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 Decade: 2010-2019
 Year: 2012
 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
European Union Enlargement

European Union Enlargement

Date: April 4, 2012
Creator: Archick, Kristin
Description: The European Union (EU) has long viewed the enlargement process as an extraordinary opportunity to promote political stability and economic prosperity in Europe. U.S. Administrations and many Members of Congress have long backed EU enlargement, believing that it serves U.S. interests by advancing democracy and economic prosperity throughout the European continent. Some U.S. officials are concerned that "enlargement fatigue" as well as the EU's ongoing financial crisis could hinder EU expansion. The status of EU enlargement and its implications for both the EU itself and U.S.-EU relations may be of interest to the second session of the 112th Congress.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The U.S. Congress and the European Parliament: Evolving Transatlantic Legislative Cooperation

The U.S. Congress and the European Parliament: Evolving Transatlantic Legislative Cooperation

Date: March 20, 2012
Creator: Archick, Kristin
Description: This report provides background on the Congress-EP relationship and the role of the TLD. It also explores potential future options should an effort to strengthen ties between the two bodies gain momentum.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Western Sahara

Western Sahara

Date: April 5, 2012
Creator: Arieff, Alexis
Description: This report discusses how Morocco and the independence-seeking Popular Front for the Liberation of Saqiat al Hamra and Rio de Oro (Polisario) have been vying for control of the Western Sahara, a former Spanish territory, since the 1970s. The report discusses recent settlement attempts, as well as how the Western Sahara issue has affected Algerian-Moroccan bilaterial relations, Moroccan relations with the African Union, and regional cooperation on economic and security issues. The report also discusses the United States' involvement in and stance on the issue.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Lord's Resistance Army: The U.S. Response

The Lord's Resistance Army: The U.S. Response

Date: April 11, 2012
Creator: Arieff, Alexis & Ploch, Lauren
Description: A history of the Lord's Resistance Army, which is led by Joseph Kony, and the U.S.A. policies regarding it.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Libya: Transition and U.S. Policy

Libya: Transition and U.S. Policy

Date: August 9, 2012
Creator: Blanchard, Christopher M.
Description: This report discusses the revolution and post-conflict transition in Libya. The crisis was triggered in mid-February 2011 by a chain of events in Benghazi and other eastern cities that quickly spiraled out of Qadhafi's control and resulted in his death. A July election marked a shift from the appointed interim government and may provide more democratic legitimacy and better decision making. The report also looks at the military and economic state of the country, including human rights, Islam and politics, and Libya's oil asses.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Conflict Minerals in Central Africa: U.S. and International Responses

Conflict Minerals in Central Africa: U.S. and International Responses

Date: July 20, 2012
Creator: Cook, Nicolas
Description: This report discusses how Congress has focused on ways to help end or mitigate the effects of conflicts and human rights abuses in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC), including several hearingw which have become law. The main issue is related to "conflict minerals," the so-called “3TGs”: ores of tantalum and niobium, tin, tungsten, and gold, and their derivatives.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Japan's Possible Entry Into the Trans-Pacific Partnership and Its Implications

Japan's Possible Entry Into the Trans-Pacific Partnership and Its Implications

Date: August 24, 2012
Creator: Cooper, William H. & Manyin, Mark E.
Description: This report discusses the effects of the possible entry of Japan to the Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP) negotiations. The TPP issue presents both risks and opportunities for the United States and Japan. On the one hand, it could reinvigorate an economic relationship that has remained steady but stagnant, by forcing the two countries to address long-standing, difficult issues, and allowing them to raise their relationship to a higher level. On the other hand, failure to do so could indicate that the underlying problems are too fundamental to overcome and could set back the relationship.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Timor-Leste: Political Dynamics, Development, and International Involvement

Timor-Leste: Political Dynamics, Development, and International Involvement

Date: July 3, 2012
Creator: Dolven, Ben
Description: This report covers the recent background of the Democratic Republic of Timor-Leste, since its independence from Portugal in May 2002. It discusses the many serious challenges the country faces as it seeks to establish and deepen a stable democracy and develop its economy.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Extraterritorial Application of American Criminal Law

Extraterritorial Application of American Criminal Law

Date: February 15, 2012
Creator: Doyle, Charles
Description: Crime is ordinarily proscribed, tried, and punished according to the laws of the place where it occurs. American criminal law applies beyond the geographical confines of the United States, however, under certain limited circumstances. A surprising number of federal criminal statutes have extraterritorial application, but prosecutions have been few. This may be because when extraterritorial criminal jurisdiction does exist, practical and legal complications, and sometimes diplomatic considerations, may counsel against its exercise.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
NATO Common Funds Burdensharing: Background and Current Issues

NATO Common Funds Burdensharing: Background and Current Issues

Date: February 15, 2012
Creator: Ek, Carl
Description: This report gives an overview of the feasibility of burdensharing amongst North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) member states due to the global financial crisis and defense budget cuts in many of the contributing nations.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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