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 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Nuclear Weapons: Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty

Nuclear Weapons: Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty

Date: January 10, 2005
Creator: Medalia, Jonathan
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Improvised Explosive Devices in Iraq: Effects and Countermeasures

Improvised Explosive Devices in Iraq: Effects and Countermeasures

Date: November 23, 2005
Creator: Wilson, Clay
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Agriculture and China's Accession to the World Trade Organization

Agriculture and China's Accession to the World Trade Organization

Date: March 13, 2001
Creator: Hanrahan, Charles E
Description: The prospect of future growth in demand for agricultural products makes China’s accession to the World Trade Organization (WTO) an important issue for the U.S. agricultural sector. Most agricultural interest groups strongly support China’s entry into the WTO, because they think it will increase U.S. agricultural exports and enhance farm income. In the 107th Congress, attention is focused on China’s final WTO accession negotiations where differences over agriculture have become an issue.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Afghanistan: Connections to Islamic Movements In Central and South Asia and Southern Russia

Afghanistan: Connections to Islamic Movements In Central and South Asia and Southern Russia

Date: December 7, 1999
Creator: Katzman, Kenneth
Description: After several years of relative peace in Central Asia and southern Russia, Islamic extremist movements have become more active in Russia and in Central and South Asia, threatening stability in the region. Although numerous factors might account for the upsurge in activity, several of these movements appear to have connections to the Islamic fundamentalist Taliban regime in Afghanistan. These linkages raise questions about whether the United States, as part of a broader effort to promote peace and stability in the region, should continue to engage the Taliban regime, or strongly confront it. This report will be updated as events warrant.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Agreements to Promote Fishery Conservation and Management in International Waters

Agreements to Promote Fishery Conservation and Management in International Waters

Date: January 5, 1996
Creator: Buck, Eugene H.
Description: Declining fish populations threaten an important food source. Natural catastrophes, pollution, habitat destruction, and overfishing contribute to the depletion of fish stocks. Overexploitation of fishery resources often occurs when management allows expanding and increasingly efficient fishing fleets to continue harvesting dwindling supplies. Although prevalent, overexploitation is not universal and its extent varies among areas, species, and fisheries. This report discusses the issue of overfishing and its possible consequences, as well as domestic and international efforts to combat overfishing.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
9/11 Terrorism: Global Economic Costs

9/11 Terrorism: Global Economic Costs

Date: October 5, 2004
Creator: Nanto, Dick K.
Description: The 9/11 attacks were part of Al Qaeda’s strategy to disrupt Western economies and impose both direct and secondary costs on the United States and other nations. The immediate costs were the physical damage, loss of lives and earnings, slower world economic growth, and capital losses on stock markets. Indirect costs include higher insurance and shipping fees, diversion of time and resources away from enhancing productivity to protecting and insuring property, public loss of confidence, and reduced demand for travel and tourism. In a broader sense, the 9/11 attacks led to the invasions and occupations of Afghanistan and Iraq (and the Global War on Terrorism) and perhaps emboldened terrorists to attack in Bali, Spain, Morocco, and Saudi Arabia. A policy question for Congress is how to evaluate the costs and benefits of further spending to counter terrorism and its economic impact.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
U.S.-Vietnam Relations in 2009: Current Issues and Implications for U.S. Policy

U.S.-Vietnam Relations in 2009: Current Issues and Implications for U.S. Policy

Date: July 29, 2009
Creator: Manyin, Mark E.
Description: This report provides an overview of U.S. relations with Vietnam, including policy issues, the economic and political situation in Vietnam, and a list of pertinent legislation.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Terrorism in Southeast Asia

Terrorism in Southeast Asia

Date: October 16, 2009
Creator: Vaughn, Bruce; Chanlett-Avery, Emma; Dolven, Ben; Manyin, Mark E.; Martin, Michael F. & Niksch, Larry A.
Description: The report looks at the rise of Islamist militancy and the Jemaah Islamiyah (JI), network, and discusses terrorism in the region, concluding with options for U.S. policy. Strategies include placing greater emphasis on attacking institutions that support terrorism, building up regional governments' capacities for combating terrorist groups, and reducing the sense of alienation among Muslim citizens.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Russian Compliance with the Intermediate Range Nuclear Forces (INF) Treaty: Background and Issues for Congress

Russian Compliance with the Intermediate Range Nuclear Forces (INF) Treaty: Background and Issues for Congress

Date: June 2, 2015
Creator: Woolf, Amy F.
Description: This report describes the current status of the Intermediate Range Nuclear Forces Treaty and highlights issues that Congress may address as the United States pursues its compliance concerns with Russia.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
El Salvador: Background and U.S. Relations

El Salvador: Background and U.S. Relations

Date: May 19, 2015
Creator: Ribando Seelke, Clare
Description: This report examines current conditions in El Salvador, as well as issues in U.S.-Salvadoran relations.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Proposed U.S.-Panama Free Trade Agreement

The Proposed U.S.-Panama Free Trade Agreement

Date: October 15, 2009
Creator: Hornbeck, J. F.
Description: This report discusses the free trade agreement (FTA) that the United States and Panama signed on June 28, 2007. While Panama's government ratified the FTA in July 2007, Congress has not yet implemented ratification legislation.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Cuba: Issues for the 114th Congress

Cuba: Issues for the 114th Congress

Date: June 12, 2015
Creator: Sullivan, Mark P.
Description: This report discusses Cuba's political and economic environment, U.S. policy toward Cuba, and selected issues in U.S.-Cuban relations.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Trafficking in Persons in Latin America and the Caribbean

Trafficking in Persons in Latin America and the Caribbean

Date: October 9, 2009
Creator: Seelke, Clare Ribando
Description: This report describes the nature and scope of the problem of trafficking in persons in Latin America and the Caribbean. It then describes U.S. efforts to deal with trafficking in persons in Latin America and the Caribbean, as well as discusses the successes and failures of some recent country and regional anti-trafficking efforts.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Chinese Land Reclamation in the South China Sea: Implications and Policy Options

Chinese Land Reclamation in the South China Sea: Implications and Policy Options

Date: June 16, 2015
Creator: Dolven, Ben; Elsea, Jennifer K.; Lawrence, Susan V.; O'Rourke, Ronald & Rinehart, Ian E.
Description: This report assesses legal, military/operational, and diplomatic implications of the reclamation and construction activity. It surveys U.S. and Chinese statements on the situation, provides a history of reclamation activity by other nations including the United States and other South China Sea claimants, and discusses U.S. strategy and potential options for U.S. policymakers.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Costa Rica: Background and U.S. Relations

Costa Rica: Background and U.S. Relations

Date: June 2, 2009
Creator: Meyer, Peter J.
Description: Costa Rica is a relatively politically stable and economically developed nation with a long tradition of civilian democracy. Once a predominantly agricultural nation, Costa Rica has established a diversified economy with a strong export sector. This report examines recent political and economic developments in Costa Rica as well as issues in U.S.-Costa Rica relations.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
U.S.-China Counterterrorism Cooperation: Issues for U.S. Policy

U.S.-China Counterterrorism Cooperation: Issues for U.S. Policy

Date: August 6, 2008
Creator: Kan, Shirley A.
Description: This report discusses the United States counterterrorism cooperation with China after the terrorist attacks on September 11, 2001. This effort raised short-term policy issues about how to elicit cooperation and how to address China's concerns about military action (Operation Enduring Freedom). Longer-term questions have concerned whether counterterrorism has strategically transformed bilateral relations and whether China's support has been valuable and not obtained at the expense of other U.S. interests.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
U.S.-China Counterterrorism Cooperation: Issues for U.S. Policy

U.S.-China Counterterrorism Cooperation: Issues for U.S. Policy

Date: August 3, 2009
Creator: Kan, Shirley A.
Description: This report discusses the United States counterterrorism cooperation with China after the terrorist attacks on September 11, 2001. This effort raised short-term policy issues about how to elicit cooperation and how to address China's concerns about military action (Operation Enduring Freedom). Longer-term questions have concerned whether counterterrorism has strategically transformed bilateral relations and whether China's support has been valuable and not obtained at the expense of other U.S. interests.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Train and Equip Program for Syria: Authorities, Funding, and Issues for Congress

Train and Equip Program for Syria: Authorities, Funding, and Issues for Congress

Date: June 9, 2015
Creator: Blanchard, Christopher M. & Belasco, Amy
Description: This report discusses the current debate over various aspect of the Syria Train and Equip program. These include U.S. efforts to combat the Islamic State and other terrorist organizations in Syria and setting the conditions for a negotiated settlement to Syria's civil war.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The U.N. Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against Women (CEDAW): Issues in the U.S. Ratification Debate

The U.N. Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against Women (CEDAW): Issues in the U.S. Ratification Debate

Date: August 7, 2009
Creator: Blanchfield, Luisa
Description: This report provides an overview of the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against Women (CEDAW) and describes its background, objectives, and structure. It examines U.S. policy and issues in the U.S. ratification debate, including the Convention's possible impact on U.S. sovereignty, its effectiveness in combating discrimination, and its role as an instrument of U.S. foreign policy.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Deforestation: An Overview of Global Programs and Agreements

Deforestation: An Overview of Global Programs and Agreements

Date: October 21, 1992
Creator: Lyke, Julie & Fletcher, Susan R
Description: In recent years, global environmental concerns have figured prominently on the American political agenda. In particular, tropical deforestation and its implications for global climate change and biological diversity loss have prompted public outcry. Concerns have since grown to include other forest types as well. The Congress has considered a variety of legislation to stem the tide of increasing deforestation and the United States has supported a number of bilateral and multilateral initiatives to assist other countries in managing their forest resources.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
U.S.-China Counterterrorism Cooperation: Issues for U.S. Policy

U.S.-China Counterterrorism Cooperation: Issues for U.S. Policy

Date: October 8, 2008
Creator: Kan, Shirley A.
Description: This report discusses the United States counterterrorism cooperation with China after the terrorist attacks on September 11, 2001. This effort raised short-term policy issues about how to elicit cooperation and how to address China's concerns about military action (Operation Enduring Freedom). Longer-term questions have concerned whether counterterrorism has strategically transformed bilateral relations and whether China's support has been valuable and not obtained at the expense of other U.S. interests.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Prospects for Democracy in Hong Kong: The 2017 Election Reforms

Prospects for Democracy in Hong Kong: The 2017 Election Reforms

Date: June 9, 2015
Creator: Martin, Michael F.
Description: This report discusses the current state of democracy in Hong Kong leading up to elections in 2017. The democratization of Hong Kong not only has implications for U.S. relations with Hong Kong, but also for U.S. relations with China and the political development of Taiwan and cross-Strait relations.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Iraq: Oil and Gas Legislation, Revenue Sharing, and U.S. Policy

Iraq: Oil and Gas Legislation, Revenue Sharing, and U.S. Policy

Date: July 2, 2008
Creator: Blanchard, Christopher M.
Description: This report reviews policy proposals and interim contracts, analyzes the positions of various Iraqi political actors, and discusses potential implications for U.S. foreign policy goals in Iraq.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
U.S.-China Counterterrorism Cooperation: Issues for U.S. Policy

U.S.-China Counterterrorism Cooperation: Issues for U.S. Policy

Date: October 29, 2008
Creator: Kan, Shirley A.
Description: This report discusses the United States counterterrorism cooperation with China after the terrorist attacks on September 11, 2001. This effort raised short-term policy issues about how to elicit cooperation and how to address China's concerns about military action (Operation Enduring Freedom). Longer-term questions have concerned whether counterterrorism has strategically transformed bilateral relations and whether China's support has been valuable and not obtained at the expense of other U.S. interests.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department