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 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
The European Union's Reform Process: The Lisbon Treaty

The European Union's Reform Process: The Lisbon Treaty

Date: February 8, 2011
Creator: Archick, Kristin & Mix, Derek E.
Description: This report provides information on the Lisbon Treaty and possible U.S.-EU implications that may be of interest to the 112th Congress.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Europe's Preferential Trade Agreements: Status, Content, and Implications

Europe's Preferential Trade Agreements: Status, Content, and Implications

Date: March 3, 2011
Creator: Ahearn, Raymond J.
Description: This report explores intersecting issues regarding Europe's preferential trade agreements (PTA) in three parts. The first section discusses the status and primary motivations of the EU's PTAs currently in place or under negotiation. The second compares the content and trade coverage of Europe's PTAs to U.S. PTAs. A third section assesses the implications of the EU's PTA program for the multilateral trading system and U.S. trade policy. A concluding section evaluates future directions for Europe's PTA policy.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Instances of Use of United States Armed Forces Abroad, 1798-2010

Instances of Use of United States Armed Forces Abroad, 1798-2010

Date: March 10, 2011
Creator: Grimmett, Richard F.
Description: This report lists hundreds of instances in which the United States has used its armed forces abroad in situations of military conflict or potential conflict or for other than normal peacetime purposes. The listing contains references, especially from 1980 forward, to continuing military deployments such as U.S. military participation in multinational operations associated with NATO or the United Nations.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Foreign Aid: An Introduction to U.S. Programs and Policy

Foreign Aid: An Introduction to U.S. Programs and Policy

Date: February 10, 2011
Creator: Tarnoff, Curt & Lawson, Marian Leonardo
Description: This report provides an overview of the U.S. foreign assistance program by answering frequently asked questions on the subject. It is intended to provide a broad view of foreign assistance over time.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Foreign Aid Reform, National Strategy, and the Quadrennial Review

Foreign Aid Reform, National Strategy, and the Quadrennial Review

Date: February 15, 2011
Creator: Epstein, Susan B.
Description: This report addresses foreign aid reform through early 2011. Several development proponents, nongovernmental organizations (NGOs), and policymakers have pressed Congress to reform U.S. foreign aid capabilities to better address 21st century development needs and national security challenges. Foreign aid reform may continue to be a concern in the 112th Congress.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The National Counterterrorism Center (NCTC)—Responsibilities and Potential Congressional Concerns

The National Counterterrorism Center (NCTC)—Responsibilities and Potential Congressional Concerns

Date: February 1, 2011
Creator: Best, Richard A., Jr.
Description: This report looks at inadequacies present in the National Counterterrorism Center (NCTC) which prevent the Center from adequately performing its duty. These inadequacies include issues with agency organization, lack of resources, and a focus on threats from Yemen over domestic threats.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Monitoring and Verification in Arms Control

Monitoring and Verification in Arms Control

Date: July 2, 2011
Creator: Woolf, Amy F.
Description: This report reviews some of the monitoring and verification provisions in the new START Treaty between the U.S. and Russia and compares these with some of the provisions in the original START Treaty. It focuses, specifically, on differences between the treaties in the provisions governing the exchange of data, known as telemetry, generated during missile flight tests; provisions governing the monitoring of mobile intercontinental ballistic missiles (ICBMs); and differences in the numbers and types of on-site inspections.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Dispute Settlement Under the U.S.-Peru Trade Promotion Agreement: An Overview

Dispute Settlement Under the U.S.-Peru Trade Promotion Agreement: An Overview

Date: January 28, 2011
Creator: Grimmett, Jeanne J.
Description: This report discusses the U.S.-Peru Trade Promotion Agreement (PTPA) and the two types of formal dispute settlement it contains: 1) State-State and 2) investor-State. The report also discusses how the PTPA differs from earlier U.S. Free Trade Agreements (FTAs).
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Sexual Violence in African Conflicts

Sexual Violence in African Conflicts

Date: February 23, 2011
Creator: Arieff, Alexis
Description: This report focuses on conflicts in Africa in which sexual violence is reported to be widespread or systematic. It describes the context in which such violence takes place, selected cases where it is currently occurring, and U.S. policy responses. The report concludes with a discussion of potential policy considerations, including the design and effectiveness of U.S. programs; coordination between agencies and between international donors; and the question of whether policy responses to sexual violence can be separated from the broader context in which such violence occurs. The report includes a detailed case study of DRC, which has drawn particular attention from the Obama Administration and the 111th Congress.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Trade Agreements: Impact on the U.S. Economy

Trade Agreements: Impact on the U.S. Economy

Date: February 1, 2011
Creator: Jackson, James K.
Description: This report examines the major features of economic models being used to estimate the effects of trade agreements. It assesses the strengths and weaknesses of the models as an aid in helping Congress evaluate the economic impact of trade agreements on the U.S. economy.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Trade Promotion Authority and the U.S.-South Korea Free Trade Agreement

Trade Promotion Authority and the U.S.-South Korea Free Trade Agreement

Date: March 2, 2011
Creator: Barbour, Emily C.
Description: This report looks at the effects of the Korean Free Trade Agreement (KORUS FTA) on side agreements via the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA).
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Terrorist Use of the Internet: Information Operations in Cyberspace

Terrorist Use of the Internet: Information Operations in Cyberspace

Date: March 8, 2011
Creator: Theohary, Catherine A. & Rollins, John
Description: This report describes the ways that international terrorists and insurgents use the Internet, strategically and tactically, in pursuit of their political agendas.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
International Criminal Court and the Rome Statute: 2010 Review Conference

International Criminal Court and the Rome Statute: 2010 Review Conference

Date: March 10, 2011
Creator: Weed, Matthew C.
Description: This report is a summary of the 2010 International Criminal Court (ICC) Review Conference in which several countries discuss political and legal ramifications of the ICC.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
World Trade Organization (WTO) Decisions and Their Effect in U.S. Law

World Trade Organization (WTO) Decisions and Their Effect in U.S. Law

Date: February 4, 2011
Creator: Grimmett, Jeanne J.
Description: This report looks at specific laws that have been affected by interactions between the Uruguay Round Agreements Act, the WTO, and domestic law.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
U.S.-Mexican Security Cooperation: the Mérida Initiative and Beyond

U.S.-Mexican Security Cooperation: the Mérida Initiative and Beyond

Date: January 31, 2011
Creator: Ribando Seelke, Clare & Finklea, Kristin M.
Description: This report looks at the funding and Congressional oversight for this the joint U.S.-Mexico effort to curb drug trafficking and violence via the Initiative.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
U.S.-Mexican Security Cooperation: the Mérida Initiative and Beyond

U.S.-Mexican Security Cooperation: the Mérida Initiative and Beyond

Date: February 16, 2011
Creator: Ribando Seelke, Clare & Finklea, Kristin M.
Description: This report looks at the funding and Congressional oversight for the U.S.-Mexican governments joint effort to curb drug trafficking and violence via the Initiative.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Southwest Border Violence: Issues in Identifying and Measuring Spillover Violence

Southwest Border Violence: Issues in Identifying and Measuring Spillover Violence

Date: January 25, 2011
Creator: Finklea, Kristin M.; Krouse, William J. & Randol, Mark A.
Description: This report looks at the nature of the U.S.-Mexico drug trafficking conflict and assessments of how the conflict could spill across the border.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
United Nations Peacekeeping: Issues for Congress

United Nations Peacekeeping: Issues for Congress

Date: February 11, 2011
Creator: Browne, Marjorie Ann
Description: This report serves as a tracking report for action by Congress on United Nations peacekeeping. Funding and provisioning issues are examined.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
United Nations Reform: U.S. Policy and International Perspectives

United Nations Reform: U.S. Policy and International Perspectives

Date: January 24, 2011
Creator: Blanchfield, Luisa
Description: This report focuses on U.N. reform efforts and priorities from the perspective of several key actors, including the U.S. government, the U.N. Secretary-General, selected groups of member states, and a cross-section of groups tasked with addressing U.N. reform. It also examines congressional actions related to U.N. reform, as well as future policy considerations.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The United Nations Human Rights Council: Issues for Congress

The United Nations Human Rights Council: Issues for Congress

Date: January 26, 2011
Creator: Blanchfield, Luisa
Description: This report provides historical background of the the United Nations (UN) Human Rights Council, including the role of the previous Commission. It discusses the Council's current mandate and structures, as well as U.S. policy and congressional actions. Finally, it highlights possible policy issues for the 112th Congress, including the overall effectiveness of the Council in addressing human rights, implications for U.S. membership, and U.S. financial contributions to the Council.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
U.S.-Vietnam Relations in 2010: Current Issues and Implications for U.S. Policy

U.S.-Vietnam Relations in 2010: Current Issues and Implications for U.S. Policy

Date: February 4, 2011
Creator: Manyin, Mark E.
Description: This report looks at issues that impact the relationship between the U.S. and Vietnam such as: goals and interests by both countries in a bilateral relationship, economic and trade issues, human rights, U.S. foreign assistance to Vietnam, and recent Vietnamese political events.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Uganda: Current Conditions and the Crisis in North Uganda

Uganda: Current Conditions and the Crisis in North Uganda

Date: March 15, 2011
Creator: Dagne, Ted
Description: This report discusses the current political conditions of Uganda, which has long been ravaged by the Lord's Resistance Army (LRA), an armed rebel group backed by the government of Sudan. In particular, the report focuses on largely-unsuccessful Ugandan efforts to resolve the conflict with the LRA, as well as talks with the U.S. under the Bush Administration and the recent suicide bombings in Kampala, Uganda, in July 2010.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
U.S.-Mexico Economic Relations: Trends, Issues, and Implications

U.S.-Mexico Economic Relations: Trends, Issues, and Implications

Date: February 24, 2011
Creator: Villarreal, M. Angeles
Description: This report provides an overview of U.S.-Mexico trade and economic trends, the Mexican economy, the effects of the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA), and major trade issues between the United States and Mexico.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Proposed U.S.-South Korea Free Trade Agreement (KORUS FTA): Provisions and Implications

The Proposed U.S.-South Korea Free Trade Agreement (KORUS FTA): Provisions and Implications

Date: March 1, 2011
Creator: Cooper, William H.; Manyin, Mark E.; Jurenas, Remy & Platzer, Michaela D.
Description: This report is designed to assist Members of Congress as they consider the costs and benefits of the U.S.-South Korean Free Trade Agreement (KORUS FTA.). It examines the provisions of the KORUS FTA in the context of the overall U.S.-South Korean economic relationship, U.S. objectives, and South Korean objectives.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department