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 Resource Type: Report
 Collection: Congressional Research Service Reports
European Security and Islamist Terrorism

European Security and Islamist Terrorism

Date: July 18, 2016
Creator: Archick, Kristin & Belkin, Paul
Description: This report briefly discusses the current security climate in Europe, as well as policy considerations for the U.S. Over the last two years, European governments and the European Union (EU) have grown increasingly alarmed by the rise of the Islamic State terrorist organization, its ability to attract European citizens to join the fighting in the Syria-Iraq region, and its use of violent extremist propaganda to inspire others.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Russian Compliance with the Intermediate Range Nuclear Forces (INF) Treaty: Background and Issues for Congress

Russian Compliance with the Intermediate Range Nuclear Forces (INF) Treaty: Background and Issues for Congress

Date: October 20, 2016
Creator: Woolf, Amy F.
Description: This report describes the current status of the INF Treaty and highlights issues that Congress may address as the United States pursues its compliance concerns with Russia. It includes a historical overview and summary of the provisions of the INF Treaty and Russia's concerns with U.S. compliance with the treaty and concludes with a discussion of options that the United States might pursue to address its concerns with Russia's activities and options that it might pursue if Russia deploys new INF-range missiles.
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U.S. Foreign Assistance as Colombia's Peace Talks on Cusp of Completion

U.S. Foreign Assistance as Colombia's Peace Talks on Cusp of Completion

Date: July 20, 2016
Creator: Beittel, June S.
Description: This report discusses the ongoing peace process in Colombia and the potential effects for U.S. policy. On July 18, 2016, the Colombian Constitutional Court approved a plebiscite to allow Colombian voters to decide the fate of the peace accord under negotiation between the government of President Juan Manuel Santos and the country's largest insurgent group, the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia (FARC).
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Foreign Aid and the Education Sector: Programs and Priorities

Foreign Aid and the Education Sector: Programs and Priorities

Date: November 2, 2016
Creator: Tarnoff, Curt
Description: This report is a descriptive profile of recent U.S. foreign aid education sector activities; it outlines actors, policy, funding levels, and programs.
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Federal Assistance for Victims of Terrorism or Mass Violence: In Brief

Federal Assistance for Victims of Terrorism or Mass Violence: In Brief

Date: August 3, 2016
Creator: Sacco, Lisa N.
Description: This report focuses solely on assistance available from Department of Justice's (DOJ's) Office for Victims of Crime (OVC)--the primary federal assistance available to victims of terrorism or mass violence. Jurisdictions and individuals may be eligible to receive various types of victim assistance both directly from the Department of Justice (DOJ) and indirectly from DOJ through their respective state victim assistance agencies or other programs following incidents of terrorism or mass violence in the United States.
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Economic Implications of a United Kingdom Exit from the European Union

Economic Implications of a United Kingdom Exit from the European Union

Date: July 14, 2016
Creator: Jackson, James K.; Akhtar, Shayerah I. & Mix, Derek E.
Description: This report provides an analysis of the possible economic implications for the United States and the global economy of an exit from the European Union (EU) by the United Kingdom (UK), commonly referred to as Brexit. It offers background information on possible implications of the vote to leave the EU, an overview of U.S.-UK trade and investment relations, and various estimates of Brexit's financial implications for the U.S. and global economies.
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Cuba: Issues for the 114th Congress

Cuba: Issues for the 114th Congress

Date: June 30, 2016
Creator: Sullivan, Mark P.
Description: This report is divided into three major sections analyzing Cuba's political and economic environment, U.S. policy, and selected issues in U.S.-Cuban relations. Legislative initiatives in the 114th Congress are noted throughout the report, and four appendixes provide a listing of enacted measures, bills receiving some action in 2015, bills seeing action in 2016, and additional bills and resolution this Congress.
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Cuba: Issues for the 114th Congress

Cuba: Issues for the 114th Congress

Date: November 8, 2016
Creator: Sullivan, Mark P.
Description: This report is divided into three major sections analyzing Cuba's political and economic environment, U.S. policy, and selected issues in U.S.-Cuban relations.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
North American Leaders' Summit

North American Leaders' Summit

Date: July 5, 2016
Creator: Villarreal, M. A.
Description: This report discusses the 10th annual North American Leaders' Summit (NALS), in which Canadian Prime Minister Justin Trudeau hosted President Barack Obama and Mexican President Enrique Peña Nieto in Ottawa, Ontario, Canada.
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Human Trafficking and Forced Labor: Trends in Import Restrictions

Human Trafficking and Forced Labor: Trends in Import Restrictions

Date: July 29, 2016
Creator: Rosen, Liana W.; Villarreal, M. A. & Feng, Ashley
Description: This report discusses issues regarding a provision against forced labor in the Tariff Act of 1930 (19 U.S.C. 1307), which prohibited from import into the United States "all goods, wares, articles, and merchandise mined, produced, or manufactured wholly or in part in any foreign country by convict labor or/and forced labor or/and indentured labor under penal sanctions" (Section 307 of the Act).
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
TPP: American Agriculture and the Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP) Agreement

TPP: American Agriculture and the Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP) Agreement

Date: August 30, 2016
Creator: McMinimy, Mark A.
Description: This report identifies four considerations about the Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP) agreement that are particularly relevant for U.S. food and agriculture. It includes a partial snapshot of some of the higher-profile improvements in market access for agricultural products in the agreement, a summary of selected provisions beyond market access that are of interest to food and agriculture, a brief overview of industry reactions to the agreement, and a review of what would need to occur for the agreement to enter into force for the United States.
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U.S. International Food Aid Programs: Background and Issues

U.S. International Food Aid Programs: Background and Issues

Date: September 14, 2016
Creator: Schnepf, Randy
Description: This report includes three principal sections: a description of U.S. international food aid programs under current law; a discussion of several important policy issues related to U.S. international food aid; and a description of Administration and congressional proposals intended to change the nature of U.S. food international aid.
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U.S.-Mexico Economic Relations: Trends, Issues, and Implications

U.S.-Mexico Economic Relations: Trends, Issues, and Implications

Date: November 4, 2016
Creator: Villarreal, M. Angeles
Description: This report provides an overview of U.S.-Mexico trade and economic trends, the Mexican economy, the effects of the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA), and major trade issues between the United States and Mexico.
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Qatar: Governance, Security, and U.S. Policy

Qatar: Governance, Security, and U.S. Policy

Date: September 7, 2016
Creator: Katzman, Kenneth
Description: This report discusses the political and security situation in Qatar as well U.S. policy towards the Qatari government.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Extraterritorial Application of American Criminal Law

Extraterritorial Application of American Criminal Law

Date: October 31, 2016
Creator: Doyle, Charles
Description: This report discusses the application of American criminal law outside the United States.
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Armed Conflict in Syria: Overview and U.S. Response

Armed Conflict in Syria: Overview and U.S. Response

Date: September 28, 2016
Creator: Humud, Carla E.; Blanchard, Christopher M. & Nikitin, Mary Beth D.
Description: This report discusses the ongoing conflict in Syria and provides an overview of U.S. Policy responses. The rise of the insurgent terrorist group known as the Islamic State (IS, aka the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant or ISIL/ISIS) and Russia's military intervention on behalf of the Syrian government have reshaped debates over U.S. policy toward the ongoing civil conflict in Syria, now in its fifth year.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
EU State Aid and Apple's Taxes

EU State Aid and Apple's Taxes

Date: September 2, 2016
Creator: Gravelle, Jane G.
Description: This report discusses the recent investigations by the European Union (EU) regarding claims that certain countries had provided illegal state aid via favorable tax rulings.
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Trafficking in Persons and U.S. Foreign Policy Responses in the 114th Congress

Trafficking in Persons and U.S. Foreign Policy Responses in the 114th Congress

Date: August 5, 2016
Creator: Rosen, Liana W.
Description: This report provides an overview of recent global trends and U.S. foreign policy responses to address human trafficking. The report focuses in particular on efforts conducted by the State Department's Office to Monitor and Combat Trafficking in Persons (J/TIP) and the President's Interagency Task Force (PITF) on human trafficking, as well as discussion of the 2016 TIP Report.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Argentina: Background and U.S. Relations

Argentina: Background and U.S. Relations

Date: September 6, 2016
Creator: Sullivan, Mark P. & Nelson, Rebecca M.
Description: This report provides background on the political and economic situation in Argentina and U.S.-Argentine relations. It also summarizes political and economic conditions in Argentina and issues in Argentine-U.S. relations.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
Kuwait: Governance, Security, and U.S. Policy

Kuwait: Governance, Security, and U.S. Policy

Date: September 29, 2016
Creator: Katzman, Kenneth
Description: This report examines Kuwait's relationships with its neighbors in the Persian Gulf, and its own political system which has been in turmoil since 2006. Kuwait remains pivotal to U.S. efforts to secure the Persian Gulf region because of its willingness to cooperate with U.S. strategy and military operations in the region and its proximity to both Iran and Iraq.
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Al Qaeda's Syria Affiliate Declares Independence

Al Qaeda's Syria Affiliate Declares Independence

Date: August 5, 2016
Creator: Humud, Carla E. & Blanchard, Christopher M.
Description: This report briefly discusses the implications of a recent announcement from Al Qaeda's affiliate in Syria, Jabhat al Nusra, stating that it was reconstituting itself as an independent group.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The 2016 G-20 Summit

The 2016 G-20 Summit

Date: September 8, 2016
Creator: Nelson, Rebecca M.
Description: This report discusses the 2016 G-20 summit where the leaders of the Group of Twenty (G-20) countries met in Hangzhou, China.
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Leadership Succession in Uzbekistan

Leadership Succession in Uzbekistan

Date: September 6, 2016
Creator: Mann, Christopher T.; Nelson, Gabriel M.; Skorupski, Bolko J. & Katzman, Kenneth
Description: This report discusses the succession of Uzbekistan President, Islam Karimov. The 78-year-old Karimov served as Uzbekistan's only President from the time of its independence from the former Soviet Union in 1991.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
The Islamist Militant Threat in Bangladesh

The Islamist Militant Threat in Bangladesh

Date: July 21, 2016
Creator: Vaughn, Bruce
Description: This report discusses the current security climate in Bangladesh in regards to terrorism. Bangladesh is attractive to jihadists because it is a politically destabilized Muslim majority nation that could offer inroads to both Burma, through the alienated Muslim Rohingya refugee group, or to neighboring India.
Contributing Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
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