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 Decade: 2000-2009
 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Anti-Terrorism Authority Under the Laws of the United Kingdom and the United States

Anti-Terrorism Authority Under the Laws of the United Kingdom and the United States

Date: September 7, 2006
Creator: Feikert, Clare & Doyle, Charles
Description: This report is a comparison of the laws of the United Kingdom and of the United States that govern criminal and intelligence investigations of terrorist activities. Both systems rely upon a series of statutory authorizations: in the case of the United States primarily the Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act and the Electronic Communications Privacy Act; in the case of the United Kingdom, the Regulation of Investigatory Powers Act, the Police Act, the Intelligence Services Act. Among other differences, the U.S. procedures rely more heavily upon judicial involvement and supervision, while those of the UK employ other safeguards. The UK procedures afford greater latitude to arrest, detain and supervise suspected terrorists than those available in the United States.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
United Nations Peacekeeping: Issues for Congress

United Nations Peacekeeping: Issues for Congress

Date: August 21, 2007
Creator: Browne, Marjorie Ann
Description: A major issue facing the United Nations, the United States, and the 110th Congress is the extent to which the United Nations has the capacity to restore or keep the peace in the changing world environment. This report serves as a tracking report for action by Congress on United Nations peacekeeping.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Selected International Depreciation Rates by Asset and Country

Selected International Depreciation Rates by Asset and Country

Date: January 30, 2007
Creator: Mast, Brent W.
Description: The depreciation provisions in the U.S. tax system are of recurring interest to Congress. More than 100 bills were introduced in the 109th Congress that addressed some aspect of depreciation. Concerns about the U.S. depreciation system tend to begin with the criticism that updates to the system have not kept pace with technological advancements of the assets for which it is utilized to account. This report provides information on the depreciation systems of selected European Union countries (France, Germany, Ireland, Spain, and the United Kingdom) by presenting depreciation rates for buildings; computers; expensable assets; motor vehicles; patents; plant, equipment, machinery, and tools; and software.
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United Nations System Funding: Congressional Issues

United Nations System Funding: Congressional Issues

Date: February 1, 2008
Creator: Browne, Marjorie Ann & Nakamura, Kennon H.
Description: This report tracks the process by which Congress provides the funding for U.S. assessed contributions to the regular budgets of the United Nations, its agencies, and U.N. peacekeeping operation accounts, as well for U.S. voluntary contributions to U.N. system programs and funds. It includes information on the President’s request and the congressional response, as well as congressional initiatives during this legislative process. Basic information is provided to help the reader understand this process.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Trafficking in Persons in Latin America and the Caribbean

Trafficking in Persons in Latin America and the Caribbean

Date: December 15, 2005
Creator: Ribando, Clare
Description: This report describes the nature and scope of the problem of trafficking in persons in Latin America and the Caribbean. The report then describes U.S. efforts to deal with trafficking in persons in the region, as well as discusses the successes and failures of some recent country and regional anti-trafficking efforts. The report concludes by raising several issues for policy consideration that may be helpful as the 109th Congress continues to address human trafficking as part of its authorization, appropriations, and oversight activities.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Pakistan: Chronology of Recent Events

Pakistan: Chronology of Recent Events

Date: July 25, 2005
Creator: Kronstadt, K. Alan
Description: This report describes the social and political situation in Pakistan. The report presents the important events in chronological order.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Ukraine’s Orange Revolution and U.S. Policy

Ukraine’s Orange Revolution and U.S. Policy

Date: April 1, 2005
Creator: Woehrel, Steven
Description: In January 2005, Viktor Yushchenko became Ukraine’s new President, after massive demonstrations helped to overturn the former regime’s electoral fraud, in what has been dubbed the “Orange Revolution,” after Yushchenko’s campaign color. The “Orange Revolution” has sparked a great deal of interest in Congress and elsewhere. This report examines the current political climate in Ukraine and policy issues for the U.S.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Nuclear Weapons: Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty

Nuclear Weapons: Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty

Date: March 6, 2001
Creator: Medalia, Jonathan
Description: This report outlines the Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty (CTBT) and related legislation. The report discusses a comprehensive test ban treaty, which is the oldest item on the nuclear arms control agenda.
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START II Debate in the Russian Duma: Issues and Prospects

START II Debate in the Russian Duma: Issues and Prospects

Date: April 17, 2000
Creator: Woolf, Amy F.
Description: The Russian Duma, the lower house of the Russian Parliament approved ratification of the START II Treaty on April 14, 2000, after 7 years of debate and dissension. (The United States Senate approved ratification of the treaty in January 1996.) This report describes key concerns raised by Members of the Duma during their discussions of START II. These include concerns with treaty provisions, such as its ban on multiple warhead ICBMs and its warhead "downloading" provisions, and concerns with Russia's ability to maintain and finance its strategic nuclear forces in the future.
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Iraq: United Nations and Humanitarian Aid Organizations

Iraq: United Nations and Humanitarian Aid Organizations

Date: November 6, 2006
Creator: Coipuram, Thomas, Jr.
Description: This report provides an annotated list of U.N. agencies that are involved in Iraq, key U.S. government agencies, and a sample list of major international and U.S.-based aid organizations that are providing humanitarian assistance to Iraq. Internet links to the U.N. agencies and humanitarian aid organizations are also provided.
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Arab League Boycott of Israel

Arab League Boycott of Israel

Date: April 12, 2007
Creator: Weiss, Martin A.
Description: This report briefly discusses the Arab League's boycott of Israeli companies and Israeli-made goods since Israel's founding in 1948, as well as U.S. efforts to end the boycott and prevent U.S. firms in participating in the boycott.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Pakistan-U.S. Relations

Pakistan-U.S. Relations

Date: June 21, 2006
Creator: Kronstadt, K. Alan
Description: This report discusses U.S.-Pakistan relationship marked by periods of both cooperation and discord, which was transformed by the September 2001 terrorist attacks on the United States into the enlistment of Pakistan as a key ally in U.S.-led counterterrorism efforts. This report outlines key aspects of the U.S.-Pakistan relationship, as well as of Pakistan's economic conditions, political environment, handling of ongoing separatist violence, and nuclear nonproliferation.
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U.S.- Thailand Free Trade Agreement Negotiations

U.S.- Thailand Free Trade Agreement Negotiations

Date: September 1, 2004
Creator: Ahearn, Raymond J. & Morrison, Wayne M.
Description: This report examines Thailand’s economy and trade orientation, the scope and significance of the U.S.-Thai commercial relationship, and the likely top issues in the negotiations. The report concludes with a short summary of the Congressional role and interest in the FTA.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Organization of American States: A Primer

Organization of American States: A Primer

Date: December 20, 2005
Creator: Ribando, Clare
Description: This report provides a background on the Organization of American States (OAS), which is an international organization based in Washington, D.C., comprised of 35 Western Hemisphere states. The OAS works to promote democracy, protect human rights, preserve security, expand trade, and address cross-cutting issues of hemispheric concern.
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Nonproliferation and Threat Reduction Assistance: U.S. Programs in the Former Soviet Union

Nonproliferation and Threat Reduction Assistance: U.S. Programs in the Former Soviet Union

Date: February 23, 2007
Creator: Woolf, Amy F.
Description: This report summarizes many issues raised in Congressional debates on the future of U.S. nonproliferation and threat reduction assistance. However, it first reviews the history of these programs, describing their origins in 1991, their expansion and evolution during the 1990s, and the changes in their direction during the first two years of the Bush Administration. The report also provides a broad summary of many of the program areas and projects supported by U.S. funding.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The United Nations Human Rights Council: Issues for Congress

The United Nations Human Rights Council: Issues for Congress

Date: June 5, 2008
Creator: Blanchfield, Luisa
Description: This report provides historical background of the Council, including the role of the previous Commission. It discusses the Council's current mandate and structure, as well as U.S. policy and congressional actions.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
International Reaction to the Palestinian Unity Government

International Reaction to the Palestinian Unity Government

Date: May 9, 2007
Creator: Morro, Paul
Description: This report discusses the new Palestinian unity government, which established in March 2007 complicates U.S. policy toward the Palestinian Authority (PA) and the peace process.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Sudan: The Crisis in Darfur

Sudan: The Crisis in Darfur

Date: June 16, 2004
Creator: Dagne, Ted
Description: This report discusses the crisis in Darfur, which began in February 2003, when two rebel groups emerged to challenge the National Islamic Front (NIF) government in DarfurThe report describes the mechanisms used to cleanse the area of non-Arabs by “total disengagement of administration and suspension of all government services.”
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The Middle East Peace Talks

The Middle East Peace Talks

Date: May 18, 2006
Creator: Migdalovitz, Carol
Description: This report discusses the Middle East peace talks, including the new peace process with the most recent developments,and the war against terrorism.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Growth of the Private Sector in China and Implications For China’s Accession to the World Trade Organization

The Growth of the Private Sector in China and Implications For China’s Accession to the World Trade Organization

Date: March 28, 2001
Creator: Morrison, Wayne M.
Description: This report discusses the growth of the private sector in China, which has occurred to a large extent from the government’s efforts to reform China’s money-losing state-owned enterprises (SOEs). Workers who have been laid off from SOEs have been encouraged to find jobs in the private sector or to start their own businesses.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
International Drug Control Policy

International Drug Control Policy

Date: August 24, 2009
Creator: Wyler, Liana Sun
Description: This report provides an overview of U.S. international drug control policy. It describes major international counternarcotics initiatives and evaluates the broad array of U.S. drug control policy tools currently in use. The report also considers alternative counterdrug policy approaches to current initiatives and raises several counterdrug policy issues and considerations for policy makers.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Israeli-Arab Negotiations: Background, Conflicts, and U.S. Policy

Israeli-Arab Negotiations: Background, Conflicts, and U.S. Policy

Date: March 9, 2009
Creator: Migdalovitz, Carol
Description: This report discusses issues related to peace in the Middle East, including post-Gulf War negotiations between Israel and the Palestinians, Jordan, Syria, and Lebanon; U.S. interest in these and continuing negotiations and peacetalks between Middle Eastern countries; and the role of the U.S., the U.N., the European Union, and Russia in Middle Eastern relations.
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International Criminal Court Cases in Africa: Status and Policy Issues

International Criminal Court Cases in Africa: Status and Policy Issues

Date: September 12, 2008
Creator: Arieff, Alexis; Margesson, Rhoda & Browne, Marjorie Ann
Description: This report provides background on current International Criminal Court (ICC) cases and examines issues raised by the ICC's actions in Africa, including the potential deterrence of future abuses and the potential impact on African peace processes.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Stability in Russia's Chechnya and Other Regions of the North Caucasus: Recent Developments

Stability in Russia's Chechnya and Other Regions of the North Caucasus: Recent Developments

Date: April 3, 2009
Creator: Nichol, Jim
Description: This report provides background information on terrorist attacks in Russia's North Caucasus, which appeared to increase substantially in 2007-2009. The report discusses impact of the August 2008 Russia-Georgia conflict and the recent development in the Northern Caucasus.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department