Kosovo and NATO: Selected Issues of International Law

Kosovo and NATO: Selected Issues of International Law

Date: April 28, 1999
Creator: Ackerman, David M
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Terrorism, the Media, and the Government: Perspectives, Trends, and Options for Policymakers

Terrorism, the Media, and the Government: Perspectives, Trends, and Options for Policymakers

Date: October 22, 1997
Creator: Perl, Raphael F
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Drug Certification of Mexico in 1999: Arguments For and Against Congressional Resolutions of Disapproval

Drug Certification of Mexico in 1999: Arguments For and Against Congressional Resolutions of Disapproval

Date: March 30, 1999
Creator: Storrs, K. Larry
Description: This report presents arguments for and against congressional resolutions to disapprove President Clinton’s February 26, 1999 certification of Mexico as a fully cooperative country in efforts to control illicit narcotics.1 These resolutions (H.J.Res. 35--Bachus, and H.J.Res. 43--Mica and Gilman) would disapprove the President’s certification, but would permit him to avoid withholding of assistance to Mexico if he determined that vital national interests required such assistance.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Nuclear Arms Control and Nuclear Threat Reduction: Issues and Agenda

Nuclear Arms Control and Nuclear Threat Reduction: Issues and Agenda

Date: October 30, 1996
Creator: Woolf, Amy F
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Convention on Nuclear Safety - A Fact Sheet

The Convention on Nuclear Safety - A Fact Sheet

Date: May 16, 1996
Creator: Behrens, Carl E & Donnelly, Warren H
Description: Until the catastrophic accident with the former Soviet Union's Chernobyl nuclear power plant showed that radioactivity from a major nuclear accident could reach neighboring nations, nuclear safety was held to be an exclusively sovereign responsibility of each nation. Now it is recognized that a nuclear accident in one state can release radioactivity dangerous to another. As a result, many now view international cooperation as one way to help to assure safe operation of each nation's civil nuclear power stations.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
South Korea: U.S. Defense Obligations

South Korea: U.S. Defense Obligations

Date: April 1, 1994
Creator: Niksch, Larry A
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Agriculture and Fast Track Trade Legislation

Agriculture and Fast Track Trade Legislation

Date: December 3, 1997
Creator: Becker, Geoffrey S & Hanrahan, Charles E
Description: Senate and House committees in October reported legislation for new fast track authority enabling the Administration to negotiate trade agreements with foreign countries and to submit them to Congress for consideration under expedited procedures. Many agricultural and food industry interests are among the export-dependent enterprises that support new fast track authority, arguing that foreign trading partners will not seriously negotiate with an Administration that lacks it. However, some agricultural groups argue that fast track provides them with inadequate opportunities for dealing with their issues, and that it ultimately will lead to new agreements that benefit foreign more than U.S. producers, at least in some commodity sectors. Neither bill was taken to the floor in 1997 because of insufficient votes for passage in the House. However, the President is expected to seek approval in 1998.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Environment and the World Trade Organization (WTO) at Seattle: Issues and Concerns

Environment and the World Trade Organization (WTO) at Seattle: Issues and Concerns

Date: December 21, 1999
Creator: Fletcher, Susan R
Description: This meeting of the decision making body of the WTO was expected to make decisions that would lead to another round of negotiations on a wide variety of trade rules and related issues. Although the United States continues to assert the necessity of pursuing the twin goals of free trade and environmental protection and to argue that these need not be in conflict, controversy remains over how the multilateral trading system should address the specifics of environmental issues.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Trade Agreements: Renewing the Negotiating and Fast-Track Implementing Authority

Trade Agreements: Renewing the Negotiating and Fast-Track Implementing Authority

Date: June 30, 1998
Creator: Pregelj, Vladimir N
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC) and the Indonesia "Summit" in 1994

Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC) and the Indonesia "Summit" in 1994

Date: March 16, 1994
Creator: Nanto, Dick K
Description: This report discusses the Ministerial and Leaders' Meetings of the Asia Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC) forum, set to be held in Indonesia. APEC is a consultative body with membership of seventeen Pacific Basin economies that includes both China and Taiwan. The body is working toward trade liberalization (but not a free-trade area) in the most dynamic economic region of the world.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Global Climate Change Treaty: Negotiations and Related Issues

Global Climate Change Treaty: Negotiations and Related Issues

Date: November 21, 1997
Creator: Fletcher, Susan R
Description: This report discusses the negotiations leading the Kyoto conference of the parties. The United States and other parties to the 1992 Climate Change Convention signed at the Earth Summit in Rio de Janeiro will meet December 1-12 in Kyoto, Japan, to conclude year-long negotiations on a legally binding protocol or amendment to reduce or stabilize emissions of greenhouse gas emissions. The U.S. proposal to reduce emissions of carbon dioxide and five other greenhouse gases to 1990 levels between 2008-2012 is less ambitious than environmentalists and many other treaty Parties urge, but represents a commitment that others, including many in business, fear could damage the economy. A key aspect of the negotiations also is what should be expected of developing nations, whose current emissions of greenhouse gases are relatively small, but are expected to increase rapidly over the next decade with economic development. A sense of the Senate resolution calls for all countries to meet scheduled reductions, and would agree to U.S. participation only if harm to the domestic economy is avoided. If agreement is reached in Kyoto, Senate approval would be required for U.S. ratification, and legislation to implement commitments would also likely be necessary.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Global Climate Change Treaty: The Kyoto Protocol

Global Climate Change Treaty: The Kyoto Protocol

Date: July 31, 1998
Creator: Fletcher, Susan R.
Description: Negotiations on the Kyoto Protocol to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) were completed December 11, 1997, committing the industrialized nations to specified, legally binding reductions in emissions of six "greenhouse gases." This report discusses the major provisions of the Kyoto Protocol.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Global Climate Change: Adequacy of Commitments Under the U.N. Framework Convention and the Berlin Mandate

Global Climate Change: Adequacy of Commitments Under the U.N. Framework Convention and the Berlin Mandate

Date: October 25, 1996
Creator: Morrissey, Wayne A
Description: This report discusses the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (FCCC) convened July 8-19, 1996, in Geneva, Switzerland.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Global Climate Change: Reducing Greenhouse Gases - How Much from What Baseline?

Global Climate Change: Reducing Greenhouse Gases - How Much from What Baseline?

Date: March 11, 1998
Creator: Parker, Larry & Blodgett, John E
Description: This report discusses the ways to reduce emissions of six greenhouses gases after the Kyoto meeting on Global Climate Change. Projecting the reductions that would be required if the U.S. were to ratify the treaty is difficult. While emissions of CO are fairly well established and account for 2 about 85% of total carbon equivalent emissions, emissions of the other gases, especially N O, are more uncertain.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Global Climate Change: Congressional Concern About "Back Door" Implementation of the 1997 U.N. Kyoto Protocol

Global Climate Change: Congressional Concern About "Back Door" Implementation of the 1997 U.N. Kyoto Protocol

Date: February 3, 1999
Creator: Morrissey, Wayne A
Description: This report discusses legislation and issues relating to global climate change, some legislation and some FY1999 appropriations bills were used as vehicles for explicit congressional direction to the executive branch about possible "back door" implementation of the Kyoto Protocol.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Global Climate Change: Carbon Emissions and End-Use Energy Demand

Global Climate Change: Carbon Emissions and End-Use Energy Demand

Date: January 20, 1999
Creator: Rowberg, Richard E
Description: This report presents an analysis of the potential impacts of the Kyoto Protocol on U.S. energy demand. The analysis focuses on 27 common end-uses — light duty vehicles, residential space heating, industrial direct process heat, etc. — that describe the way energy is used in the United States
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Global Climate Change: Selected Legal Questions About the Kyoto Protocol

Global Climate Change: Selected Legal Questions About the Kyoto Protocol

Date: April 10, 1998
Creator: Ackerman, David M
Description: This report discusses the Kyoto Protocol and whether the United States is now legally bound by the Protocol, the legal implications of signing it, whether it could be implemented as an executive agreement without submission to the Senate, and whether the Protocol could be used as the legal basis for regulation of emissions even prior to ratification.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Economic Sanctions to Achieve U.S. Foreign Policy Goals: Discussion and Guide to Current Law

Economic Sanctions to Achieve U.S. Foreign Policy Goals: Discussion and Guide to Current Law

Date: June 5, 1998
Creator: Rennack, Dianne E. & Shuey, Robert D.
Description: This report provides background on foreign policy sanctions and the events that might necessitate their use, criteria to consider when determining if sanctions are appropriate, approaches that might be effective, and aspects of the use of sanctions that are sometimes overlooked or not considered fully. The report also provides an uncomplicated map of where sanctions policies and options currently may be found in U.S. law.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Indonesia: U.S. Relations With the Indonesian Military

Indonesia: U.S. Relations With the Indonesian Military

Date: August 10, 1998
Creator: Niksch, Larry
Description: This report describes the history and the issues involved in the longstanding differences between Congress and the executive branch over U.S. policy toward the Indonesian military (ABRI). The report describes two past episodes when these differences broke out: the period of Indonesian radicalism under President Sukarno in the early 1960s and the initial years of the Indonesian military occupation of East Timor in the late 1970s. It outlines the different views of the Indonesian military between its congressional critics and executive branch officials who have promoted close U.S. relations with it.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Background to the Overthrow of President Aristide

Background to the Overthrow of President Aristide

Date: October 22, 1993
Creator: Taft-Morales, Maureen
Description: This report provides background information on the violent and authoritarian traditions that have characterized Haiti's political dynamics since Haiti attained independence in 1804. It examines Haiti's difficult path toward democracy after the fall of the Duvalier regime, from numerous short-lived governments until the election of Aristide. Finally, the report also surveys Aristide's rule and his subsequent overthrow by the Haitian military.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Biological Diversity Treaty: Fact Sheet

Biological Diversity Treaty: Fact Sheet

Date: May 16, 1995
Creator: Fletcher, Susan R.
Description: As human activity continues to change and modify natural areas, widespread extinctions of plants, animals, and other types of species result. In 1992, negotiations conducted under the auspices of the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) were completed on a comprehensive global treaty to protect biological diversity (biodiversity). In June 1993, President Clinton signed the treaty and sent it to the Senate for advice and consent. It is not pending in the Senate. The treaty entered into force on December 29, 1993. As of May 15, 1995, 118 nations had ratified the treaty.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department