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 Decade: 2010-2019
 Year: 2011
 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
Director of National Intelligence Statutory Authorities: Status and Proposals

Director of National Intelligence Statutory Authorities: Status and Proposals

Date: December 16, 2011
Creator: Best, Richard A., Jr.
Description: This report discusses the Director of National Intelligence (DNI) position created by the Intelligence Reform and Terrorism Prevention Act of 2004 (P.L. 108-458). It includes an overview of the authorities granted to the DNI by legislation in 2004 and later as well as the varying opinions of Congress regarding new DNI authorities, as well as related legislation from FY2010 through FY2012.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Why Certain Trade Agreements Are Approved as Congressional-Executive Agreements Rather Than as Treaties

Why Certain Trade Agreements Are Approved as Congressional-Executive Agreements Rather Than as Treaties

Date: January 19, 2011
Creator: Grimmett, Jeanne J.
Description: U.S. trade agreements such as the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA), World Trade Organization agreements, and bilateral free trade agreements (FTAs) have been approved by majority vote of each house rather than by two-thirds vote of the Senate - that is, they have been treated as congressional-executive agreements rather than as treaties. The congressional-executive agreement has been the vehicle for implementing Congress's long-standing policy of seeking trade benefits for the United States through reciprocal trade negotiations. This report discusses this topic in brief.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Europe's Preferential Trade Agreements: Status, Content, and Implications

Europe's Preferential Trade Agreements: Status, Content, and Implications

Date: March 3, 2011
Creator: Ahearn, Raymond J.
Description: This report explores intersecting issues regarding Europe's preferential trade agreements (PTA) in three parts. The first section discusses the status and primary motivations of the EU's PTAs currently in place or under negotiation. The second compares the content and trade coverage of Europe's PTAs to U.S. PTAs. A third section assesses the implications of the EU's PTA program for the multilateral trading system and U.S. trade policy. A concluding section evaluates future directions for Europe's PTA policy.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
United Nations System Funding: Congressional Issues

United Nations System Funding: Congressional Issues

Date: January 14, 2011
Creator: Browne, Marjorie Ann
Description: Report that tracks the process by which Congress provides the funding for U.S. assessed contributions to the regular budgets of the United Nations, its agencies, and U.N. peacekeeping operation accounts, as well as for U.S. voluntary contributions to U.N. system programs and funds.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Instances of Use of United States Armed Forces Abroad, 1798-2010

Instances of Use of United States Armed Forces Abroad, 1798-2010

Date: March 10, 2011
Creator: Grimmett, Richard F.
Description: This report lists hundreds of instances in which the United States has used its armed forces abroad in situations of military conflict or potential conflict or for other than normal peacetime purposes. The listing contains references, especially from 1980 forward, to continuing military deployments such as U.S. military participation in multinational operations associated with NATO or the United Nations.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Trade Promotion Authority and the U.S.-South Korea Free Trade Agreement

Trade Promotion Authority and the U.S.-South Korea Free Trade Agreement

Date: March 2, 2011
Creator: Barbour, Emily C.
Description: This report looks at the effects of the Korean Free Trade Agreement (KORUS FTA) on side agreements via the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA).
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Kim Jong-il's Death: Implications for North Korea's Stability and U.S. Policy

Kim Jong-il's Death: Implications for North Korea's Stability and U.S. Policy

Date: December 22, 2011
Creator: Manyin, Mark E.
Description: This report discusses the status of North Korea following the death of Kim Jong-il with an analysis of the stability of North Korea as well as a discussion of the implications and options for the United States.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
State, Foreign Operations, and Related Programs: FY2011 Budget and Appropriations

State, Foreign Operations, and Related Programs: FY2011 Budget and Appropriations

Date: March 23, 2011
Creator: Lawson, Marian Leonardo; Epstein, Susan B. & Resler, Tamara J.
Description: This report analyzes the FY2011 request, recent-year funding trends, and congressional action related to FY2011 State-Foreign Operations legislation.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Dispute Settlement in the World Trade Organization (WTO): An Overview

Dispute Settlement in the World Trade Organization (WTO): An Overview

Date: March 10, 2011
Creator: Grimmett, Jeanne J.
Description: This report describes the Understanding on Rules and Procedures Governing the Settlement of Disputes (DSU), which is the World Trade Organization's (WTO) means of resolving disputes arising under WTO agreements. The report includes criticisms of certain flaws in the DSU, as well as WTO Members' suggestions for improvement. The report also describes the Office of the United States Trade Representative (USTR), which represents the United States in WTO disputes. Also discussed are pieces of legislation that dictate procedures for specifically the United States in instances of WTO disputes.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Trans-Pacific Partnership Agreement

The Trans-Pacific Partnership Agreement

Date: January 10, 2011
Creator: Fergusson, Ian F. & Vaughn, Bruce
Description: This report discusses the Trans-Pacific Partnership Agreement (TPP), a free trade agreement that includes nations on both sides of the Pacific. Original members of the TPP were Brunei, Chile, New Zealand, and Singapore. The United States, Australia, Peru, and Vietnam have committed themselves to joining and expanding this group. This report discusses similar trade partnerships, the importance of Asia to U.S. trade and security interests, and U.S. participation in the TPP.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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