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 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Northern Ireland: The Peace Process

Northern Ireland: The Peace Process

Date: May 19, 2005
Creator: Archick, Kristin
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The European Union in 2005 and Beyond

The European Union in 2005 and Beyond

Date: May 2, 2005
Creator: Archick, Kristin
Description: The European Union (EU) experienced significant changes in 2004 as it enlarged from 15 to 25 members and continued work on a new constitutional treaty to institute internal reforms and further EU political integration. In 2005, the EU is expected to build on these efforts and seek to implement several recent foreign policy and defense initiatives. This report describes the current status of the EU’s “constitution,” EU enlargement, the EU’s evolving foreign and defense policies, and possible implications for U.S.-EU relations.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The European Union in 2005 and Beyond

The European Union in 2005 and Beyond

Date: July 11, 2005
Creator: Archick, Kristin
Description: The European Union (EU) experienced significant changes in 2004 as it enlarged from 15 to 25 members and continued work on a new constitutional treaty to institute internal reforms and further EU political integration. In 2005, the EU is expected to build on these efforts and seek to implement several recent foreign policy and defense initiatives. This report describes the current status of the EU’s “constitution,” EU enlargement, the EU’s evolving foreign and defense policies, and possible implications for U.S.-EU relations.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The European Union in 2005 and Beyond

The European Union in 2005 and Beyond

Date: June 10, 2005
Creator: Archick, Kristin
Description: The European Union (EU) experienced significant changes in 2004 as it enlarged from 15 to 25 members and continued work on a new constitutional treaty to institute internal reforms and further EU political integration. In 2005, the EU is expected to build on these efforts and seek to implement several recent foreign policy and defense initiatives. This report describes the current status of the EU’s “constitution,” EU enlargement, the EU’s evolving foreign and defense policies, and possible implications for U.S.-EU relations.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The World Trade Organization: Background and Issues

The World Trade Organization: Background and Issues

Date: January 12, 2001
Creator: Sek, Lenore
Description: The World Trade Organization (WTO) was established on January 1, 1995, under an agreement reached during the Uruguay Round of multilateral trade negotiations. The Uruguay Round was the last of a series of periodic trade negotiations held under the auspices of the WTO’s predecessor, the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT). Among the questions asked during debate on U.S. trade policy and the WTO are: To what extent should the United States meet its trade goals in theWTO versus other options? Can the United States maintain its sovereignty as a member of the WTO? Are U.S. interests served through the WTO dispute process? Should the WTO continue to cover traditional trade issues only, or should it be broadened to include nontraditional issues such as labor and the environment? What is the role of Congress in U.S. participation in the WTO?
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The World Trade Organization: Background and Issues

The World Trade Organization: Background and Issues

Date: June 4, 2001
Creator: Sek, Lenore
Description: The World Trade Organization (WTO), which was established on January 1, 1995, is the principal organization for rules governing international trade. This report provides general background on the WTO: its establishment, principles, administrative bodies, and membership. It also includes a brief discussion of policy issues pertaining to the WTO agenda, U.S. sovereignty and membership in the WTO, the congressional role in U.S. participation in the WTO, and pursuit of U.S. trade goals in the WTO compared to other options.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The World Trade Organization: Background and Issues

The World Trade Organization: Background and Issues

Date: March 5, 2003
Creator: Sek, Lenore
Description: The World Trade Organization (WTO) was established on January 1, 1995, under an agreement reached during the Uruguay Round of multilateral trade negotiations. The Uruguay Round was the last of a series of periodic trade negotiations held under the auspices of the WTO’s predecessor, the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT). Among the questions asked during debate on U.S. trade policy and the WTO are: To what extent should the United States meet its trade goals in theWTO versus other options? Can the United States maintain its sovereignty as a member of the WTO? Are U.S. interests served through the WTO dispute process? Should the WTO continue to cover traditional trade issues only, or should it be broadened to include nontraditional issues such as labor and the environment? What is the role of Congress in U.S. participation in the WTO?
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Foreign Terrorist Organizations

Foreign Terrorist Organizations

Date: February 6, 2004
Creator: Cronin, Audrey Kurth; Aden, Huda; Frost, Adam & Jones, Benjamin
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The European Union in 2005 and Beyond

The European Union in 2005 and Beyond

Date: March 7, 2005
Creator: Archick, Kristin
Description: The European Union (EU) experienced significant changes in 2004 as it enlarged from 15 to 25 members and continued work on a new constitutional treaty to institute internal reforms and further EU political integration. In 2005, the EU is expected to build on these efforts and seek to implement several recent foreign policy and defense initiatives. This report describes the current status of the EU’s “constitution,” EU enlargement, the EU’s evolving foreign and defense policies, and possible implications for U.S.-EU relations.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Northern Ireland: The Peace Process

Northern Ireland: The Peace Process

Date: March 6, 2006
Creator: Archick, Kristin
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Northern Ireland: The Peace Process

Northern Ireland: The Peace Process

Date: September 27, 2006
Creator: Archick, Kristin & Morelli, Vince L.
Description: For years, the British and Irish governments have sought to facilitate a peaceful settlement to the conflict in Northern Ireland. After many ups and downs, the two government and the parties participating in the peace talks announced an agreement on April 10, 1998. The implementation of the resulting Good Friday Agreement continues to be difficult. A political stalemate in Northern Ireland since 2002 has halted the peace process and forced London to suspend the devolved government and to resume governance of the province. British and Irish leaders have set a November 24, 2006, deadline to revive talks on governance in Northern Ireland.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
U.S.-EU Cooperation Against Terrorism

U.S.-EU Cooperation Against Terrorism

Date: January 24, 2006
Creator: Archick, Kristin
Description: This report examines the evolution of counterterrorism cooperation between the United States and the European Union (EU), particularly since the September 11, 2001 terrorist attacks. It includes a discussion of U.S.-EU cooperation progress and ongoing challenges, as well as perspectives and issues for Congress.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Anti-Terrorism Authority Under the Laws of the United Kingdom and the United States

Anti-Terrorism Authority Under the Laws of the United Kingdom and the United States

Date: September 7, 2006
Creator: Feikert, Clare & Doyle, Charles
Description: This report is a comparison of the laws of the United Kingdom and of the United States that govern criminal and intelligence investigations of terrorist activities. Both systems rely upon a series of statutory authorizations: in the case of the United States primarily the Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act and the Electronic Communications Privacy Act; in the case of the United Kingdom, the Regulation of Investigatory Powers Act, the Police Act, the Intelligence Services Act. Among other differences, the U.S. procedures rely more heavily upon judicial involvement and supervision, while those of the UK employ other safeguards. The UK procedures afford greater latitude to arrest, detain and supervise suspected terrorists than those available in the United States.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Al Shabaab

Al Shabaab

Date: April 3, 2015
Creator: Ploch Blanchard, Lauren
Description: This report briefly examines Al Shabaab (aka Harakat Shabaab al Mujahidin, or Mujahidin Youth Movement) which is an insurgent and terrorist group that evolved out of a militant wing of Somalia’s Council of Islamic Courts in the mid-2000s.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Climate Change Paris Agreement Opens for Signature

Climate Change Paris Agreement Opens for Signature

Date: April 25, 2016
Creator: Leggett, Jane A.
Description: This report briefly provides background on the new international Paris Agreement to address greenhouse-gas-induced climate change. No international agreement has attracted as many signatures on a single day.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
European Security and Islamist Terrorism

European Security and Islamist Terrorism

Date: March 29, 2016
Creator: Archick, Kristin & Belkin, Paul
Description: This report discusses challenges the European Union faces in light of the continuing threat of Terrorism at the hands of the Islamic State and the implications for U.S. policy.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
European Security and Islamist Terrorism

European Security and Islamist Terrorism

Date: April 18, 2016
Creator: Archick, Kristin & Belkin, Paul
Description: This report discusses the current security climate in Europe following recent incidences of terrorism. The report also addresses potential policy responses and challenges.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Islamic State Woos Jihadists in Africa but Faces Competition

The Islamic State Woos Jihadists in Africa but Faces Competition

Date: April 14, 2016
Creator: Ploch Blanchard, Lauren
Description: This report briefly discusses the Islamic State's attempts to expand its influence in Africa.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Trafficking in Persons in Latin America and the Caribbean

Trafficking in Persons in Latin America and the Caribbean

Date: July 13, 2010
Creator: Ribando Seelke, Clare
Description: This report looks at instances of trafficking in persons (TIP) in Latin America. It looks at current legislation in the U.S. to combat this problem.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Terrorism: Near Eastern Groups and State Sponsors, 2002

Terrorism: Near Eastern Groups and State Sponsors, 2002

Date: February 13, 2002
Creator: Katzman, Kenneth
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Terrorism: Near Eastern Groups and State Sponsors, 2001

Terrorism: Near Eastern Groups and State Sponsors, 2001

Date: September 10, 2001
Creator: Katzman, Kenneth
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
In Re Terrorist Attacks on September 11, 2001: Claims Against Saudi Defendants Under the Foreign Sovereign Immunities Act (FSIA)

In Re Terrorist Attacks on September 11, 2001: Claims Against Saudi Defendants Under the Foreign Sovereign Immunities Act (FSIA)

Date: December 27, 2013
Creator: Elsea, Jennifer K.
Description: This report summarizes the Foreign Sovereign Immunities Act (FSIA) and jurisdiction in cases against foreign defendants and analyzes the court of appeals decision. It also discusses legislative efforts to address these issues(S. 1535 and H.R. 3143).
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Why Certain Trade Agreements Are Approved as Congressional-Executive Agreements Rather Than Treaties

Why Certain Trade Agreements Are Approved as Congressional-Executive Agreements Rather Than Treaties

Date: April 15, 2013
Creator: Smith, Jane M.; Shedd, Daniel T. & Murrill, Brandon J.
Description: This report briefly discusses the process used to enact U.S. trade agreements such as the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA), World Trade Organization agreements, and bilateral free trade agreements (FTAs). In each case these agreements have been approved by majority vote of each house rather than by two-thirds vote of the Senate - that is, they have been treated as congressional-executive agreements rather than as treaties.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
U.S. International Broadcasting: Background and Issues for Reform

U.S. International Broadcasting: Background and Issues for Reform

Date: May 2, 2014
Creator: Weed, Matthew C.
Description: This report discusses the United States International Broadcasting Act of 1994 (USIB Act) and the U.S. international broadcasting services were consolidated under the BBG within the United States Information Agency (USIA).
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department