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 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Northern Ireland: The Peace Process

Northern Ireland: The Peace Process

Date: September 27, 2006
Creator: Archick, Kristin & Morelli, Vince L.
Description: For years, the British and Irish governments have sought to facilitate a peaceful settlement to the conflict in Northern Ireland. After many ups and downs, the two government and the parties participating in the peace talks announced an agreement on April 10, 1998. The implementation of the resulting Good Friday Agreement continues to be difficult. A political stalemate in Northern Ireland since 2002 has halted the peace process and forced London to suspend the devolved government and to resume governance of the province. British and Irish leaders have set a November 24, 2006, deadline to revive talks on governance in Northern Ireland.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
U.S.-EU Cooperation Against Terrorism

U.S.-EU Cooperation Against Terrorism

Date: January 24, 2006
Creator: Archick, Kristin
Description: This report examines the evolution of counterterrorism cooperation between the United States and the European Union (EU), particularly since the September 11, 2001 terrorist attacks. It includes a discussion of U.S.-EU cooperation progress and ongoing challenges, as well as perspectives and issues for Congress.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Anti-Terrorism Authority Under the Laws of the United Kingdom and the United States

Anti-Terrorism Authority Under the Laws of the United Kingdom and the United States

Date: September 7, 2006
Creator: Feikert, Clare & Doyle, Charles
Description: This report is a comparison of the laws of the United Kingdom and of the United States that govern criminal and intelligence investigations of terrorist activities. Both systems rely upon a series of statutory authorizations: in the case of the United States primarily the Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act and the Electronic Communications Privacy Act; in the case of the United Kingdom, the Regulation of Investigatory Powers Act, the Police Act, the Intelligence Services Act. Among other differences, the U.S. procedures rely more heavily upon judicial involvement and supervision, while those of the UK employ other safeguards. The UK procedures afford greater latitude to arrest, detain and supervise suspected terrorists than those available in the United States.
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Al Shabaab

Al Shabaab

Date: April 3, 2015
Creator: Ploch Blanchard, Lauren
Description: This report briefly examines Al Shabaab (aka Harakat Shabaab al Mujahidin, or Mujahidin Youth Movement) which is an insurgent and terrorist group that evolved out of a militant wing of Somalia’s Council of Islamic Courts in the mid-2000s.
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Climate Change Paris Agreement Opens for Signature

Climate Change Paris Agreement Opens for Signature

Date: April 25, 2016
Creator: Leggett, Jane A.
Description: This report briefly provides background on the new international Paris Agreement to address greenhouse-gas-induced climate change. No international agreement has attracted as many signatures on a single day.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
European Security and Islamist Terrorism

European Security and Islamist Terrorism

Date: March 29, 2016
Creator: Archick, Kristin & Belkin, Paul
Description: This report discusses challenges the European Union faces in light of the continuing threat of Terrorism at the hands of the Islamic State and the implications for U.S. policy.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
European Security and Islamist Terrorism

European Security and Islamist Terrorism

Date: April 18, 2016
Creator: Archick, Kristin & Belkin, Paul
Description: This report discusses the current security climate in Europe following recent incidences of terrorism. The report also addresses potential policy responses and challenges.
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The Islamic State Woos Jihadists in Africa but Faces Competition

The Islamic State Woos Jihadists in Africa but Faces Competition

Date: April 14, 2016
Creator: Ploch Blanchard, Lauren
Description: This report briefly discusses the Islamic State's attempts to expand its influence in Africa.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Trafficking in Persons in Latin America and the Caribbean

Trafficking in Persons in Latin America and the Caribbean

Date: July 13, 2010
Creator: Ribando Seelke, Clare
Description: This report looks at instances of trafficking in persons (TIP) in Latin America. It looks at current legislation in the U.S. to combat this problem.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Terrorism: Near Eastern Groups and State Sponsors, 2002

Terrorism: Near Eastern Groups and State Sponsors, 2002

Date: February 13, 2002
Creator: Katzman, Kenneth
Description: None
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Terrorism: Near Eastern Groups and State Sponsors, 2001

Terrorism: Near Eastern Groups and State Sponsors, 2001

Date: September 10, 2001
Creator: Katzman, Kenneth
Description: None
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In Re Terrorist Attacks on September 11, 2001: Claims Against Saudi Defendants Under the Foreign Sovereign Immunities Act (FSIA)

In Re Terrorist Attacks on September 11, 2001: Claims Against Saudi Defendants Under the Foreign Sovereign Immunities Act (FSIA)

Date: December 27, 2013
Creator: Elsea, Jennifer K.
Description: This report summarizes the Foreign Sovereign Immunities Act (FSIA) and jurisdiction in cases against foreign defendants and analyzes the court of appeals decision. It also discusses legislative efforts to address these issues(S. 1535 and H.R. 3143).
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Why Certain Trade Agreements Are Approved as Congressional-Executive Agreements Rather Than Treaties

Why Certain Trade Agreements Are Approved as Congressional-Executive Agreements Rather Than Treaties

Date: April 15, 2013
Creator: Smith, Jane M.; Shedd, Daniel T. & Murrill, Brandon J.
Description: This report briefly discusses the process used to enact U.S. trade agreements such as the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA), World Trade Organization agreements, and bilateral free trade agreements (FTAs). In each case these agreements have been approved by majority vote of each house rather than by two-thirds vote of the Senate - that is, they have been treated as congressional-executive agreements rather than as treaties.
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U.S. International Broadcasting: Background and Issues for Reform

U.S. International Broadcasting: Background and Issues for Reform

Date: May 2, 2014
Creator: Weed, Matthew C.
Description: This report discusses the United States International Broadcasting Act of 1994 (USIB Act) and the U.S. international broadcasting services were consolidated under the BBG within the United States Information Agency (USIA).
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Terrorism Risk Insurance: Issue Analysis and Overview of Current Program

Terrorism Risk Insurance: Issue Analysis and Overview of Current Program

Date: June 4, 2014
Creator: Webel, Baird
Description: This report looks at the background and current Congressional status of the Terrorism Risk Insurance Act of 2002.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Agriculture in the WTO Bali Ministerial Agreement

Agriculture in the WTO Bali Ministerial Agreement

Date: October 6, 2014
Creator: Schnepf, Randy
Description: At the World Trade Organization's (WTO's) Ninth Ministerial Conference in Bali, Indonesia, December 3-7, 2013, ministers adopted the so-called Bali Package — a series of decisions aimed at streamlining trade (referred to as trade facilitation), allowing developing countries more options for providing food security, boosting least-developed-country trade, and helping development more generally. This report focuses on aspects of the Bali Package that deal with and are specific to agriculture.
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State, Foreign Operations, and Related Programs: FY2011 Budget and Appropriations

State, Foreign Operations, and Related Programs: FY2011 Budget and Appropriations

Date: December 7, 2010
Creator: Lawson, Marian L.; Epstein, Susan B. & Resler, Tamara J.
Description: The annual State, Foreign Operations, and Related Agencies appropriations bill has been the primary legislative vehicle through which Congress reviews the U.S. international affairs budget and influences executive branch foreign policy making in recent years, as Congress has not regularly considered these issues through a complete authorization process for State Department diplomatic activities since 2003 and for foreign aid programs since 1985. This report analyzes the FY2011 request, recent-year funding trends, and congressional action related to FY2011 State-Foreign Operations legislation.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Trade Promotion Authority and the Korea Free Trade Agreement

Trade Promotion Authority and the Korea Free Trade Agreement

Date: December 22, 2010
Creator: Barbour, Emily C.
Description: This report looks at the effects of the Korean Free Trade Agreement (KORUS FTA) on side agreements via the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA).
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State, Foreign Operations, and Related Programs: FY2011 Budget and Appropriations

State, Foreign Operations, and Related Programs: FY2011 Budget and Appropriations

Date: December 29, 2010
Creator: Lawson, Marian Leonardo
Description: This report analyzes the FY2011 request, recent-year funding trends, and congressional action related to FY2011 State-Foreign Operations legislation.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Piracy: A Legal Definition

Piracy: A Legal Definition

Date: December 13, 2010
Creator: Mason, R. Chuck
Description: This report first examines the historical development of the offense of piracy, as defined by Congress and codified in the United States Code. The focus then turns to how contemporary international agreements define piracy. Finally, the report highlights developments in two trials involving charges of piracy in the federal district court in Norfolk, VA, United States v. Said and United States v. Hasan, specifically focusing on how the courts interpreted the definition of piracy under 18 U.S.C. § 1651.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Pending U.S. and EU Free Trade Agreements with South Korea: Possible Implications for Automobile and Other Manufacturing Industries

Pending U.S. and EU Free Trade Agreements with South Korea: Possible Implications for Automobile and Other Manufacturing Industries

Date: September 1, 2010
Creator: Platzer, Michaela D.
Description: This report provides U.S. lawmakers with a comparison of the manufacturing components in the South Korea free trade agreement (KORUS) and the European Union and South Korea free trade agreement (KOREU FTA). Also included is a brief overview of the possible implications of the two pending FTAs on other selected industrial sectors affected by the FTAs: home appliances, consumer electronics, textiles and apparel, and pharmaceuticals and medical devices.
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State, Foreign Operations, and Related Programs: FY2011 Budget and Appropriations

State, Foreign Operations, and Related Programs: FY2011 Budget and Appropriations

Date: August 19, 2010
Creator: Lawson, Marian Leonardo; Epstein, Susan B. & Nakamura, Kennon H.
Description: This report analyzes the FY2011 request, recent-year funding trends, and congressional action related to FY2011 State-Foreign Operations legislation.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Islamic State in Syria and Iraq: A Possible Threat to Jordan?

The Islamic State in Syria and Iraq: A Possible Threat to Jordan?

Date: August 28, 2014
Creator: Sharp, Jeremy M.
Description: This report briefly examines the extent to which the Islamic State (IS, formerly referred to as ISIS or ISIL) may pose a threat to Jordan, an "important U.S. partner." The report discusses Jordanian actions to address threats, and U.S. policy implications.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
State, Foreign Operations, and Related Programs: FY2009 Appropriations

State, Foreign Operations, and Related Programs: FY2009 Appropriations

Date: November 20, 2008
Creator: Epstein, Susan B. & Nakamura, Kennon H.
Description: This report analyzes the FY2009 request and recent-year funding trends; it will track major foreign policy issues Congress may consider and will highlight congressional action throughout the appropriations process including the congressional report.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department