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 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Lawsuits Against State Supporters of Terrorism: An Overview
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs7241/
Lawsuits Against State Supporters of Terrorism: An Overview
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs7242/
Lawsuits Against State Supporters of Terrorism: An Overview
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs7243/
Terrorism at Home and Abroad: Applicable Federal and State Criminal Laws
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs6981/
Protecting Our Perimeter: “Border Searches” under the Fourth Amendment
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs7512/
Uzbekistan's Closure of the Airbase at Karshi-Khanabad: Context and Implications
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs7519/
Terrorism at Home: A Quick Look at Applicable Federal and State Criminal Laws
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs6993/
Terrorism Abroad: A Quick Look at Applicable Federal and State Laws
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs6994/
Homeland Security: 9/11 Victim Relief Funds
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs7839/
DR-CAFTA: Regional Issues
On August 5, 2004, the United States signed the U.S- Dominican Republic-Central America Free Trade Agreement (DR-CAFTA) with five Central American countries (Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, and Nicaragua) and the Dominican Republic. DR-CAFTA could have a significant effect on U.S. relations with the region, primarily by establishing a permanent and reciprocal trade preference arrangement among the signatory countries. DR-CAFTA must now be ratified by each country’s legislature and approved by the U.S. Congress before taking effect. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs7664/
Islamist Extremism in Europe
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs7768/
The International Space Station and the Iran Nonproliferation Act (INA): The Bush Administration's Proposed INA Amendment
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs7988/
FY2006 Appropriations for Border and Transportation Security
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs7800/
U.S.-India Bilateral Agreements in 2005
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs7806/
Border Security and Military Support: Legal Authorizations and Restrictions
The military generally provides support to law enforcement and immigration authorities along the southern border. Reported escalations in violence and illegal immigration, however, have prompted some lawmakers to reevaluate the extent and type of military support that occurs in the border region. President Bush has reportedly announced an interest in sending National Guard troops to support the Border Patrol. Addressing domestic laws and activities with the military, however, might run afoul of the Posse Comitatus Act, which prohibits use of the armed forces to perform the tasks of civilian law enforcement unless explicitly authorized. There are alternative legal authorities for deploying the National Guard, and the precise scope of permitted activities and funds may vary with the authority exercised. This report will be updated as warranted. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs8952/
Border Security and Military Support: Legal Authorizations and Restrictions
The military generally provides support to law enforcement and immigration authorities along the southern border. Reported escalations in violence and illegal immigration, however, have prompted some lawmakers to reevaluate the extent and type of military support that occurs in the border region. President Bush has reportedly announced an interest in sending National Guard troops to support the Border Patrol. Addressing domestic laws and activities with the military, however, might run afoul of the Posse Comitatus Act, which prohibits use of the armed forces to perform the tasks of civilian law enforcement unless explicitly authorized. There are alternative legal authorities for deploying the National Guard, and the precise scope of permitted activities and funds may vary with the authority exercised. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs8953/
Border Security and the Southwest Border: Background, Legislation, and Issues
As the number of illegal aliens that are present in the United States continues to grow, attention is directed at the border patrol and the enforcement of immigration laws within the interior of the country. The Department of Homeland Security’s (DHS’s) Customs and Border Protection (CBP) and Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE) units have launched several initiatives aimed at apprehending illegal aliens and dismantling human and drug smuggling organizations. Despite these efforts, the flow of illegal migration continues. Issues such as enforcement of immigration laws and organizational issues such as inter- and intra-agency cooperation, coordination and information sharing continue to be debated. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs7909/
Border Security: Immigration Issues in the 108th Congress
This report provides background information on the main immigration-related border security issues that have been raised as a result of the terrorist attacks and resulting concern for homeland security. It describes enacted legislation in the 107th Congress as well as in previous Congresses that focus on immigration-related border security issues. The report also poses possible immigration-related border security issues the 108th Congress may consider. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs5027/
Border Security: Immigration Issues in the 108th Congress
This report provides background information on the main immigration-related border security issues that have been raised as a result of the terrorist attacks and resulting concern for homeland security. It describes enacted legislation in the 107th Congress as well as in previous Congresses that focus on immigration-related border security issues. The report also poses possible immigration-related border security issues the 108th Congress may consider. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs5942/
Border and Transportation Security: Selected Programs and Policies
Border and Transportation Security (BTS) is a pivotal function in protecting the American people from terrorists and their instruments of destruction. This report addresses selected programs and policies now in place that seek to attain higher levels of BTS. It is the second in a three-part series of CRS reports that make use of analytical frameworks to better understand complex phenomena and cast them in terms that facilitate consideration of alternative policies and practices. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs6327/
Border and Transportation Security: The Complexity of the Challenge
This report uses a series of graphical presentations to form one possible framework that might assist policy makers in understanding the complex nature of border and transportation security. It is the first in a three-part series of CRS reports that make use of analytical frameworks to better understand complex problems in border and transportation security and cast them in terms that facilitate the consideration of alternative policies and practices. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs6326/
The Cost of Iraq, Afghanistan, and Other Global War on Terror Operations Since 9/11
This report details the total cost of counterterrorism operations in the Global War on Terror (GWOT) since the September 2001 terrorist attacks on the United States. This report also includes descriptions of relevant budgetary legislation. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs9499/
The Cost of Iraq, Afghanistan, and Other Global War on Terror Operations Since 9/11
This report details the total cost of counterterrorism operations in the Global War on Terror (GWOT) since the September 2001 terrorist attacks on the United States. This report also includes descriptions of relevant budgetary legislation. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs9500/
The Democratic Republic of Congo: Background and Current Developments
This report discusses in brief the current political state of the Democratic Republic of the Congo, as well as the crisis situation in eastern Congo that has displaced more than 250,000 civilians. It also describes U.S., U.N., and other international efforts to aid in resolving the crisis. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc31325/
The Democratic Republic of Congo: Background and Current Developments
This report discusses in brief the current political state of the Democratic Republic of the Congo, as well as the crisis situation in eastern Congo that has displaced more than 250,000 civilians. It also describes U.S., U.N., and other international efforts to aid in resolving the crisis. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc26129/
The Democratic Republic of Congo: Background and Current Developments
This report discusses, in brief, the current political state of the Democratic Republic of the Congo, as well as the crisis situation in eastern Congo that has displaced more than 250,000 civilians. It also describes U.S., U.N., and other international efforts to aid in resolving the crisis. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc83915/
The Democratic Republic of Congo: Background and Current Developments
This report discusses in brief the current political state of the Democratic Republic of the Congo, as well as the crisis situation in eastern Congo that has displaced more than 250,000 civilians. It also describes U.S., U.N., and other international efforts to aid in resolving the crisis. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc93810/
The Democratic Republic of Congo: Background and Current Developments
This report discusses in brief the current political state of the Democratic Republic of the Congo, as well as the crisis situation in eastern Congo that has displaced more than 250,000 civilians. It also describes U.S., U.N., and other international efforts to aid in resolving the crisis. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc40066/
Bosnian Muslim-Croat Federation: Key to Peace in Bosnia?
The Federation of Bosnia and Hercegovina was established in March 1994, with U.S. mediation. It aims to unite areas held by the largely Bosniak (Muslim) pre-war republic government with areas held by Croats. The Bosnian peace agreement, signed in Dayton in November 1995, recognized the Federation and the Bosnian Serb Republika Srpska as two largely autonomous entities within a weak, but sovereign Bosnia and Hercegovina union. Real political, economic and military integration of Bosniak and Croat-held areas has been slow to materialize. The United States has played a key role in setting up the Federation and in efforts to make it viable. The long term viability of the Federation is open to question, however, due to continued mistrust between the two sides and significant differences in their perceived interests. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs756/
Border and Transportation Security: Appropriations for FY2005
This report is a guide to a subset of one of the 13 regular appropriation bills that Congress passes each year. It is designed to supplement the information provided by the House and Senate Appropriations Subcommittees on Homeland Security; and to supplement the information provided in the CRS Department of Homeland Security Appropriations report. This report summarizes the current legislative status of the bill, major issues, funding levels, and legislative activity related to border and transportation security and will be updated as events warrant. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs7388/
Border and Transportation Security: Overview of Congressional Issues
This report provides a summary of selected border and transportation security (BTS) concepts and issues that may be of interest to the 109th Congress. It is the product of contributions from CRS staff in the table contained later in this report labeled Key Policy Staff: Border and Transportation Security. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs5996/
Border Security: Key Agencies and Their Missions
After the massive reorganization of federal agencies precipitated by the creation of the Department of Homeland Security (DHS), there are now four main federal agencies charged with securing the United States’ borders: the Bureau of Customs and Border Protection (CBP), which patrols the border and conducts immigrations, customs, and agricultural inspections at ports of entry; the Bureau of Immigrations and Customs Enforcement (ICE), which investigates immigrations and customs violations in the interior of the country; the United States Coast Guard, which provides maritime and port security; and the Transportation Security Administration (TSA), which is responsible for securing the nation’s land, rail, and air transportation networks. This report is meant to serve as a primer on the key federal agencies charged with border security; as such it will briefly describe each agency’s role in securing our nation’s borders. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs7326/
Border Security: U.S.-Canada Border Issues
The September 11 terrorist attacks and continued threats of future attacks have directed Congress’s attention to U.S.-Canada border security-related issues. Both countries are striving to balance adequate border security with other issues such as the facilitation of legitimate cross-border travel and commerce, and protecting civil liberties. Congress has taken action (the USA PATRIOT Act, P.L. 107-56; and the Enhanced Border Security and Visa Entry Reform Act of 2002, P.L. 107-173) to increase the number of INS border patrol agents and inspectors at northern ports of entry and to provide these officials with additional technologically upgraded equipment. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs3170/
Bringing Peace to Chechnya?: Assessments and Implications
A consistent theme of U.S. and other international criticism of Russia is that Russian troops use excessive and indiscriminate force to quell separatism in Chechnya and commit serious human rights abuses. There appeared to be fewer Administration suggestions to Russia that it should open peace talks with “moderate” separatists, more tolerance for Russia’s argument that it primarily was battling terrorism in Chechnya, and some hope that elections and rebuilding in Chechnya could contribute to a “political settlement.” But some in the Administration also argue that Russia is showing declining interest in the adoption of Western democratic and human rights “values,” and that such slippage could ultimately harm bilateral relations. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs9139/
Democratic Republic of the Congo: Peace Process and Background
The purpose of this report is to review the status of the Democratic Republic of the Congo peace process, provide background on recent conflicts in the Congo; briefly summarize the political history that led to these conflicts; and assess prospects for the future. U.S. Congo policy and congressional involvement are also described. digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs6838/
Nuclear Weapons: Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs6875/
Nuclear Weapons: Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs6876/
Chinese Nuclear Weapons and Arms Control Policies: Implications and Options for the United States
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs171/
Sudan: Humanitarian Crisis, Peace Talks, Terrorism, and U.S. Policy
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs6663/
U.S.-Jordan Free Trade Agreement
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs2010/
U.S.-Jordan Free Trade Agreement
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs2011/
Nuclear Weapons: Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs3633/
Nuclear Weapons: Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty
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Nuclear Weapons: Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty
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Nuclear Weapons: Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs3636/
Nuclear Weapons: Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs3637/
Nuclear Weapons: Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs3638/
Nuclear Weapons: Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty
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Nuclear Weapons: Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty
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Nuclear Weapons: Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty
No Description digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metacrs5654/