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 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
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The April 2010 Coup in Kyrgyzstan and its Aftermath: Context and Implications for U.S. Interests

The April 2010 Coup in Kyrgyzstan and its Aftermath: Context and Implications for U.S. Interests

Date: June 15, 2010
Creator: Nichol, Jim
Description: This report discusses the most recent developments after the coup in Kyrgyzstan and its aftermath.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
U.S. Foreign Assistance to the Middle East: Historical Background, Recent Trends, and the FY2011 Request

U.S. Foreign Assistance to the Middle East: Historical Background, Recent Trends, and the FY2011 Request

Date: June 15, 2010
Creator: Sharp, Jeremy M.
Description: This report is an overview of U.S. foreign assistance to the Middle East from FY2006 to FY2010, and of the FY2011 budget request. It includes a brief history of aid to the region, a review of foreign aid levels, a description of selected country programs, and an analysis of current foreign aid issues. It will be updated periodically to reflect recent developments.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Israel's Blockade of Gaza, the Mavi Marmara Incident, and Its Aftermath

Israel's Blockade of Gaza, the Mavi Marmara Incident, and Its Aftermath

Date: June 16, 2010
Creator: Migdalovitz, Carol
Description: This report provides background information on the Israel's blockade on Gaza, and it discusses the raid on the MV Marmara, the free Gaza Movement, views form Israel and Turkey, international reaction and the U.S. position.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Date: June 16, 2010
Creator: Ahearn, Raymond J. & Fergusson, Ian F.
Description: Following World War II, the United States led efforts to establish an open and nondiscriminatory trading system with the expressed goal of raising the economic well-being of all countries and bolstering world peace. These efforts culminated in the creation of the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT) in 1948, a provisional agreement on tariffs and trade rules that governed world trade for 47 years. The World Trade Organization (WTO) succeeded the GATT in 1995 and today serves as a permanent body that administers the rules and agreements negotiated and signed by 153 participating parties, as well as a forum for dispute settlement and negotiations. The purpose of this report is to analyze some of the main issues in any debate on U.S. participation in the WTO and to address some of the criticisms leveled at the organization. Academic studies indicate that the United States benefits from broad reductions in trade barriers worldwide, but some workers and industries might not share in those gains. Decisions in the WTO are made by member governments, which determine their negotiating positions, file dispute challenges, and implement their decisions. However, some argue that smaller countries are left out of decision-making and that governments tend ...
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Iran Sanctions

Iran Sanctions

Date: June 23, 2010
Creator: Katzman, Kenneth
Description: This report looks at the purposes and results of U.S. sanctions in Iran, which were initiated as a result of Iran's nuclear program and human rights issues. It ends by discussing future issues that Congress can consider regarding the sanctions.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Israel's Blockade of Gaza, the Mavi Marmara Incident, and Its Aftermath

Israel's Blockade of Gaza, the Mavi Marmara Incident, and Its Aftermath

Date: June 23, 2010
Creator: Migdalovitz, Carol
Description: This report provides background information on the blockade imposed of by Israeli in response to Hamas's takeover. Israel considered its actions to be legitimate self-defense. Turkey, whose nationals comprised the largest contingent in the flotilla and among the casualties, considered them to be unjustifiable and in contravention of international law.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Trans-Pacific Partnership Agreement

The Trans-Pacific Partnership Agreement

Date: June 25, 2010
Creator: Fergusson, Ian F. & Vaughn, Bruce
Description: This report discusses the Trans-Pacific Partnership Agreement (TPP), a free trade agreement that includes nations on both sides of the Pacific. Original members of the TPP were Brunei, Chile, New Zealand, and Singapore. The United States, Australia, Peru, and Vietnam have committed themselves to joining and expanding this group. This report discusses similar trade partnerships, the importance of Asia to U.S. trade and security interests, and U.S. participation in the TPP.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
U.S.-Latin America Trade: Recent Trends and Policy Issues

U.S.-Latin America Trade: Recent Trends and Policy Issues

Date: June 25, 2010
Creator: Hornbeck, J. F.
Description: Trade is one of the more enduring issues in contemporary U.S.-Latin America relations. Latin America is far from the largest U.S. regional trade partner, but historically is the fastest growing one. The United States has implemented comprehensive reciprocal trade agreements with most of its important trade partners in Latin America. Agreements with Panama and Colombia have been signed but not implemented, pending congressional action. Countries south of the Caribbean Basin have been reluctant to enter into such a deal because it does not meet their primary negotiation objectives. This report looks at the status, implications, and alternatives to current free trade agreements in the region.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
North Korea: Back on the Terrorism List?

North Korea: Back on the Terrorism List?

Date: June 29, 2010
Creator: Manyin, Mark E.
Description: This report describes the rationales for including North Korea on the terrorism list from 1987- 2008, for North Korea's delisting in 2008, and the debate in 2010 over whether to re-list North Korea. The major impact of a decision to return North Korea to the list would likely be symbolic, because removing North Korea from the list does not appear to have provided Pyongyang with direct, tangible benefits.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Brazil's WTO Case Against the U.S. Cotton Program

Brazil's WTO Case Against the U.S. Cotton Program

Date: June 30, 2010
Creator: Schnepf, Randy
Description: This report provides a description and status report on Brazil's challenge to certain aspects of the U.S. cotton program under the rules of the World Trade Organization's (WTO's) dispute settlement process in case DS267.1 The "Brazil cotton case" had its WTO origins in 2002 and has since evolved into a sprawling legal enterprise that is still ongoing as of mid-2010. The report begins by summarizing the most recent developments in the case. It then provides a detailed history of the case in chronological phases. Readers interested in the current status of the dispute, and in particular details of the negotiations to reach a mutual settlement and avoid trade retaliation against U.S. goods and services, should proceed directly to the report section entitled "Phase V: Retaliation or Settlement?"
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department