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 Country: United States
 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Europe's Preferential Trade Agreements: Status, Content, and Implications

Europe's Preferential Trade Agreements: Status, Content, and Implications

Date: March 22, 2010
Creator: Ahearn, Raymond J.
Description: The first section of this report describes the status and primary motivations of the EU's preferential trade agreements (PTAs) currently in place or under negotiation. The second compares the content and trade coverage of Europe's PTAs to U.S. PTAs. A third section assesses the implications of the EU's PTA program for the multilateral trading system and U.S. trade policy. A concluding section evaluates future directions for Europe's PTA policy.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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Date: June 16, 2010
Creator: Ahearn, Raymond J. & Fergusson, Ian F.
Description: Following World War II, the United States led efforts to establish an open and nondiscriminatory trading system with the expressed goal of raising the economic well-being of all countries and bolstering world peace. These efforts culminated in the creation of the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT) in 1948, a provisional agreement on tariffs and trade rules that governed world trade for 47 years. The World Trade Organization (WTO) succeeded the GATT in 1995 and today serves as a permanent body that administers the rules and agreements negotiated and signed by 153 participating parties, as well as a forum for dispute settlement and negotiations. The purpose of this report is to analyze some of the main issues in any debate on U.S. participation in the WTO and to address some of the criticisms leveled at the organization. Academic studies indicate that the United States benefits from broad reductions in trade barriers worldwide, but some workers and industries might not share in those gains. Decisions in the WTO are made by member governments, which determine their negotiating positions, file dispute challenges, and implement their decisions. However, some argue that smaller countries are left out of decision-making and that governments tend ...
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Overseas Private Investment Corporation: Background and Legislative Issues

The Overseas Private Investment Corporation: Background and Legislative Issues

Date: September 25, 2013
Creator: Akhtar, Shayerah I.
Description: This report provides: (1) a background on Overseas Private Investment Corporation (OPIC) origins and program operations; (2) discussion of the international development finance context; and (3) analysis of key issues for Congress related to OPIC.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
U.S.-EU Cooperation Against Terrorism

U.S.-EU Cooperation Against Terrorism

Date: May 13, 2010
Creator: Archick, Kristin
Description: This report examines the evolution of counterterrorism cooperation between the United States and the European Union (EU), particularly since the September 11, 2001 terrorist attacks. It includes a discussion of U.S.-EU cooperation progress and ongoing challenges, as well as perspectives and issues for Congress.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
U.S.-EU Cooperation on Ukraine and Russia

U.S.-EU Cooperation on Ukraine and Russia

Date: September 16, 2014
Creator: Archick, Kristin
Description: This report discusses the United States, and European Union policies with Russia in response to the crisis in Ukraine.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
U.S.-EU Cooperation on Ukraine and Russia

U.S.-EU Cooperation on Ukraine and Russia

Date: August 7, 2014
Creator: Archick, Kristin & Mix, Derek E.
Description: This report examines the U.S. and EU reactions to the crisis in Ukraine, focusing on the EU's hesitation to issue severe sanctions on par with the U.S. prior to the crash of Malaysia Airlines Flight MH17. The report discusses the EU's new, wider-ranging sanctions in the wake of MH17 and its implications on U.S.-EU relations.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
U.S.-EU Cooperation on Ukraine and Russia

U.S.-EU Cooperation on Ukraine and Russia

Date: January 23, 2015
Creator: Archick, Kristin & Mix, Derek E.
Description: This report discusses the United States, and European Union policies with Russia in response to the crisis in Ukraine.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The U.S. Congress and the European Parliament: Evolving Transatlantic Legislative Cooperation

The U.S. Congress and the European Parliament: Evolving Transatlantic Legislative Cooperation

Date: January 2, 2013
Creator: Archick, Kristin & Morelli, Vincent
Description: This report provides background on the Congress-EP relationship and the role of the TLD. It also explores potential future options that could be considered during the 113th Congress should an effort to strengthen ties between the two bodies gain momentum.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The U.S. Congress and the European Parliament: Evolving Transatlantic Legislative Cooperation

The U.S. Congress and the European Parliament: Evolving Transatlantic Legislative Cooperation

Date: December 30, 2010
Creator: Archick, Kristin & Morelli, Vincent
Description: This report provides background on the Congress-EP relationship and the role of the TLD. It also explores potential future options should an effort to strengthen ties between the two bodies gain momentum.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Sexual Violence in African Conflicts

Sexual Violence in African Conflicts

Date: November 30, 2010
Creator: Arieff, Alexis
Description: This report covers the issue of sexual violence in the midst of civil conflict in African nations. Civilians in Africa's conflict zones are often vulnerable to sexual violence, including rape, mutilation, and sexual slavery. This violence is carried out by government security forces and non-state actors, including, rebel groups, militias, and criminal organizations. Some abuses appear to be opportunistic, or the product of a larger breakdown in the rule of law and social order that may occur amid conflict.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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