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 Decade: 2010-2019
 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
U.S. Trade and Investment Relations with sub-Saharan Africa and the African Growth and Opportunity Act

U.S. Trade and Investment Relations with sub-Saharan Africa and the African Growth and Opportunity Act

Date: June 26, 2012
Creator: Jones, Vivian C. & Williams, Brock R.
Description: This report looks at the pros and cons of recent legislation brought up in the 112th Congress, including the renewal of the African Growth and Opportunity Act (AGOA) and how it will affect trade between the U.S. and sub-Saharan Africa (SSA).
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Why Certain Trade Agreements Are Approved as Congressional-Executive Agreements Rather Than as Treaties

Why Certain Trade Agreements Are Approved as Congressional-Executive Agreements Rather Than as Treaties

Date: July 13, 2012
Creator: Grimmett, Jeanne J.
Description: This report briefly discusses the process used to enact U.S. trade agreements such as the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA), World Trade Organization agreements, and bilateral free trade agreements (FTAs). In each case these agreements have been approved by majority vote of each house rather than by two-thirds vote of the Senate - that is, they have been treated as congressional-executive agreements rather than as treaties.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
State, Foreign Operations, and Related Programs: FY2011 Budget and Appropriations

State, Foreign Operations, and Related Programs: FY2011 Budget and Appropriations

Date: October 5, 2010
Creator: Lawson, Marian Leonardo; Epstein, Susan B. & Nakamura, Kennon H.
Description: This report analyzes the FY2011 request, recent-year funding trends, and congressional action related to FY2011 State-Foreign Operations legislation.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Islamic State in Syria and Iraq: A Possible Threat to Jordan?

The Islamic State in Syria and Iraq: A Possible Threat to Jordan?

Date: August 28, 2014
Creator: Sharp, Jeremy M.
Description: This report briefly examines the extent to which the Islamic State (IS, formerly referred to as ISIS or ISIL) may pose a threat to Jordan, an "important U.S. partner." The report discusses Jordanian actions to address threats, and U.S. policy implications.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Agriculture in the WTO Bali Ministerial Agreement

Agriculture in the WTO Bali Ministerial Agreement

Date: October 6, 2014
Creator: Schnepf, Randy
Description: At the World Trade Organization's (WTO's) Ninth Ministerial Conference in Bali, Indonesia, December 3-7, 2013, ministers adopted the so-called Bali Package — a series of decisions aimed at streamlining trade (referred to as trade facilitation), allowing developing countries more options for providing food security, boosting least-developed-country trade, and helping development more generally. This report focuses on aspects of the Bali Package that deal with and are specific to agriculture.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Department of State and Foreign Operations Appropriations: A Fact Sheet on Legislation, FY1995-FY2015

Department of State and Foreign Operations Appropriations: A Fact Sheet on Legislation, FY1995-FY2015

Date: October 6, 2014
Creator: Epstein, Susan B.
Description: This report discusses the foreign affairs appropriations.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Pacific Alliance: A Trade Integration Initiative in Latin America

The Pacific Alliance: A Trade Integration Initiative in Latin America

Date: October 9, 2014
Creator: Villarreal, M. Angeles
Description: The Pacific Alliance is a regional integration initiative formed by Chile, Colombia, Mexico, and Peru on April 28, 2011. Its main purpose is for members to form a regional trading bloc and forge stronger economic ties with the Asia-Pacific region. This report provides an overview of the structure of the Pacific Alliance, events leading up to its creation, and the economic significance of the Member countries.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Dispute Settlement in the World Trade Organization (WTO): An Overview

Dispute Settlement in the World Trade Organization (WTO): An Overview

Date: March 10, 2011
Creator: Grimmett, Jeanne J.
Description: This report describes the Understanding on Rules and Procedures Governing the Settlement of Disputes (DSU), which is the World Trade Organization's (WTO) means of resolving disputes arising under WTO agreements. The report includes criticisms of certain flaws in the DSU, as well as WTO Members' suggestions for improvement. The report also describes the Office of the United States Trade Representative (USTR), which represents the United States in WTO disputes. Also discussed are pieces of legislation that dictate procedures for specifically the United States in instances of WTO disputes.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Piracy: A Legal Definition

Piracy: A Legal Definition

Date: October 19, 2010
Creator: Mason, R. Chuck
Description: Pirate attacks in the waters off the Horn of Africa, including those on U.S.-flagged vessels, have brought continued U.S. and international attention to the long-standing problem of piracy in the region. A recent development in one of the piracy trials in Norfolk, VA, has highlighted a potential limitation in the definition of piracy under the United States Code. This report first examines the historical development of the offense of piracy, as defined by Congress and codified in the United States Code. The focus then turns to how contemporary international agreements define piracy. Finally, the report highlights a recent federal district court ruling that the offense of piracy under 18 U.S.C. § 1651 requires a robbery at sea.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Trans-Pacific Partnership Agreement

The Trans-Pacific Partnership Agreement

Date: November 1, 2010
Creator: Fergusson, Ian F. & Vaughn, Bruce
Description: This report discusses the Trans-Pacific Partnership Agreement (TPP), a free trade agreement that includes nations on both sides of the Pacific. Original members of the TPP were Brunei, Chile, New Zealand, and Singapore. The United States, Australia, Peru, and Vietnam have committed themselves to joining and expanding this group. This report discusses similar trade partnerships, the importance of Asia to U.S. trade and security interests, and U.S. participation in the TPP.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department