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 Country: Iraq
 Decade: 2010-2019
 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
The "Islamic State" Crisis and U.S. Policy

The "Islamic State" Crisis and U.S. Policy

Date: September 10, 2014
Creator: Katzman, Kenneth; Blanchard, Christopher M.; Humud, Carla E.; Weed, Matthew C.; Margesson, Rhoda & Tiersky, Alex
Description: This report provides background and current information on the Islamic State, a transnational Sunni Islamist insurgent and terrorist group that has expanded its control over areas of northwestern Iraq and northeastern Syria since 2013. The report also examines possible U.S. policy options in the wake of increasing international outrage at the Islamic States' brutality and apparent disregard for typical human rights conventions.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Iraq: Politics, Governance, and Human Rights

Iraq: Politics, Governance, and Human Rights

Date: May 18, 2011
Creator: Katzman, Kenneth.
Description: Iraq's political system is increasingly characterized by peaceful competition and formation of cross-sectarian alliances. However, ethnic and sectarian political and sometimes violent infighting continues, often involving the questionable use of key levers of power and legal institutions. This infighting-and the belief that holding political power may mean the difference between life and death for the various political communities-significantly delayed agreement on a new government that was to be selected following the March 7, 2010, national elections for the Council of Representatives (COR, parliament). With U.S. diplomatic help, on November 10, 2010, major ethnic and sectarian factions agreed on a framework for a new government, breaking the long deadlock. The agreement, under which Prime Minister Nuri al-Maliki is serving a second term, was implemented when a broad-based cabinet was confirmed on December 21, 2010.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
U.S.-Iraw Withdrawal/Status of Forces Agreement: Issues for Congressional Oversight

U.S.-Iraw Withdrawal/Status of Forces Agreement: Issues for Congressional Oversight

Date: January 21, 2011
Creator: Mason, Chuck R.
Description: This report begins by discussing the historical legal framework governing U.S. military operations in Iraq. The report then provides a general background as to the contents of agreements traditionally considered Status of Forces Agreements (SOFAs). Finally, the report discusses specific aspects of the SOFA, highlighting issues that may require continued congressional oversight.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Iraq Crisis and U.S. Policy

Iraq Crisis and U.S. Policy

Date: June 20, 2014
Creator: Katzman, Kenneth; Humud, Carla E.; Blanchard, Christopher M.; Margesson, Rhoda & Tiersky, Alex
Description: This report analyzes the offensive in northern and central Iraq led by the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL, aka ISIS) -- a Sunni Islamist insurgent and terrorist group -- with a discussion of the offensive's implications, the U.S. response, and related issues.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Kurds in Post-Saddam Iraq

The Kurds in Post-Saddam Iraq

Date: October 1, 2010
Creator: Katzman, Kenneth
Description: The Kurdish-inhabited region of northern Iraq is relatively peaceful and prospering economically, but the Iraqi Kurds' political autonomy and political strength in post- Saddam Iraq is causing friction with Arab leaders in Iraq, Turkey, and Iran. However, an overall reduction in violence in Iraq, coupled with continued U.S. political influence over the Kurds, is likely to prevent a destabilizing escalation of the Iraqi Kurd-Arab disputes. Also see CRS Report RL31339, Iraq: Post-Saddam Governance and Security, by Kenneth Katzman.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Considerations for Possible Authorization for Use of Military Force Against the Islamic State

Considerations for Possible Authorization for Use of Military Force Against the Islamic State

Date: September 9, 2014
Creator: Weed, Matthew C.
Description: This report briefly discusses different options available for confronting the Islamic State (IS, formerly known as ISIS or ISIL) with the use of military force. The examines the legal considerations relevant to each approach.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department