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 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Results 1451 - 1460 of 2,289
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Piracy off the Horn of Africa

Piracy off the Horn of Africa

Date: November 28, 2009
Creator: Ploch, Lauren; Blanchard, Christopher M.; O'Rourke, Ronald; Mason, R. Chuck & King, Rawle O.
Description: This report discusses recent (2008-2009) pirate attacks on vessels, including United States vessels, in the waters off the Horn of Africa. The Horn of Africa is sometimes called the Somali Peninsula and includes the nations of Eritrea, Djibouti, Ethiopia, and Somalia. This report explores reasons behind the increased number of pirate attacks in recent years, as well as what efforts are being taken to combat said attacks, including those by the 111th Congress and President Obama and his Administration.
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European Union Enlargement: A Status Report on Turkey's Accession Negotiations

European Union Enlargement: A Status Report on Turkey's Accession Negotiations

Date: December 1, 2009
Creator: Morelli, Vincent & Migdalovitz, Carol
Description: This report provides a brief overview of the European Union's (EU) accession process; Turkey's path to EU membership; the impact of the Cyprus problem; and a review of the United States' interest in Turkey's future in the European Union.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Overseas Private Investment Corporation: Background and Legislative Issues

The Overseas Private Investment Corporation: Background and Legislative Issues

Date: December 1, 2009
Creator: Ilias, Shayerah
Description: The Overseas Private Investment Corporation (OPIC) was established in 1969 and began operations in 1971 as a development agency to promote and assist U.S. business investment in developing nations. Today, OPIC is a U.S. government agency that provides project financing, investment insurance, and other services for U.S. businesses in over 150 developing nations and emerging economies. To date, OPIC has funded, guaranteed, or insured over $180 billion in investments.
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Transatlantic Regulatory Cooperation: A Possible Role for Congress

Transatlantic Regulatory Cooperation: A Possible Role for Congress

Date: December 1, 2009
Creator: Ahearn, Raymond J. & Morelli, Vincent
Description: This report focuses on the creation of the Transatlantic Economic Council; the role of legislatures in the regulatory process; and the Transatlantic Legislators' Dialogue and its new role as an advisor to transatlantic regulatory efforts.
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United Nations System Funding: Congressional Issues

United Nations System Funding: Congressional Issues

Date: December 4, 2009
Creator: Browne, Marjorie Ann & Nakamura, Kennon H.
Description: This report tracks the process by which Congress provides the funding for U.S. assessed contributions to the regular budgets of the United Nations, its agencies, and U.N. peacekeeping operation accounts, as well as for U.S. voluntary contributions to U.N. system programs and funds. It includes information on the President's request and the congressional response, as well as congressional initiatives during this legislative process. Basic information is provided to help the reader understand this process.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Strategic Arms Control After START: Issues and Options

Strategic Arms Control After START: Issues and Options

Date: December 7, 2009
Creator: Woolf, Amy F.
Description: The United States and Soviet Union signed the Strategic Arms Reduction Treaty in 1991; it entered into force in December 1994 and expired in December 2009. This report provides background information about the START Treaty and reviews the discussions about a possible successor to START. It also presents a range of alternatives that the United States and Russia might consider if they choose to follow START with a new framework for the arms control process.
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Iran Sanctions

Iran Sanctions

Date: December 9, 2009
Creator: Katzman, Kenneth
Description: This report focuses on the United States' relationship with Iran and how the Obama Administration is handling prior administration's economic sanctions against Iran. The Obama Administration's policy approach toward Iran has contrasted with the Bush Administration's by attempting to couple the imposition of sanctions to an active and direct U.S. effort to negotiate with Iran on the nuclear issue.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Iran's Nuclear Program: Tehran's Compliance with International Obligations

Iran's Nuclear Program: Tehran's Compliance with International Obligations

Date: December 10, 2009
Creator: Kerr, Paul K.
Description: This report provides a brief overview of Iran's nuclear program and describes the legal basis for the actions taken by the IAEA board and the Security Council. It will be updated as events warrant.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The United Nations Human Rights Council: Issues for Congress

The United Nations Human Rights Council: Issues for Congress

Date: December 14, 2009
Creator: Blanchfield, Luisa
Description: This report provides historical background of the Council, including the role of the previous Commission. It discusses the Council's current mandate and structure, as well as U.S. policy and congressional actions.
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United Nations Reform: U.S. Policy and International Perspectives

United Nations Reform: U.S. Policy and International Perspectives

Date: December 15, 2009
Creator: Blanchfield, Luisa
Description: This report focuses on U.N. reform efforts and priorities from the perspective of several key actors, including the U.S. government, the U.N. Secretary-General, selected groups of member states, and a cross-section of groups tasked with addressing U.N. reform. It also examines congressional actions related to U.N. reform, as well as future policy considerations.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department