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 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Why Certain Trade Agreements Are Approved as Congressional-Executive Agreements Rather Than Treaties

Why Certain Trade Agreements Are Approved as Congressional-Executive Agreements Rather Than Treaties

Date: April 15, 2013
Creator: Smith, Jane M.; Shedd, Daniel T. & Murrill, Brandon J.
Description: This report briefly discusses the process used to enact U.S. trade agreements such as the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA), World Trade Organization agreements, and bilateral free trade agreements (FTAs). In each case these agreements have been approved by majority vote of each house rather than by two-thirds vote of the Senate - that is, they have been treated as congressional-executive agreements rather than as treaties.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
NATO: Response to the Crisis in Ukraine and Security Concerns in Central and Eastern Europe

NATO: Response to the Crisis in Ukraine and Security Concerns in Central and Eastern Europe

Date: April 16, 2014
Creator: Belkin, Paul; Mix, Derek E. & Woehrel, Steven
Description: This report addresses the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) and U.S. military responses to the crisis in Ukraine. It does not discuss political, economic, or energy policy responses.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
What's the Difference?--Comparing U.S. and Chinese Trade Data

What's the Difference?--Comparing U.S. and Chinese Trade Data

Date: March 31, 2014
Creator: Martin, Michael F.
Description: This report discusses the size of the U.S. bilateral trade deficit with China that continues to be an important issue in bilateral trade relations.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Terrorism Risk Insurance: Issue Analysis and Overview of Current Program

Terrorism Risk Insurance: Issue Analysis and Overview of Current Program

Date: March 28, 2014
Creator: Webel, Baird
Description: This report looks at the background and current Congressional status of the Terrorism Risk Insurance Act of 2002.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Maritime Territorial and Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ) Disputes Involving China: Issues for Congress

Maritime Territorial and Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ) Disputes Involving China: Issues for Congress

Date: March 14, 2014
Creator: O'Rourke, Ronald
Description: This report presents policy and oversight issues for Congress arising from maritime territorial disputes involving China in the South China Sea (SCS), East China Sea (ECS), and an additional dispute over whether China has a right under international law to regulate U.S. and other foreign military activities in its maritime Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ).
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The U.S.-Colombia Free Trade Agreement: Background and Issues

The U.S.-Colombia Free Trade Agreement: Background and Issues

Date: February 14, 2014
Creator: Villarreal, M. Angeles
Description: This report discusses the proposed U.S.-Colombia Free Trade Agreement (CFTA) signed November 22, 2006, which has not yet been approved by Congress. It includes an overview of the proposed CFTA and U.S.-Colombia trade, background on Colombia, issues for Congress to consider, Colombia's plan to improve labor rights, and the actions that Colombia has already taken to improve violence, labor, and human rights within the country.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Democratic Republic of Congo: Background and U.S. Policy

Democratic Republic of Congo: Background and U.S. Policy

Date: February 24, 2014
Creator: Arieff, Alexis
Description: This report reviews the status of the Democratic Republic of the Congo peace process, provides background on recent conflicts in the Congo, briefly summarizes the political history that led to these conflicts, and assesses prospects for the future. It also describes relevant U.S. policy and congressional involvement.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The European Parliament

The European Parliament

Date: February 4, 2014
Creator: Archick, Kristin
Description: This report provides background on the Congress-European Parliament (EP) relationship and the role of the Transatlantic Legislators' Dialogue (TLD). It also explores potential future options that coukd strengthen ties between the two bodies.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Syria: Overview of the Humanitarian Response

Syria: Overview of the Humanitarian Response

Date: February 25, 2014
Creator: Margesson, Rhoda & Chesser, Susan G.
Description: This report examines the ongoing humanitarian crisis in Syria and the U.S. and international response. It discusses the use of chemical weapons in Syria on August 21, 2013 that triggered an intense debate over possible U.S. military intervention.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Direct Overt U.S. Aid Appropriations for and Military Reimbursements to Pakistan, FY2002-FY2015

Direct Overt U.S. Aid Appropriations for and Military Reimbursements to Pakistan, FY2002-FY2015

Date: March 6, 2014
Creator: Kronstadt, K. A. & Epstein, Susan
Description: This report provides data regarding the direct overt U.S. aid appropriations and military reimbursements to Pakistan.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department