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 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
International Financial Institutions and Environment: Multilateral Development Banks and the Global Environment Facility

International Financial Institutions and Environment: Multilateral Development Banks and the Global Environment Facility

Date: February 25, 1994
Creator: Fletcher, Susan R & Cody, Betsy A
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC) and the Indonesia "Summit" in 1994

Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC) and the Indonesia "Summit" in 1994

Date: March 16, 1994
Creator: Nanto, Dick K
Description: This report discusses the Ministerial and Leaders' Meetings of the Asia Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC) forum, set to be held in Indonesia. APEC is a consultative body with membership of seventeen Pacific Basin economies that includes both China and Taiwan. The body is working toward trade liberalization (but not a free-trade area) in the most dynamic economic region of the world.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Chinese Nuclear Weapons and Arms Control Policies: Implications and Options for the United States

Chinese Nuclear Weapons and Arms Control Policies: Implications and Options for the United States

Date: March 25, 1994
Creator: Sutter, Robert G
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
South Korea: U.S. Defense Obligations

South Korea: U.S. Defense Obligations

Date: April 1, 1994
Creator: Niksch, Larry A
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
U.N. Security Council Consideration of North Korea's Violations of its Nuclear Treaty Obligations

U.N. Security Council Consideration of North Korea's Violations of its Nuclear Treaty Obligations

Date: April 6, 1994
Creator: Niksch, Larry A
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
World Trade Organization: Institutional Issues and Dispute Settlement

World Trade Organization: Institutional Issues and Dispute Settlement

Date: August 3, 1994
Creator: Grimmett, Jeanne J
Description: Among the results of the Uruguay Round (UR) of Multilateral Trade Negotiations conducted under the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT) are institutions to administer the trade obligations contained in the UR agreements and to provide venues for further negotiation and discussion of these and possibly future trade agreements. The two primary institutional instruments are the World Trade Organization (WTO) and the dispute settlement procedures set forth in the Dispute Settlement Understanding (DSU).
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Current U.S. Sanctions Against China

Current U.S. Sanctions Against China

Date: August 15, 1994
Creator: Dumbaugh, Kerry
Description: In the months following China's 1989 Tiananmen Square crackdown, both the President and the Congress took a number of initiatives protesting Beijing's actions. These initiatives centered around U.S. concerns related to trade, human rights, and non-proliferation. In intervening years, the United States has periodically imposed, lifted, or waived other sanctions and concluded several trade-related agreements with China relating to these concerns. Those measures that remain in place in 1994 are detailed in the accompanying tables.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Dispute Settlement Under the WTO and Trade Problems with Japan

Dispute Settlement Under the WTO and Trade Problems with Japan

Date: October 5, 1994
Creator: Nanto, Dick K
Description: Under the World Trade Organization (WTO), the United States may use the dispute settlement mechanism to resolve certain trade problems with Japan. As compared with the mechanism under the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT), the WTO offers expanded coverage and nearly automatic approval for panel requests and reports.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Enlargement in Central Europe

Enlargement in Central Europe

Date: November 10, 1994
Creator: Gallis, Paul E.
Description: In December 1994, NATO members will begin the process of debating possible criteria for new members from Central Europe. Alliance relations with Russia will be a central factor determining the outcome of the debate.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea: Living Resources Provisions

United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea: Living Resources Provisions

Date: December 19, 1994
Creator: Buck, Eugene H
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Dispute Settlement Under the WTO and Trade Problems with Japan

Dispute Settlement Under the WTO and Trade Problems with Japan

Date: December 23, 1994
Creator: Nanto, Dick K
Description: Under the World Trade Organization (WTO), the United States may use the dispute settlement mechanism to resolve certain trade problems with Japan. As compared with the mechanism under the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT), the WTO offers expanded coverage and nearly automatic approval for panel requests and reports.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Regional Free Trade Partners and U.S. Interests: What's Next?

Regional Free Trade Partners and U.S. Interests: What's Next?

Date: March 13, 1995
Creator: Ahearn, Raymond J
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The GATT and the WTO: An Overview

The GATT and the WTO: An Overview

Date: March 27, 1995
Creator: Wilson, Arlene
Description: The Uruguay Round Agreement reduced tariffs, brought services, intellectual property, and agriculture under the discipline of the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade, and established the World Trade Organization. Multilateral trade issues for the future include continuing services negotiations, the relationship of the environment and labor standards to trade, and investment and competition policy.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The GATT and the WTO: An Overview

The GATT and the WTO: An Overview

Date: March 27, 1995
Creator: Wilson, Arlene
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Antarctica: Environmental Protection, Research, and Conservation of Resources

Antarctica: Environmental Protection, Research, and Conservation of Resources

Date: April 5, 1995
Creator: Mielke, James E & Browne, Marjorie Ann
Description: This report discusses protocols and treaties designed and implemented to protect Antarctica as a haven for environmental research, preservation, and conservation, as well as related legislation and Congressional efforts.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The China-U.S. Trade Agreement on Intellectual Property Rights: Implications for China-U.S. Trade Relations

The China-U.S. Trade Agreement on Intellectual Property Rights: Implications for China-U.S. Trade Relations

Date: April 5, 1995
Creator: Morrison, Wayne M
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Deep Seabed Mining: U.S. Interests and the U.N. Convention on the Law of the Sea

Deep Seabed Mining: U.S. Interests and the U.N. Convention on the Law of the Sea

Date: April 7, 1995
Creator: Mielke, James E
Description: On July 29, 1994, the United States signed the Agreement Relating to the Implementation of Part XI of the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea of 10 December 1982. This agreement substantially reforms the seabed mining provisions of the 1982 Convention, which the United States found objectionable. In signing the Agreement, President Clinton accepted provisional application of it which enables the United States to participate in the International Seabed Authority (ISA) and its organs and bodies. On November 16, 1994, the U.N. Law of the Sea Convention entered into force without accession by the United States.The treaty document was referred to the Senate Committee on Foreign Relations late in the 103d Congress and awaits committee action in the 104th Congress.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
U. N. Development Program: A Fact Sheet

U. N. Development Program: A Fact Sheet

Date: May 10, 1995
Creator: McHugh, Lois
Description: The U.N. Development Program (UNDP) coordinates and provides funding for most U.N. development assistance programs. In FY1994, the U.S. contribution of $116 million made the United States the largest donor, comprising about 12 percent of the agency's budget.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Haiti: Efforts to Restore President Aristide, 1991-1994

Haiti: Efforts to Restore President Aristide, 1991-1994

Date: May 11, 1995
Creator: Taft-Morales, Maureen
Description: This report tracks the efforts to restore to office President Aristide of Haiti between the years 1991-1994. During this period, the main U.S. foreign policy concern was the restoration of the democratic process to Haiti. Closely related to this was the issue of Haitians attempting to flee to the United States by boat. Congressional concerns focused on human rights, Haitian migration, socioeconomic conditions, and drug trafficking.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Biological Diversity: Issues Related to the Convention on Biodiversity

Biological Diversity: Issues Related to the Convention on Biodiversity

Date: May 15, 1995
Creator: Fletcher, Susan R
Description: This report discusses treaty on biodiversity, issues, history and current status.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Biological Diversity Treaty: Fact Sheet

Biological Diversity Treaty: Fact Sheet

Date: May 16, 1995
Creator: Fletcher, Susan R.
Description: As human activity continues to change and modify natural areas, widespread extinctions of plants, animals, and other types of species result. In 1992, negotiations conducted under the auspices of the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) were completed on a comprehensive global treaty to protect biological diversity (biodiversity). In June 1993, President Clinton signed the treaty and sent it to the Senate for advice and consent. It is not pending in the Senate. The treaty entered into force on December 29, 1993. As of May 15, 1995, 118 nations had ratified the treaty.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
A UN Rapid Reaction Force

A UN Rapid Reaction Force

Date: June 29, 1995
Creator: Serafino, Nina M
Description: This report, completed in June 1995, discusses the content and context of the January 1995 proposal by then-United Nations Secretary General Boutros Boutros-Ghali that U.N. Member States consider the creation of a special rapid reaction force to perform U.N. peacekeeping operations. It contains brief background information on similar proposals and a description of the current U.N. "standby forces" system. It reviews the concerns and issues raised by the Boutros-Ghali proposal, including political acceptability, financing, and the problems of force design and operation. It concludes with an analysis of the strategic, budgetary, political and military implications for the United States. This report will not be updated.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
International Forest Agreements: Current Status

International Forest Agreements: Current Status

Date: September 11, 1995
Creator: Fletcher, Susan R
Description: None
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
APEC and Free Trade in the Asia Pacific

APEC and Free Trade in the Asia Pacific

Date: November 14, 1995
Creator: Nanto, Dick K.
Description: This report discusses the summit held by President Bill Clinton and other leaders of the Asia Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC) on November 19, 1995. The report discusses the primary reason for the summit, an Action Agenda intended to lead to free and open trade and investment among its members. The report also discusses how APEC countries were divided on certain issues going into this summit.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department