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 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Results 1471 - 1494 of 2,353
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Border Security: Apprehensions of “Other Than Mexican”Aliens

Border Security: Apprehensions of “Other Than Mexican”Aliens

Date: September 22, 2005
Creator: Nuñez-Neto, Blas; Siskin, Alison & Viña, Stephen R
Description: As the United States Border Patrol (USBP) discharges its mission it encounters unauthorized aliens from around the world attempting to illegally enter the United States. In fiscal year (FY) 2004, USBP agents apprehended 1.16 million people attempting to enter the country illegally between official POE; 93% of these aliens were Mexican nationals. Because the vast majority of people apprehended each year by the USBP are Mexican nationals, the agency categorizes aliens as Mexicans or Other Than Mexicans (OTM). Over the past three years, OTM apprehensions have more than tripled nationwide and have been concentrated along the South Texas border. The reasons for this dramatic increase, and its geographical concentration in Texas, are not altogether clear.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Renditions: Constraints Imposed by Laws on Torture

Renditions: Constraints Imposed by Laws on Torture

Date: September 22, 2005
Creator: Garcia, Michael John
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Material Support of Terrorists and Foreign Terrorist Organizations: Expiring Amendments in Brief

Material Support of Terrorists and Foreign Terrorist Organizations: Expiring Amendments in Brief

Date: September 15, 2005
Creator: Doyle, Charles
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Trade in Services: The Doha Development Agenda Negotiations and U.S. Goals

Trade in Services: The Doha Development Agenda Negotiations and U.S. Goals

Date: September 12, 2005
Creator: Cooper, William H.
Description: This report is designed to assist Congress to understand and monitor progress of the negotiations and the major issues that the negotiators are addressing. The report provides a brief background section on the significance of services to the U.S. economy. It then explains briefly the General Agreement on Trade in Services (GATS) and the structure and agenda of the services negotiations in the DDA round, including U.S. objectives in the negotiations. The report concludes with a status report on the negotiations and an examination of potential results.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Terrorism and National Security: Issues and Trends

Terrorism and National Security: Issues and Trends

Date: September 8, 2005
Creator: Perl, Raphael F
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
U.S.-India Bilateral Agreements in 2005

U.S.-India Bilateral Agreements in 2005

Date: September 8, 2005
Creator: Kronstadt, K. Alan
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Nuclear Testing and Comprehensive Test Ban: Chronology Starting September 1992

Nuclear Testing and Comprehensive Test Ban: Chronology Starting September 1992

Date: August 31, 2005
Creator: Medalia, Jonathan
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Terrorism in South Asia

Terrorism in South Asia

Date: August 31, 2005
Creator: Kronstadt, K. Alan & Vaughn, Bruce
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Middle East Peace Talks

The Middle East Peace Talks

Date: August 25, 2005
Creator: Migdalovitz, Carol
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
FY2006 Appropriations for Border and Transportation Security

FY2006 Appropriations for Border and Transportation Security

Date: August 24, 2005
Creator: Lake, Jennifer E & Nuñez-Neto, Blas
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Al Qaeda: Profile and Threat Assessment

Al Qaeda: Profile and Threat Assessment

Date: August 17, 2005
Creator: Katzman, Kenneth
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Material Support of Terrorists and Foreign Terrorist Organizations: Expiring Amendments in Brief

Material Support of Terrorists and Foreign Terrorist Organizations: Expiring Amendments in Brief

Date: August 16, 2005
Creator: Doyle, Charles
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Material Support of Terrorists and Foreign Terrorist Organizations: Sunset Amendments

Material Support of Terrorists and Foreign Terrorist Organizations: Sunset Amendments

Date: August 11, 2005
Creator: Doyle, Charles
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Nuclear Arms Control: The U.S.-Russian Agenda

Nuclear Arms Control: The U.S.-Russian Agenda

Date: August 8, 2005
Creator: Woolf, Amy F
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Border Security: Key Agencies and Their Missions

Border Security: Key Agencies and Their Missions

Date: August 4, 2005
Creator: Nuñez-Neto, Blas
Description: This report serves as a primer on the key federal agencies charged with border security by briefly describing each agency's role in securing our nation's borders. The four main agencies are the Bureau of Customs and Border Protection (CBP), the Bureau of Immigrations and Customs Enforcement (ICE), the United States Coast Guard, and the Transportation Security Administration (TSA).
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Central America and the Dominican Republic in the Context of the Free Trade Agreement (DR-CAFTA) with the United States

Central America and the Dominican Republic in the Context of the Free Trade Agreement (DR-CAFTA) with the United States

Date: August 4, 2005
Creator: Storrs, K. Larry; Ribando, Clare; Sek, Lenore; Sullivan, Mark P; Taft-Morales, Maureen & Veillette, Connie
Description: This report explains the conditions in five countries in Central America (Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, and Nicaragua) and one country in the Caribbean (Dominican Republic) that will be partners with the United States in the U.S.-Dominican Republic-Central America Free Trade Agreement (DR-CAFTA) signed in August 2004. In U.S. approval action, the House and Senate passed the required implementing legislation (H.R. 3045) on July 27 and 28, 2005, and the President signed it into law (P.L. 109-53) on August 2, 2005. The agreement will enter into force for the other countries when their legislatures have approved it. The legislatures of El Salvador, Honduras, and Guatemala have approved the pact so far.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Department of Defense Rules for Military Commissions: Analysis of Procedural Rules and Comparison with Proposed Legislation and the Uniform Code of Military Justice

The Department of Defense Rules for Military Commissions: Analysis of Procedural Rules and Comparison with Proposed Legislation and the Uniform Code of Military Justice

Date: August 4, 2005
Creator: Elsea, Jennifer
Description: This report provides a background and analysis comparing military commissions as envisioned under M.C.O. (Military Commission Order) No. 1 to general military courts-martial conducted under the UCMJ. The report notes some of the criticism directed at the President's M.O., and explains how those concerns are addressed by the military commission orders and instructions. A summary of the Hamdan case follows, as well as an overview of relevant legislation. Finally, the report provides two charts to compare the regulations issued by the Department of Defense to standard procedures for general courts-martial under the Manual for Courts-Martial and to proposed legislation.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Department of Defense Rules for Military Commissions: Analysis of Procedural Rules and Comparison with Proposed Legislation and the Uniform Code of Military Justice

The Department of Defense Rules for Military Commissions: Analysis of Procedural Rules and Comparison with Proposed Legislation and the Uniform Code of Military Justice

Date: August 4, 2005
Creator: Elsea, Jennifer K
Description: This report provides a background and analysis comparing military commissions as envisioned under M.C.O. No. 1 to general military courts-martial conducted under the UCMJ. The report notes some of the criticism directed at the President’s M.O., and explains how those concerns are addressed by the military commission orders and instructions. The report provides two charts to compare the regulations issued by the Department of Defense and standard procedures for general courts-martial under the Manual for Courts-Martial. The second chart, which compares procedural safeguards incorporated in the regulations with established procedures in courts martial, follows the same order and format used in CRS Report RL31262, Selected Procedural Safeguards in Federal, Military, and International Courts, in order to facilitate comparison with safeguards provided in federal court and the International Criminal Court.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Law of the Sea Convention and U.S. Policy

The Law of the Sea Convention and U.S. Policy

Date: August 4, 2005
Creator: Browne, Marjorie Ann
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Terrorist Financing: U.S. Agency Efforts and Inter-Agency Coordination

Terrorist Financing: U.S. Agency Efforts and Inter-Agency Coordination

Date: August 3, 2005
Creator: Weiss, Martin A
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Trade Negotiations During the 109th Congress

Trade Negotiations During the 109th Congress

Date: August 3, 2005
Creator: Fergusson, Ian F. & Sek, Lenore M.
Description: This report discusses trade issues in the 109th Congress. For over 50 years, U.S. trade officials have negotiated multilateral trade agreements to achieve lower trade barriers and rules to cover international trade. During the 108th Congress, U.S. officials negotiated and Congress approved four bilateral free-trade agreements with Australia, Chile, Morocco, and Singapore.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Exempting Food and Agriculture Products from U.S. Economic Sanctions: Status and Implementation

Exempting Food and Agriculture Products from U.S. Economic Sanctions: Status and Implementation

Date: August 2, 2005
Creator: Jurenas, Remy
Description: Falling agricultural exports and declining commodity prices led farm groups and agribusiness firms to urge the 106th Congress to pass legislation exempting foods and agricultural commodities from U.S. economic sanctions against certain countries. In completing action on the FY2001 agriculture appropriations bill, Congress codified the lifting of unilateral sanctions on commercial sales of food, agricultural commodities, medicine, and medical products to Iran, Libya, North Korea, and Sudan, and extended this policy to apply to Cuba (Title IX of H.R. 5426, as enacted by P.L. 106-387; Trade Sanctions Reform and Export Enhancement Act of 2000). Related provisions place financing and licensing conditions on sales to these countries. Those that apply to Cuba, though, are permanent and more restrictive than for the other countries. Other provisions give Congress the authority in the future to veto a President's proposal to impose a sanction on the sale of agricultural or medical products.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Cyprus: Status of U.N. Negotiations

Cyprus: Status of U.N. Negotiations

Date: August 1, 2005
Creator: Migdalovitz, Carol
Description: Cyprus has been divided since 1974. Greek Cypriots, nearly 80% of the population, live in the southern two thirds of the island. Turkish Cypriots live in the “Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus” (recognized only by Turkey), with about 30,000 Turkish troops providing security. U.N. peacekeeping forces maintain a buffer zone between the two. Members of Congress have urged the Administration to be more active, although they have not proposed an alternative to the U.N.-sponsored talks.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Islamist Extremism in Europe

Islamist Extremism in Europe

Date: July 29, 2005
Creator: Archick, Kristin; Rollins, John & Woehrel, Steven
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department