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 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
State Sponsors of Acts of International Terrorism--Legislative Parameters: In Brief

State Sponsors of Acts of International Terrorism--Legislative Parameters: In Brief

Date: June 17, 2016
Creator: Rennack, Dianne E.
Description: This brief report provides information on legislation that authorizes the designation of any foreign government as a state sponsor of acts of international terrorism. It addresses how each statute defines acts of international terrorism; establishes a list to limit or prohibit aid or trade; provides for systematic removal of a foreign government from a list, including timeline and reporting requirements; authorizes the President to waive restrictions on a listed foreign government; and provides (or does not provide) Congress with a means to block a delisting. The report closes with a summary of delisting in the past.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Possible Economic Impact of Brexit

Possible Economic Impact of Brexit

Date: June 28, 2016
Creator: Jackson, James K. & Akhtar, Shayerah I.
Description: This report briefly discusses the possible economic impact of a June 23, 2016 referendum in which a majority of British voters supported the United Kingdom (UK) leaving the European Union (EU), stunning global financial markets that expected the vote to fail.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
After Brexit: A Diminished or Enhanced EU?

After Brexit: A Diminished or Enhanced EU?

Date: June 29, 2016
Creator: Archick, Kristin
Description: This report briefly discusses the United Kingdom's (UK's) "Brexit" vote and what it means for the future of the European Union.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
A Shift in the International Security Environment: Potential Implications for Defense--Issues for Congress

A Shift in the International Security Environment: Potential Implications for Defense--Issues for Congress

Date: June 8, 2016
Creator: O'Rourke, Ronald
Description: This report briefly describes the shift in the international security environment that some observers believe has occurred, and identifies some defense-related issues for Congress that could arise from it. Congress's decisions on these issues could have significant implications for U.S. defense capabilities and funding requirements.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Information Warfare: DOD's Response to the Islamic State Hacking Activities

Information Warfare: DOD's Response to the Islamic State Hacking Activities

Date: May 10, 2016
Creator: Theohary, Catherine A.; McInnis, Kathleen J. & Rollins, John W.
Description: This report briefly examines the Islamic State's (IS) strategy of accessing U.S. government computer systems for a variety of purposes, and the Department of Defense's (DOD) response.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Trade Negotiations During the 109th Congress

Trade Negotiations During the 109th Congress

Date: December 16, 2004
Creator: Fergusson, Ian F. & Sek, Lenore M.
Description: This report discusses trade issues in the 109th Congress. For over 50 years, U.S. trade officials have negotiated multilateral trade agreements to achieve lower trade barriers and rules to cover international trade. During the 108th Congress, U.S. officials negotiated and Congress approved four bilateral free-trade agreements with Australia, Chile, Morocco, and Singapore.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
DOD's Rotation to the Philippines

DOD's Rotation to the Philippines

Date: May 31, 2016
Creator: Else, Daniel H.
Description: This report briefly discusses the Department of Defense's (DOD's) announcement of its intention to "rebalance" by focusing more of its attention and activity on Asia. One goal is to influence the development of regional norms and rules, particularly as China exerts greater influence.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Status of the Ebola Outbreak in West Africa: Overview and Issues for Congress

Status of the Ebola Outbreak in West Africa: Overview and Issues for Congress

Date: May 25, 2016
Creator: Salaam-Blyther, Tiaji; Epstein, Susan B. & Skorupski, Bolko J.
Description: This report discusses ongoing efforts to control Ebola in West Africa, analyzes persistent challenges in fighting the spread of the disease, and tracks Ebola emergency funds. The 2014-2015 outbreak and spread of Ebola Virus Disease in West Africa became an international public health emergency that, in no small part due to international intervention, abated significantly by the end of 2015 and early 2016. The issue remains of interest toward the end of the 114th Congress for a number of reasons, including ongoing concerns about the status of disease and risks of future outbreaks, and interest in the disposition of funds appropriated by Congress in response to Ebola, especially in view of the more recent health challenge posed by the Zika virus.
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Venezuela: Background and U.S. Relations

Venezuela: Background and U.S. Relations

Date: June 20, 2016
Creator: Sullivan, Mark P.
Description: This report examines the political and economic situation in Venezuela and U.S.-Venezuelan relations. It is divided into three main sections -- political background, current political and economic environment, U.S. relations and policy -- and also includes introductory and outlook information.
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Climate Change Paris Agreement Opens for Signature

Climate Change Paris Agreement Opens for Signature

Date: April 25, 2016
Creator: Leggett, Jane A.
Description: This report discusses the new international Paris Agreement, signed by 175 out of 196 Parties to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change on April 22, 2016 to address greenhouse-gas-induced climate change.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
A Shift in the International Security Environment: Potential Implications for Defense--Issues for Congress

A Shift in the International Security Environment: Potential Implications for Defense--Issues for Congress

Date: May 31, 2016
Creator: O'Rourke, Ronald
Description: This report briefly describes the shift in the international security environment that some observers believe has occurred, and identifies some defense-related issues for Congress that could arise from it. Congress's decisions on these issues could have significant implications for U.S. defense capabilities and funding requirements.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
U.S.-Vietnam Economic and Trade Relations: Issues for the 114th Congress

U.S.-Vietnam Economic and Trade Relations: Issues for the 114th Congress

Date: May 20, 2016
Creator: Martin, Michael F.
Description: This report examines the bilateral trade issues between United States and Vietnam, discussing their main elements and exploring their potential implications for the 114th Congress.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
United Kingdom Votes to Leave the European Union

United Kingdom Votes to Leave the European Union

Date: June 24, 2016
Creator: Mix, Derek E.
Description: This report briefly examines the ramifications of a British exit from the EU (often referred to as "Brexit"). Nearly 52% of British voters in the June 23 referendum on European Union (EU) membership answered that the United Kingdom (UK) should leave the EU.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Libya: Transition and U.S. Policy

Libya: Transition and U.S. Policy

Date: May 13, 2016
Creator: Blanchard, Christopher M.
Description: This report provides a background on Libya's political climate and discusses current policy issues for the U.S. More than four years after a U.S.-led NATO military intervention helped Libyan rebels topple the authoritarian government of Muammar al Qadhafi, Libya remains politically fragmented and its security is threatened by terrorist organizations and infighting among interim leaders and locally organized armed groups.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The European Union: Current Challenges and Future Prospects

The European Union: Current Challenges and Future Prospects

Date: June 21, 2016
Creator: Archick, Kristin
Description: This report provides a brief history of the European Union (EU) and the major challenges currently confronting the EU as an institution. It also discusses the potential implications both for the EU itself and for U.S.-EU relations.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP): Key Provisions and Issues for Congress

The Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP): Key Provisions and Issues for Congress

Date: June 14, 2016
Creator: Fergusson, Ian F. & Williams, Brock R.
Description: This report discusses the Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP), which is a proposed free trade agreement (FTA) among the United States and 11 Asia-Pacific countries. It examines the key provisions of the proposed Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP), related policy and economic contexts, and issues of potential interest to Congress.
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Kuwait: Governance, Security, and U.S. Policy

Kuwait: Governance, Security, and U.S. Policy

Date: May 4, 2016
Creator: Katzman, Kenneth
Description: This report examines Kuwait's relationships with its neighbors in the Persian Gulf, and its own political system which has been in turmoil since 2006. Kuwait remains pivotal to U.S. efforts to secure the Persian Gulf region because of its willingness to cooperate with U.S. strategy and military operations in the region and its proximity to both Iran and Iraq.
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Sifting Domestic Terrorism from Hate Crime and Homegrown Violent Extremism

Sifting Domestic Terrorism from Hate Crime and Homegrown Violent Extremism

Date: June 13, 2016
Creator: Bjelopera, Jerome P.
Description: This report examines the differences between domestic terrorism, hate crime, and homegrown violent extremism. Federal law enforcement agencies use these three distinct concepts to categorize key types of criminals whose illegal activities are at least partly ideologically motivated.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
North American Leaders' Summit

North American Leaders' Summit

Date: June 16, 2016
Creator: Villarreal, M. Angeles
Description: This report discusses the North American Leaders' Summits (NALS), a trilateral summit that meets in effort to increase cooperation on broader economic and security issues between the United States, Canada, and Mexico.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP): Key Provisions and Issues for Congress

The Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP): Key Provisions and Issues for Congress

Date: May 4, 2016
Creator: Fergusson, Ian F. & Williams, Brock R.
Description: This report discusses the Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP), which is a proposed free trade agreement (FTA) among the United States and 11 Asia-Pacific countries. It examines the key provisions of the proposed Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP), related policy and economic contexts, and issues of potential interest to Congress.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The United Kingdom and the European Union: Stay or Go?

The United Kingdom and the European Union: Stay or Go?

Date: June 20, 2016
Creator: Mix, Derek E.
Description: This report briefly discusses the British referendum regarding whether or not to remain in the European Union. The outcome of the referendum remains difficult to predict. Polling results have varied from week to week and continue to suggest a close race with a significant number of undecided voters. Some polls in mid-June have shown a late shift in favor of the Leave campaign.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Economic Effects of Trade: Overview and Policy Challenges

The Economic Effects of Trade: Overview and Policy Challenges

Date: July 5, 2016
Creator: Jackson, James K.
Description: This report focuses on some of the major issues associated with trade and trade agreements and the impact of trade on the U.S. economy. Discussions of trade and trade agreements often focus on a number of issues, including the role that trade plays in the U.S. economy, the impact of trade agreements on employment gains and losses, and the size of the U.S. trade deficit.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Open Skies Treaty: Issues in the Current Debate

The Open Skies Treaty: Issues in the Current Debate

Date: June 10, 2016
Creator: Woolf, Amy F.
Description: This report discusses the current debate surrounding the Treaty on Open Skies, which the United States, Canada, and 22 European nations signed on March 24, 1992. The treaty entered into force on January 1, 2002, and now has 34 member states. Each participant must permit unarmed observation aircraft to fly over its entire territory to observe military forces and activities.
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Iran's Foreign Policy

Iran's Foreign Policy

Date: June 27, 2016
Creator: Katzman, Kenneth
Description: This report provides an overview of Iran's foreign policy, which has been a subject of numerous congressional hearings and of sanctions and other legislation for many years. The report analyzes Iranian foreign policy as a whole and by region.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department