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 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
State, Foreign Operations, and Related Programs: FY2010 Budget and Appropriations

State, Foreign Operations, and Related Programs: FY2010 Budget and Appropriations

Date: July 7, 2009
Creator: Epstein, Susan B.; Nakamura, Kennon H. & Lawson, Marian Leonardo
Description: The annual State, Foreign Operations, and Related Agencies appropriations bill is the primary legislative vehicle through which Congress reviews the U.S. international affairs budget and influences executive branch foreign policy making in general. On May 7, 2009, President Obama submitted a budget proposal for FY2010 that requests $53.9 billion for the international affairs budget. This report analyzes the FY2010 request, recent-year funding trends, and congressional action for FY2010. To date, this includes the introduction and committee approval of H.R. 3081, the House State-Foreign Operations Appropriations bill for FY2010.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Why Certain Trade Agreements Are Approved as Congressional-Executive Agreements Rather Than as Treaties

Why Certain Trade Agreements Are Approved as Congressional-Executive Agreements Rather Than as Treaties

Date: September 8, 2010
Creator: Grimmett, Jeanne J.
Description: U.S. trade agreements such as the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA), World Trade Organization agreements, and bilateral free trade agreements (FTAs) have been approved by majority vote of each house rather than by two-thirds vote of the Senate - that is, they have been treated as congressional-executive agreements rather than as treaties. The congressional-executive agreement has been the vehicle for implementing Congress's long-standing policy of seeking trade benefits for the United States through reciprocal trade negotiations. This report discusses this topic in brief.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
State, Foreign Operations, and Related Programs: FY2011 Budget and Appropriations

State, Foreign Operations, and Related Programs: FY2011 Budget and Appropriations

Date: March 23, 2011
Creator: Lawson, Marian Leonardo; Epstein, Susan B. & Resler, Tamara J.
Description: This report analyzes the FY2011 request, recent-year funding trends, and congressional action related to FY2011 State-Foreign Operations legislation.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
World Health Organization: A Fact Sheet

World Health Organization: A Fact Sheet

Date: July 1, 1996
Creator: McHugh, Lois B
Description: The World Health Organization (WHO), established in 1948, is the U.N. System's authority on international public health issues. It assists governments in improving national health services and in establishing worldwide standards for foods, chemicals, and biological and pharmaceutical products. WHO concentrates on preventive rather than curative programs, including efforts to eradicate endemic and other widespread diseases, stabilize population growth, improve nutrition, sanitation, and maternal and child care. WHO works through contracts with other agencies and private voluntary organizations.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Al Qaeda: Statements and Evolving Ideology

Al Qaeda: Statements and Evolving Ideology

Date: February 4, 2005
Creator: Blanchard, Christopher M
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The World Trade Organization (WTO) Seattle Ministerial Conference

The World Trade Organization (WTO) Seattle Ministerial Conference

Date: November 19, 1999
Creator: Sek, Lenore
Description: On November 30th to December 3rd, 1999, the highest decision-making body of the World Trade Organization (WTO), called the Ministerial Conference, will meet in Seattle to make broad policy decisions. The key issue for the trade ministers attending the meeting will be to decide on the structure and topics for the agenda of a new round of multilateral trade negotiations. Countries have committed to discuss agriculture and services trade in the new round. Other items that have been proposed for inclusion in the new round or for earlier consideration include tariff reductions, concessions for developing countries, labor issues and the environment, and the WTO decision-making process. Major labor, environmental, and consumer interest groups are expected to be present in Seattle to argue for more consideration of workers' rights and the environment within the WTO. This report provides a summary background on preparations for the Ministerial and related issues of congressional interest.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Terrorism: Automated Lookout Systems and Border Security Options and Issues

Terrorism: Automated Lookout Systems and Border Security Options and Issues

Date: June 18, 2001
Creator: Krouse, William J & Perl, Raphael F
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
International Terrorism: Threat, Policy, and Response

International Terrorism: Threat, Policy, and Response

Date: August 16, 2006
Creator: Perl, Raphael F
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
International Terrorism: Threat, Policy, and Response

International Terrorism: Threat, Policy, and Response

Date: August 9, 2006
Creator: Perl, Raphael F
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
NATO in Afghanistan: A Test of the Transatlantic Alliance

NATO in Afghanistan: A Test of the Transatlantic Alliance

Date: August 22, 2006
Creator: Gallis, Paul E
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department