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 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Results 1491 - 1514 of 2,353
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Trade Negotiations During the 109th Congress

Trade Negotiations During the 109th Congress

Date: August 3, 2005
Creator: Fergusson, Ian F. & Sek, Lenore M.
Description: This report discusses trade issues in the 109th Congress. For over 50 years, U.S. trade officials have negotiated multilateral trade agreements to achieve lower trade barriers and rules to cover international trade. During the 108th Congress, U.S. officials negotiated and Congress approved four bilateral free-trade agreements with Australia, Chile, Morocco, and Singapore.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Exempting Food and Agriculture Products from U.S. Economic Sanctions: Status and Implementation

Exempting Food and Agriculture Products from U.S. Economic Sanctions: Status and Implementation

Date: August 2, 2005
Creator: Jurenas, Remy
Description: Falling agricultural exports and declining commodity prices led farm groups and agribusiness firms to urge the 106th Congress to pass legislation exempting foods and agricultural commodities from U.S. economic sanctions against certain countries. In completing action on the FY2001 agriculture appropriations bill, Congress codified the lifting of unilateral sanctions on commercial sales of food, agricultural commodities, medicine, and medical products to Iran, Libya, North Korea, and Sudan, and extended this policy to apply to Cuba (Title IX of H.R. 5426, as enacted by P.L. 106-387; Trade Sanctions Reform and Export Enhancement Act of 2000). Related provisions place financing and licensing conditions on sales to these countries. Those that apply to Cuba, though, are permanent and more restrictive than for the other countries. Other provisions give Congress the authority in the future to veto a President's proposal to impose a sanction on the sale of agricultural or medical products.
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Cyprus: Status of U.N. Negotiations

Cyprus: Status of U.N. Negotiations

Date: August 1, 2005
Creator: Migdalovitz, Carol
Description: Cyprus has been divided since 1974. Greek Cypriots, nearly 80% of the population, live in the southern two thirds of the island. Turkish Cypriots live in the “Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus” (recognized only by Turkey), with about 30,000 Turkish troops providing security. U.N. peacekeeping forces maintain a buffer zone between the two. Members of Congress have urged the Administration to be more active, although they have not proposed an alternative to the U.N.-sponsored talks.
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Islamist Extremism in Europe

Islamist Extremism in Europe

Date: July 29, 2005
Creator: Archick, Kristin; Rollins, John & Woehrel, Steven
Description: None
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Northern Ireland: The Peace Process

Northern Ireland: The Peace Process

Date: July 29, 2005
Creator: Archick, Kristin
Description: None
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Islamic Terrorism and the Balkans

Islamic Terrorism and the Balkans

Date: July 26, 2005
Creator: Woehrel, Steven
Description: Report discussing the potential for terrorists to develop within the Balkans region of Europe. According to the introduction, "This report will focus on two countries and a province with majority or near-majority Muslim populations: Bosnia and Herzegovina, Albania, and Kosovo. It will deal with the role of international Islamic terrorist groups such as Al Qaeda rather than indigenous nationalist groups pursuing local or regional objectives" (p. 2).
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Terrorism and National Security: Issues and Trends

Terrorism and National Security: Issues and Trends

Date: July 26, 2005
Creator: Perl, Raphael F
Description: None
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The Middle East Peace Talks

The Middle East Peace Talks

Date: July 25, 2005
Creator: Migdalovitz, Carol
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Pakistan: Chronology of Recent Events

Pakistan: Chronology of Recent Events

Date: July 25, 2005
Creator: Kronstadt, K. Alan
Description: This report describes the social and political situation in Pakistan. The report presents the important events in chronological order.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Global Climate Change: The Kyoto Protocol

Global Climate Change: The Kyoto Protocol

Date: July 21, 2005
Creator: Fletcher, Susan R
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Latin America: Terrorism Issues

Latin America: Terrorism Issues

Date: July 19, 2005
Creator: Sullivan, Mark P
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
U.S.-EU Cooperation Against Terrorism

U.S.-EU Cooperation Against Terrorism

Date: July 12, 2005
Creator: Archick, Kristin
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Background on the U.S.-Brazil WTO Cotton Subsidy Dispute

Background on the U.S.-Brazil WTO Cotton Subsidy Dispute

Date: July 11, 2005
Creator: Schnepf, Randy
Description: In late 2002, Brazil initiated a World Trade Organization (WTO) dispute settlement case (DS267) against specific provisions of the U.S. cotton program. This report provides background to the dispute, as well as details of the WTO dispute settlement case. It will not be updated. For information on the U.S. response to panel recommendations and their implications for the U.S. cotton sector, see CRS Report RS22187, U.S. Agricultural Policy Response to WTO Cotton Decision.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The European Union in 2005 and Beyond

The European Union in 2005 and Beyond

Date: July 11, 2005
Creator: Archick, Kristin
Description: The European Union (EU) experienced significant changes in 2004 as it enlarged from 15 to 25 members and continued work on a new constitutional treaty to institute internal reforms and further EU political integration. In 2005, the EU is expected to build on these efforts and seek to implement several recent foreign policy and defense initiatives. This report describes the current status of the EU’s “constitution,” EU enlargement, the EU’s evolving foreign and defense policies, and possible implications for U.S.-EU relations.
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Immigration Issues in Trade Agreements

Immigration Issues in Trade Agreements

Date: July 11, 2005
Creator: Wasem, Ruth Ellen
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
U.S. Agricultural Policy Response to WTO Cotton Decision

U.S. Agricultural Policy Response to WTO Cotton Decision

Date: July 11, 2005
Creator: Schnepf, Randy
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Sudan: Humanitarian Crisis, Peace Talks, Terrorism, and U.S. Policy

Sudan: Humanitarian Crisis, Peace Talks, Terrorism, and U.S. Policy

Date: July 8, 2005
Creator: Dagne, Ted
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Middle East Peace Talks

The Middle East Peace Talks

Date: July 7, 2005
Creator: Migdalovitz, Carol
Description: None
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Nuclear Weapons: Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty

Nuclear Weapons: Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty

Date: July 6, 2005
Creator: Medalia, Jonathan
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
United Nations Peacekeeping: Issues for Congress

United Nations Peacekeeping: Issues for Congress

Date: July 6, 2005
Creator: Browne, Marjorie Ann
Description: None
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Renditions: Constraints Imposed by Laws on Torture

Renditions: Constraints Imposed by Laws on Torture

Date: July 5, 2005
Creator: Garcia, Michael John
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty: Pros and Cons

Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty: Pros and Cons

Date: June 28, 2005
Creator: Medalia, Jonathan
Description: The Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty (CTBT) would ban all nuclear explosions. President Clinton signed it in 1996 and transmitted it to the Senate in 1997. The Senate rejected it in 1999. To enter into force, 44 named nations, including the United States, must ratify the treaty. The Bush Administration opposes ratification but has maintained a moratorium on nuclear testing begun in 1992. This report presents pros and cons of key arguments: the treaty’s implications for nuclear nonproliferation, for maintaining and developing nuclear weapons, for the value of nuclear weapons, and for maintaining U.S. nuclear advantage; monitoring issues; and potential consequences of resuming testing.
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Iraq:  United Nations and Humanitarian Aid Organizations

Iraq: United Nations and Humanitarian Aid Organizations

Date: June 27, 2005
Creator: Coipuram, Thomas, Jr.
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Trafficking in Persons: The U.S. and International Response

Trafficking in Persons: The U.S. and International Response

Date: June 24, 2005
Creator: Miko, Francis T
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department