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 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Iran-U.S. Air Service Not Imminent

Iran-U.S. Air Service Not Imminent

Date: January 21, 2016
Creator: Tang, Rachel Y.
Description: This report discusses the prospect of air travel between Iran and the U.S., which last operated during 1979, when the U.S. government imposed an embargo on flights following the Iran hostage crisis. Since then, travel and air cargo shipments between the two countries have been routed through third countries, and their extent has been limited by U.S. sanctions.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Iran Nuclear Agreement

Iran Nuclear Agreement

Date: January 19, 2016
Creator: Katzman, Kenneth & Kerr, Paul K.
Description: This report provides background on the agreement negotiated by Iran and six other countries (the United States, the United Kingdom, France, Russia, China, and Germany--collectively known as the P5+1) regarding Iran's nuclear program, and discusses the implications for U.S.-Iran relations.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
U.S.-Mexican Security Cooperation: The Mérida Initiative and Beyond

U.S.-Mexican Security Cooperation: The Mérida Initiative and Beyond

Date: January 15, 2016
Creator: Ribando Seelke, Clare & Finklea, Kristin
Description: This report begins with a brief discussion of security challenges in Mexico and Mexico's security strategy. It then provides information on congressional funding and oversight of the Mérida Initiative, with details about each of the program's four pillars. The report concludes by raising policy issues that Congress may wish to consider.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Iran, Gulf Security, and U.S. Policy

Iran, Gulf Security, and U.S. Policy

Date: January 14, 2016
Creator: Katzman, Kenneth
Description: This report discusses issues regarding Iran's political history and structure. It also takes a look at economic and defense policy responses for Congress, specifically focusing on Iran's nuclear capabilities.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Cuba: Issues for the 114th Congress

Cuba: Issues for the 114th Congress

Date: January 11, 2016
Creator: Sullivan, Mark P.
Description: This report is divided into three major sections analyzing Cuba's political and economic environment, U.S. policy, and selected issues in U.S.-Cuban relations. While legislative initiatives are noted throughout the report, a final section of the report provides a listing of bills and resolutions introduced in the 114th Congress.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
American Agriculture and the Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP) Agreement

American Agriculture and the Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP) Agreement

Date: January 8, 2016
Creator: McMinimy, Mark A.
Description: This report identifies four considerations about the Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP) agreement that are particularly relevant for U.S. food and agriculture. It includes a partial snapshot of some of the higher-profile improvements in market access for agricultural products in the agreement, a summary of selected provisions beyond market access that are of interest to food and agriculture, a brief overview of industry reactions to the agreement, and a review of what would need to occur for the agreement to enter into force for the United States.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Perspectives on Enhanced Interrogation Techniques

Perspectives on Enhanced Interrogation Techniques

Date: January 8, 2016
Creator: Miles, Anne D.
Description: This report briefly summarizes what constituted Enhanced Interrogation Techniques (EITs), provides background on their adoption and use, and discusses differing views on three questions that underpin discussion and debate of this topic.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP): In Brief

The Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP): In Brief

Date: January 8, 2016
Creator: Fergusson, Ian F.; McMinimy, Mark A. & Williams, Brock R.
Description: This report briefly summarizes some of the key provisions listed in the Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP) that are seen as controversial. The TPP is a proposed free trade agreement (FTA) among 12 Asia-Pacific countries, which the Obama Administration casts as comprehensive, with economic and strategic significance for the United States. These controversial issues include select market access (such as on dairy and other agricultural products, autos, and textiles and apparel) as well as the level of intellectual property protection, the scope and enforcement of environment and worker rights provisions, the treatment of state-owned enterprises (SOEs), investor-state dispute settlement, access to government procurement, and the potential inclusion of provisions on currency valuation and exchange rates.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
President Obama's $1 Billion Foreign Aid Request for Central America

President Obama's $1 Billion Foreign Aid Request for Central America

Date: January 5, 2016
Creator: Ribando Seelke, Clare & Meyer, Peter J.
Description: This report discusses the Obama Administration's recent request for over $1 billion in foreign assistance during FY2016 to support a whole-of-government "U.S. Strategy for Engagement in Central America."
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
U.S.-Mexican Security Cooperation: The Mérida Initiative and Beyond

U.S.-Mexican Security Cooperation: The Mérida Initiative and Beyond

Date: January 5, 2016
Creator: Ribando Seelke, Clare & Finklea, Kristin
Description: This report begins with a brief discussion of security challenges in Mexico and Mexico's security strategy. It then provides information on congressional funding and oversight of the Mérida Initiative, with details about each of the program's four pillars. The report concludes by raising policy issues that Congress may wish to consider.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The WTO Nairobi Ministerial

The WTO Nairobi Ministerial

Date: January 4, 2016
Creator: Fefer, Rachel F.
Description: This report briefly discusses a limited set of deliverables agreed upon by trade ministers and their senior representatives in Nairobi at the 10th Ministerial Conference of the World Trade Organization (WTO).
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
A Shift in the International Security Environment: Potential Implications for Defense--Issues for Congress

A Shift in the International Security Environment: Potential Implications for Defense--Issues for Congress

Date: December 21, 2015
Creator: O'Rourke, Ronald
Description: This report briefly describes the shift in the international security environment that some observers believe has occurred, and identifies some defense related issues for Congress that could arise from it. Congress's decisions on these issues could have significant implications for U.S. defense capabilities and funding requirements.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
International Climate Change Negotiations: What to Expect in Paris, December 2015

International Climate Change Negotiations: What to Expect in Paris, December 2015

Date: November 27, 2015
Creator: Leggett, Jane A.
Description: This report identifies critical issues regarding the expected Paris Agreement and a Decision that would give effect to the Agreement. The Congressional Research Service (CRS) draws on the draft negotiating texts, publicly available reports, and commentaries to suggest likely outcomes.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Cuba: Issues for the 114th Congress

Cuba: Issues for the 114th Congress

Date: November 25, 2015
Creator: Sullivan, Mark P.
Description: This report is divided into three major sections analyzing Cuba's political and economic environment, U.S. policy, and selected issues in U.S.-Cuban relations. A final section of the report provides a listing of bills and resolutions introduced in the 114th Congress.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Iran's Foreign Policy

Iran's Foreign Policy

Date: November 25, 2015
Creator: Katzman, Kenneth
Description: This report provides an overview of Iran's foreign policy, which has been a subject of numerous congressional hearings and of sanctions and other legislation for many years. The report analyzes Iranian foreign policy as a whole and by region.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
President Obama's $1 Billion Foreign Aid Request for Central America

President Obama's $1 Billion Foreign Aid Request for Central America

Date: November 25, 2015
Creator: Meyer, Peter J. & Ribando Seelke, Clare
Description: This report discusses the Obama Administration's recent request for over $1 billion in foreign assistance in FY2016 to support a whole-of-government "U.S. Strategy for Engagement in Central America."
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The November 2015 Terrorist Siege in Mali

The November 2015 Terrorist Siege in Mali

Date: November 23, 2015
Creator: Blanchard, Lauren P.; Renard, Emily & Arieff, Alexis
Description: On November 20, 2015, gunmen laid siege to the Radisson Blu, a hotel popular with foreigners in Mali's capital, Bamako. This report discusses issues for Congress in the wake of the attack.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Iran Nuclear Agreement

Iran Nuclear Agreement

Date: November 20, 2015
Creator: Katzman, Kenneth & Kerr, Paul K.
Description: This report provides background on the agreement negotiated by Iran and six other countries (the United States, the United Kingdom, France, Russia, China, and Germany--collectively known as the P5+1) regarding Iran's nuclear program, and discusses the implications for U.S.-Iran relations.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
A Shift in the International Security Environment: Potential Implications for Defense--Issues for Congress

A Shift in the International Security Environment: Potential Implications for Defense--Issues for Congress

Date: November 20, 2015
Creator: O'Rourke, Ronald
Description: This report briefly describes the shift in the international security environment that some observers believe has occurred, and identifies some defense related issues for Congress that could arise from it. Congress's decisions on these issues could have significant implications for U.S. defense capabilities and funding requirements.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
State Sponsors of Acts of International Terrorism - Legislative Parameters: In Brief

State Sponsors of Acts of International Terrorism - Legislative Parameters: In Brief

Date: November 19, 2015
Creator: Rennack, Dianne E.
Description: This brief report provides information on legislation that authorizes the designation of any foreign government as a state sponsor of acts of international terrorism.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Coalition Contributions to Countering the Islamic State

Coalition Contributions to Countering the Islamic State

Date: November 18, 2015
Creator: McInnis, Kathleen J.
Description: This report discusses the formation of the Islamic State. Some 60 nations and partner organizations agreed to participate, contributing either military forces or resources (or both) to the campaign. In Brussels in December 2014, these 60 partners agreed to organize themselves along five "lines of effort," with at least two countries in the lead for each.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Iran Hostages: Efforts to Obtain Compensation

The Iran Hostages: Efforts to Obtain Compensation

Date: November 2, 2015
Creator: Elsea, Jennifer K.
Description: This report outlines the history of various efforts relating to benefits for victims of the 1979-1981 Iran Hostage Crisis, and describes several bills currently before Congress: the Justice for Former American Hostages in Iran Act of 2015, S. 868, a companion bill, H.R. 3338, and Section 122 of the Department of State Operations Authorization and Embassy Security Act, Fiscal Year 2016, S. 1635.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Aiding Israel after the Iran Nuclear Deal: Issues for Congress

Aiding Israel after the Iran Nuclear Deal: Issues for Congress

Date: October 30, 2015
Creator: Sharp, Jeremy M.
Description: This report discusses recent indications from the Obama administration that the United States may provide Israel with additional military aid during the implementation of the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA) with Iran.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The European Union (EU): Current Challenges and Future Prospects in Brief

The European Union (EU): Current Challenges and Future Prospects in Brief

Date: October 27, 2015
Creator: Archick, Kristin
Description: This report provides a brief history of the EU and the major simultaneous challenges currently facing the EU as an institution. It also discusses the potential implications both for the EU itself and for U.S.-EU relations.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department