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 Decade: 1990-1999
 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Foreign Corrupt Practices Act

Foreign Corrupt Practices Act

Date: March 3, 1999
Creator: Seitzinger, Michael V.
Description: This report gives an overview of the Foreign Corrupt Practices Act of 1977, which was intended to prohibit bribery of foreign officials by American corporations. It includes information about the original legislation, amendments in 1988, and amendments in 1998 that brought the legislation into conformance with the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development's agreement on bribery.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Economic Sanctions to Achieve U.S. Foreign Policy Goals: Discussion and Guide to Current Law

Economic Sanctions to Achieve U.S. Foreign Policy Goals: Discussion and Guide to Current Law

Date: November 1, 1999
Creator: Rennack, Dianne E & Shuey, Robert
Description: This report provides background on foreign policy sanctions. It addresses the following questions: Why do we apply sanctions? What objectives does the U.S. government seek to achieve when it imposes sanctions? Who imposes sanctions? What tools are available? How likely is it that sanctions will achieve the stated goal? What secondary consequences might sanctions have? What change is required for the sanctions to be lifted? Would multilateral sanctions be more desirable and achievable? The report also provides an uncomplicated map of where sanctions policies and options currently may be found in U.S. law.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Industrial Energy Intensiveness and Energy Costs in the Context of Climate Change Policy

Industrial Energy Intensiveness and Energy Costs in the Context of Climate Change Policy

Date: November 21, 1997
Creator: Gelb, Bernard A
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
World Solar Summit: Launching the World Renewable Energy Program

World Solar Summit: Launching the World Renewable Energy Program

Date: August 1, 1996
Creator: Sissine, Fred
Description: The World Solar Summit and proposed World Solar Program 1996-2005 address energy problems through increased use of renewable energy technologies. The World Solar Commission will host the World Solar Summit in Harare, Zimbabwe, on September 16 and 17, 1996, and it will direct the World Solar Program 1996-2005. At the Summit, the Commission is expected to adopt a World Plan ofAction and a number of Strategic Projects. The proposed World Plan of Action includes a selection of high-priority renewable energy projects at the national or regional level to be implemented between 1996 and 2005.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
China/Asia Broadcasting: Proposals for New U.S. Surrogate Services

China/Asia Broadcasting: Proposals for New U.S. Surrogate Services

Date: October 1, 1992
Creator: Hennes, David A
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea: Living Resources Provisions

United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea: Living Resources Provisions

Date: December 19, 1994
Creator: Buck, Eugene H
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
U.N Funding, Payment of Arrears and Linkage to Reform: Legislation in the 105th Congress

U.N Funding, Payment of Arrears and Linkage to Reform: Legislation in the 105th Congress

Date: April 24, 1998
Creator: Bite, Vita; Browne, Marjorie Ann & McHugh, Lois B
Description: None
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Nuclear Sanctions: Section 102(b) of the Arms Export Control Act and Its Application to India and Pakistan

Nuclear Sanctions: Section 102(b) of the Arms Export Control Act and Its Application to India and Pakistan

Date: December 9, 1999
Creator: Grimmett, Jeanne J
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Deep Seabed Mining: U.S. Interests and the U.N. Convention on the Law of the Sea

Deep Seabed Mining: U.S. Interests and the U.N. Convention on the Law of the Sea

Date: April 7, 1995
Creator: Mielke, James E
Description: On July 29, 1994, the United States signed the Agreement Relating to the Implementation of Part XI of the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea of 10 December 1982. This agreement substantially reforms the seabed mining provisions of the 1982 Convention, which the United States found objectionable. In signing the Agreement, President Clinton accepted provisional application of it which enables the United States to participate in the International Seabed Authority (ISA) and its organs and bodies. On November 16, 1994, the U.N. Law of the Sea Convention entered into force without accession by the United States.The treaty document was referred to the Senate Committee on Foreign Relations late in the 103d Congress and awaits committee action in the 104th Congress.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Radio Free Asia

Radio Free Asia

Date: October 24, 1997
Creator: Epstein, Susan B
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Regional Free Trade Partners and U.S. Interests: What's Next?

Regional Free Trade Partners and U.S. Interests: What's Next?

Date: March 13, 1995
Creator: Ahearn, Raymond J
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Immigration: Visa Entry/Exit Control System

Immigration: Visa Entry/Exit Control System

Date: August 26, 1998
Creator: Krouse, William J & Wasem, Ruth Ellen
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Kosovo: International Reactions to NATO Air Strikes

Kosovo: International Reactions to NATO Air Strikes

Date: April 21, 1999
Creator: Donfried, Karen
Description: None
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Kosovo and NATO: Selected Issues of International Law

Kosovo and NATO: Selected Issues of International Law

Date: April 28, 1999
Creator: Ackerman, David M
Description: None
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Terrorism, the Media, and the Government: Perspectives, Trends, and Options for Policymakers

Terrorism, the Media, and the Government: Perspectives, Trends, and Options for Policymakers

Date: October 22, 1997
Creator: Perl, Raphael F
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Drug Certification of Mexico in 1999: Arguments For and Against Congressional Resolutions of Disapproval

Drug Certification of Mexico in 1999: Arguments For and Against Congressional Resolutions of Disapproval

Date: March 30, 1999
Creator: Storrs, K. Larry
Description: This report presents arguments for and against congressional resolutions to disapprove President Clinton’s February 26, 1999 certification of Mexico as a fully cooperative country in efforts to control illicit narcotics.1 These resolutions (H.J.Res. 35--Bachus, and H.J.Res. 43--Mica and Gilman) would disapprove the President’s certification, but would permit him to avoid withholding of assistance to Mexico if he determined that vital national interests required such assistance.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Nuclear Arms Control and Nuclear Threat Reduction: Issues and Agenda

Nuclear Arms Control and Nuclear Threat Reduction: Issues and Agenda

Date: October 30, 1996
Creator: Woolf, Amy F
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Convention on Nuclear Safety - A Fact Sheet

The Convention on Nuclear Safety - A Fact Sheet

Date: May 16, 1996
Creator: Behrens, Carl E & Donnelly, Warren H
Description: Until the catastrophic accident with the former Soviet Union's Chernobyl nuclear power plant showed that radioactivity from a major nuclear accident could reach neighboring nations, nuclear safety was held to be an exclusively sovereign responsibility of each nation. Now it is recognized that a nuclear accident in one state can release radioactivity dangerous to another. As a result, many now view international cooperation as one way to help to assure safe operation of each nation's civil nuclear power stations.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
South Korea: U.S. Defense Obligations

South Korea: U.S. Defense Obligations

Date: April 1, 1994
Creator: Niksch, Larry A
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Agriculture and Fast Track Trade Legislation

Agriculture and Fast Track Trade Legislation

Date: December 3, 1997
Creator: Becker, Geoffrey S & Hanrahan, Charles E
Description: Senate and House committees in October reported legislation for new fast track authority enabling the Administration to negotiate trade agreements with foreign countries and to submit them to Congress for consideration under expedited procedures. Many agricultural and food industry interests are among the export-dependent enterprises that support new fast track authority, arguing that foreign trading partners will not seriously negotiate with an Administration that lacks it. However, some agricultural groups argue that fast track provides them with inadequate opportunities for dealing with their issues, and that it ultimately will lead to new agreements that benefit foreign more than U.S. producers, at least in some commodity sectors. Neither bill was taken to the floor in 1997 because of insufficient votes for passage in the House. However, the President is expected to seek approval in 1998.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Environment and the World Trade Organization (WTO) at Seattle: Issues and Concerns

Environment and the World Trade Organization (WTO) at Seattle: Issues and Concerns

Date: December 21, 1999
Creator: Fletcher, Susan R
Description: This meeting of the decision making body of the WTO was expected to make decisions that would lead to another round of negotiations on a wide variety of trade rules and related issues. Although the United States continues to assert the necessity of pursuing the twin goals of free trade and environmental protection and to argue that these need not be in conflict, controversy remains over how the multilateral trading system should address the specifics of environmental issues.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Trade Agreements: Renewing the Negotiating and Fast-Track Implementing Authority

Trade Agreements: Renewing the Negotiating and Fast-Track Implementing Authority

Date: June 30, 1998
Creator: Pregelj, Vladimir N
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC) and the Indonesia "Summit" in 1994

Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC) and the Indonesia "Summit" in 1994

Date: March 16, 1994
Creator: Nanto, Dick K
Description: This report discusses the Ministerial and Leaders' Meetings of the Asia Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC) forum, set to be held in Indonesia. APEC is a consultative body with membership of seventeen Pacific Basin economies that includes both China and Taiwan. The body is working toward trade liberalization (but not a free-trade area) in the most dynamic economic region of the world.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Global Climate Change Treaty: Negotiations and Related Issues

Global Climate Change Treaty: Negotiations and Related Issues

Date: November 21, 1997
Creator: Fletcher, Susan R
Description: This report discusses the negotiations leading the Kyoto conference of the parties. The United States and other parties to the 1992 Climate Change Convention signed at the Earth Summit in Rio de Janeiro will meet December 1-12 in Kyoto, Japan, to conclude year-long negotiations on a legally binding protocol or amendment to reduce or stabilize emissions of greenhouse gas emissions. The U.S. proposal to reduce emissions of carbon dioxide and five other greenhouse gases to 1990 levels between 2008-2012 is less ambitious than environmentalists and many other treaty Parties urge, but represents a commitment that others, including many in business, fear could damage the economy. A key aspect of the negotiations also is what should be expected of developing nations, whose current emissions of greenhouse gases are relatively small, but are expected to increase rapidly over the next decade with economic development. A sense of the Senate resolution calls for all countries to meet scheduled reductions, and would agree to U.S. participation only if harm to the domestic economy is avoided. If agreement is reached in Kyoto, Senate approval would be required for U.S. ratification, and legislation to implement commitments would also likely be necessary.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department