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 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Results 1451 - 1474 of 2,353
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Mexico-United States Dialogue on Migration and Border Issues, 2001-2005

Mexico-United States Dialogue on Migration and Border Issues, 2001-2005

Date: November 30, 2005
Creator: Storrs, K. Larry
Description: This report focuses on the interactions between Mexico and the United States on migration and border issues during the administrations of President George W. Bush and President Vicente Fox of Mexico. The discussions and agreements fall into four areas: (1) the bilateral migration talks, (2) the Partnership for Prosperity, (3) the Border Partnership Agreement, and (4) the trilateral “Security and Prosperity Partnership (SPP) of North America
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Border Security: Fences Along the U.S. International Border

Border Security: Fences Along the U.S. International Border

Date: November 28, 2005
Creator: Nuñez-Neto, Blas & Viña, Stephen R
Description: This report outlines the issues involved with the Department of Homeland Security's (DHS's) completion of a three-tiered, 14-mile fence, along the border near San Diego, California. The state of California delayed completion of the fence due primarily to legal and policy conflicts with its federally-approved, state-run Coastal Management Program. Former authorization for the fence only allowed the waiver of the Endangered Species Act and the National Environmental Policy Act. During the 109th Congress, provisions to facilitate the completion of the border fence were included in the REAL ID Act of 2005 (H.R. 41 8), which was subsequently added to H.R. 1268, the Emergency Supplemental Appropriations Act, and signed into law on May 1 1,2005 (P.L. 109-13). The border fence provisions allow the Secretary of DHS to waive all legal requirements determined necessary to ensure expeditious construction of authorized barriers and roads.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Improvised Explosive Devices in Iraq: Effects and Countermeasures

Improvised Explosive Devices in Iraq: Effects and Countermeasures

Date: November 23, 2005
Creator: Wilson, Clay
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Trade Integration in the Americas

Trade Integration in the Americas

Date: November 22, 2005
Creator: Villarreal, M. Angeles
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Drug Crop Eradication and Alternative Development in the Andes

Drug Crop Eradication and Alternative Development in the Andes

Date: November 18, 2005
Creator: Veillette, Connie & Navarrete-Frías, Carolina
Description: The United States has supported drug crop eradication and alternative development programs in the Andes for decades. Colombia, Bolivia, and Peru collectively produce nearly the entire global supply of cocaine. In addition, Colombia has become a producer of high quality heroin, most of it destined for the United States and Europe. The United States provides counternarcotics assistance through the Andean Counterdrug Initiative (ACI). The program supports a number of missions, including interdiction of drug trafficking, illicit crop eradication, alternative development, and rule of law and democracy promotion. From FY2000 through FY2005, the United States has provided a total of about $4.3 billion in ACI funds.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The International Space Station and the Iran Nonproliferation Act (INA): The Bush Administration's Proposed INA Amendment

The International Space Station and the Iran Nonproliferation Act (INA): The Bush Administration's Proposed INA Amendment

Date: November 14, 2005
Creator: Smith, Marcia S & Squassoni, Sharon
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
WTO Doha Round: Agricultural Negotiating Proposals

WTO Doha Round: Agricultural Negotiating Proposals

Date: November 9, 2005
Creator: Hanrahan, Charles E & Schnepf, Randy
Description: The pace of negotiations in the Doha Round of multilateral trade negotiations has quickened as the mid-December Hong Kong Ministerial Conference of the World Trade Organization (WTO) approaches. At Hong Kong, WTO member countries are expected to reach agreements on specific measures (known as modalities) to expand global trade in agricultural and industrial products and services and set the stage for intensive negotiations that would take place during 2006. Despite intense negotiations, agreements on modalities, especially for agriculture, have eluded negotiators. This report provides background information on the WTO, the Doha Round, the key negotiating groups, and a schedule of historical and upcoming events relevant to the agricultural negotiations; reviews the agreements reached in the July 2004 framework and identifies issues that remain to be resolved by the Hong Kong Ministerial in December; discusses and compares the major agricultural negotiating proposals; and discusses the potential effects of an agricultural agreement on U.S. farm policy.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Berne Union: An Overview

The Berne Union: An Overview

Date: November 8, 2005
Creator: Jackson, James K
Description: The Berne Union, or the International Union of Credit and Investment Insurers, is an international organization comprised of 54 public and private sector members that represent various segments of the export credit and investment insurance industry. Within the Berne Union, the United States is represented by the U.S. Export-Import Bank (Eximbank) and the Overseas Private Investment Corporation (OPIC) and four private-sector firms and by one observer. Congress, through its oversight of Eximbank and OPIC, as well as international trade and finance, has interests in the functioning of the Berne Union.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
U.N. Convention Against Torture (CAT): Overview and Application to Interrogation Techniques

U.N. Convention Against Torture (CAT): Overview and Application to Interrogation Techniques

Date: November 7, 2005
Creator: Garcia, Michael J.
Description: This report discusses the United Nations Convention Against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman, or Degrading Treatment or Punishment (CAT) requires signatory parties to take measures to end torture within their territorial jurisdiction and to criminalize all acts of torture.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Taiwan's Accession to the WTO and Its Economic Relations with the United States and China

Taiwan's Accession to the WTO and Its Economic Relations with the United States and China

Date: November 4, 2005
Creator: Morrison, Wayne M
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Terrorism and National Security: Issues and Trends

Terrorism and National Security: Issues and Trends

Date: November 3, 2005
Creator: Perl, Raphael F
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
U.S.-Thailand Free Trade Agreement Negotiations

U.S.-Thailand Free Trade Agreement Negotiations

Date: November 3, 2005
Creator: Ahearn, Raymond J & Morrison, Wayne M
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Overview and Analysis of Senate Amendment Concerning Interrogation of Detainees

Overview and Analysis of Senate Amendment Concerning Interrogation of Detainees

Date: November 2, 2005
Creator: Wood, Lee
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Proposed U.S.-Panama Free Trade Agreement

The Proposed U.S.-Panama Free Trade Agreement

Date: November 1, 2005
Creator: Hornbeck, J. F.
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Central America and the Dominican Republic in the Context of the Free Trade Agreement (DR-CAFTA) with the United States

Central America and the Dominican Republic in the Context of the Free Trade Agreement (DR-CAFTA) with the United States

Date: October 24, 2005
Creator: Storrs, K. Larry; Ribando, Clare; Sek, Lenore; Sullivan, Mark P; Taft-Morales, Maureen & Veillette, Connie
Description: This report explains the conditions in five countries in Central America (Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, and Nicaragua) and one country in the Caribbean (Dominican Republic) that will be partners with the United States in the U.S.-Dominican Republic-Central America Free Trade Agreement (DR-CAFTA) signed in August 2004. All of the signatory countries except Costa Rica have approved the pact. The agreement will enter into force for the approving countries on an agreed date, tentatively January 1, 2006. In U.S. approval action, the House and Senate passed the required implementing legislation (H.R. 3045) on July 27 and 28, 2005, and the President signed it into law (P.L. 109-53) on August 2, 2005.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Terrorist Capabilities for Cyberattack: Overview and Policy Issues

Terrorist Capabilities for Cyberattack: Overview and Policy Issues

Date: October 20, 2005
Creator: Rollins, John & Wilson, Clay
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Uzbekistan's Closure of the Airbase at Karshi-Khanabad: Context and Implications

Uzbekistan's Closure of the Airbase at Karshi-Khanabad: Context and Implications

Date: October 7, 2005
Creator: Nichol, Jim
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Middle East Peace Talks

The Middle East Peace Talks

Date: September 29, 2005
Creator: Migdalovitz, Carol
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Border Security and the Southwest Border: Background, Legislation, and Issues

Border Security and the Southwest Border: Background, Legislation, and Issues

Date: September 28, 2005
Creator: Seghetti, Lisa M; Lake, Jennifer E; Nuñez-Neto, Blas; Siskin, Alison; Storrs, K. Larry; Brooks, Nathan et al.
Description: As the number of illegal aliens that are present in the United States continues to grow, attention is directed at the border patrol and the enforcement of immigration laws within the interior of the country. The Department of Homeland Security’s (DHS’s) Customs and Border Protection (CBP) and Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE) units have launched several initiatives aimed at apprehending illegal aliens and dismantling human and drug smuggling organizations. Despite these efforts, the flow of illegal migration continues. Issues such as enforcement of immigration laws and organizational issues such as inter- and intra-agency cooperation, coordination and information sharing continue to be debated.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Nuclear Arms Control: The U.S.-Russian Agenda

Nuclear Arms Control: The U.S.-Russian Agenda

Date: September 27, 2005
Creator: Woolf, Amy F
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Border Security: Apprehensions of “Other Than Mexican”Aliens

Border Security: Apprehensions of “Other Than Mexican”Aliens

Date: September 22, 2005
Creator: Nuñez-Neto, Blas; Siskin, Alison & Viña, Stephen R
Description: As the United States Border Patrol (USBP) discharges its mission it encounters unauthorized aliens from around the world attempting to illegally enter the United States. In fiscal year (FY) 2004, USBP agents apprehended 1.16 million people attempting to enter the country illegally between official POE; 93% of these aliens were Mexican nationals. Because the vast majority of people apprehended each year by the USBP are Mexican nationals, the agency categorizes aliens as Mexicans or Other Than Mexicans (OTM). Over the past three years, OTM apprehensions have more than tripled nationwide and have been concentrated along the South Texas border. The reasons for this dramatic increase, and its geographical concentration in Texas, are not altogether clear.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Renditions: Constraints Imposed by Laws on Torture

Renditions: Constraints Imposed by Laws on Torture

Date: September 22, 2005
Creator: Garcia, Michael John
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Material Support of Terrorists and Foreign Terrorist Organizations: Expiring Amendments in Brief

Material Support of Terrorists and Foreign Terrorist Organizations: Expiring Amendments in Brief

Date: September 15, 2005
Creator: Doyle, Charles
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Trade in Services: The Doha Development Agenda Negotiations and U.S. Goals

Trade in Services: The Doha Development Agenda Negotiations and U.S. Goals

Date: September 12, 2005
Creator: Cooper, William H.
Description: This report is designed to assist Congress to understand and monitor progress of the negotiations and the major issues that the negotiators are addressing. The report provides a brief background section on the significance of services to the U.S. economy. It then explains briefly the General Agreement on Trade in Services (GATS) and the structure and agenda of the services negotiations in the DDA round, including U.S. objectives in the negotiations. The report concludes with a status report on the negotiations and an examination of potential results.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department