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 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
A Shift in the International Security Environment: Potential Implications for Defense--Issues for Congress

A Shift in the International Security Environment: Potential Implications for Defense--Issues for Congress

Date: May 31, 2016
Creator: O'Rourke, Ronald
Description: This report briefly describes the shift in the international security environment that some observers believe has occurred, and identifies some defense-related issues for Congress that could arise from it. Congress's decisions on these issues could have significant implications for U.S. defense capabilities and funding requirements.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
U.S.-Vietnam Economic and Trade Relations: Issues for the 114th Congress

U.S.-Vietnam Economic and Trade Relations: Issues for the 114th Congress

Date: May 20, 2016
Creator: Martin, Michael F.
Description: This report examines the bilateral trade issues between United States and Vietnam, discussing their main elements and exploring their potential implications for the 114th Congress.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
United Kingdom Votes to Leave the European Union

United Kingdom Votes to Leave the European Union

Date: June 24, 2016
Creator: Mix, Derek E.
Description: This report briefly examines the ramifications of a British exit from the EU (often referred to as "Brexit"). Nearly 52% of British voters in the June 23 referendum on European Union (EU) membership answered that the United Kingdom (UK) should leave the EU.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Libya: Transition and U.S. Policy

Libya: Transition and U.S. Policy

Date: May 13, 2016
Creator: Blanchard, Christopher M.
Description: This report provides a background on Libya's political climate and discusses current policy issues for the U.S. More than four years after a U.S.-led NATO military intervention helped Libyan rebels topple the authoritarian government of Muammar al Qadhafi, Libya remains politically fragmented and its security is threatened by terrorist organizations and infighting among interim leaders and locally organized armed groups.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The European Union: Current Challenges and Future Prospects

The European Union: Current Challenges and Future Prospects

Date: June 21, 2016
Creator: Archick, Kristin
Description: This report provides a brief history of the European Union (EU) and the major challenges currently confronting the EU as an institution. It also discusses the potential implications both for the EU itself and for U.S.-EU relations.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP): Key Provisions and Issues for Congress

The Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP): Key Provisions and Issues for Congress

Date: June 14, 2016
Creator: Fergusson, Ian F. & Williams, Brock R.
Description: This report discusses the Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP), which is a proposed free trade agreement (FTA) among the United States and 11 Asia-Pacific countries. It examines the key provisions of the proposed Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP), related policy and economic contexts, and issues of potential interest to Congress.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Kuwait: Governance, Security, and U.S. Policy

Kuwait: Governance, Security, and U.S. Policy

Date: May 4, 2016
Creator: Katzman, Kenneth
Description: This report examines Kuwait's relationships with its neighbors in the Persian Gulf, and its own political system which has been in turmoil since 2006. Kuwait remains pivotal to U.S. efforts to secure the Persian Gulf region because of its willingness to cooperate with U.S. strategy and military operations in the region and its proximity to both Iran and Iraq.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Sifting Domestic Terrorism from Hate Crime and Homegrown Violent Extremism

Sifting Domestic Terrorism from Hate Crime and Homegrown Violent Extremism

Date: June 13, 2016
Creator: Bjelopera, Jerome P.
Description: This report examines the differences between domestic terrorism, hate crime, and homegrown violent extremism. Federal law enforcement agencies use these three distinct concepts to categorize key types of criminals whose illegal activities are at least partly ideologically motivated.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
North American Leaders' Summit

North American Leaders' Summit

Date: June 16, 2016
Creator: Villarreal, M. Angeles
Description: This report discusses the North American Leaders' Summits (NALS), a trilateral summit that meets in effort to increase cooperation on broader economic and security issues between the United States, Canada, and Mexico.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP): Key Provisions and Issues for Congress

The Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP): Key Provisions and Issues for Congress

Date: May 4, 2016
Creator: Fergusson, Ian F. & Williams, Brock R.
Description: This report discusses the Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP), which is a proposed free trade agreement (FTA) among the United States and 11 Asia-Pacific countries. It examines the key provisions of the proposed Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP), related policy and economic contexts, and issues of potential interest to Congress.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The United Kingdom and the European Union: Stay or Go?

The United Kingdom and the European Union: Stay or Go?

Date: June 20, 2016
Creator: Mix, Derek E.
Description: This report briefly discusses the British referendum regarding whether or not to remain in the European Union. The outcome of the referendum remains difficult to predict. Polling results have varied from week to week and continue to suggest a close race with a significant number of undecided voters. Some polls in mid-June have shown a late shift in favor of the Leave campaign.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Economic Effects of Trade: Overview and Policy Challenges

The Economic Effects of Trade: Overview and Policy Challenges

Date: July 5, 2016
Creator: Jackson, James K.
Description: This report focuses on some of the major issues associated with trade and trade agreements and the impact of trade on the U.S. economy. Discussions of trade and trade agreements often focus on a number of issues, including the role that trade plays in the U.S. economy, the impact of trade agreements on employment gains and losses, and the size of the U.S. trade deficit.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Open Skies Treaty: Issues in the Current Debate

The Open Skies Treaty: Issues in the Current Debate

Date: June 10, 2016
Creator: Woolf, Amy F.
Description: This report discusses the current debate surrounding the Treaty on Open Skies, which the United States, Canada, and 22 European nations signed on March 24, 1992. The treaty entered into force on January 1, 2002, and now has 34 member states. Each participant must permit unarmed observation aircraft to fly over its entire territory to observe military forces and activities.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Iran's Foreign Policy

Iran's Foreign Policy

Date: June 27, 2016
Creator: Katzman, Kenneth
Description: This report provides an overview of Iran's foreign policy, which has been a subject of numerous congressional hearings and of sanctions and other legislation for many years. The report analyzes Iranian foreign policy as a whole and by region.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Climate Change Paris Agreement Opens for Signature

Climate Change Paris Agreement Opens for Signature

Date: April 25, 2016
Creator: Leggett, Jane A.
Description: This report briefly provides background on the new international Paris Agreement to address greenhouse-gas-induced climate change. No international agreement has attracted as many signatures on a single day.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Counting Casualties in Syria and Iraq: Process and Challenges

Counting Casualties in Syria and Iraq: Process and Challenges

Date: April 12, 2016
Creator: Humud, Carla E.; Margesson, Rhoda & Chesser, Susan G.
Description: This report discusses the difficulties of collecting war-related casualty data in Iraq and Syria and provides an overview of some of the current estimated figures available through selected organizations.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Libya: Transition and U.S. Policy

Libya: Transition and U.S. Policy

Date: March 4, 2016
Creator: Blanchard, Christopher M.
Description: This report discusses current political and security dynamics in Libya following the fall of Muammar al Qadhafi in 2011. As of early 2016, a United Nations-facilitated agreement to form a Government of National Accord (GNA) remains under consideration by Libyan factions.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Cuba: Issues for the 114th Congress

Cuba: Issues for the 114th Congress

Date: March 15, 2016
Creator: Sullivan, Mark P.
Description: This report is divided into three major sections analyzing Cuba's political and economic environment, U.S. policy, and selected issues in U.S.-Cuban relations. While legislative initiatives are noted throughout the report, a final section of the report provides a listing of bills and resolutions introduced in the 114th Congress.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
U.S. Foreign Aid to the Palestinians

U.S. Foreign Aid to the Palestinians

Date: March 18, 2016
Creator: Zanotti, Jim
Description: This report discusses a number of issues relating to U.S. aid to the Palestinians that have relevance for Congress. Since the establishment of limited Palestinian self-rule in the West Bank and Gaza Strip in the mid-1990s, the U.S. government has committed more than $5 billion in bilateral economic and non-lethal security assistance to the Palestinians.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
A Shift in the International Security Environment: Potential Implications for Defense--Issues for Congress

A Shift in the International Security Environment: Potential Implications for Defense--Issues for Congress

Date: March 30, 2016
Creator: O'Rourke, Ronald
Description: This report briefly describes the shift in the international security environment that some observers believe has occurred, and identifies some defense related issues for Congress that could arise from it. Congress's decisions on these issues could have significant implications for U.S. defense capabilities and funding requirements.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
United Nations Commission on Human Rights (UNCHR): U.S. Membership

United Nations Commission on Human Rights (UNCHR): U.S. Membership

Date: June 4, 2001
Creator: Bite, Vita
Description: This short report provides an overview of the U.N. Commission on Human Rights (UNCHR and Administration and Congressional responses to recent developments.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
European Security and Islamist Terrorism

European Security and Islamist Terrorism

Date: March 29, 2016
Creator: Archick, Kristin & Belkin, Paul
Description: This report discusses challenges the European Union faces in light of the continuing threat of Terrorism at the hands of the Islamic State and the implications for U.S. policy.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Libya: Transition and U.S. Policy

Libya: Transition and U.S. Policy

Date: April 20, 2016
Creator: Blanchard, Christopher M.
Description: This report discusses the current political climate in Libya. Libya's political transition has been disrupted by armed non-state groups and threatened by the indecision and infighting of interim leaders.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Coast Guard Cutter Procurement: Background and Issues for Congress

Coast Guard Cutter Procurement: Background and Issues for Congress

Date: March 22, 2016
Creator: O'Rourke, Ronald
Description: This report provides background information and potential oversight issues for Congress on the Coast Guard's programs for procuring 8 National Security Cutters (NSCs), 25 Offshore Patrol Cutters (OPCs), and 58 Fast Response Cutters (FRCs). The Coast Guard's proposed FY2017 budget requests a total of $467 million in acquisition funding for the three programs.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department